The Emotional Lives of Crayfish: Stress and Anxiety
Crayfish, like honeybees, show human-like responses to stress and anxiety
Posted Jun 13, 2014
A new study has shown that crayfish, those "delicious" beings some people choose to eat, actually feel stress and respond the same as humans when given a drug used to treat anxiety. The results of this very interesting study are reported in the prestigious journal, Science, in an essay titled "Anxiety-like behavior in crayfish is controlled by serotonin". However, it is only available to subscribers.
The research team lead by Pascal Fossat in the Department of Life Science and Health, Université de Bordeaux (France), concluded that this research "may alter our conceptions of the emotional status of invertebrates." When Professor Fossat and his colleagues mildly shocked crayfish, they placed them in an aquarium maze containing pathways that were well lit and dark. The shocked and stressed crayfish strongly preferred the dark paths and rarely entered the lighted ones, whereas the non-stressed crayfish also preferred the dark pathways but also entered the lighted ones.
What is incredibly interesting is that light avoidance by the stressed crayfish is associated with heightened levels of the brain neurotransmitter serotonin that also is associated with human moods. In addition, injecting crayfish with serotonin made them anxious and treating them with the drug chlordiazepoxide that's used to treat anxiety in humans reduced the anxiety in the stressed individuals. They then entered lighted pathways.
The ever-expanding sentience club
When I read about this fascinating research I was reminded of research that demonstrated that crabs feel pain and work that was done on honeybees that showed that they too display human-like responses to stress and depression. The bees showed altered levels of neurochemicals (dopamine, serotonin, and octopamine) that are associated with human depression. These fascinating studies show that we need to be very careful making claims that invertebrates do not have emotional lives or feelings. In fact, there are marked similarities with vertebrates including humans.
Many other invertebrates who supposedly don't feel pain are served up as food in countless billions and it's time to reconsider how these animals are treated in the food industry and to eliminate pain from the menu. Researchers agree.
Please stay tuned in as more "surprises" are revealed about sentience in other animal beings and how they really do not live pain-free lives. Membership in the sentience club is ever-expanding.
Marc Bekoff's latest books are Jasper's story: Saving moon bears (with Jill Robinson; see also), Ignoring nature no more: The case for compassionate conservation (see also), and Why dogs hump and bees get depressed (see also). Rewilding our hearts: Building pathways of compassion and coexistence will be published fall 2014. (marcbekoff.com; @MarcBekoff