Todd Kline
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80209
Hello, at this time my practice is full and I'm not taking new patients. Check back August 15th if you would like to be on a waitlist! In the Cherry Creek area of Denver, Colorado, I specialize in evaluation, management and psychotherapies for depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, (PTSD) obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and other anxiety disorders, as well as mild bipolar disorders. I find it extremely meaningful to help others overcome symptoms of anxiety and depression with the most effective, individualized treatment methods. Feel free to visit my website at www.tklinemd.com.
Depression
(720) 606-4280
Verified
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Denver, CO 80209
Depression
Hello, at this time my practice is full and I'm not taking new patients. Check back August 15th if you would like to be on a waitlist! In the Cherry Creek area of Denver, Colorado, I specialize in evaluation, management and psychotherapies for depression, anxiety, post-traumatic stress disorder, (PTSD) obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD) and other anxiety disorders, as well as mild bipolar disorders. I find it extremely meaningful to help others overcome symptoms of anxiety and depression with the most effective, individualized treatment methods. Feel free to visit my website at www.tklinemd.com.
Photo of NuMedical & Psychiatry Clinic / Dr. Mary Okonofua, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
NuMedical & Psychiatry Clinic / Dr. Mary Okonofua
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, PMHNP, FNP-C Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80012
"ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS IN COLORADO, TEXAS & ARIZONA". Many patients believe providers offer one-sided visit, where they are not listened to or cared about. I can promise you that I am as real as it gets, caring and compassionate about my patients' recovery. I want to walk with you on your journey of recovery and see you smile again! I want to help you achieve solutions within my professional expertise while being there for you as you experience yourself in positive new ways.Simply put, I don't believe talking to a mental health provider should have any negative perception or stigma.Call for appointment or if we take your insurance
Depression
(480) 771-1433
Verified
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Office is near:
Denver, CO 80012
Depression
"ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS IN COLORADO, TEXAS & ARIZONA". Many patients believe providers offer one-sided visit, where they are not listened to or cared about. I can promise you that I am as real as it gets, caring and compassionate about my patients' recovery. I want to walk with you on your journey of recovery and see you smile again! I want to help you achieve solutions within my professional expertise while being there for you as you experience yourself in positive new ways.Simply put, I don't believe talking to a mental health provider should have any negative perception or stigma.Call for appointment or if we take your insurance
Capstone Mental Health
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, FNP Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80261
(book online: https://CapstoneMH.intakeq.com) IMMEDIATE OPENINGS AVAILABLE via telehealth. Are you having a difficult time with the holidays? Has Covid been a big struggle? We are here to help. We treat anxiety, depression and sleeping issues in all ages. Plus, as a certified dementia practitioner, I have extensive experience in treating elderly people with dementia, anxiety, depression, and grief. I also have experience in treating all ages for ADHD/ADD. I welcome LGBQ, transgender, and non-binary people to my practice, and know you will be treated with respect and dignity.
Depression
(480) 637-4191
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80261
Depression
(book online: https://CapstoneMH.intakeq.com) IMMEDIATE OPENINGS AVAILABLE via telehealth. Are you having a difficult time with the holidays? Has Covid been a big struggle? We are here to help. We treat anxiety, depression and sleeping issues in all ages. Plus, as a certified dementia practitioner, I have extensive experience in treating elderly people with dementia, anxiety, depression, and grief. I also have experience in treating all ages for ADHD/ADD. I welcome LGBQ, transgender, and non-binary people to my practice, and know you will be treated with respect and dignity.
Photo of Syreeta Spears, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Syreeta Spears
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APN, PMHNP, CPN Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80206
Hello, I'm Syreeta Spears and I'm a Board-Certified, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner with full prescriptive authority. I focus on using a collaborative, comprehensive methodology when treating patients and families. I specialize in the treatment of children, adolescents, and young adults, and currently only see patients age 32 and under. I provide support and treatment plans for issues surrounding: suicidal thoughts, depression, anxiety, panic attacks, emotional disturbances, trauma, Bipolar disorder, behavioral issues, sleep problems, troubled thought patterns, difficult life transitions, and attention issues.
Depression
(833) 248-5327
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80206
Depression
Hello, I'm Syreeta Spears and I'm a Board-Certified, Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner with full prescriptive authority. I focus on using a collaborative, comprehensive methodology when treating patients and families. I specialize in the treatment of children, adolescents, and young adults, and currently only see patients age 32 and under. I provide support and treatment plans for issues surrounding: suicidal thoughts, depression, anxiety, panic attacks, emotional disturbances, trauma, Bipolar disorder, behavioral issues, sleep problems, troubled thought patterns, difficult life transitions, and attention issues.
Photo of Michael A Zona, Psychiatrist
Michael A Zona
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80012
All patients are treated with dignity and respect. Most of my patients require medical management solutions where both their medical issues and their psychiatric issues are coordinated and resolved. I actively work with my patients' internists/family practice/neurologists to coordinate care and develop a treatment plan. Patients are expected to be informed and to be involved in their care. All medications are carefully explained. I believe patients do best when they are engaged participants in their own care. Similarly, I actively encourage coordination with any patient that has their own therapist and want medication management only.
Depression
(310) 751-7577
Verified
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Office is near:
Denver, CO 80012
Depression
All patients are treated with dignity and respect. Most of my patients require medical management solutions where both their medical issues and their psychiatric issues are coordinated and resolved. I actively work with my patients' internists/family practice/neurologists to coordinate care and develop a treatment plan. Patients are expected to be informed and to be involved in their care. All medications are carefully explained. I believe patients do best when they are engaged participants in their own care. Similarly, I actively encourage coordination with any patient that has their own therapist and want medication management only.
Photo of Regina Yvonne Leverrier, Psychiatrist
Regina Yvonne Leverrier
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80201
Not living your best life due to struggling with anxiety, depression, substance abuse or other mental health issues? I can help. I am a Board Certified Psychiatrist with 30 years of clinical experience in all areas of psychiatry and addiction. I can help you if you have a mood disorder (such as Major Depression or Bipolar Disorder), an anxiety disorder (such as PTSD, OCD, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder or Agoraphobia), ADHD, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, TBI or a developmental disability. I can also provide medication to help with addiction to drugs or alcohol. I see patients age 13 and up.
Depression
(917) 791-7170
Verified
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Office is near:
Denver, CO 80201
Depression
Not living your best life due to struggling with anxiety, depression, substance abuse or other mental health issues? I can help. I am a Board Certified Psychiatrist with 30 years of clinical experience in all areas of psychiatry and addiction. I can help you if you have a mood disorder (such as Major Depression or Bipolar Disorder), an anxiety disorder (such as PTSD, OCD, Generalized Anxiety Disorder, Panic Disorder or Agoraphobia), ADHD, Schizophrenia, Schizoaffective Disorder, TBI or a developmental disability. I can also provide medication to help with addiction to drugs or alcohol. I see patients age 13 and up.
At Your Service Psychiatry, PLLC
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, APRN Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80014
100% ONLINE VISITS. SCHEDULE ONLINE: AtYourServicePsychiatry.com You finally decide it's time to get some help, no need to call into an office, go online to schedule AtYourServicePsychiatry.com Home of our ONLINE ADHD CLINIC treatment. We offer video visits from your computer or phone with prescription medications sent electronically to your pharmacy. Telepsychiatry is an easier way to get care from the privacy of your home. Schedule your appointment here: https://AtYourServicePsych.as.me/
Depression
Verified
View

