Psychiatrists in Pitkin County, CO

Photo of Kathleen Johnson, MSN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Kathleen Johnson
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Aspen, CO 81611  (Online Only)
CURRENTLY ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS & Saturday Appointments Available! I assist patients who are experiencing a range of presenting concerns, including: anxiety, depression, substance dependence, ADHD, autism, stress related disorders, PTSD, sleep challenges, and more. As a psychiatric provider, I take the time to explain the science behind what is creating the the challenges you are experiencing, answer questions, and work with you on the goal of full remission of the mental health or addictive crisis so you can go on living your life to the fullest.
CURRENTLY ACCEPTING NEW PATIENTS & Saturday Appointments Available! I assist patients who are experiencing a range of presenting concerns, including: anxiety, depression, substance dependence, ADHD, autism, stress related disorders, PTSD, sleep challenges, and more. As a psychiatric provider, I take the time to explain the science behind what is creating the the challenges you are experiencing, answer questions, and work with you on the goal of full remission of the mental health or addictive crisis so you can go on living your life to the fullest.
(970) 323-2524 View (970) 323-2524
Photo of Jessica Stern - Jessica R. Stern, M.D., LLC, MD, Psychiatrist
Jessica R. Stern, M.D., LLC
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Aspen, CO 81611
I am board certified in Psychiatry and Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, and I am committed to providing compassionate, comprehensive, evidence-based, and collaborative care to children, adolescents, and adults. My training and professional experience emphasize the improved functioning and decreased suffering that psychotherapy can provide to individuals by increasing self-awareness, increasing understanding of interactions with others and the world, and moving towards engaging in life in a way that feels more meaningful. I can also prescribe medications as an additional intervention if needed.
I am board certified in Psychiatry and Child & Adolescent Psychiatry, and I am committed to providing compassionate, comprehensive, evidence-based, and collaborative care to children, adolescents, and adults. My training and professional experience emphasize the improved functioning and decreased suffering that psychotherapy can provide to individuals by increasing self-awareness, increasing understanding of interactions with others and the world, and moving towards engaging in life in a way that feels more meaningful. I can also prescribe medications as an additional intervention if needed.
(720) 463-2370 View (720) 463-2370
Photo of Dr. Daniel Daylamani, MD, Psychiatrist
Dr. Daniel Daylamani
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
Aspen, CO 81611  (Online Only)
I am a board certified psychiatrist currently accepting new patients. My practice is strictly through the use of telepsychiatry which means that all appointments will be held via HIPAA compliant video conferencing software. Many patients prefer this means of treatment as appointments can be done from the comfort of your home or office without the need for lengthy commutes or waiting rooms and it provides access to mental health treatment to patients located in more remote locations. I treat adult (18+) patients located in Colorado, Texas and Washington State though controlled substance prescribing may only be done in Colorado.
I am a board certified psychiatrist currently accepting new patients. My practice is strictly through the use of telepsychiatry which means that all appointments will be held via HIPAA compliant video conferencing software. Many patients prefer this means of treatment as appointments can be done from the comfort of your home or office without the need for lengthy commutes or waiting rooms and it provides access to mental health treatment to patients located in more remote locations. I treat adult (18+) patients located in Colorado, Texas and Washington State though controlled substance prescribing may only be done in Colorado.
(720) 868-9577 View (720) 868-9577
Photo of Amy Halstead -Lotus Wellness, MSN, APN, PMHNPBC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Amy Halstead -Lotus Wellness
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APN, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
Aspen, CO 81611
I take an integrative approach to treatment which may include medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle modification to address patients’ mental health needs. I fully believe in the role that sleep, exercise, and nutrition play in mental wellness. My approach is warm and collaborative in an effort to facilitate healing and growth through patient empowerment. I will work closely with you to develop a treatment plan that prioritizes your goals and values in a safe environment that is free of judgement.
I take an integrative approach to treatment which may include medication, psychotherapy, and lifestyle modification to address patients’ mental health needs. I fully believe in the role that sleep, exercise, and nutrition play in mental wellness. My approach is warm and collaborative in an effort to facilitate healing and growth through patient empowerment. I will work closely with you to develop a treatment plan that prioritizes your goals and values in a safe environment that is free of judgement.
