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Emotional Intelligence

6 Things Emotionally Intelligent Parents Do Differently

How emotionally intelligent parents raise their kids.

Alex Green/Pexels
Source: Alex Green/Pexels

You serve your child's favorite breakfast- a crunchy toast- on her favorite plate at her favorite seat at the table. And what do you receive in return? A high-pitched "I HATE toast!"

“But this is your favorite breakfast. You told me so yourself!”


“But last week you ate it happily!”


And so it goes on.

Isn’t it frustrating when you can’t make your child see reason? When you’re unable to help your young child understand hard logic?

All parenting battles aren’t won with pure reason and logic. A lot of them require awareness and empathy.

Emotional awareness and the ability to manage emotions is a cornerstone of Emotionally Intelligent parenting. Fostering healthy emotional development for children will determine how successful and happy they are throughout life.

A 19-year longitudinal study published in the American Journal of Public Health by Jones et al. (2015) shows that child’s social-emotional skills at age 5 may predict lifelong success, such as the ability to obtain a college degree and attain full-time job by age 25.

Fortunately, a person’s emotional quotient is not set in stone and can be enhanced with practice (Mattingly & Kraiger, 2019). Let us understand how Emotionally Intelligent parents can help their children learn these skills. In effect, this is what differentiates them from adults who don’t practice these skills.

1. They Take Care of Themselves. Parenting is one of the hardest roles in the world. Emotionally Intelligent parents are compassionate toward themselves. They understand that they need to keep their cup full, that emphasizing their own well-being will make them more patient, joyful, and energetic. They acknowledge their needs are valid and invest resources in practicing self-care. When they find themselves getting exhausted or overwhelmed, they take steps to course-correct and prioritize themselves.

2. They Focus on Connection. Establishing a connected parent-child bond is one of the most important priorities of Emotionally Intelligent parents. Our modern lives, marked by their pressures and distractions, leave us feeling stressed and disengaged. In taking care of all the to-dos, it seems that connecting to our children gets sidelined to our spare time. However, connecting to our children- being fully present with them in the moment and focusing 100% of our attention on them- needn’t take a lot of time.

Emotionally Intelligent parents work on enriching their bond with their child in big and small ways- by creating micro-moments of connection, by having daily (or weekly or monthly) rituals or by creating special memories together.

3. They Practice Emotion Coaching. Emotion Coaching your child involves being cued in to your child’s (and your own) feelings, helping your child identify and name their feelings, and enabling emotional regulation. Emotionally Intelligent parents don’t dismiss or criticize their child’s feelings. They go by the mantra- All Feelings Are Okay (even though they understand and convey to their child that some behaviours are not okay). They view their children’s difficult feelings as opportunities to empathize, connect, and teach. They empower their children to figure out strategies for coping with emotionally difficult situations.

4. They Discipline to Teach, Not to Punish. Disciplining entails teaching your child what you expect of them. Emotionally Intelligent parents focus on setting limits and boundaries, and the consequences of breaking those boundaries, respectfully. They don’t discipline to punish. They understand that consistency and support go a long way in helping children stick to rules and limits. They also understand that yelling, ignoring, or punishing may lead to the desired outcomes in the short run, but in the long run, they don’t enable children to learn skills to manage their behavior.

5. They Develop Their Children’s Intrinsic Motivation. Intrinsic motivation is the ability to persist and continue with a task despite obstacles and without seeking others’ approval. Emotionally Intelligent parents help their child set goals (whether those goals pertain to academics, chores at home, hobbies, or even leisure activities) and help their child visualize the steps needed to achieve those goals. They reinforce their child’s efforts on a task instead of the outcome and teach and model a love of challenge and persistence in the face of difficulty.

6. They Instill Values in Their Children. Values are the beliefs each person considers important for themselves and for humanity as a whole. Since they so deeply impact our behaviors, attitudes, and decisions, values are crucial in parenting. Emotionally Intelligent parents work on identifying their own values and communicating them to their children. However, they realize that simply telling their child to be more honest, or hard-working, or grateful, or compassionate, doesn’t work any better than telling adults to be. They model the values they uphold, and label and reinforce the expression of values. They discuss why they make certain decisions based on their values, and encourage their child’s initiatives that express budding values.

So instead of saying, “You know you love toast! A crunchy toast is your favorite breakfast!” an emotionally intelligent parent says, “Sounds like you’re disappointed about toast for breakfast. You’re in the mood for something different.” They acknowledge their child’s difficult feelings, not start whipping up pancakes instead.

More from Meghna Singhal Ph.D.
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