Actually, the article is not at all ‘misogynistic’ or ‘reducing women to animals.’ Rather, it considers the effects of our ‘animal nature’ (as expressed in evolutionary mechanisms we share with all other animals) on our social behavior. There is no reduction here, but an attempt to highlight several of the complex processes that may shape our social behavior. (By analogy: when I consider the effects of your brain neurons on your behavior, I am not reducing you to a bunch of neurons. Etc). Re FGM, it is true that the practice predates Islam and is not mentioned in the Quran. At the same time it is also true that right now, it is practiced predominantly in African, Muslim-majority cultures. So the term “Muslim countries in Africa” serves as accurate shorthand for locating the practice. It can scarcely, in the context of this particular article, be read as a blanket condemnation of the religion or the continent, and is definitely not meant as such.

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