Psychiatrists in Hillsborough County, FL

View cities in Hillsborough County
Photo of Dr. William Cross Dudney - Psychiatrist-MD / South Tampa, Psych, MD, Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist-MD / South Tampa
Psychiatrist, Psych, MD
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33609
Approachable, efficient, personable Medical Doctor/Psychiatrist--- providing medication management. Please see DrDudney.com for fees and more information on ADD, OCD and Depression. Using fast Ketamine at home with rapid relief of depression and anxiety. For weight loss, dispensing from office Semaglutide (compares to Ozempic,) flexible dosing at less than half the cost of the expensive Brand prefilled plastic pens. Schedule now on-line Or email thru DrDudney.com. Same day/ next day appointments are often available. Your time is important; we know urgent needs do occur.
Approachable, efficient, personable Medical Doctor/Psychiatrist--- providing medication management. Please see DrDudney.com for fees and more information on ADD, OCD and Depression. Using fast Ketamine at home with rapid relief of depression and anxiety. For weight loss, dispensing from office Semaglutide (compares to Ozempic,) flexible dosing at less than half the cost of the expensive Brand prefilled plastic pens. Schedule now on-line Or email thru DrDudney.com. Same day/ next day appointments are often available. Your time is important; we know urgent needs do occur.
(813) 773-1282 View (813) 773-1282
Photo of Dr. Michael Rosen, MD, Psychiatrist
Dr. Michael Rosen
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33602
The ideal client is quite simply someone who truly wants help. Someone who is willing to work where the goal is to live the best life, reach the goals one seeks, and to enjoy the journey. The details of how that is done of course depends on the individual's station at the time one seeks help.
The ideal client is quite simply someone who truly wants help. Someone who is willing to work where the goal is to live the best life, reach the goals one seeks, and to enjoy the journey. The details of how that is done of course depends on the individual's station at the time one seeks help.
(813) 590-5846 View (813) 590-5846
Photo of Rachael Pavone, MSN, PMHNP, FNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Rachael Pavone
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP, FNP
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33607
Hi there, I'm Rachael, a Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). I completed my Masters of Science in Nursing at the University of Tampa and pursued my Post Masters Certification at The University of Miami, where I also attended Nursing School. My professional background encompasses addiction medicine and adult psychiatry. My passion lies in offering comprehensive mental health care to individuals and families seeking support for their loved ones. My clinical approach is deeply rooted in empathy and building strong therapeutic relationships with my patients. Those who choose to work with me can expe
Hi there, I'm Rachael, a Board-Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP-BC). I completed my Masters of Science in Nursing at the University of Tampa and pursued my Post Masters Certification at The University of Miami, where I also attended Nursing School. My professional background encompasses addiction medicine and adult psychiatry. My passion lies in offering comprehensive mental health care to individuals and families seeking support for their loved ones. My clinical approach is deeply rooted in empathy and building strong therapeutic relationships with my patients. Those who choose to work with me can expe
(727) 607-0646 View (727) 607-0646
Photo of Rodwan Mahfouz, MD, Psychiatrist
Rodwan Mahfouz
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33647
I am accepting new patients in Florida, New York and Michigan via telehealth appointments, and in-person in the Tampa area. Please call our office for more information.
I am accepting new patients in Florida, New York and Michigan via telehealth appointments, and in-person in the Tampa area. Please call our office for more information.
(813) 669-4217 View (813) 669-4217
Photo of Trevon J. Friar, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Trevon J. Friar
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
4 Endorsed
Riverview, FL 33569
Trevon Friar, PHMNP-BC is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Practitioner in Florida, based in the Tampa Bay area. Combining his expertise in evaluation and treatment, he founded Pivoting Minds Psychiatry. He provides comprehensive psychiatric services in Riverview, Florida and throughout the state of Florida, via telemedicine. Through extensive coursework, clinical rotations, and clinical practice, he has received specialized training and years of preparation in psychiatry for adolescents, adult and geriatric patients. He is skilled at using assessment-based and treatment-focused approaches to enhance mental clarity.
Trevon Friar, PHMNP-BC is a Board Certified Psychiatric Mental Health Practitioner in Florida, based in the Tampa Bay area. Combining his expertise in evaluation and treatment, he founded Pivoting Minds Psychiatry. He provides comprehensive psychiatric services in Riverview, Florida and throughout the state of Florida, via telemedicine. Through extensive coursework, clinical rotations, and clinical practice, he has received specialized training and years of preparation in psychiatry for adolescents, adult and geriatric patients. He is skilled at using assessment-based and treatment-focused approaches to enhance mental clarity.
(813) 328-5754 View (813) 328-5754
Photo of Katie Kloss - The Florida Psychiatric Center , MSPAS, PA-C, Physician Assistant
The Florida Psychiatric Center
