How a Video Message Evokes Emotion and Arouses Response
Analysis of a commercial for World Humanitarian Day
Posted Sep 12, 2013
Most of these campaigns don’t achieve their objectives. Yes, their stories describe heart-wrenching needs. And the visuals they use show conditions that we find unacceptable. However, while these elements are emotional portrayals of problems, they do not produce the response that the organizations need to solve them.
One reason why many campaigns fail is their use of negative emotion. Their strategy is to elicit viewers' sympathy for those suffering and then appeal to them for help. Negative emotions are effective only when people see a direct connection between taking action (i.e. sending money) and solving the problem. Because most organizations make fund raising appeals year-after-year, people don’t see that their contributions create tangible results.
The secret to effectively using emotion in advertising for a cause is to structure the message so that it promotes the desired action of making a donation while at the same time communicating that these funds actually will make a difference. This is hard to do.
However, one recent campaign is an excellent example of how story-telling components can be shaped into emotion-evoking communication that is structured to stimulate action.
This past August 19th, the United Nations Foundation and partner organizations* launched a new global campaign for World Humanitarian Day. “The World Needs More__” campaign, created by the advertising firm Leo Burnett New York, presents a unique program involving hash tags and social media to raise funds to support the UN Foundation’s efforts to help people in need.
Take a look at the 60 second video which promotes World Humanitarian Day before reading the analysis that follows. To view, click HERE.
Psychological research has shown that perceptions of warmth and competence are two of the most important factors which shape our judgments of people and organizations. In addition, studies reveal that when high levels of warmth and competence are perceived together, they are associated with active behavioral responses such as helping.
Warmth is communicated from the first vignette and throughout the commercial by showing the emotional wellbeing that results from caring about those in need and improving the physical conditions in which they live. Here are examples:
Perceptions of warmth become even more powerful when they are combined with judgments that the organization possesses the competence to actually create the positive vision it presents in a commercial.
In this commercial, competence is communicated by its overall focus on how life looks when needs are being satisfied. This perception is reinforced by specific nonverbal imagery.
The visuals depict people of intelligence, efficacy, and skill who are capable of carrying out these solutions.
With this discussion of emotion fresh in your mind, take another look at “The World Needs More__” commercial … and enjoy. Click HERE.
* The campaign is a collaborative effort between the UN Foundation, the UN Development Programme, the UN Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs, the International Council of Voluntary Agencies, and advertising agency Leo Burnett New York.
© 2013 Peter Noel Murray, Ph.D.