John Hartmann
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
I am a board-certified psychiatrist with a private practice in San Francisco. I completed medical training at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill followed by psychiatry residency at UCSF. I have also received advanced psychotherapy training through the San Francisco Center for Psychoanalysis. I integrate a wide range of perspectives to provide individualized treatment to each patient.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 610-5420
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94118
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I am a board-certified psychiatrist with a private practice in San Francisco. I completed medical training at the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill followed by psychiatry residency at UCSF. I have also received advanced psychotherapy training through the San Francisco Center for Psychoanalysis. I integrate a wide range of perspectives to provide individualized treatment to each patient.
Photo of Maria Levine, Psychiatrist
Maria Levine
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
Though we often do not choose the circumstances life hands us, we can make the choice not to go through them alone. I am honored to help shepherd my patients through those trying times. As an integrative psychiatrist, I understand that medication can be a powerful healing agent when utilized in concert with other modalities that promote optimal wellness such as such as psychotherapy, nutrition, prayer, recreation, exercise, and meditation. I'm a double Board-certified psychiatrist specializing in the treatment of adolescents, and children and adults.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 237-0377
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94118
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
Though we often do not choose the circumstances life hands us, we can make the choice not to go through them alone. I am honored to help shepherd my patients through those trying times. As an integrative psychiatrist, I understand that medication can be a powerful healing agent when utilized in concert with other modalities that promote optimal wellness such as such as psychotherapy, nutrition, prayer, recreation, exercise, and meditation. I'm a double Board-certified psychiatrist specializing in the treatment of adolescents, and children and adults.
Photo of Walter E B Sipe MD, Psychiatrist
Walter E B Sipe MD
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94114
As a psychiatrist, I specialize in providing care and alleviating the suffering associated with trauma, depression, anxiety, and chronic pain states in young people and adults. I take an integrated approach to your care, combining mindfulness approaches based on meditative practices with more traditional psychotherapy and--where appropriate--careful use of medications and supplements. My commitment is that your therapy make a profound difference in the areas of your life that are most important to you.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 799-4161
Verified

