The Benefits Of Being Gifted
Is being gifted really a curse?
Posted December 20, 2011
Psychology Todayrecently had a major topic titled The Curse of Being Gifted? Certainly every part of the population, including the gifted population, has its share of issues or problems. After all, intellectually talented or gifted students show great variation on traits that are not based on the one they are selected for: intelligence. For example, this means that some gifted kids are socially awkward, whereas others are socially skilled, with most somewhere in between.
I do not doubt that for many gifted students, along with their intellectual ability come issues such as not being able to fit in with the crowd. By definition, it makes sense that fitting in with everyone else is much easier if you are normal on a variety of traits including intelligence and social skill. So life is not necessarily easy for students who are by definition not the average or norm when it comes to intellectual ability.
As Leta Hollingworth points out in the classic text The Gifted Child, the "problems of the gifted pertain chiefly to the period before twelve years of age, for the problems of the gifted person tend to be less numerous as he grows older and can use his intelligence independently in gaining control of his own life." This of course pertains to females just as much as males.
While acknowledging that the gifted face unique challenges, I think that what are often not discussed are the incredible benefits of being smart, if not necessarily early in life, then across the lifespan. (For an exception and some fun anecdotes from gifted kids, see Tamara Fisher's article on the up side of being gifted over at her blog on Education Week: Unwrapping The Gifted).
For example, here are a list of traits that are positively associated with being smart, meaning smarter people, on average, tend to be higher on these variables (taken from The g Factor by Arthur R. Jensen):
Aptitudes, cognitive abilities, 'abstractness of' integrative complexity
Artistic preferences and abilities
Dietary preferences (low sugar, low fat)
Health, fitness, longevity
Humor, sense of
Interests, depth and breadth of
Involvement in school activities
Linguistic abilities (including spelling)
Marital partner, choice of
Moral reasoning and development
Musical preferences and abilities
Psychotherapy, response to
Socioeconomic status of origin
Sports participation at university
Supermarket shopping ability
Values and attainments
And here are a list of traits that are negatively associated with being smart, meaning smarter people, on average, tend to be lower on these variables (also taken from The g Factor):
Conservatism (of social views)
Falsification ("Lie" scores)
Hysteria (versus other neuroses)
I won't comment on specific outcomes, but I think the general pattern of findings shows that overall being gifted or smarter is probably more of a blessing than a curse.
In some of my research with my colleagues Gregory Park, David Lubinski, and Camilla Benbow, we have also shown that gifted students (or the smart fraction) tend to go on to achieve very highly, on average, later in life. See a journal article on this here and an earlier article of mine on this here.
Does this mean that being gifted is great in every respect? Certainly not. As Sidney Moon, a distinguished professor at Purdue University has aptly pointed out, one myth about gifted students is that they don't face problems or challenges. Many of them do, just like every other student, and we need to remember this.
However, nobody can pick their parents or the homes that they grow up in. And as we all know, many gifted kids are able to perform mental feats that simply cannot be entirely due to their environments. Life is not fair and we have to live with the hand that we are dealt. Being gifted means you've likely been dealt a very good hand.
But as I've mentioned in my article Sorry, Talented: Striving Matters, regardless of the cards you now hold in your hand, whether or not you will achieve highly in any area depends to a great deal on how hard you are willing to work. And as Roy Baumeister and John Tierney have put it in their recent bestseller, your Willpower can make a critical difference. These are things we all have control over.
© 2011 by Jonathan Wai