Psychiatrists in 10028

Photo of Yewande Mikoku, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in 10028, NY
Yewande Mikoku
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Yewande Mikoku is a board-certified Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Yewande empowers her patients by working in collaboration with them to choose the best treatment for their mental health needs. As a holistically-minded provider, she uses active listening and shared decision making in helping patients find right treatment. Yewande encourages patients to live up to their full potential. Yewande provides practicals that are easy to implement to promote optimal health. Yewande's approach begins with commitment to individuals needs and resources that support evidence based practices. Yewande works with patients 18-64.
Yewande Mikoku is a board-certified Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. Yewande empowers her patients by working in collaboration with them to choose the best treatment for their mental health needs. As a holistically-minded provider, she uses active listening and shared decision making in helping patients find right treatment. Yewande encourages patients to live up to their full potential. Yewande provides practicals that are easy to implement to promote optimal health. Yewande's approach begins with commitment to individuals needs and resources that support evidence based practices. Yewande works with patients 18-64.
(929) 335-9646 View (929) 335-9646
Photo of Gabrielle Hickey, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in 10028, NY
Gabrielle Hickey
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
So many people struggle with mental health issues or chemical dependency but are afraid to seek help. Here’s the truth — there is no shame in finding the care you need. In fact, it’s one of the bravest things you can do. Better mental health is a process, and there is no shame in working with an expert who can guide you through that journey. Our practice employs a holistic approach to care for people struggling with addiction, anxiety, insomnia, inattention, fatigue, low mood, stress, and depression.
So many people struggle with mental health issues or chemical dependency but are afraid to seek help. Here’s the truth — there is no shame in finding the care you need. In fact, it’s one of the bravest things you can do. Better mental health is a process, and there is no shame in working with an expert who can guide you through that journey. Our practice employs a holistic approach to care for people struggling with addiction, anxiety, insomnia, inattention, fatigue, low mood, stress, and depression.
(646) 849-4262 View (646) 849-4262
Photo of Marlee Madora, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Marlee Madora
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
Are you struggling emotionally while trying to conceive, during pregnancy, the postpartum period, or the grind of parenting? Are you questioning whether you may have PMS, PMDD, ADHD or going through menopause, and it could be influencing your functioning? I am a Harvard-trained board-certified psychiatrist specializing in Women's Mental Health, here to help you become the best version of yourself.
Are you struggling emotionally while trying to conceive, during pregnancy, the postpartum period, or the grind of parenting? Are you questioning whether you may have PMS, PMDD, ADHD or going through menopause, and it could be influencing your functioning? I am a Harvard-trained board-certified psychiatrist specializing in Women's Mental Health, here to help you become the best version of yourself.
(646) 759-2977 View (646) 759-2977
Photo of Jacqueline Penn, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Jacqueline Penn
Psychiatrist, DO
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Dr. Penn is a board-certified psychiatrist who treats adults, children, and adolescents. She is dedicated to providing quality, evidence-based, individualized treatment. Dr. Penn is currently an attending psychiatrist and clinical professor at New York University (NYU) and is in private practice. She is licensed in New York and California. She completed her Child & Adolescent Fellowship at University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and her residency at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY. ​
Dr. Penn is a board-certified psychiatrist who treats adults, children, and adolescents. She is dedicated to providing quality, evidence-based, individualized treatment. Dr. Penn is currently an attending psychiatrist and clinical professor at New York University (NYU) and is in private practice. She is licensed in New York and California. She completed her Child & Adolescent Fellowship at University of California, San Francisco (UCSF) and her residency at Maimonides Medical Center in Brooklyn, NY. ​
(646) 849-2841 View (646) 849-2841
Maril Yehudian
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
Welcome to my practice. I'm a child & adolescent psychiatrist. In my practice, I see kids, adults, and families. Together, my patients and I decide on the best treatment approach, which includes a combination of therapeutic modalities, including individual psychodynamic psychotherapy, family work, play therapy, and medication management.
Welcome to my practice. I'm a child & adolescent psychiatrist. In my practice, I see kids, adults, and families. Together, my patients and I decide on the best treatment approach, which includes a combination of therapeutic modalities, including individual psychodynamic psychotherapy, family work, play therapy, and medication management.
(347) 321-9978 View (347) 321-9978
Photo of Patricia Lindahl, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Patricia Lindahl
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