San Francisco, CA 94114
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
As a psychiatrist, I specialize in providing care and alleviating the suffering associated with trauma, depression, anxiety, and chronic pain states in young people and adults. I take an integrated approach to your care, combining mindfulness approaches based on meditative practices with more traditional psychotherapy and--where appropriate--careful use of medications and supplements. My commitment is that your therapy make a profound difference in the areas of your life that are most important to you.
Photo of Manisha Ram Punwani, Psychiatrist
Manisha Ram Punwani
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94109
Finding a Board Certified Integrative Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, one who approaches treatment from an evidence based clinical, holistic, developmental and systems based (family, school, etc) perspective is challenging. I am committed to improving lives of children, adolescents and their families. I specialize in Autism, Anxiety and OCD disorders. I treat these through Cognitive Behavioral, Exposure Response Prevention, Family or Parent Behavioral Management therapies with or without psychotropic medications. I incorporate mindfulness, psychoeducation, sensory and complimentary interventions as appropriate.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 599-4349
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94109
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
Finding a Board Certified Integrative Child and Adolescent Psychiatrist, one who approaches treatment from an evidence based clinical, holistic, developmental and systems based (family, school, etc) perspective is challenging. I am committed to improving lives of children, adolescents and their families. I specialize in Autism, Anxiety and OCD disorders. I treat these through Cognitive Behavioral, Exposure Response Prevention, Family or Parent Behavioral Management therapies with or without psychotropic medications. I incorporate mindfulness, psychoeducation, sensory and complimentary interventions as appropriate.
Photo of Jessica Crawford, Psychiatrist
Jessica Crawford
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
**COVID-19 Update** Life in the Bay Area was already complex and stress-inducing, and now we contend with a major public health crisis. Many of my current clients want help coping with difficult current events and life changes from the pandemic. Generally I see clients experiencing a range of mood and anxiety challenges. Many of my clients are high performers who excel at school or work, yet want to accelerate their personal growth and improve relationships with those around them.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 909-5422
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94118
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
**COVID-19 Update** Life in the Bay Area was already complex and stress-inducing, and now we contend with a major public health crisis. Many of my current clients want help coping with difficult current events and life changes from the pandemic. Generally I see clients experiencing a range of mood and anxiety challenges. Many of my clients are high performers who excel at school or work, yet want to accelerate their personal growth and improve relationships with those around them.
Photo of Amy Tyson, Psychiatrist
Amy Tyson
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
People come to me with a wide range of problems, often not clear about why they are suffering. They may feel anxious, depressed, empty or confused; they may be having difficulty with relationships or work but not understand why. I will meet with you to evaluate what the problem is and how best to approach treatment. Why choose a psychoanalytically oriented psychiatrist? I believe that in a nonjudgmental atmosphere you will be able to explore why you are stuck in old patterns or feel unhappy in your life and relationships. I will help you gain insight so that you can feel freer, more confident, and happier.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(628) 216-7168
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94118
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
People come to me with a wide range of problems, often not clear about why they are suffering. They may feel anxious, depressed, empty or confused; they may be having difficulty with relationships or work but not understand why. I will meet with you to evaluate what the problem is and how best to approach treatment. Why choose a psychoanalytically oriented psychiatrist? I believe that in a nonjudgmental atmosphere you will be able to explore why you are stuck in old patterns or feel unhappy in your life and relationships. I will help you gain insight so that you can feel freer, more confident, and happier.
Photo of Kristie Boyce MD, Integrative Psychiatry, Psychiatrist
Kristie Boyce MD, Integrative Psychiatry
Psychiatrist, MD, MPH Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94102
I help people access their inner healing resources to live more productive and fulfilling lives. I work from the perspective that we all encounter struggles from time to time and in harnessing one's inner resources we can learn how to thrive in hard times and prevent further suffering. In my work with children, teens and adults I help identify effective coping strategies and stress management skills to improve wellbeing. My clients typically struggle with psychological, emotional, and spiritual challenges, including low mood, excess worry, difficulty with focus or attention, relationship and school or work issues.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 231-5536
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94102
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I help people access their inner healing resources to live more productive and fulfilling lives. I work from the perspective that we all encounter struggles from time to time and in harnessing one's inner resources we can learn how to thrive in hard times and prevent further suffering. In my work with children, teens and adults I help identify effective coping strategies and stress management skills to improve wellbeing. My clients typically struggle with psychological, emotional, and spiritual challenges, including low mood, excess worry, difficulty with focus or attention, relationship and school or work issues.
Photo of Bruce W. Scotton, Psychiatrist
Bruce W. Scotton
Psychiatrist, MD, DLFAPA Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
I am especially interested in working with people who see healing their wounds and problems as only one part of an ongoing effort to develop themselves as far as possible. This effort includes development beyond the personal into familial, community, global, and spiritual realms. Seeking to promote this perspective I am the senior editor of Textbook of Transpersonal Psychiatry and Psychology for which we won the Will Solimene Award for Excellence in Medical Communication. This perspective also values learning the accumulated knowledge of other cultures.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(650) 924-9400
Verified

San Francisco, CA 94118
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I am especially interested in working with people who see healing their wounds and problems as only one part of an ongoing effort to develop themselves as far as possible. This effort includes development beyond the personal into familial, community, global, and spiritual realms. Seeking to promote this perspective I am the senior editor of Textbook of Transpersonal Psychiatry and Psychology for which we won the Will Solimene Award for Excellence in Medical Communication. This perspective also values learning the accumulated knowledge of other cultures.
Photo of Paul Abramson, Psychiatrist
Paul Abramson
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94108
Paul Abramson MD is board certified in Addiction Medicine and Family Medicine. He specializes in the treatment of addiction, mental health and physical health utilizing his small and expert team - medical doctors and psychotherapists. Our methods are evidence based, outpatient and efficient. Dr. Abramson is a graduate of Stanford and UCSF and has specific expertise in the treatment of opioid addiction, alcohol use disorders, and benzodiazepine dependency (with Ashton-style slow tapers). He also trained in integrative medicine under Dr. Andrew Weil. My Doctor Medical Group is a top concierge medical practice in San Francisco.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 483-1528
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94108
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
Paul Abramson MD is board certified in Addiction Medicine and Family Medicine. He specializes in the treatment of addiction, mental health and physical health utilizing his small and expert team - medical doctors and psychotherapists. Our methods are evidence based, outpatient and efficient. Dr. Abramson is a graduate of Stanford and UCSF and has specific expertise in the treatment of opioid addiction, alcohol use disorders, and benzodiazepine dependency (with Ashton-style slow tapers). He also trained in integrative medicine under Dr. Andrew Weil. My Doctor Medical Group is a top concierge medical practice in San Francisco.
Photo of Masaru Fisher, Psychiatrist
Masaru Fisher
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94115
The process of healing is a collaborative effort. Your role is to share with me your concerns and what issues interfere with your or your child's daily life. Whether it be depression, anxiety or another mental heath topic, accurate identification and intervention is our goal. I offer you my expert training and experience to thoroughly assess and recommend the best course of treatment to consider. Working together we will navigate through the healing process for you to find a happy and satisfying quality of life.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 689-5616
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94115
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
The process of healing is a collaborative effort. Your role is to share with me your concerns and what issues interfere with your or your child's daily life. Whether it be depression, anxiety or another mental heath topic, accurate identification and intervention is our goal. I offer you my expert training and experience to thoroughly assess and recommend the best course of treatment to consider. Working together we will navigate through the healing process for you to find a happy and satisfying quality of life.
Photo of Michelle Guchereau, Psychiatrist
Michelle Guchereau
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94104
I am a Board-Certified Psychiatrist for adults, adolescents and children. I specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD), depression and anxiety. I provide thorough psychiatric assessments, medications and/or psychotherapy for adults and youth. I also collaborate with other therapists to provide medication evaluations and treatment for patients who are actively in therapy elsewhere. I have offices in downtown San Francisco and Marin, and I also offer appointments by videoconference.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 969-5396
Verified

