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A History of Psychiatry
Mark L. Ruffalo D.Psa., L.C.S.W.
Contemporary psychoanalysis is comprised of three dominant paradigms: ego psychology, object relations theory, and self psychology.
Long recognized as the "gold standard" in the treatment of bipolar disorder, there is renewed interest in lithium's short- and long-term use.
Critics of psychiatry often claim that psychiatric diagnosis amounts to nothing more than checking off a list of symptoms. We describe why this is a dangerous myth.
Psychiatric diagnoses are not merely descriptive constructs; they reflect bona fide medical disease.
The psychotherapy office is a sanctified space, yet there is little guidance on its décor. Here, I offer some thoughts on the design of your psychotherapy space.
Despite its lifesaving effects, electroconvulsive therapy has been postponed by some hospitals.
The introduction of Prozac in 1987 represented a landmark event that changed the way we think about depression and the human mind.
While terms like "client" and "consumer" are now in vogue, the fact remains that psychotherapy is a specific method for treating ill patients.
The classic psychiatric concept of melancholia represents a distinct mood disorder. Should it be reincluded as such in future versions of DSM?
Once a high-prestige subspecialty of psychiatry, psychoanalysis was largely abandoned by medicine by the late 1980s.
A brief overview of three of psychiatry's most unusual and fascinating conditions.
As psychiatry seeks to reposition itself as a brain science, the distinction between mental illness and neurological disease must be considered.
Despite recent attempts to synonymize mental illness with brain disease, there will always exist a unique category of disease called mental illness.
These five pharmacological agents forever changed the course of psychiatry.
A 1983 interview seems to contradict the controversial psychiatrist's previously hardline opposition to involuntary treatment.
David Rosenhan's infamous experiment has come under attack, but what did the study actually show?
A list of the iconic figures behind some of psychiatry's most consequential ideas.
Eugen Bleuler, the famed Swiss psychiatrist and originator of the term "schizophrenia," was the first to offer a unified biopsychosocial theory of the disease.
Roughly 20 to 40 percent of depressed patients experience treatment resistance. Modern psychiatry offers multiple options in these difficult-to-treat cases.
While the DSM classifies all unipolar depressions as major depressive disorder, various types of depression have been described in the professional literature.
Psychoanalytic psychotherapy can be distinguished from other forms of therapy on the basis of its approach to freedom.
A young patient's experience with ECT reveals its effectiveness—and its underutilization.
The most effective antipsychotic agent, clozapine, is underutilized in the treatment of schizophrenia. Why?
While destigmatizing serious mental illness is a noble goal, to deny its link to violence is to do the seriously ill a grave disservice.
The rich and fascinating history of psychiatry's most effective drug.
Part 2: Ronald W. Pies and Mark L. Ruffalo refute the recent article claiming that psychiatric diagnosis is "scientifically meaningless."
Ronald W. Pies and Mark L. Ruffalo refute the recent article claiming that psychiatric diagnosis is "scientifically meaningless."
What does modern psychiatry tell us about Freud's most famous patient?
A recent English study concluded that psychiatric diagnosis is scientifically meaningless. Here's why it's wrong.
For years, psychiatrists and therapists distinguished between reactive and endogenous depressions. Is it time we reconsider these concepts?
Mark L. Ruffalo, D.Psa., L.C.S.W., is a psychotherapist in Tampa. He serves as an instructor of psychiatry and social work at several academic institutions in Florida.