Office is near:
Denver, CO 80014
Depression
100% ONLINE VISITS. SCHEDULE ONLINE: AtYourServicePsychiatry.com You finally decide it's time to get some help, no need to call into an office, go online to schedule AtYourServicePsychiatry.com Home of our ONLINE ADHD CLINIC treatment. We offer video visits from your computer or phone with prescription medications sent electronically to your pharmacy. Telepsychiatry is an easier way to get care from the privacy of your home. Schedule your appointment here: https://AtYourServicePsych.as.me/
Photo of Teresa Denson, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Teresa Denson
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, PMHNP Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80204
Teresa is a native of Alabama, holds a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree from Grand Canyon University and a Master of Science in Nursing from Walden University. She has over 15 years of nursing experience with the last five years being in psychiatry. Mrs. Denson is a Board- Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, and a Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Association/American Nurses Association Minority Fellow, with a strong commitment to providing culturally-competent, evidence-based mental health treatment to patients throughout the lifespan.
Depression
(720) 619-4721
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80204
Depression
Teresa is a native of Alabama, holds a Bachelor of Science in Nursing degree from Grand Canyon University and a Master of Science in Nursing from Walden University. She has over 15 years of nursing experience with the last five years being in psychiatry. Mrs. Denson is a Board- Certified Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, and a Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Association/American Nurses Association Minority Fellow, with a strong commitment to providing culturally-competent, evidence-based mental health treatment to patients throughout the lifespan.
Photo of Scott Walmer, Psychiatrist
Scott Walmer
Psychiatrist, DO Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80204
I am a forensic psychiatrist offering a variety of services at the interface of mental health and the law. I service the entire Rocky Mountain West. Sample practice areas include:
Depression
(719) 344-2182
Verified
View