San Francisco, CA 94104
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I am a Board-Certified Psychiatrist for adults, adolescents and children. I specialize in the diagnosis and treatment of Attention Deficient Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD/ADD), depression and anxiety. I provide thorough psychiatric assessments, medications and/or psychotherapy for adults and youth. I also collaborate with other therapists to provide medication evaluations and treatment for patients who are actively in therapy elsewhere. I have offices in downtown San Francisco and Marin, and I also offer appointments by videoconference.
Mindful Health Solutions - Ryan Vidrine, MD
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94117
I specialize in treating patients with OCD, Body Dysmorphia, Anxiety Disorders, and Treatment-Resistant Depression. I provide medication management, as well as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), for my patients whose symptoms have not completely resolved with therapy and medication. I approach all my patient encounters from the perspective of providing treatment in the interest of getting people to connect with and move closer to their values, and I incorporate various disciplines including ACT, CBT, ERP, Mindfulness, and the latest evidence in pharmacology, neuroscience, and neuromodulation.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(855) 976-4031
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94117
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I specialize in treating patients with OCD, Body Dysmorphia, Anxiety Disorders, and Treatment-Resistant Depression. I provide medication management, as well as Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (TMS), for my patients whose symptoms have not completely resolved with therapy and medication. I approach all my patient encounters from the perspective of providing treatment in the interest of getting people to connect with and move closer to their values, and I incorporate various disciplines including ACT, CBT, ERP, Mindfulness, and the latest evidence in pharmacology, neuroscience, and neuromodulation.
Photo of Laura Rubenstein MD, Psychiatrist
Laura Rubenstein MD
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94115
I'm a psychiatrist who provides psychotherapy for children, adolescents and adults as well as medication for older adolescents and adults when indicated. My areas of focus are relationship issues, life transitions, mood and anxiety issues, trauma, parent-child struggles and developmental issues. I work with you to bring forth your lesser known and understood thoughts, feelings and motivations that trip you up in life. The goal is to diminish their intensity and meaningfully change your most troublesome life patterns so that you can live, love, work and play more fully and freely.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 862-7799
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94115
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I'm a psychiatrist who provides psychotherapy for children, adolescents and adults as well as medication for older adolescents and adults when indicated. My areas of focus are relationship issues, life transitions, mood and anxiety issues, trauma, parent-child struggles and developmental issues. I work with you to bring forth your lesser known and understood thoughts, feelings and motivations that trip you up in life. The goal is to diminish their intensity and meaningfully change your most troublesome life patterns so that you can live, love, work and play more fully and freely.
Photo of Casey Holden, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner
Casey Holden
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94104
The capacity to keep an open mind is an integral component of my therapeutic relationship with clients. This includes everything from diagnoses, medications and other modalities of treatment. In my experience, clients who keep an open mind about their diagnoses and consider all treatment options tend to have better outcomes than those who arrive to care with a fixed idea about what their diagnoses are and what specific medication(s) they want or do not want.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 578-9287
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94104
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
The capacity to keep an open mind is an integral component of my therapeutic relationship with clients. This includes everything from diagnoses, medications and other modalities of treatment. In my experience, clients who keep an open mind about their diagnoses and consider all treatment options tend to have better outcomes than those who arrive to care with a fixed idea about what their diagnoses are and what specific medication(s) they want or do not want.
Photo of Atef Shaikh, Psychiatrist
Atef Shaikh
Psychiatrist, DO Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94102
I am a board certified psychiatrist practicing as part of UCSF's faculty practice. My office is located in San Francisco and I can see patients who reside in California via telepsychiatry. I treat a broad range of mental health conditions, substance/behavioral addictions as well as more general issues related to identity, relationships and life transitions. Treatment can include both psychotherapy and medications.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(347) 334-5417
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94102
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I am a board certified psychiatrist practicing as part of UCSF's faculty practice. My office is located in San Francisco and I can see patients who reside in California via telepsychiatry. I treat a broad range of mental health conditions, substance/behavioral addictions as well as more general issues related to identity, relationships and life transitions. Treatment can include both psychotherapy and medications.
Photo of Mimi Winsberg, Psychiatrist
Mimi Winsberg
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94104
As a Stanford trained psychiatrist with 25 years of clinical experience, I tailor my therapeutic approach to the individual's particular needs and goals. Psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and mindfulness based approaches are used, along with medication. I treat mood disorders, anxiety, relationship problems, women's issues, disordered eating, and adjustments such as divorce, loss, medical problems, career changes. Medication is best managed in the context of a therapeutic relationship. I believe in the role lifestyle and physical health can play on emotional health, and I incorporate these principles into my therapy practice.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(628) 888-1161
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94104
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
As a Stanford trained psychiatrist with 25 years of clinical experience, I tailor my therapeutic approach to the individual's particular needs and goals. Psychodynamic, cognitive-behavioral, and mindfulness based approaches are used, along with medication. I treat mood disorders, anxiety, relationship problems, women's issues, disordered eating, and adjustments such as divorce, loss, medical problems, career changes. Medication is best managed in the context of a therapeutic relationship. I believe in the role lifestyle and physical health can play on emotional health, and I incorporate these principles into my therapy practice.
Madison Buchanan Johnson
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94115
I practice medicine from a holistic, patient centered model. Because mental health is inextricably linked to emotional, physical, spiritual, and sexual health, I am interested in better knowing these parts of you before considering medications in your treatment. I have special training in addictions, mindfulness and psychodynamic therapy. All of these contribute to my holistic approach to mental wellness.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(628) 600-3285
Verified

