This article is frustrating on so many levels it is hard to know where to start. Since the author has such a one-dimensional understanding of fgm, he should read 'Desert Dawn' by Waris Dirie. Women who were uncircumcised were considered sluts and prostitutes and potential husbands would refuse them. He seems to allot blame to mothers and grandmothers without having done any research ... how neat. Even Wiki gives a broader picture, including the possibility of the spread of fgm through the slave trade where women were subjected to fgm to prevent pregnancy during transportation or as a result of the influence of eunuchism.
To be uncircumcised became such a source of deep shame that aid workers found they could not persuade women in parts of Africa to stop the practice. However, women like Waris Dirie and other humanitarian groups continue to make inroads.

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