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For better or worse, we’ve inherited a worrying brain. This was really good news for ancestors who had to survive harsh conditions and constant predators and did so by being able to pay close attention to potential threats and dangers. But this is not so helpful for us modern humans, who can find themselves pulled into future “what if” thoughts that can fill many an hour of our waking lives. 

In my previous post (How Worry Takes Us Away From Our Lives), I suggested some ways that we might work with minor worries and mental ruminations. Here, I will elaborate and offer some suggestions for what to do when feeling particularly stuck in worry. I find that I experience this most when I am worried about the well-being or health of a family member or waiting on the resolution of a problem over which I have little control. Each of us has our own triggers, but here are some things that you can try when you are gripped by worry:

1. Be aware of where your mind is traveling.

Often our minds travel to faraway places down dark roads, without us being fully aware. For example, it is not uncommon for parents to experience a behavior crisis with their young child and have thoughts such as, “If she is behaving this way now, how is she possibly going to get through high school and function in life?” Before the parent knows it, he or she is 10 years into the future, which is a helpless feeling because they can’t do anything about something that hasn’t happened (and perhaps never will). When this occurs, recognizing that we have gone 10 steps into the future can remind us to bring our thinking back to right now.  

Ask: “What is happening today, and is there anything helpful I can do about it right now?” Look for places where you have control. Maybe there is a small action step that you can take. For example, if you are worried about your financial future, you might identify what you can do now, such as set up a weekly budget, make an appointment to meet with a financial advisor, or see if you have unneeded items you might sell. Know that you may not be able to control your initial worst-case scenario thoughts, but that you can choose to keep bringing your mind back to today when it wanders off to unhelpful places.

2. If a worry is particular consuming, choose an activity that you can engage in mindfully.

This should be something that will allow you to put your focus and attention back on the task at hand. Folding laundry, cleaning the house, or going for a run can help you step out of feeling immobilized by intense thoughts and feelings. For some people, it might be gardening or doing a puzzle—something that involves the body in motion, or a mental activity, can be helpful for bringing our attention to the present moment. Often when people talk about this they say, “I distracted myself by doing X.” But I like to flip that kind of thinking around: Our ruminating thoughts are the distraction, pulling us away from what is actually happening. When we focus our full attention on an activity, we step back into our lives, and can often dial down the ruminating part of our brain.  

3. Identify the inner and outer resources you have to meet potential challenges.

For example, if you are worried about a medical issue, outer resources to focus on might include the skilled doctors and nurses that you have on your team, books that offer you information about how to take care of yourself, or the neighbors who are willing to watch your kids if you have appointments. Inner resources might include your ability to carefully weigh information and not make impulsive decisions, the motivation to take care of your body in any way you can, or the courage that you know is there because of other challenges you have faced. Bring your attention to all of the resources you can think of that are there for you to draw on, and know that they are with you as a source of strength.

4. Call up genuine, positive emotions.

As much as we may be gripped by fear, anxiety, or worry, we often still have the capacity during these times to experience emotions such as care, love, appreciation, or gratitude. Focusing on these can help alleviate pain and suffering. When I was with my daughter for a medical procedure and grappling with my worrying mind, it helped to focus on the kindness and care of the nurses and doctors, and to send feelings of care and concern to other parents with their children in the hospital. Once you identify a genuine positive emotion—something that feels true for you—it can be helpful to magnify it and dwell in the feeling. It isn’t about pushing away difficult emotions, but calling up positive emotions that you might otherwise overlook in the face of intense worry. Dwelling in the love and care of those around you can be especially helpful during challenging times.

Source: B-D-S Piotr Marcinski/Shutterstock

5. Practice self-compassion.

While it is useful to stop or redirect spiraling, unhelpful, future-based thoughts, it is important that we don’t discount our own emotions by pushing them away, telling ourselves we are silly to feel that way, or berating ourselves for having our feelings. Instead, we can acknowledge that what we are experiencing is difficult. We can offer compassion and comfort to ourselves the way we might to a friend going through a similar situation. We can picture a wise, loving self holding or being with the younger, scared parts of ourselves. Letting ourselves know we are on own side can go a long way.

6. Don’t hold your worries alone.

Reach out for support and engage in social connection. The worrying mind is part of our shared humanity. Knowing that you are not alone, and allowing others to support you, can help to bring ease to angst and suffering. Too often, people refrain from doing so to avoid burdening others. But other people can offer us perspective and the ability to see a larger picture. They can simply be with us as support. Other people in our lives might be best at problem-solving and helping us take actions. Think about what you might most need from others, and who in your life might best fill that need. Then, don’t be shy about reaching out. Ask yourself, “If this other person were going through what I am experiencing, would I want them to reach out to me so I could be there for them?”

This post was originally published on PsychCentral's World of Psychology site.