Chimpanzees prefer West-African and North-Indian music. That is the conclusion of an interesting study, co-authored by primatologist Frans de Waal, that appeared last week in the Journal of Experimental Psychology: Animal Learning and Cognition.
Despite their genetic proximity, human and non-human primates differ in their capacity for ‘beat induction’, which is the ability to perceive a regular pulse in music or auditory stimuli and accordingly align motor skills by way of foot-tapping or dancing.
Can a theory be surprising in itself? Karl Popper was a philosopher of science that was very much interested in this question. He tried to distinguish 'science' from 'pseudoscience', but got more and more dissatisfied with the idea that the empirical method could effectively mark this distinction.