I am an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist working primarily through individual psychotherapy. I see most of my patients on at least a weekly basis. Although I do sometimes prescribe medication, the management of medication is not my primary focus. I believe in psychotherapy because it is more effective than medication for most concerns, and because it can be a powerful, relationship-based experience that works to close past wounds. As a therapist, I try to always be open and compassionate as I listen and intervene.
I am an adult, child, and adolescent psychiatrist working primarily through individual psychotherapy. I see most of my patients on at least a weekly basis. Although I do sometimes prescribe medication, the management of medication is not my primary focus. I believe in psychotherapy because it is more effective than medication for most concerns, and because it can be a powerful, relationship-based experience that works to close past wounds. As a therapist, I try to always be open and compassionate as I listen and intervene.
(646) 846-0106 View (646) 846-0106
Photo of Ahron Friedberg, MD, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Ahron Friedberg, MD
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
My therapeutic approach is to combine best clinical psychotherapy and psychopharmacology practices informed by contemporary neuroscience. Rather than focusing on diagnosis and disease, I am oriented toward maximizing health and wellness. I try to help a person full his or her potential in work and relationships, while achieving realistic goals and higher aims. If you'd like to set up a consultation, please call me directly at 212 737 5099.
My therapeutic approach is to combine best clinical psychotherapy and psychopharmacology practices informed by contemporary neuroscience. Rather than focusing on diagnosis and disease, I am oriented toward maximizing health and wellness. I try to help a person full his or her potential in work and relationships, while achieving realistic goals and higher aims. If you'd like to set up a consultation, please call me directly at 212 737 5099.
(212) 737-5099 View (212) 737-5099
Photo of Edena Walden, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in 10028, NY
Edena Walden
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP-B
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
So many people struggle with mental health issues or chemical dependency but are afraid to seek help. Here’s the truth — there is no shame in finding the care you need. In fact, it’s one of the bravest things you can do. Better mental health is a process, and there is no shame in working with an expert who can guide you through that journey. Our practice employs a holistic approach to care for people struggling with addiction, anxiety, insomnia, inattention, fatigue, low mood, stress, and depression.
So many people struggle with mental health issues or chemical dependency but are afraid to seek help. Here’s the truth — there is no shame in finding the care you need. In fact, it’s one of the bravest things you can do. Better mental health is a process, and there is no shame in working with an expert who can guide you through that journey. Our practice employs a holistic approach to care for people struggling with addiction, anxiety, insomnia, inattention, fatigue, low mood, stress, and depression.
(718) 550-7860 View (718) 550-7860
Photo of Samuel Basch, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Samuel Basch
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
I am a Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine and a Psychoanalyst trained at the Columbia University Psychoanalytic Institute. I have over 25 years experience treating people suffering from anxiety, depression, panic and bipolar disorders and schizophrenia. I also work with patients who have conflict in their everyday lives with personal relationships and work-related stress and who have obsessive compulsive, eating and sexual disorders. Additionally, I provide psychological care to people who are medically ill. My approach is highly individualized and I work with patients to consider their specific circumstances in formulating treatment plans.
I am a Clinical Professor of Psychiatry at the Mount Sinai School of Medicine and a Psychoanalyst trained at the Columbia University Psychoanalytic Institute. I have over 25 years experience treating people suffering from anxiety, depression, panic and bipolar disorders and schizophrenia. I also work with patients who have conflict in their everyday lives with personal relationships and work-related stress and who have obsessive compulsive, eating and sexual disorders. Additionally, I provide psychological care to people who are medically ill. My approach is highly individualized and I work with patients to consider their specific circumstances in formulating treatment plans.
(646) 832-4696 View (646) 832-4696
Photo of Ajay Nair, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Ajay Nair
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
I treat a variety of conditions, but particularly specialize in people suffering from depression, anxiety, and stress due to personal and/or professional dissatisfaction.
I treat a variety of conditions, but particularly specialize in people suffering from depression, anxiety, and stress due to personal and/or professional dissatisfaction.
(646) 760-8924 View (646) 760-8924
Photo of Erin Moran, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in 10028, NY
Erin Moran
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, DNP, APRN, PMHNPBC
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Dr. Moran received her Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from the University of Missouri- St. Louis and is board-certified as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She began her nursing career in emergency medicine in 2014. While maintaining her career in the Emergency Department, she expanded her experience to the Cardiac Catheterization Lab, Vascular Access Lab, and Psychiatry. Dr. Moran approaches patient care with openness and understanding. She acts as a strong patient advocate and includes every patient to find the best-individualized plan.