(970) 512-3648 View (970) 512-3648
Photo of Heather Shannon Ford, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Heather Shannon Ford
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Aspen, CO 81611  (Online Only)
With backgrounds in both conventional and alternative therapies, I love personalizing care to your individual mental health needs. Your symptoms are often rooted in a deeper cause (or causes) that require considering your mind, body, daily habits and relationships. I specialize in working with adults 18 and older who want to go beyond just 'a pill for every ill' worldview and incorporate lifestyle changes, hormone optimization and effective supplement regimes. Appointments Online -Lunch Time and Evening/After Work Options Available! In Person Option in Grand Junction ONLY.
With backgrounds in both conventional and alternative therapies, I love personalizing care to your individual mental health needs. Your symptoms are often rooted in a deeper cause (or causes) that require considering your mind, body, daily habits and relationships. I specialize in working with adults 18 and older who want to go beyond just 'a pill for every ill' worldview and incorporate lifestyle changes, hormone optimization and effective supplement regimes. Appointments Online -Lunch Time and Evening/After Work Options Available! In Person Option in Grand Junction ONLY.
(970) 251-8077 View (970) 251-8077
Photo of Adriana Manygoats de Julio, MD, MSPH, Psychiatrist
Adriana Manygoats de Julio
Psychiatrist, MD, MSPH
Verified Verified
Aspen, CO 81611
My motto is, “You’re the expert on you.” I have expert knowledge in psychiatry, and you are the expert on your life, body, and needs. My goal is to work together with you to assess your unique story and create a plan to help you address your needs and meet your goals. I work with my team at Plus by APN to help you evaluate additional psychiatric options like Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), Spravato or ketamine-assisted healing, or neurofeedback.
My motto is, “You’re the expert on you.” I have expert knowledge in psychiatry, and you are the expert on your life, body, and needs. My goal is to work together with you to assess your unique story and create a plan to help you address your needs and meet your goals. I work with my team at Plus by APN to help you evaluate additional psychiatric options like Deep Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), Spravato or ketamine-assisted healing, or neurofeedback.
(833) 480-1404 View (833) 480-1404
Photo of Lindsey Steigerwald, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Lindsey Steigerwald
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Aspen, CO 81611
Hello, my name is Lindsey. I see kids in the PARKER location. I was born and raised in the state of Colorado. I have 15 years of healthcare experience working directly with patients across the lifespan. Throughout my career, I worked as a nursing assistant, a burn care technician, and a registered nurse. I have worked in multiple settings such as the Neuro ICU, the Burn Unit, as well as the Operating Room. During my nursing career, I have been fortunate to have the opportunity to travel to different surgical centers and hospitals around Colorado and Vermont.
Hello, my name is Lindsey. I see kids in the PARKER location. I was born and raised in the state of Colorado. I have 15 years of healthcare experience working directly with patients across the lifespan. Throughout my career, I worked as a nursing assistant, a burn care technician, and a registered nurse. I have worked in multiple settings such as the Neuro ICU, the Burn Unit, as well as the Operating Room. During my nursing career, I have been fortunate to have the opportunity to travel to different surgical centers and hospitals around Colorado and Vermont.
(720) 664-2518 View (720) 664-2518
Photo of Rudy Spector, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Rudy Spector
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Aspen, CO 81611
Optimal health begins with understanding the connection between your brain and body. As a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, I look forward to helping you achieve your best mental wellness. Together we will look at your psychiatric symptoms, sleep patterns, and lifestyle. The initial interview will include a thorough psychiatric assessment, family history, and medical history. Medication management, supplements, laboratory draws, adrenal testing, and micronutrient testing are all avenues to consider during this initial interview.
Optimal health begins with understanding the connection between your brain and body. As a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner, I look forward to helping you achieve your best mental wellness. Together we will look at your psychiatric symptoms, sleep patterns, and lifestyle. The initial interview will include a thorough psychiatric assessment, family history, and medical history. Medication management, supplements, laboratory draws, adrenal testing, and micronutrient testing are all avenues to consider during this initial interview.
(970) 875-6588 View (970) 875-6588

