2 Weight Control Pathways Anyone Can Take

Creating positive health by being strength-based with yourself.

Posted Oct 28, 2016

DepositPhotos/VIA Institute
Source: DepositPhotos/VIA Institute

After months of dieting and daily walking, Jody was able to shed 5% of her weight, which doctors recommend is often “a small amount that can make a big difference” in terms of health indicators and outcomes.

But, slowly Jody returned to her baseline weight. First, a soda crept in while she was at a family event and then another one when she was tempted by a vending machine. Then, she began to get second-helpings at dinner—not every meal but enough that indicated her self-control was waning. Then, her walking turned from daily to every other day.

“I can lose weight but I’m never able to keep it off!,” she exclaimed, summarizing her struggles.

We call Jody’s behaviors “slips.” Slips are small, seemingly irrelevant and inconsequential movements away from our goals. The reality is “slips” are both relevant and consequential.

How can we maintain successful weight loss? That is the problem that experts in the field have not successfully solved. There are many “maintenance strategies” out there—medicinal, psychological, social—but the problem remains.

As someone who studies the internal qualities that are best in us, I’m eager to understand the role character strengths have in creating better health habits, maintaining weight loss, adjusting bad habits of lifestyle, and so forth. In an earlier post on weight management I highlighted the importance of tapping into inner resources to support weight management rather than solely focusing on external remedies. I shared 3 character strengths that tended to be low in those people wanting to lose weight in my psychology practice (perseverance, prudence, and self-regulation).

This field of character strengths and positive psychology is young. The answers to vexing struggles such as weight control and improving physical health are not there yet. That said, in this post, I offer some ideas that are hopefully empowering and beneficial. I focus on two pathways that can support you on your weight management journey.

#1 The pathway of specific character strengths

Researcher Rene Proyer and his colleagues examined the connections between strengths and a variety of health habits. His team found a number of unique links that I have summarized here. Each of these are important for maintaining good, healthy behavior and can be argued as helpful in taking strides toward improved weight management and maintenance. The character strengths are listed starting with the most significant finding for that area (all are significant findings, unless noted).

  • Health (in general, self-perception of health)
    • Zest, hope, perseverance, humor, self-regulation
  • Active way of life:
  • Cardio-respiratory fitness:
  • Diet/Healthy Eating:
    • Self-regulation (the only significant finding)
    • Perseverance and bravery (#2 and #3, but non-significant)
  • Compliance (e.g., adhering to medical regimen):
    • Love, teamwork, kindness, social intelligence, honesty, prudence
  • Security Orientation (e.g., driving carefully, avoiding violence, fixing assistive health devices):
  • Avoiding Harmful Substances:
    • Self-regulation, prudence
  • Hygiene:
    • Perseverance, honesty, prudence
  • Physical Strength:
    • Self-regulation, zest, curiosity, leadership.
  • Body Flexibility:
    • No significant character strengths
  • Body Coordination:
    • Self-regulation, hope and leadership
  • Zest, hope, perseverance, humor, self-regulation
  • Self-regulation (the only significant finding)
  • Perseverance and bravery (#2 and #3, but non-significant)
  • Love, teamwork, kindness, social intelligence, honesty, prudence
  • Self-regulation, prudence
  • Perseverance, honesty, prudence
  • Self-regulation, zest, curiosity, leadership.
  • No significant character strengths
  • Self-regulation, hope and leadership

Note that these are correlational research findings which means there was an important relationship found between the given character strength with that particular area of health. We do not know if one causes the other. For example, future research could investigate whether the training of the strengths of curiosity or hope would actually cause greater cardio-respiratory fitness. For now, remember that correlations catalyze ideas. 

Taking action:

Consider how these alignments between strengths and health areas offer you clues to get started.

  1. What is the health area you want to target?
  2. Choose one or more strengths listed in that area.
  3. Make a plan to use those strengths to improve the target area. If you want to improve your medication adherence, consider how the strengths of love or teamwork might help you. Maybe you place a photo of those you love by your medicine bottle so that your taking medicine is an indirect expression of love for those you care about most? Or, maybe you enlist a family member to check in with you each day as to whether or not you took your medicine (teamwork)?

#2 The pathway of signature strengths

Scientists have not studied the connection between using your top strengths (whatever they are) and how this impacts your health or specific lifestyle habits. But, signature strengths have been connected with a number of positive benefits such as positive mood, work-as-a-calling, life satisfaction, vitality, goal-progress, self-esteem, and less depression. Thus, it is reasonable to believe your signature strengths are a worthwhile pathway.

Taking action:

  1. Write down your top 5 character strengths from this list.
  2. Write down the area of health you want to focus on.
  3. Consider one new way you can use each of these 5 strengths to improve the area.

For example, Dave used his signature strength of teamwork in order to become more active in his life. He asked his neighbor if he would be interested in being on a “team” with him. This would involve regular walks—or if it rained—indoor exercise. It also involved joining a sport team together. As part of a team, Dave was more confident and he thrived. This teamwork naturally lifted his zest and perseverance strengths which helped him overcome obstacles along the way.

Reference

Proyer, R. T., Gander, F., Wellenzohn, S., & Ruch, W. (2013). What good are
character strengths beyond subjective well-being? The contribution of the
good character on self-reported health-oriented behavior, physical fitness,
and the subjective health status. Journal of Positive Psychology, 8, 222-
232. DOI:10.1080/17439760.2013.777767

Resource

VIA Institute on Character—home of the most popular and most applied tool in all of positive psychology—the VIA Survey of character strengths.