Office is near:
Denver, CO 80204
Depression
I am a forensic psychiatrist offering a variety of services at the interface of mental health and the law. I service the entire Rocky Mountain West. Sample practice areas include:
Photo of John F McGovern, Psychiatrist
John F McGovern
Psychiatrist, DO Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80247
Listening to a person share their life story is the starting point for any therapeutic encounter. I am dedicated to hearing everything that a patient is trying to communicate whether that is through words or behaviors. The qualities of my patients that help them maximize their time with me are a sense of openness and curiosity, courage and humility, and trust that together we can discover a new way.
Depression
(303) 860-6007
Verified

Office is near:
Denver, CO 80247
Depression
Listening to a person share their life story is the starting point for any therapeutic encounter. I am dedicated to hearing everything that a patient is trying to communicate whether that is through words or behaviors. The qualities of my patients that help them maximize their time with me are a sense of openness and curiosity, courage and humility, and trust that together we can discover a new way.
Photo of Julie Estrada, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Julie Estrada
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP, BC Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80204
I want to help you live your fullest life! We live in a world full of uncertainty even during the best of times. Life stressors, evolving circumstances, and situations outside of your control require navigational skills to reach optimal outcomes. I want to help you identify your strengths and increase your ability to reach your desired goals.
Depression
(720) 358-2862
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80204
Depression
I want to help you live your fullest life! We live in a world full of uncertainty even during the best of times. Life stressors, evolving circumstances, and situations outside of your control require navigational skills to reach optimal outcomes. I want to help you identify your strengths and increase your ability to reach your desired goals.
Photo of Donna Strickland, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Donna Strickland
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MS RXN , PMHCNS-, BC LLC Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80222
Life throws us many curve balls If you are struggling with your life, exhausted from anxiety, experienced a difficult life transition, or more, you've come to the right place. Or perhaps you are a mom, juggling many priorities, with little left for yourself....or you've had a significant loss, and need help with some bereavement. Or maybe you just want to feel the best you can & have energy to spare & get back to a place where you recognize yourself: you have energy, motivation, goals, friends. Perhaps you are in need of medications to help you "get back on balance". Donna can also help you with these types of concerns.
Depression
(720) 605-0656
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80222
Depression
Life throws us many curve balls If you are struggling with your life, exhausted from anxiety, experienced a difficult life transition, or more, you've come to the right place. Or perhaps you are a mom, juggling many priorities, with little left for yourself....or you've had a significant loss, and need help with some bereavement. Or maybe you just want to feel the best you can & have energy to spare & get back to a place where you recognize yourself: you have energy, motivation, goals, friends. Perhaps you are in need of medications to help you "get back on balance". Donna can also help you with these types of concerns.
Photo of Chelsey Lahr, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Chelsey Lahr
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, BC Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80210
I understand the courage it takes to ask for help, and when you do take that first step in healing, my goal is to make sure you feel heard and safe in a non-judgmental atmosphere. Our first appointment is tailored to me understanding you, your history, and your symptoms. I will provide you with different treatment options that I feel would be safe, effective, & with the lowest risk for side effects, and together we develop your treatment plan. My goal is to support you along your journey & move from debilitating symptoms to feeling happy, productive, and yourself again!
Depression
(719) 422-7668
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80210
Depression
I understand the courage it takes to ask for help, and when you do take that first step in healing, my goal is to make sure you feel heard and safe in a non-judgmental atmosphere. Our first appointment is tailored to me understanding you, your history, and your symptoms. I will provide you with different treatment options that I feel would be safe, effective, & with the lowest risk for side effects, and together we develop your treatment plan. My goal is to support you along your journey & move from debilitating symptoms to feeling happy, productive, and yourself again!
Photo of Happy Minds LLC - Khaja Chisty, MD, Psychiatrist
Happy Minds LLC - Khaja Chisty, MD
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80030
Our clinic specializes in Adult and Child Psychiatry. Our Psychiatrist, Dr. Chisty specializes in various disorders like OCD, PTSD, ADHD,ODD,GAD,SAD,BIPOLAR DISORDER,DEPRESSION ,ANXIETY,ALCOHOL &DRUG ADDICTION ,SEXUAL ADDICTION,ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, PHOBIAS,PATHOLOGICAL GAMBLING,IMPULSE CONTROL DISORDER, ANGER DYSREGULATION, PMS, PMDD, MOOD DISORDERS,GRIEF,MARITAL DISCORD,PARENT CHILD CONFLICTS,BEHAVIORAL ISSUES ETC. We know each individual is different and we customize treatment based on treatment response, family history, pharmacogenetic profiles and compatibility. We use Bio-psycho-social model for treatment covering all aspects
Depression
(720) 330-4430
Verified
View