Online Psychiatrists

Photo of Cammieann Kleinz, NP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Cammieann Kleinz
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, NP
Verified Verified
Lakewood, CO 80235
CammieAnn is a Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP). She graduated from Texas Tech University of Health Sciences with her master of science in nursing as a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. She has her certification through ANCC (American Nures Credentialing Center). CammieAnn believes in collaberative care with her patients and other medical/ mental health professionals. CammieAnn encourages them to be active participants in their treatment. She believes in evidence-based practices and empowering her patients through education.
CammieAnn is a Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP). She graduated from Texas Tech University of Health Sciences with her master of science in nursing as a psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner. She has her certification through ANCC (American Nures Credentialing Center). CammieAnn believes in collaberative care with her patients and other medical/ mental health professionals. CammieAnn encourages them to be active participants in their treatment. She believes in evidence-based practices and empowering her patients through education.
(720) 893-9589 View (720) 893-9589
Photo of Aimee Techau, PMHNP, CARN-AP, MSN, PhDc, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Aimee Techau
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, CARN-AP, MSN, PhDc
Verified Verified
Golden, CO 80401
I take great pride in being a collaborative provider who authentically cares for and listens to my clients. I work with you to help improve your symptoms and quality of life through different treatment modalities, including medication, holistic approaches, and talk therapy. In devising your treatment plan, I will also consider medical contributors to mental health issues, leaving no stone unturned. You may have previously tried a few different treatments without results. Make an appointment with me, and we'll work together to build on this knowledge, avoiding the pitfalls of past attempts and moving you closer to the solution.
I take great pride in being a collaborative provider who authentically cares for and listens to my clients. I work with you to help improve your symptoms and quality of life through different treatment modalities, including medication, holistic approaches, and talk therapy. In devising your treatment plan, I will also consider medical contributors to mental health issues, leaving no stone unturned. You may have previously tried a few different treatments without results. Make an appointment with me, and we'll work together to build on this knowledge, avoiding the pitfalls of past attempts and moving you closer to the solution.
(720) 806-4615 View (720) 806-4615
Photo of Lynka Smith, MSN, RN, PMHNP, BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Lynka Smith
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, RN, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80302  (Online Only)
No need to leave home, I offer appointment by video. My nursing career began as a Naval Nurse Corps officer, caring for mentally ill military members, this is where my interest began. I obtained a PMHNP degree. I treat all psychiatric/mental health conditions & can prescribe medications. We will work as a team to find the best treatment options for you. Please visit my site for answers to your questions.
No need to leave home, I offer appointment by video. My nursing career began as a Naval Nurse Corps officer, caring for mentally ill military members, this is where my interest began. I obtained a PMHNP degree. I treat all psychiatric/mental health conditions & can prescribe medications. We will work as a team to find the best treatment options for you. Please visit my site for answers to your questions.
(832) 906-8640 View (832) 906-8640
Photo of Inger Daniels, MSN, APRN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Inger Daniels
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80302  (Online Only)
Feelings of constant worry and fear can be crippling. When sadness and hopelessness keep you from enjoying life, talking to a professional can relieve some of the burden. If mood swings, irritability and agitation are interfering with your relationships it is important to seek help. My goal is to help clients be informed and involved in their care decisions.
Feelings of constant worry and fear can be crippling. When sadness and hopelessness keep you from enjoying life, talking to a professional can relieve some of the burden. If mood swings, irritability and agitation are interfering with your relationships it is important to seek help. My goal is to help clients be informed and involved in their care decisions.
(720) 864-0717 View (720) 864-0717
Photo of Heather Ford, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Heather Ford
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Golden, CO 80401  (Online Only)