Dr. Moran received her Doctor of Nursing Practice degree from the University of Missouri- St. Louis and is board-certified as a Psychiatric Mental Health Nurse Practitioner. She began her nursing career in emergency medicine in 2014. While maintaining her career in the Emergency Department, she expanded her experience to the Cardiac Catheterization Lab, Vascular Access Lab, and Psychiatry. Dr. Moran approaches patient care with openness and understanding. She acts as a strong patient advocate and includes every patient to find the best-individualized plan.
(646) 807-4062 View (646) 807-4062
Photo of Irina Chikvashvili, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Irina Chikvashvili
Psychiatrist, DO
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Medication Management & Diagnostic Assessments. Please note, individual weekly talk therapy is not available at this time. Dr. Chikvashvili is a double board certified child & adult psychiatrist in New York City. She is currently an attending physician at Long Island Jewish Medical Center & Cohen Children’s Medical Center, specializing in Emergency Adult & Pediatric Psychiatry. In addition to her expertise in adult psychiatry, Dr. Chikvashvili is one of the few doctors with experience in treating children of all ages.
Medication Management & Diagnostic Assessments. Please note, individual weekly talk therapy is not available at this time. Dr. Chikvashvili is a double board certified child & adult psychiatrist in New York City. She is currently an attending physician at Long Island Jewish Medical Center & Cohen Children’s Medical Center, specializing in Emergency Adult & Pediatric Psychiatry. In addition to her expertise in adult psychiatry, Dr. Chikvashvili is one of the few doctors with experience in treating children of all ages.
(917) 924-3423 View (917) 924-3423
Carlos Alberto Sanchez
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
I am a Child, Adolescent, Adult Psychiatrist and Psychoanalyst with over 20 years of experience. I help patients in developing self understanding of their own personal conflicts through play and talk therapy. I use medication when necessary, on agreement with the person that I treat and the parents of children in order to decrease suffering, and facilitate the therapy and psychoanalysis. I treat patient with medication only when appropriate and I collaborate with therapists who want me to prescribe medications to their patients.
I am a Child, Adolescent, Adult Psychiatrist and Psychoanalyst with over 20 years of experience. I help patients in developing self understanding of their own personal conflicts through play and talk therapy. I use medication when necessary, on agreement with the person that I treat and the parents of children in order to decrease suffering, and facilitate the therapy and psychoanalysis. I treat patient with medication only when appropriate and I collaborate with therapists who want me to prescribe medications to their patients.
(646) 553-6341 View (646) 553-6341
Photo of Amanie Salem, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Amanie Salem
Psychiatrist, DO, MPH
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
My goal as a psychiatrist is to provide the best evidenced-based, integrative care for my patients, working with them to foster positive change and achieve their goals through psychotherapeutic methods and/or medication management. I am board certified in psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, and forensic psychiatry, and use this to build foundations for patients' long term success.
My goal as a psychiatrist is to provide the best evidenced-based, integrative care for my patients, working with them to foster positive change and achieve their goals through psychotherapeutic methods and/or medication management. I am board certified in psychiatry, child and adolescent psychiatry, and forensic psychiatry, and use this to build foundations for patients' long term success.
(914) 556-1952 View (914) 556-1952
Photo of Daphna Shiffeldrim, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Daphna Shiffeldrim
Psychiatrist, MD, MPH
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
My interests in working in psychiatry started very early. I was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at a young age. Living with a chronic condition has taught me about the intimate connection between mind and body and the power of one to influence the other. I am a board certified Child, Adolescent, and Adult Psychiatrist. In every stage of my training, I sought to deepen my understanding of this connection, and develop skills to help patients maintain a balance between the two. I specialize in treating children with chronic medical conditions; particularly type 1 diabetes, but also many other conditions.
My interests in working in psychiatry started very early. I was diagnosed with type 1 diabetes at a young age. Living with a chronic condition has taught me about the intimate connection between mind and body and the power of one to influence the other. I am a board certified Child, Adolescent, and Adult Psychiatrist. In every stage of my training, I sought to deepen my understanding of this connection, and develop skills to help patients maintain a balance between the two. I specialize in treating children with chronic medical conditions; particularly type 1 diabetes, but also many other conditions.
(929) 236-9964 View (929) 236-9964
Photo of Alice Greene, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Alice Greene
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
