50 Shades of Grey
Taking the sting out of fantasies for women
Posted Jun 02, 2012
What’s wrong with women that they want to read this stuff?
Indeed, this very question has been posed for over a century. Namely, women’s forceful submission fantasies (being sexually over powered by a dominant other) have been pathologized in one way or another. Freud famously opined that they reflect women’s natural masochism. Decades later, masochism morphed into sex guilt and anxiety. Second wave feminists worried that women were ‘slaves to the patriarchy’; men eroticize domination of women and women eroticize submission to men.
And in light of the media flurry, this is exactly the point one would come to if the focus was on the spanking and the riding crop, which is what Roiphe did in her infamous Newsweek cover story.
Social commentary, however, is not behavioral science. A thorough perusal of the literature would show that the same explanation Ms. Roiphe dredges up to account for women’s predilections for being dominated (modern women are so tired from all of our responsibilities) is exactly the vaguely psychodynamic explanation applied in the mid-80’s to account for men’s fantasies of the same kind.
In fueling the hand wringing overwomen’s submission fantasies, most have committed a very common error: They have forgotten that men dig them too. Really dig them.
"Dear Penthouse Letters, I was in the parking garage elevator when a set twins got on. They wouldn’t take no for an answer!...” But the fact that both genders entertain such thoughts is so much less interesting than worrying about the modern woman. How do you, in Roiphe’s words, “enrage, irritate, and appall” feminists in the blogosphere over an issue that may be essentially non-gendered? How can you “cause the whole internet to flip out”?
Sex researchers too have emphasized women’s submission fantasy predilections over men’s. The prevailing narrative is this: Women fantasize about submission and men fantasize about dominance. On closer inspection, what one can correctly conclude from scrutinizing the actual data drawn from the normative population (non-criminals) is this: Women fantasize about submission more than they fantasize about dominance, and men fantasize about dominance more so than women.
What can we say about women’s submission fantasies relative to men’s? Nothing, unless they are directly compared.
What do fantasies of forceful submission mean? This is the question lurking behind all the anxiety. But alas, dear reader, you -- like Anastasia -- must wait in anguished anticipation for Part 2.
Read Part 2 here!
[Based on: Hawley, P.H., & Hensley, W.A. (2009). Social dominance and forceful submission fantasies: Feminine pathology or power? Journal of Sex Research, 46, 568-585.]