Verified by Psychology Today
The speedy physical and psychological changes that children undergo from birth through adolescence often leave parents and caregivers wondering how best to engage and help them. The process of child development can include everything from sensory awareness and fine motor skills to language and socialization ability.
Cognition refers, quite simply, to thinking. There are the obvious applications of conscious reasoning—doing taxes, playing chess, deconstructing Macbeth—but thought takes many subtler forms, such as interpreting sensory input, guiding physical actions, and empathizing with others.
Reading a road map upside-down, excelling at chess, and generating synonyms for the word "brilliant" may seem like three very different skills. But each is thought to be a measurable indicator of general intelligence, a construct that includes problem-solving abilities, spatial manipulation, and language acquisition.