Skip to main content

Verified by Psychology Today


10 Essential Strategies for Family Mental Health

Advice for parents during the COVID-19 protocols.

COVID-19 protocols have deeply affected our lives. The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and other experts have provided ample guidance on health practices. I will not repeat them here. My take will be more on strategies for keeping strong family mental health during the crisis.

  1. Protect your family bonds—every day. Protecting our family and communal bonds, even when isolated from loved ones due to self-quarantine, is essential to our survival and thriving, especially in crisis. Take time every day to “check in” with at least five to 10 people in your bonding circle, including your kids and—probably by phone, FaceTime, or Skype—your family elders.
  2. Be honest with your children about what is happening. The truth will generally not traumatize them. Hidden secrets of distress will be worse in the long run. The exceptions to this rule are the very youngest children who will benefit from seeing us acting with as much stability as possible. But for most kids, tell the truth as you can and tell it in the context of the natural resilience you, your kids, your family, and your nation have. We have been through hard times before and we have survived. This is a great truth to tell.
  3. Tell your own stories of surviving crisis to your children. When I was a boy, my brother and I picked through the neighborhood grocery store's garbage bin three times a week to bring home lettuce, canned goods, and “anything except milk, eggs, or meat” (my mother’s words). Our family went through very hard financial times more than once in my childhood, and we adapted, we survived. You have your own stories and/or stories of others in your families who have weathered wartime, the Great Depression, POW camps, poverty, violence ... tell your stories.
  4. Let your honesty convince your children to lend their own sacred duties to your family’s survival and thriving. This means everyone in the family now has daily jobs—cooking, cleaning, garbage, other chores. Every child must step out of entitlement or personal defiance to fulfill a sacred purpose in the family. Let your kids have some agency in choosing their sacred work if you can, but make sure they have sacred work to give, no matter what. If they avoid this work, there will need to be family consequences.
  5. Work extra hard on your own adult anxiety and anger. Let kids know your anxiety and anger levels will likely go up, as will theirs. A mom just told me about her argument with her kids who, home six days from school, still resisted doing chores or changing routines. She and her kids got into a screaming match, and though she wishes it hadn’t happened, she is thankful that her children now understand some of the gravitas of this family crisis. The kids have prepared a list of chores and a grid for checking off when they’ve been done.

    On the anxiety side of this equation, use tele-counseling, parent coaching by phone, and all other support mechanisms available to you in-family and with professionals to get support. Anxiety is relatively unavoidable right now, especially for people whose genes already lean in the direction of anxiety issues or disorders, and/or those who have lost their livelihoods or see that probability on the horizon. Meditate or pray at least twice a day, get exercise, spend time in nature, eat a healthy diet … do all the things you need to do in order to quiet the anxiety and ride it out.

  6. Adjust safe screen time protocols, but protect your kids from excessive screen time nonetheless. With children doing school at home, parents working from home or out of work, and screens an obvious babysitter and/or educational necessity, it is likely you will need to relax some of your protocols on screen time. That said, we still need to protect our children’s brains, especially those in the tender years. One dad wrote about his 7-year-old. He said he and his wife did not allow her a smartphone but had allowed her use of the iPad more, now, for schoolwork. This means she is suddenly four more hours of screen time than before, and he’s worried.

    He’s right to worry if this continues for months, because many hours on the iPad per day will likely not be healthy for her. But in the short term, she must get schoolwork done, so the iPad wins out. Crucial for every family that relaxes screen protocols in the short term is this message to kids: When you’re back in school or school is finished for this year online, we go back to better brain health. And even now during the educational crisis, games like Minecraft, in which virtual building and learning occur, will be better for the brain than hours on social media or hours playing most video games.

  7. Use curricula and resources from the Homeschool movement as necessary. For any of you who are suddenly thrust into “homeschooling” your kids, check out the homeschool movement that has been growing exponentially this last few years. At various times, I have been asked to speak at Great Homeschool Conventions, meeting both vendors and homeschool families in large numbers. These folks can provide a treasure trove of experience, curricula, and tools for educating children at home. If you Google “homeschool curricula” or visit groups and businesses like, you’ll begin a fascinating journey, and one that might help you in your new role.
  8. Watch food and beverage intake carefully. One of the things that can only increase tensions at home are foods that negatively affect your children’s (and your own) micro-biome (gut), and, thus your brains. Junk food is something to eat little of during this crisis. The fats, unhealthy carbs, sugars, and nasty chemicals in junk food are dangerous to our brains in general. We need healthier foods so that we can avoid excessive anxiety, depression, obesity, and other issues. If you or your children have food intolerance such as gluten allergies, make sure they avoid these allergens that will, if eaten, likely increase anxiety, anger, and other elements of crisis.
  9. Use the crisis to stop smoking, including inhaling marijuana. Whatever you and your loved ones can do to stop smoking, do it. COVID-19 is hard on our lungs, especially lungs that are compromised from smoking. As of this date, we know that one reason Italy has had such a high death rate is its smoking habits. For your kids (or you yourself) who use marijuana products: if you are not able to stop using them, then switch to edibles.
  10. Focus on "the four elements." As you find it difficult to constantly structure your children’s days and weeks and even, perhaps, months of time at home, keep them focused on four elements of brain success: many hours per day of reading time (reading whatever they like to read is good for the brain); pursuit of brain-healthy personal interests (an hour or two a day practicing their musical instruments, for instance); outdoor learning that involves building things, walking, running, even playing alone (a lot of success later in life comes from childhood play, problem-solving, unstructured time, and moving around in nature); and silent time (in many ways, we cannot know who we are when we are immersed in noise and haste, but we can when we are silent ).

    Of the four elements, let me tease out the area of “personal interests.” Gray matter areas in the brain that will later lead to success in life more easily develop the more that we do a particular thing. The brain does most of its thinking by doing. As your kids have more time on their hands, they can develop gray matter areas—focused, interest-bearing parts of the brain—which can mean they will become good at doing certain things, things that will hopefully lead them to success down the road. If you help them stay focused on healthy personal interests and focused on in depth activities in those interest areas, you may hear them say to you you, 10 or 15 years from now, some variation of: “Remember when we were housebound from COVID-19 and I built that new treehouse … well, I think that’s one reason I’m an engineer.”

We at the Gurian Institute believe in our sacred duty to help you raise and educate the next generation; contact us at if you need our help.

More from Michael Gurian
More from Psychology Today