How to Learn a Language
Paul Pimsleur’s forgotten wisdom
Posted Jan 07, 2013
Why learn another language?
Dr Pimsleur argues that anyone can learn a foreign language, but that for most of us it takes considerable effort and the right circumstances and support. Contrary to the ‘learn a language effortlessly in only a few hours’ marketing hype (which unfortunately has occasionally been used to promote the Pimsleur courses themselves), Dr Pimsleur stated that the effort and difficulty of learning a language to a good standard is part of what makes it so rewarding:
“I think the best answer to ‘Why learn a foreign language’ is that it may make one’s life richer. Not only after one knows it, but even during the learning.... Viewed as a decision to fill a stretch of time with stimulating, purposeful activity, the undertaking of learning a foreign language can be a delightful voyage full of new expressions and ideas. One is glad to go slowly and savor the trip.”
How long does it take to learn another language?
Some people have purchased the 45 hour ‘comprehensive’ Pimsleur course with the impression that after completing it, they should able to speak a language ‘fluently’. They have universally been disappointed.
In his book, Dr Pimsleur describes the level that the comprehensive courses teach as the “Courtesy and necessity” speaking level. (He also describes the length of these courses as “under 60 hours”, which in my experience is more realistic than the 45 hours it says on the box). He comments,
“If your objective is to master the language fully in speech and writing, then you may have to devote at least a year and a half, most of it spent in the foreign country, to reaching this objective. A good plan would be to study the language for three to six months at home, and then go to the foreign country for at least a year, during which time you must speak only the foreign language.”
Dr Pimsleur emphasises the value of even the most basic level of language knowledge, which “can transform a person from an ‘ugly American’ into one who is obviously attempting to meet others halfway. It is certain to make any trip you take more rewarding”.