Welcome to my telepsychiatry practice. My virtual office is a warm, friendly, and safe space. You can join me from the comfort of your own favorite chair to get the help you need. I have a genuine desire to understand my patients and aim to open new pathways for self-exploration and self-care. As a licensed physician, I provide treatment with medication. I am currently licensed in almost all 50 states and treat adults across the country, which I love.
Welcome to my telepsychiatry practice. My virtual office is a warm, friendly, and safe space. You can join me from the comfort of your own favorite chair to get the help you need. I have a genuine desire to understand my patients and aim to open new pathways for self-exploration and self-care. As a licensed physician, I provide treatment with medication. I am currently licensed in almost all 50 states and treat adults across the country, which I love.
(646) 849-2825 View (646) 849-2825
Photo of Anna Wachtel MD, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Anna Wachtel MD
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
Dr. Wachtel is an award winning Psychiatrist in NYC. She is included in the 2022 Marquis Who's Who in America for accomplishments and dedication in the field of Psychiatry. She received the US News & World Report 2020 Patients' Top Choice award. RateMD rates Dr. Wachtel as one of the top five Psychiatrists in NYC. As one of her patient's noted, "Dr. Wachtel is one of those rare commodities in the health care industry: a knowledgable, accessible provider who truly cares about her clients. Highly recommended".
Dr. Wachtel is an award winning Psychiatrist in NYC. She is included in the 2022 Marquis Who's Who in America for accomplishments and dedication in the field of Psychiatry. She received the US News & World Report 2020 Patients' Top Choice award. RateMD rates Dr. Wachtel as one of the top five Psychiatrists in NYC. As one of her patient's noted, "Dr. Wachtel is one of those rare commodities in the health care industry: a knowledgable, accessible provider who truly cares about her clients. Highly recommended".
(212) 534-8816 View (212) 534-8816
Photo of Douglas John Van Der Heide, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
Douglas John Van Der Heide
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
Most patients seeking treatment feel that despite their best efforts, inside they feel helpless, confused and demoralized. Dynamic psychotherapy and its "big brother" psychoanalysis are treatments designed to repair self-esteem and restore a full capacity for living. I see patients frequently, usually twice a week and it is out of our work together that hidden self-knowledge emerges and a renewed optimism about life's possibilities arises. Please visit my web site: www.drvanderheide.com or call me to discuss how I might help you.
Most patients seeking treatment feel that despite their best efforts, inside they feel helpless, confused and demoralized. Dynamic psychotherapy and its "big brother" psychoanalysis are treatments designed to repair self-esteem and restore a full capacity for living. I see patients frequently, usually twice a week and it is out of our work together that hidden self-knowledge emerges and a renewed optimism about life's possibilities arises. Please visit my web site: www.drvanderheide.com or call me to discuss how I might help you.
(646) 807-4197 View (646) 807-4197
Photo of David Gaita, Psychiatrist in 10028, NY
David Gaita
Psychiatrist, MD
Verified Verified
New York, NY 10028
It is no small task to lead a fulfilling life with meaningful relationships and a sense of purpose. In times of suffering, that goal can seem impossible. When our usual ways of adapting to stress fail, we need an outside perspective to guide us to a deeper understanding of our harmful and at times destructive mental patterns. There is no simple algorithm for healing the complex wounds formed over a lifetime. For some, a carefully tailored medication regimen can be helpful, leading to relatively quick relief of debilitating symptoms. For others a purely psychotherapeutic approach may be a better fit.
It is no small task to lead a fulfilling life with meaningful relationships and a sense of purpose. In times of suffering, that goal can seem impossible. When our usual ways of adapting to stress fail, we need an outside perspective to guide us to a deeper understanding of our harmful and at times destructive mental patterns. There is no simple algorithm for healing the complex wounds formed over a lifetime. For some, a carefully tailored medication regimen can be helpful, leading to relatively quick relief of debilitating symptoms. For others a purely psychotherapeutic approach may be a better fit.
(914) 730-5952 View (914) 730-5952
Photo of Evans Rochaste, Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner in 10028, NY
Evans Rochaste
Psychiatric Nurse Practitioner, PMHNP, BC
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
New York, NY 10028
So many people struggle with mental health issues or chemical dependency but are afraid to seek help. Here’s the truth — there is no shame in finding the care you need. In fact, it’s one of the bravest things you can do. Better mental health is a process, and there is no shame in working with an expert who can guide you through that journey. Our practice employs a holistic approach to care for people struggling with addiction, anxiety, insomnia, inattention, fatigue, low mood, stress, and depression.
So many people struggle with mental health issues or chemical dependency but are afraid to seek help. Here’s the truth — there is no shame in finding the care you need. In fact, it’s one of the bravest things you can do. Better mental health is a process, and there is no shame in working with an expert who can guide you through that journey. Our practice employs a holistic approach to care for people struggling with addiction, anxiety, insomnia, inattention, fatigue, low mood, stress, and depression.
(646) 692-0326 View (646) 692-0326

