Skip to main content

Verified by Psychology Today


Coffee as an Antidepressant: Its Pros and Cons

Learn the pros and cons of coffee as an antidepressant.

Key points

  • Americans consume over 400 million cups of coffee every day.
  • Most likely you enjoy coffee due to caffeine, which elevates serotonin and dopamine levels in your brain.
  • You may be self-medicating if you drink at least four caffeinated drinks per day or keep increasing your caffeine intake to feel its effects.
  • Always consider caffeine's pluses and minuses, especially if you suffer from conditions like insomnia or heartburn.

In America, we consume over 400 million cups of coffee every day. Ever wonder why so many of us make such a lustful beeline for our caffeine? Could it be the oodles of antioxidants it contains? Or that science has revealed its health benefits, including lowered risk of diabetes, Parkinson’s disease, gallstones, and colon cancer?

I don’t think that even these unquestionable virtues are what make coffee the highlight of your day. Then what does?

The mood and energy-enhancing effects of caffeine

Caffeine stimulates the central nervous system and acts as an antidepressant by elevating serotonin and dopamine. It’s even been shown in the Archives of Internal Medicine to lower suicide rates.

Some experience the mood boost more than others. Unknowingly, many people self-medicate depression with caffeine.

Are you self-medicating with caffeine?

How do you know if you’re doing this versus just getting a beneficial pick-me-up? Some tip-offs: You consume more than four caffeinated beverages daily, including teas and diet sodas. Or, you keep increasing your caffeine intake to feel less depressed, but it’s losing its effectiveness.

I’m all for making the most of coffee’s therapeutic perks to allay low-level depression, but sometimes you may need other approaches when this emotion still persists.

What to do if you use coffee as an antidepressant

To find out if you’re self-medicating depression, you can stop your caffeine intake. After a month (most withdrawal symptoms, which include headache and fatigue, will be over by then) notice if you’re notably more depressed without caffeine — not always an easy experiment. Should you discover that you are self-medicating, also consider the numerous therapies that I discuss in my last book to augment coffee, or to replace it.

However, mild depressions can respond well to simply drinking up to three cups daily. (Try spacing them out; caffeine remains in the system for four to six hours). More than this increases side effects and raises the chances of tolerance and addiction: You consume greater quantities but don’t get the lift.

Always consider caffeine’s pluses and minuses. Reduce your intake if you have insomnia, heartburn, palpitations, headaches, or nervousness. Moreover, if you’re being treated for heart disease, hypertension, gastrointestinal problems, or other chronic illnesses, consult your physician before you ingest caffeine in any form.

More from Psychology Today

More from Judith Orloff M.D.

More from Psychology Today