With backgrounds in both conventional and alternative therapies, I love personalizing care to your individual mental health needs. Your symptoms are often rooted in a deeper cause (or causes) that require considering your mind, body, daily habits and relationships. I specialize in working with adults 18 and older who want to go beyond just 'a pill for every ill' worldview and incorporate lifestyle changes, hormone optimization and effective supplement regimes. Appointments Online -Lunch Time and After Work or After Class Options Available! With
With backgrounds in both conventional and alternative therapies, I love personalizing care to your individual mental health needs. Your symptoms are often rooted in a deeper cause (or causes) that require considering your mind, body, daily habits and relationships. I specialize in working with adults 18 and older who want to go beyond just 'a pill for every ill' worldview and incorporate lifestyle changes, hormone optimization and effective supplement regimes. Appointments Online -Lunch Time and After Work or After Class Options Available! With
(720) 586-4778 View (720) 586-4778
Photo of Debra M Bates - Ho'omalie Psychiatry, MSN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Ho'omalie Psychiatry
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, MSN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Boulder, CO 80302  (Online Only)
I am a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner specializing in psychiatry, medication management and psychotherapy to optimize mental health. I provide holistic, evidenced-based and culturally sensitive care to children, adolescents, and adults. I truly care about my patients. I strive to help you achieve a better quality of life. I will provide my expert opinion to create an evidenced-based personalized treatment plan that is guided by my knowledge in psychiatric medicine. I provide a safe, serene, and welcoming environment. I have a practicing style that is genuine and compassionate towards all my patients.
I am a board-certified psychiatric mental health nurse practitioner specializing in psychiatry, medication management and psychotherapy to optimize mental health. I provide holistic, evidenced-based and culturally sensitive care to children, adolescents, and adults. I truly care about my patients. I strive to help you achieve a better quality of life. I will provide my expert opinion to create an evidenced-based personalized treatment plan that is guided by my knowledge in psychiatric medicine. I provide a safe, serene, and welcoming environment. I have a practicing style that is genuine and compassionate towards all my patients.
(970) 713-9505 View (970) 713-9505
Photo of Danielle Pataroque, PA-C, Physician Assistant
Danielle Pataroque
Physician Assistant, PA-C
Verified Verified
Golden, CO 80401
I am a compassionate Physician Assistant who prioritizes inclusivity and creating a safe and accepting environments for all patients. I believe in the importance of strong patient-provider relationships, fostering open communication and collaboration in personalized treatment plans. I am excited to work with you to achieve lasting positive outcomes for your mental well-being.
I am a compassionate Physician Assistant who prioritizes inclusivity and creating a safe and accepting environments for all patients. I believe in the importance of strong patient-provider relationships, fostering open communication and collaboration in personalized treatment plans. I am excited to work with you to achieve lasting positive outcomes for your mental well-being.
(720) 802-9312 View (720) 802-9312
Photo of Ivy Hoo, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Ivy Hoo
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Littleton, CO 80127
Accepting New Patients! As a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner, I am dedicated to helping individuals achieve their full potential and lead a fulfilling life. My goal is to take a comprehensive and holistic approach to care, considering all the factors that may impact a person's mental health and well-being. This includes working in collaboration with my patients, their families, and other healthcare providers to ensure that the care provided is safe, effective, patient-centered, and tailored to meet each individual's unique needs. To check my availability go to our website and my first available will be listed there.
Accepting New Patients! As a board-certified psychiatric nurse practitioner, I am dedicated to helping individuals achieve their full potential and lead a fulfilling life. My goal is to take a comprehensive and holistic approach to care, considering all the factors that may impact a person's mental health and well-being. This includes working in collaboration with my patients, their families, and other healthcare providers to ensure that the care provided is safe, effective, patient-centered, and tailored to meet each individual's unique needs. To check my availability go to our website and my first available will be listed there.
(720) 706-3235 View (720) 706-3235
Photo of Heather Shannon Ford, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Heather Shannon Ford
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
