Why relaxing is so much work.
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Psychology meets philosophy: knowledge, reality, morality, meaning
Paul Thagard Ph.D.
Rights to autonomy and privacy are used to argue against requiring people to be vaccinated for COVID-19. But the principle of avoiding harm sometimes justifies limiting freedom.
Misinformation doesn't only arise from false beliefs; sometimes it comes from feelings, such as defective emotions.
People who are misinformed about vaccines and other issues can be confronted using evidence-based logic. But another method that employs empathy and questioning might work better.
Songs about aging and retirement convey negative emotions such as regret, but also positive emotions such as contentment and determination.
We can be more hopeful about social and personal problems if we appreciate the differences between kinds of hope, such as honest versus false hope.
Pandemic fatigue is a complex of emotions that includes sadness, boredom, loneliness, anxiety, fear, anger, frustration, and resentment. These can be changed.
Chopra’s claim that humans have infinite potential is based on dogmas about consciousness and the universe that go against scientific evidence.
Breakup songs can help you identify your emotions, empathize with others, and find paths to overcoming the pain of romantic disappointment.
Misinformation about COVID-19 spreads even more rapidly than the disease. Its appeal has many psychological causes, including motivated reasoning and evidence-free transmission.
Psychotherapists help clients to reduce negative emotions such as sadness, anxiety, and guilt while increasing positive emotions such as happiness and hope.
Neural theories of consciousness are on the rise, but Information Integration Theory is a poor candidate.
Policy choices about the COVID-19 pandemic are often described as requiring a balance between health and the economy, but what is balancing?
The coronavirus pandemic has brought many new concepts such as "flattening the curve" and "quarantine haircut." What is the nature of these concepts and how were they formed?
Happy and sad songs can help people to deal with emotions in a crisis that is both medical and social.
Medical systems are becoming overwhelmed by the new coronavirus disease, leading to dilemmas about how to distribute scarce resources such as ventilators. Values are crucial.
The development of new methods in art and science works by the same mental processes seen in the invention of cooking, cubist art, and counting neurons.
Daniel Levitin’s new book on aging has excellent advice on topics such as memory, sleep, exercise, and diet, but not on retirement.
Tai chi is moving meditation with cognitive benefits by focusing attention, emotional benefits by breathing coordinated with body movements, and social benefits by group action.
The Green New Deal is a radical plan to avoid disastrous harms from climate change while increasing equality, so that more people will be able to satisfy their needs. Is it ethical?
Stuart Russell’s preference-based proposal on how to build beneficial AI is impractical and contrary to plausible views in psychology and philosophy.
Psychotherapy helps people find meaning in their lives by reflecting on their feelings. Philosophy complements this process by examining what is objectively meaningful.
Singer Kacey Musgraves and Prime Minister Justin Trudeau have been accused of cultural appropriation. Did they engage in denigration or just appreciation?
Contrary to claims that thinking is an abstract process that could operate in diverse machines, it matters that minds are brains coupled with bodies.
Pets are not people because humans have many mental and social advantages that show that owning pets is not slavery.
Yuval Noah Harari’s books make interesting observations and conjectures about human societies, but lack understanding of the operations of mind and brain.
AI raises difficult ethical questions about employment, privacy, inequality, killer robots, and machine domination. Answers to these questions can be based on vital human needs.
Many countries and regions have feelings that community members recognize as typical of them. What is your national emotion?
Belief in psychics is based on poor evidence and personal motivations rather than sound reasoning.
The best explanation of possible signs of cheating requires taking into account the evidence explained, alternative explanations, simplicity, analogy, and deeper explanations.
Poverty causes many problems. Basic income is a plausible social mechanism for alleviating poverty and thereby providing vital needs satisfaction for many people.
Paul Thagard, Ph.D., is a Canadian philosopher and cognitive scientist. His 3-book Treatise on Mind and Society was published by Oxford University Press in February, 2019.
Psychology meets philosophy: knowledge, reality, morality, meaning.