Physician Assistant, MSPAS, PA-C
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33607
Katie is a National Board-Certified Physician Assistant who's been practicing Psychiatry in Tampa, FL since 2016. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in Health Science in 2009 and a Master of Science degree in Physician Assistant Studies in 2010 after completing the five-year accelerated program from Marywood University. Katie obtained her psychiatric certificate of added qualifications through the NCCPA in October of 2022. Katie has over 13 years of psychiatric experience in both inpatient and outpatient settings. Katie currently practices at The Florida Psychiatric Center.
Katie is a National Board-Certified Physician Assistant who's been practicing Psychiatry in Tampa, FL since 2016. She received a Bachelor of Science degree in Health Science in 2009 and a Master of Science degree in Physician Assistant Studies in 2010 after completing the five-year accelerated program from Marywood University. Katie obtained her psychiatric certificate of added qualifications through the NCCPA in October of 2022. Katie has over 13 years of psychiatric experience in both inpatient and outpatient settings. Katie currently practices at The Florida Psychiatric Center.
(813) 235-4947 View (813) 235-4947
Photo of Walid T Aziz, MD, PA, Psychiatrist
Walid T Aziz
Psychiatrist, MD, PA
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33614
Dr. Aziz's extensive training and his expertise in the field of psychiatry enables him to evaluate, diagnose, and treat a wide range of mental health conditions with compassion and professionalism.
Dr. Aziz's extensive training and his expertise in the field of psychiatry enables him to evaluate, diagnose, and treat a wide range of mental health conditions with compassion and professionalism.
(813) 933-2100 View (813) 933-2100
Photo of Jasmine Graves, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Jasmine Graves
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tampa, FL 33617  (Online Only)
My ideal client is someone struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, or grief due to various life stressors such as work pressures, family dynamics, relationship challenges, career uncertainties, and past traumas. These individuals often feel overwhelmed by their emotions and circumstances, which affects their ability to function optimally in daily life. These clients need a compassionate and understanding therapeutic environment where they can explore their feelings and experiences without judgment. They require evidence-based interventions tailored to their conditions.
My ideal client is someone struggling with anxiety, depression, PTSD, or grief due to various life stressors such as work pressures, family dynamics, relationship challenges, career uncertainties, and past traumas. These individuals often feel overwhelmed by their emotions and circumstances, which affects their ability to function optimally in daily life. These clients need a compassionate and understanding therapeutic environment where they can explore their feelings and experiences without judgment. They require evidence-based interventions tailored to their conditions.
(813) 544-5058 View (813) 544-5058
Photo of Fallon Page Shelton - Fallon Shelton  Concierge Mental Health PLLC , MSN, APRN, PMHNPBC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Fallon Shelton Concierge Mental Health PLLC
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tampa, FL 33611  (Online Only)
I bring with me a unique set of work experiences that have fostered my passion for helping those that suffer from mental health disorders. My own personal experiences and past employment endeavors have given me empathy to help patients with mental health disorders. As a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner, it is my goal to advocate for patients who struggle to be heard or respected, and to manage their treatment with compassion, understanding, and attention to holistic care. I will do all I can to assist individuals and their families in recognizing, without stigma, the value of psychiatric assistance.
I bring with me a unique set of work experiences that have fostered my passion for helping those that suffer from mental health disorders. My own personal experiences and past employment endeavors have given me empathy to help patients with mental health disorders. As a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner, it is my goal to advocate for patients who struggle to be heard or respected, and to manage their treatment with compassion, understanding, and attention to holistic care. I will do all I can to assist individuals and their families in recognizing, without stigma, the value of psychiatric assistance.
(813) 851-2912 View (813) 851-2912
Photo of Dawn Addison - Healthy Minds and Healing Hearts, PMHNP-C, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Healthy Minds and Healing Hearts
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP-C
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Valrico, FL 33594  (Online Only)
I believe in partnering with my patients with both integrative and traditional medicine to develop a plan that supports your individualized needs and specific treatment goals. Our philosophy is patient centered care that treats the whole person with focus on the importance of the mind body connection.
I believe in partnering with my patients with both integrative and traditional medicine to develop a plan that supports your individualized needs and specific treatment goals. Our philosophy is patient centered care that treats the whole person with focus on the importance of the mind body connection.
(813) 993-0650 View (813) 993-0650
Photo of Carolyn Linek-Rajapaksha - Florida Family Psychiatry, MD, Psychiatrist