With backgrounds in both conventional and alternative therapies, I love personalizing care to your individual mental health needs. Your symptoms are often rooted in a deeper cause (or causes) that require considering your mind, body, daily habits and relationships. I specialize in working with adults 18 and older who want to go beyond just 'a pill for every ill' worldview and incorporate lifestyle changes, hormone optimization and effective supplement regimes. Appointments Online and In Person in Grand Junction.
With backgrounds in both conventional and alternative therapies, I love personalizing care to your individual mental health needs. Your symptoms are often rooted in a deeper cause (or causes) that require considering your mind, body, daily habits and relationships. I specialize in working with adults 18 and older who want to go beyond just 'a pill for every ill' worldview and incorporate lifestyle changes, hormone optimization and effective supplement regimes. Appointments Online and In Person in Grand Junction.
(970) 517-1848 View (970) 517-1848
Photo of Sheila Fomenky, APRN, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Sheila Fomenky
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, APRN, PMHNP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Boulder, CO 80302  (Online Only)
Taking the time to seek care for mental wellness is a bold step that I applaud in my clients. Building rapport and confidence in each session is an important part of client sessions. I provide a clear explanation on diagnosis and the treatment plan chosen while utilizing evidence based practices. Call now for same week available appointments! You are Valued and that is my commitment to you!
Taking the time to seek care for mental wellness is a bold step that I applaud in my clients. Building rapport and confidence in each session is an important part of client sessions. I provide a clear explanation on diagnosis and the treatment plan chosen while utilizing evidence based practices. Call now for same week available appointments! You are Valued and that is my commitment to you!
(720) 740-8168 View (720) 740-8168
Photo of Jessica Stuenzi - The Courage Clinic, PMHNP, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
The Courage Clinic
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
Littleton, CO 80123  (Online Only)
We are a telehealth-only outpatient psychiatric practice that provides medication management and therapy to all residents of Colorado. We serve patients from the age of 5 and older, treating a variety of symptom presentations including depression, anxiety, mood disorders, ADHD, OCD, and more. We take multiple insurances including Medicaid and Medicare.
We are a telehealth-only outpatient psychiatric practice that provides medication management and therapy to all residents of Colorado. We serve patients from the age of 5 and older, treating a variety of symptom presentations including depression, anxiety, mood disorders, ADHD, OCD, and more. We take multiple insurances including Medicaid and Medicare.
(720) 702-9763 View (720) 702-9763
Photo of Christopher Archer, PMHNP, GNP-BC, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Christopher Archer
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, GNP-BC
Verified Verified
Lakewood, CO 80226
Accepting New Patients! Christopher Archer, Maj (ret), USAF, PMHNP/GNP-BC, is a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) and Gerontological Nurse Practitioner (GNP) with nearly 16 years of experience. In 2000, he joined the United States Air Force, where he worked as a clinical nurse in Pediatrics, Family Practice, Flight/Aerospace Medicine, and also had the opportunity to be a team leader on Vice President Dick Cheney's medical support team. Chris is an expert in diagnosing and treating ADHD, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Addiction, Stress, Trauma and PTSD - as well as many other conditions.
Accepting New Patients! Christopher Archer, Maj (ret), USAF, PMHNP/GNP-BC, is a board-certified Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner (PMHNP) and Gerontological Nurse Practitioner (GNP) with nearly 16 years of experience. In 2000, he joined the United States Air Force, where he worked as a clinical nurse in Pediatrics, Family Practice, Flight/Aerospace Medicine, and also had the opportunity to be a team leader on Vice President Dick Cheney's medical support team. Chris is an expert in diagnosing and treating ADHD, Anxiety, Bipolar Disorder, Addiction, Stress, Trauma and PTSD - as well as many other conditions.
(720) 513-1177 View (720) 513-1177

See more therapy options for Pitkin County

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in Pitkin County, CO

< 10

Psychiatrists in Pitkin County, CO who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% ADHD
88% Bipolar Disorder
75% Trauma and PTSD
75% Medication Management
63% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aetna
100% BlueCross and BlueShield
100% Cigna and Evernorth

How Psychiatrists in Pitkin County, CO see their clients

63% In Person and Online
37% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in Pitkin County?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.