San Francisco, CA 94115
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I practice medicine from a holistic, patient centered model. Because mental health is inextricably linked to emotional, physical, spiritual, and sexual health, I am interested in better knowing these parts of you before considering medications in your treatment. I have special training in addictions, mindfulness and psychodynamic therapy. All of these contribute to my holistic approach to mental wellness.
Photo of Jennifer Gardner Roberts, Psychiatrist
Jennifer Gardner Roberts
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94118
Jennifer Roberts, M.D. is a ​board-certified​ psychiatrist who embraces a holistic approach, and believes that every patient benefits from psychotherapy and mindfulness, in addition to their pharmaceutical treatment. Dr. Roberts began her research career at Children’s Hospital in Oakland, and earned her medical degree at the prestigious Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Dr. Roberts completed her residency at Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, with expert training in dialectical behavioral therapy at Harbor UCLA Medical Center.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(415) 534-4027
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94118
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
Jennifer Roberts, M.D. is a ​board-certified​ psychiatrist who embraces a holistic approach, and believes that every patient benefits from psychotherapy and mindfulness, in addition to their pharmaceutical treatment. Dr. Roberts began her research career at Children’s Hospital in Oakland, and earned her medical degree at the prestigious Royal College of Surgeons in Ireland. Dr. Roberts completed her residency at Los Angeles County and University of Southern California Medical Center, with expert training in dialectical behavioral therapy at Harbor UCLA Medical Center.
Photo of Ariel Schonfeld, Psychiatrist
Ariel Schonfeld
Psychiatrist, MD Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94115
I provide compassionate, evidence-based and practical care through psychotherapy and medication management. I begin with a comprehensive evaluation to understand the needs and strengths of each person. We would work in a collaborative way so that my services are personalized and effective. I will often involve psychotherapy; I only recommend medications if medically indicated and attempt to keep them as simple as possible.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(628) 214-4475
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94115
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
I provide compassionate, evidence-based and practical care through psychotherapy and medication management. I begin with a comprehensive evaluation to understand the needs and strengths of each person. We would work in a collaborative way so that my services are personalized and effective. I will often involve psychotherapy; I only recommend medications if medically indicated and attempt to keep them as simple as possible.
Photo of Gabriel Aranovich, Psychiatrist
Gabriel Aranovich
Psychiatrist Verified
Verified
San Francisco, CA 94109
Dr. Gabriel Aranovich is a top-rated board certified psychiatrist, specializing in psychotherapy and medication management for optimizing mental health. At The Clinic, with locations in with locations in San Francisco, Palo Alto, San Jose, Berkeley, and Marin County, California, Dr. Aranovich treats both adults and adolescents with a wide range of issues, such as: depression, anxiety, ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, substance use and other common and complex mental health conditions. In addition, Dr. Aranovich, who speaks both English and Spanish, offers video and telemedicine services to patients residing in the state of California.
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
(844) 950-3167
Verified
View