How does your Psychiatrist compare?

Number of Psychiatrists in 10028

60+

Average cost per session

$362

Psychiatrists in 10028 who prioritize treating:

92% Depression
92% Anxiety
84% Medication Management
76% ADHD
76% Self Esteem
73% Trauma and PTSD
69% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

96% Aetna
74% UnitedHealthcare UHC | UBH
67% Cigna and Evernorth

How Psychiatrists in 10028 see their clients

70% In Person and Online
30% Online Only

Gender breakdown

53% Female
47% Male
FAQs - About Psychiatrists and Psychiatric Nurses

How can I find a psychiatrist in 10028?

The Psychology Today Directory enables you to search specifically for psychiatrists, using the drop down provider menu in the navigation bar, by city or zip code, or by the name of the psychiatrist. Search results provide detailed profiles of professionals, including their treatment approach and areas of expertise. In addition, listings provide important information about each psychiatrist’s credentials, fees, payment options, and insurance affiliations. Directory users can select psychiatrists who meet an array of personally-desired criteria, such as familiarity with a specific community or condition.

What is the difference between a psychiatrist and a psychologist?

Psychiatrists are medical specialists who focus on understanding, diagnosing, and treating diseases of the brain and disorders of the mind and behavior. As physicians, psychiatrists are trained to recognize the often-subtle biological causes of mental disorders and to monitor the effects of mental disturbances on physical conditions, such as heart disease. Psychologists are especially attuned to the influence of early experience on development and behavior, emotional and cognitive processes, the nature of personality, and social functioning. They are also trained to deploy an array of psychological tests—IQ tests, personality tests, behavioral assessments—to gauge a person’s functioning.

What is a psychiatric nurse practitioner?

A psychiatric nurse practitioner, also known as a mental health nurse practitioner, is a registered nurse who completes advanced training in psychiatric care, earning either a master’s or doctoral degree in psychiatric nursing, and in the U.S., passes a national certification exam. Like psychiatrists, psychiatric nurse practitioners are trained to assess, diagnose, and treat mental health conditions. In some locales, psychiatric nurse practitioners can offer the full range of psychiatric care, including prescribing and managing medication. In other places, they must work in collaboration with a physician.

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed psychiatrist?

The Psychology Today directory lists providers who offer legitimate mental health services to the public, including psychiatrists, psychologists, social workers, and counselors. All psychiatrists listed in the directory have a valid license issued by the state(s) in which they practice and are certified by the American Board of Psychiatry and Neurology. Providers whose license or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Some individuals or organizations provide services for which their state or country does not offer licenses, such as pastoral counseling. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

Can a psychiatrist prescribe medication?

Psychiatrists are licensed medical doctors who are trained to recognize the many ways body processes affect the functioning of the brain and mind. As physicians, they can prescribe medication. Patients who are prescribed medications will typically need to continue to see a psychiatrist so that the effects of the medication can be monitored. For many psychiatric conditions, including common disorders such as anxiety and depression, the preferred treatment is combination therapy—medication accompanied by psychotherapy.

Do psychiatrists offer therapy?

Psychiatrists are generally trained in a number of treatment modalities, including psychotherapy, pharmacotherapy, and, increasingly, somatic therapies. Typically, psychiatrists make a diagnosis and determine a course of treatment based on chemical or biological factors, using lab tests, brain scans and physical and psychological evaluations. While psychotherapy may be used in the first session to aid in diagnosis, it is not typically utilized in subsequent visits. In fact, after the introductory session, most sessions with a psychiatrist may only be 15-20 minutes in length and are largely focused on medication management. Many psychiatrists who do not offer psychotherapy work collaboratively with psychologists and other mental health clinicians and can refer clients seeking talk therapy to those providers.

How do I know if I need a psychiatrist or a therapist?

It is not always easy to know which type of mental health practitioner to choose. Many people are unaware of the root of their mental or behavioral problem. One way many people learn which type of care is best for them is by seeing their primary care provider first. Depending on the nature and severity of the symptoms, the physician may review their medical history or perform medical tests to determine whether biological factors are involved before making a referral. It is not necessary for a person to know precisely what type of care they need in order to seek help. Many psychiatrists and psychologists refer clients to each other depending on client needs.

Do I need a referral to see a psychiatrist?

A referral to a psychiatrist is often not required. However, seeing your primary care physician first can be helpful and actually prove to be a shortcut to getting what you need. Your PCP may have a clear idea whether psychiatric help is needed and/or which kind of mental health care would be most beneficial and refer you to the right type of practitioner. For that reason alone, some psychiatrists require a referral. Further, many insurance plans require a referral from a PCP if they cover all of part of the cost of seeing a specialist; if, however, you are paying out of pocket, you may not need a referral. In any case, a referral may speed the process of securing an appointment with a psychiatrist, especially in areas where there is a shortage of mental health specialists and new patients face long waits for appointments.