Office is near:
Denver, CO 80030
Depression
Our clinic specializes in Adult and Child Psychiatry. Our Psychiatrist, Dr. Chisty specializes in various disorders like OCD, PTSD, ADHD,ODD,GAD,SAD,BIPOLAR DISORDER,DEPRESSION ,ANXIETY,ALCOHOL &DRUG ADDICTION ,SEXUAL ADDICTION,ADOLESCENT PSYCHIATRY, PHOBIAS,PATHOLOGICAL GAMBLING,IMPULSE CONTROL DISORDER, ANGER DYSREGULATION, PMS, PMDD, MOOD DISORDERS,GRIEF,MARITAL DISCORD,PARENT CHILD CONFLICTS,BEHAVIORAL ISSUES ETC. We know each individual is different and we customize treatment based on treatment response, family history, pharmacogenetic profiles and compatibility. We use Bio-psycho-social model for treatment covering all aspects
Photo of Kate Pedziwol, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Kate Pedziwol
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80246
Kate Pedziwol began her career as a Registered Nurse working in an outpatient, community mental health clinic in 2013. It was in this setting she found her passion for advocacy and social justice which catapulted her into The University of Tennessee’s MSN program, specializing in Psychiatry. Since graduating in 2015 with her master’s degree, she has had the opportunity to work with an array of diagnoses in multiple settings but has found outpatient clinic setting to be the most rewarding.
Depression
(720) 419-1115
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80246
Depression
Kate Pedziwol began her career as a Registered Nurse working in an outpatient, community mental health clinic in 2013. It was in this setting she found her passion for advocacy and social justice which catapulted her into The University of Tennessee’s MSN program, specializing in Psychiatry. Since graduating in 2015 with her master’s degree, she has had the opportunity to work with an array of diagnoses in multiple settings but has found outpatient clinic setting to be the most rewarding.
Photo of Jessica Stuenzi, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Jessica Stuenzi
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, MACP, PMHNP Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80204
Jessica worked as a RN for 21 years prior to completing her Master of Science in Nursing program through the University of Colorado. As a RN, Jessica worked primarily in community health and psychiatric settings (both inpatient and outpatient), including employment at Childrens Hospital Colorado, Aurora Public Schools, and AspenPointe community mental health center in Colorado Springs. In 2006, Jessica obtained her Master of Arts degree in Counseling Psychology from The Seattle School of Theology and Psychology, which has added additional expertise to her work as a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner.
Depression
(720) 903-2135
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80204
Depression
Jessica worked as a RN for 21 years prior to completing her Master of Science in Nursing program through the University of Colorado. As a RN, Jessica worked primarily in community health and psychiatric settings (both inpatient and outpatient), including employment at Childrens Hospital Colorado, Aurora Public Schools, and AspenPointe community mental health center in Colorado Springs. In 2006, Jessica obtained her Master of Arts degree in Counseling Psychology from The Seattle School of Theology and Psychology, which has added additional expertise to her work as a Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner.
Photo of Adam Burstein, Psychiatrist
Adam Burstein
Psychiatrist, DO Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80218
I am a board certified child, adolescent and adult psychiatrist. My passion is to help others improve their quality of life. You have my commitment to provide personalized, high-quality care on an ongoing or as-needed basis. I treat a wide range of mental health issues by combining psychotherapy and medication management. My ambition is to provide a full-service psychiatry practice for individuals in all stages of life. You can expect to have a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation and a treatment plan designed for your specific needs.
Depression
(720) 245-1125
Verified