San Francisco, CA 94109
Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19)
Dr. Gabriel Aranovich is a top-rated board certified psychiatrist, specializing in psychotherapy and medication management for optimizing mental health. At The Clinic, with locations in with locations in San Francisco, Palo Alto, San Jose, Berkeley, and Marin County, California, Dr. Aranovich treats both adults and adolescents with a wide range of issues, such as: depression, anxiety, ADHD, Bipolar Disorder, substance use and other common and complex mental health conditions. In addition, Dr. Aranovich, who speaks both English and Spanish, offers video and telemedicine services to patients residing in the state of California.

See more therapy options for San Francisco

Adolescents / Teenagers (14 to 19) Psychiatrists
Adolescence describes the teenage years between 13 and 19 and can be considered the transitional stage from childhood to adulthood. However the physical and psychological changes that occur in adolescence can start earlier, and it can be a time of both disorientation and discovery. The transitional period can bring up issues of independence and self-identity. Sometimes teens may be experimenting with drugs and alcohol or sexuality. During this time, peer groups and external appearance tend to increase in importance.

For help with adolescents or for a San Francisco adolescent psychiatrist these professionals provide help for adolescent development and adolescent education. They include adolescent psychiatrists in San Francisco, adolescent psychologists, and adolescent counselors. They can help with adolescent behavior, adolescent learning and adolescent discipline.

San Francisco teen Psychiatrists also provide help for troubled teens in San Francisco or troubled teen boys and girls. For parents of out-of-control teens, San Francisco psychiatrists can help with communicating and understanding your teen. And psychiatrists in San Francisco can help with teenager behavior and teen learning issues.

About Psychiatrists, meds and Psychiatric Nurses.

A Psychiatrist in San Francisco is a qualified medical doctor who specializes in treating mental health issues and diagnosable disorders.

San Francisco Psychiatrists differ from other mental health professionals in that they may prescribe medication as well as practice psychotherapy in treatment. Sometimes, Psychiatrists form part of a clinical team in which they will diagnose and prescribe, while psychologists or therapists provide the client's psychotherapy.

As part of a clinical assessment, Psychiatrists may conduct physical examinations, take blood tests, and order and interpret lab tests and brain image scans, such as CT scans, CAT Scans and MRIs.

The field of psychiatry in San Francisco has many sub specialties including pediatric psychiatry (so check for San Francisco child psychiatrists or adolescent psychiatrists in San Francisco). Those who work with the elderly are called geriatric psychiatrists.

Other related sub specialties include cognition psychiatry, addiction psychiatry, psychosomatic, forensic, reproductive medicine specialties, psychopharmacology (certain states license Psychopharmacologists), psychiatric genetics, neuroimaging, and clinical neurophysiology.

Psychiatric nurse practitioners in San Francisco, or mental health nurse practitioners, generally have a MS degree in nursing (MSN) and a number of years training to become certified. Psychiatric nurse practitioners are able to assess and diagnose mental health conditions and prescribe medication. San Francisco Psychiatric nurse practitioners also have training that enables them to include psychotherapy with treatment.