Claudia M Gold M.D.

Child in Mind

6 Essential School Components in the COVID-19 Pandemic

Research reveals social-emotional learning as one thing we must preserve.

Posted Aug 15, 2020

Representing our quick-fix culture, I was recently asked to do a five-minute radio interview about how to help kids deal with remote learning without the peer group dynamics of a regular classroom. The time constraint motivated me to get to the core of the education crisis precipitated by the coronavirus pandemic. Decades of developmental science research reveal that our physical and emotional health, our very sense of self, emerges in moment-to-moment interactions in a developmental process over time. The host’s question led me to recognize the need to turn conventional education on its head in this life-or-death situation.

The meanings we make of ourselves in the world as hopeful and capable of empathy or, in contrast, as hopeless, fearful, and closed off evolve in countless moment-to-moment interactions. Social-emotional learning, for all ages, is the only thing we need to preserve. I propose doing away with all academic curriculum for 6 to 12 months. All kids will “fall behind” at the same rate, releasing parents from that anxiety that seems to be driving a lot of decision-making. Replace academic curriculum with what I would call a “listening curriculum.”

1) Eliminate conventional homework, which can be a source of enormous stress for students and parents alike.

2) Instead, every day, students of every age from elementary through high school would be asked to have a conversation with someone they either know well, know a little, don’t like, or disagree with. They would write answers to the following questions: “What went well?”; “What was difficult?”; and “What surprised you?” For the youngest children, parents would need to help, which will be useful to the common task of reclaiming the ability to listen to each other. By the end of the year, they would compile a “book of listening” from the 2020 pandemic.

3) Prioritize arts over academics. Students can always learn content. Activities such as dance, drumming, martial arts, and drawing promote self-regulation, which is critical to learning.

4) Reclaim the outdoors. Make creative use of outdoor space and, when possible, exposure to nature.

5) Have all classes primarily discussion-based. Some didactic material may be needed to frame the discussion but the emphasis should be on the interactive process.

6) Preserve — above all else — a sense of safety. We cannot listen, and we cannot learn, when we do not feel safe. Let students choose whether or not to use video. Some may be shy, ashamed of their living situation, or have other reasons not to expose themselves. In exchange, require participation but give students a variety of options including emojis, typing in chat, or speaking. Let them wear pajamas.

While the agonizing and messy process of uncertainty around the question of in-person vs. remote learning might have been necessary, the clarity of the need for all-remote learning is now emerging from the mess. The virus is not going away. Children can transmit the virus and get sick themselves. Teachers and their families are vulnerable. Perhaps equally important, in-person education with the abundance of necessary restrictions and constrictions to typical moment-to-moment interactions will inevitably not feel safe. So, let’s let it go.

I have found as a clinician and teacher that the virtual setting, while full of shortcomings, offers opportunities for meaningful social exchange. Parents, colleagues, and students and I share moments of deep understanding and connection. Sure, a lot is lost. But might we also gain something in the process?

In a recent interview on Bill Maher, 2020 presidential candidate Pete Buttigieg was asked a question about QAnon. In his typical way of getting past the outrage to the essence of the problem, he spoke about members finding a sense of belonging that so many in American society seem to have lost. Many people in our world today feel unseen and unheard. If we can embrace the uncertainty of getting to know one another we can build a society where all of us feel recognized and feel like we belong.

 Robert Collins/Unsplash
Source: Robert Collins/Unsplash

Perhaps the pandemic offers us an opportunity to rebuild a sense of belonging from the bottom up, starting with our children. Our sense of belonging grows not from holding on to an inflexible position but in engaging in the messiness of human interaction. When we listen to one another’s stories with curiosity, we create communities of connection.

As my mother always says, “When life hands you lemons...” Making use of the '20-'21 school year in this way may reap enormous benefits. If students of all ages learn to listen, we as a society may gain the ability to move beyond polarizing conflict, become flexible in our thinking, and engage together in creatively building a healthier world.