Men are better at “systemizing”, which involves carefully analyzing information and categorizing it in relation to some principles, while women are better at “empathizing”, which involves understanding and caring about other people’s feelings. Too much empathizing, however, may lead to fear of negative evaluations and contribute to the occurrence of eating disorders.
I have seen congested traffic and aggressive drivers in many cities around the world. More than once I have noticed that if two cars arrive simultaneously at an intersection, one driver will honk his horn and try to engage the intersection before the other does.
In the 1955 film The Seven Year Itch, a married man struggles with the temptation to leave his wife and small child to run off with the young woman next door, played by Marilyn Monroe. The title of the film refers to a time in a marriage when—according to the U.S. Census Bureau—a divorce is most likely to happen.
All cooperative relationships share the same commitment problem: a business partner may cooperate one moment and cheat in another; a Congressman may support Romney's campaign for months and then switch allegiance to Gingrich the day after he wins the South Carolina Primary. The commitment problem occurs because costs and benefits of a relationship may change over time.
In reality, the probability of being the victim of a deadly attack in an elevator is virtually zero. Yet the way people act toward others when they ride together in an elevator suggests that they have serious concerns about their safety. Much of our elevator behavior is not the result of rational thinking.