Denver, CO 80218
Depression
I am a board certified child, adolescent and adult psychiatrist. My passion is to help others improve their quality of life. You have my commitment to provide personalized, high-quality care on an ongoing or as-needed basis. I treat a wide range of mental health issues by combining psychotherapy and medication management. My ambition is to provide a full-service psychiatry practice for individuals in all stages of life. You can expect to have a comprehensive psychiatric evaluation and a treatment plan designed for your specific needs.
Photo of Kayla Sharpe, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Kayla Sharpe
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNPBC, APRN Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80204
*Accepting New Medicaid and Self-Pay Clients* Hello, I am a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. I provide treatment including medication management across the lifespan, from childhood onward. Specializing in mental health allows me to provide excellent care for problems involving depression, sleep, anxiety, attention/concentration, mood disorders, trauma, addictions, behavioral issues and any emotional disturbances that may be experienced.
Depression
(720) 702-1436
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80204
Depression
*Accepting New Medicaid and Self-Pay Clients* Hello, I am a board certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. I provide treatment including medication management across the lifespan, from childhood onward. Specializing in mental health allows me to provide excellent care for problems involving depression, sleep, anxiety, attention/concentration, mood disorders, trauma, addictions, behavioral issues and any emotional disturbances that may be experienced.
Photo of Modupe Mary Okonofua, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Modupe Mary Okonofua
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP Verified
Verified
Denver, CO 80237
SohoMD offers online sessions with board-certified clinicians to evaluate, diagnose, and treat Anxiety, Depression, and ADHD. Our teletherapy and telepsychiatry services make appointments easy. All you need is a smartphone to access our therapist or prescribers. We are in-network with Cigna and Optum insurances but please be advised that we require all our patients to be frequently seen especially during the first month to customize your care for success.
Depression
(303) 529-1274
Verified
View

Denver, CO 80237
Depression
SohoMD offers online sessions with board-certified clinicians to evaluate, diagnose, and treat Anxiety, Depression, and ADHD. Our teletherapy and telepsychiatry services make appointments easy. All you need is a smartphone to access our therapist or prescribers. We are in-network with Cigna and Optum insurances but please be advised that we require all our patients to be frequently seen especially during the first month to customize your care for success.
Photo of Will Van Derveer, Psychiatrist
Will Van Derveer
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
Office is near:
Denver, CO 80220
We regard people as inherently healthy and whole, in contrast to the conventional and widespread belief that people with psychiatric symptoms must be in long-term treatment. Psychological health can truly be achieved by learning new techniques of managing stress and overcoming fear-based habits. We prescribe medications as temporary tools for softening intense symptoms, allowing the deeper healing can occur. Alternative treatments such as vitamins and supplements are encouraged when appropriate. When depression or PTSD does not respond to conventional treatments, we may recommend a course of ketamine assisted psychotherapy.
Depression
(303) 900-7450
Verified

Office is near:
Denver, CO 80220
Depression
We regard people as inherently healthy and whole, in contrast to the conventional and widespread belief that people with psychiatric symptoms must be in long-term treatment. Psychological health can truly be achieved by learning new techniques of managing stress and overcoming fear-based habits. We prescribe medications as temporary tools for softening intense symptoms, allowing the deeper healing can occur. Alternative treatments such as vitamins and supplements are encouraged when appropriate. When depression or PTSD does not respond to conventional treatments, we may recommend a course of ketamine assisted psychotherapy.

See more therapy options for Denver

Depression Psychiatrists
If you're looking for help with depression in Denver or for a Denver depression psychiatrist, these psychiatrists provide depression therapy (and depression therapies), depression treatment and depression help in Denver. They include depression psychiatrists, depression psychologists, depression psychotherapists and depression counselors in Denver. They can also serve as a relationship psychiatrist in Denver.

A psychiatrist in Denver can help with post partum depression, feeling depressed, depression anxiety as well as teen depression. Psychiatrists provide Denver depression counseling, depression support, referrals to depression support groups in Denver and Denver depression groups. If you're depressed in Denver, get help from one of these depression specialists.

About Psychiatrists, meds and Psychiatric Nurses.

A Psychiatrist in Denver is a qualified medical doctor who specializes in treating mental health issues and diagnosable disorders.

Denver Psychiatrists differ from other mental health professionals in that they may prescribe medication as well as practice psychotherapy in treatment. Sometimes, Psychiatrists form part of a clinical team in which they will diagnose and prescribe, while psychologists or therapists provide the client's psychotherapy.

As part of a clinical assessment, Psychiatrists may conduct physical examinations, take blood tests, and order and interpret lab tests and brain image scans, such as CT scans, CAT Scans and MRIs.

The field of psychiatry in Denver has many sub specialties including pediatric psychiatry (so check for Denver child psychiatrists or adolescent psychiatrists in Denver). Those who work with the elderly are called geriatric psychiatrists.

Other related sub specialties include cognition psychiatry, addiction psychiatry, psychosomatic, forensic, reproductive medicine specialties, psychopharmacology (certain states license Psychopharmacologists), psychiatric genetics, neuroimaging, and clinical neurophysiology.

Psychiatric nurse practitioners in Denver, or mental health nurse practitioners, generally have a MS degree in nursing (MSN) and a number of years training to become certified. Psychiatric nurse practitioners are able to assess and diagnose mental health conditions and prescribe medication. Denver Psychiatric nurse practitioners also have training that enables them to include psychotherapy with treatment.