Why are so many people drawn to conspiracy theories in times of crisis?
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Human caring in a random universe.
Ralph Lewis M.D.
Despite popular belief that religion is the main source of morality, there is a large, well-established body of knowledge about the fully natural origins of the human moral sense.
The brain insists it has a nonphysical conscious essence. This may be because it evolved a simplified, abstracted model of its attention processes, with the details edited out.
Consciousness is a user-illusion, blindly honed by biological evolution but layered with language and culture and deepened by the chemistry of emotion.
The ability of nervous systems to form internal representations is fundamentally a physical process. This is key to understanding how consciousness works and how it evolved.
Consciousness is purely the product of a brain comprised of physical particles. So how come it feels like something—a subjective experience?
Nothing in biology makes sense except in the light of evolution. Consciousness is no exception—it seems nonphysical, but is very much a biological phenomenon.
Our sense of ‘Self’ is an illusion constructed by evolution, and our perceptions are like a form of virtual reality. So how can we really know what’s out there?
Science tells us the universe is fundamentally a random collection of matter and energy and we are just collections of particles. Where do purpose, meaning, and morality come from?
At a time of heightened awareness of racism, and in a world awash with hateful conspiracy theories, an expert debunker cautions that censorship of hate speech can backfire.
Part 2 of 2: A psychiatrist and a psychologist debate whether science should take seriously the study of paranormal phenomena.
Part 1 of 2: A psychiatrist and a psychologist debate parapsychology’s view that consciousness is not purely dependent on the physical brain.
Everything is finite, even matter itself. Life is rendered all the more urgent and purposeful by its evanescence. Some of the world’s best science writers show us why.
Events like the COVID-19 pandemic reveal to each of us who we really are, and whether we are sufficiently cooperative and rational to depend on each other and flourish.
Young adults have the lowest levels of belief in a Higher Power. Should we be worried that they will lose purpose, meaning and morality?
I work at the frontlines of the youth mental health crisis, and I am confident that our future is more secure than ever in this generation’s capable hands.
Profound mystical experiences shape our worldview. We can be more willing to doubt the laws of physics than our own minds.
Our brains abhor randomness. They seek patterns and crave control. But understanding the world as fundamentally random can liberate and empower us.
Perspectives to help believers and non-believers make sense of random cosmic injustice.
How is it that people still believe in paranormal phenomena when these have been so thoroughly debunked? Could they be looking for meaning and purpose in all the wrong places?
Irrational beliefs and delusions are on a continuum. You would be the last to know which of your beliefs are false. Science is the antidote, but religion is not a delusion.
Death has never been popular. The intuition that the mind is more than the product of the brain and will survive its death feels correct, but is flatly contradicted by science.
Conscientiousness might be determined by attention span, and can be shaped by nature, nurture, cultural norms and habit. Too much conscientiousness is as maladaptive as too little.
Do you assume that without God and religion, life would have no purpose, meaning, or morality?
Why we insist it does, and why it really is okay that it most probably doesn't.
How we know that the Exodus from Egypt and revelation of the Ten Commandments on Mount Sinai are pure mythology. And why we can still derive much value from those traditions.
Consider the huge philosophical implications if it could be shown exactly how purpose and order could emerge from a random universe, entirely spontaneously and unguided.
Thoughts are not ethereal. They are forms of information, and information is physical. The subjective sense of self is the experience of "being" information encoded in a brain.
Do you find the scientific reductionist worldview unsatisfying? Is that all there is—just particles? Discover another whole new side to science: complexity theory and emergence.
Theism must explain the problem of evil; atheism must explain everything else. Doing so would seem impossible. How then did science arrive at an atheistic worldview?
These are scary and exciting times. All the world’s knowledge is in your child’s pocket. Here's how to instill perspective, curiosity, motivation, and critical thinking.
Ralph Lewis, M.D., is an assistant professor in the Department of Psychiatry at the University of Toronto, a psychiatrist at Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre, and a consultant at the Odette Cancer Centre in Toronto.