Florida Family Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Lutz, FL 33549
Our Commitment to Patients: 1. Highest quality care provided by a board-certified psychiatrist: Dr. Linek is a child, adolescent and adult psychiatrist who is board certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. 2. Family-focused practice philosophy: We believe that families do best when each member of your family gets the help they need. Therefore, we offer psychiatric services for your children, teens, and other family members as appropriate. 3. Compassionate Care: We pride ourselves on being caring, compassionate, and detail-oriented in care delivery.
Our Commitment to Patients: 1. Highest quality care provided by a board-certified psychiatrist: Dr. Linek is a child, adolescent and adult psychiatrist who is board certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. 2. Family-focused practice philosophy: We believe that families do best when each member of your family gets the help they need. Therefore, we offer psychiatric services for your children, teens, and other family members as appropriate. 3. Compassionate Care: We pride ourselves on being caring, compassionate, and detail-oriented in care delivery.
(813) 491-1003 View (813) 491-1003
Photo of Derek Robben, MD, Psychiatrist
Derek Robben
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33609
Tired of ineffective treatments? Are depression, anxiety or substance abuse preventing you from living your best life? Dr. Robben offers TMS THERAPY as an alternative or augmentation to traditional medications. ALSO FOR HIS TMS PATIENTS, Dr. Robben offers genetic testing to match determine if your current medication is the best choice for you or if a change may be in order! This remarkable new tool practically eliminates the "trial and error" approach.
Tired of ineffective treatments? Are depression, anxiety or substance abuse preventing you from living your best life? Dr. Robben offers TMS THERAPY as an alternative or augmentation to traditional medications. ALSO FOR HIS TMS PATIENTS, Dr. Robben offers genetic testing to match determine if your current medication is the best choice for you or if a change may be in order! This remarkable new tool practically eliminates the "trial and error" approach.
(813) 296-5906 View (813) 296-5906
Photo of Rosario Hidalgo, MD, Psychiatrist
Rosario Hidalgo
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tampa, FL 33614
Dr. Rosario Hidalgo is a board certified psychiatrist with expertise in the diagnosis and psychopharmacological treatment of mood and anxiety disorders in adult patients. She received her medical degree from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1991 and completed psychiatry training in 1996. She subsequently completed her general psychiatry residency and fellowship in psychopharmacology at Duke University in 2005. Dr. Hidalgo sees patients that prefer to be seen in a private setting without using their insurance and with direct contact with a physician/psychiatrist. This allows privacy and quality of care.
Dr. Rosario Hidalgo is a board certified psychiatrist with expertise in the diagnosis and psychopharmacological treatment of mood and anxiety disorders in adult patients. She received her medical degree from the University of Buenos Aires, Argentina in 1991 and completed psychiatry training in 1996. She subsequently completed her general psychiatry residency and fellowship in psychopharmacology at Duke University in 2005. Dr. Hidalgo sees patients that prefer to be seen in a private setting without using their insurance and with direct contact with a physician/psychiatrist. This allows privacy and quality of care.
(813) 321-4823 View (813) 321-4823
Photo of Jazma Martinez, MBA, MSN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Jazma Martinez
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MBA, MSN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tampa, FL 33602  (Online Only)
Hi everyone, my name is Jazma Martinez, I am a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, licensed in Florida and Arizona. I utilize medication management and psychotherapy for the treatment of different mental health concerns including depression, anxiety, ADHD and mood disorders. I currently assist patients' virtually in Arizona via my private practice Boundless Mental Wellness.
Hi everyone, my name is Jazma Martinez, I am a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, licensed in Florida and Arizona. I utilize medication management and psychotherapy for the treatment of different mental health concerns including depression, anxiety, ADHD and mood disorders. I currently assist patients' virtually in Arizona via my private practice Boundless Mental Wellness.
(813) 531-9834 View (813) 531-9834
Photo of Demian Obregon, MD, FAPA, Psychiatrist
Demian Obregon
Psychiatrist, MD, FAPA
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33629
I specialize in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Please call Tampa Bay Psychiatry to be added to the new patient waitlist.
I specialize in Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. Please call Tampa Bay Psychiatry to be added to the new patient waitlist.
(813) 579-6588 View (813) 579-6588
Photo of Christen McNew, PMHNP, BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Christen McNew
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Tampa, FL 33647  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Accepting new patients for medication management! I only provide medication management, no therapy services. Please email me or call to set up an appointment! I have worked with many patients on an outpatient basis, and have treated disorders including Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, and ADHD. I enjoy what I do and I look forward to working with you and helping you to be your best self again!
Accepting new patients for medication management! I only provide medication management, no therapy services. Please email me or call to set up an appointment! I have worked with many patients on an outpatient basis, and have treated disorders including Anxiety, Depression, PTSD, Bipolar Disorder, Schizophrenia, and ADHD. I enjoy what I do and I look forward to working with you and helping you to be your best self again!
(813) 734-7081 View (813) 734-7081
Photo of Mary Kathryn Parham, FNP, PMHNP, APRN, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Mary Kathryn Parham
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, FNP, PMHNP, APRN
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Tampa, FL 33609  (Online Only)
I’m a dual-board certified Family and Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner operating a private practice seeing patients via secure online video visits as a modern era house call. Trained in primary care at the University of South Carolina and in psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University, my board certifications are in family medicine and in general child, adolescent and adult psychiatry. My approach is to observe and listen with curiosity and optimism to the individual seeking mental health care, so that we may then have a conversation and learn how to best collaborate to secure all the good that is possible.
I’m a dual-board certified Family and Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner operating a private practice seeing patients via secure online video visits as a modern era house call. Trained in primary care at the University of South Carolina and in psychiatry at Johns Hopkins University, my board certifications are in family medicine and in general child, adolescent and adult psychiatry. My approach is to observe and listen with curiosity and optimism to the individual seeking mental health care, so that we may then have a conversation and learn how to best collaborate to secure all the good that is possible.
(813) 537-6724 View (813) 537-6724
Photo of Christopher Davidson - Today Telemedicine, PA-C, Psychiatrist
Today Telemedicine
Psychiatrist, PA-C
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33611  (Online Only)
ADD/ADHD computer testing and stimulants (Adderall, Vyvanse ect) available for Florida residents via telemedicine. see program details. fully online psychiatry, therapy and urgent care. Genetic testing for psychiatric medication available (nearly all medication available except NO benzodiazepines) . Easy self-scheduling from our website www.TodayTelemedicine.com and book a session this week! Insurance accepted, self pay rates initial visit $199, follow ups $99, Qb Test for ADD/ADHD $130.
ADD/ADHD computer testing and stimulants (Adderall, Vyvanse ect) available for Florida residents via telemedicine. see program details. fully online psychiatry, therapy and urgent care. Genetic testing for psychiatric medication available (nearly all medication available except NO benzodiazepines) . Easy self-scheduling from our website www.TodayTelemedicine.com and book a session this week! Insurance accepted, self pay rates initial visit $199, follow ups $99, Qb Test for ADD/ADHD $130.
(813) 820-6808 View (813) 820-6808
Photo of Matthew Joiner, MSN, PMHNP, FNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Matthew Joiner
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP, FNP
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33613  (Online Only)
My ideal patient would be one who is first willing to seek care and work towards successful treatment.. These illnesses can range from anxiety, to depression and ADHD. I would establish realistic goals for treatment which would hopefully include complete remission. Guiding the patient through treatment and providing balance in life to my patients is the ultimate goal.
My ideal patient would be one who is first willing to seek care and work towards successful treatment.. These illnesses can range from anxiety, to depression and ADHD. I would establish realistic goals for treatment which would hopefully include complete remission. Guiding the patient through treatment and providing balance in life to my patients is the ultimate goal.
(813) 565-9093 View (813) 565-9093
Photo of William Cross Dudney - Dr Dudney MD / Psychiatrist, PSYCH, MD, Psychiatrist
Dr Dudney MD / Psychiatrist
Psychiatrist, PSYCH, MD
Verified Verified
Tampa, FL 33609
No-nonsense approach to ADD meds, Depression, and Weight Loss by well reviewed and respected MD/Psychiatrist.. We reserve slots next day for urgent appointments. Sorry, Insurance not accepted. Schedule on-line at DrDudney.com. We return calls and emails and respect your time.
No-nonsense approach to ADD meds, Depression, and Weight Loss by well reviewed and respected MD/Psychiatrist.. We reserve slots next day for urgent appointments. Sorry, Insurance not accepted. Schedule on-line at DrDudney.com. We return calls and emails and respect your time.
(813) 321-3396 View (813) 321-3396
1
...

See more therapy options for Hillsborough County

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Hillsborough County, FL

300+

Average cost per session

$182

Psychiatrists in Hillsborough County, FL who prioritize treating:

92% Depression
92% Anxiety
78% Bipolar Disorder
76% ADHD
71% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
70% Trauma and PTSD
70% Medication Management

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

94% Cigna and Evernorth
86% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
84% Aetna

How Psychiatrists in Hillsborough County, FL see their clients

60% In Person and Online
40% Online Only

Gender breakdown

72% Female
28% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Hillsborough County?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.