Therapists in Hawke's Bay

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Photo of Rhonda Powers - Rhonda Powers - new clients from 23 September 2024, MPsych, PBANZ, Psychotherapist
Rhonda Powers - new clients from 23 September 2024
Psychotherapist, MPsych, PBANZ
Verified Verified
Napier 4110
I am not currently taking on new clients but will be taking new clients from 23 September, 2024. I work in a kind, respectful and collaborative way, providing the space for you to gain insight into your life. Psychotherapy can help you access and change your beliefs, habits and patterns to help you gain a sense of control, ease and joy.
I am not currently taking on new clients but will be taking new clients from 23 September, 2024. I work in a kind, respectful and collaborative way, providing the space for you to gain insight into your life. Psychotherapy can help you access and change your beliefs, habits and patterns to help you gain a sense of control, ease and joy.
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Photo of Christine Wattie - Relationship Mentor and Leadership Coach, MNZAC, Counsellor
Relationship Mentor and Leadership Coach
Counsellor, MNZAC
Verified Verified
Are struggling with your relationship? Feeling frustrated, stressed, anxious, overwhelmed, burnt out? More like flatmates than friends and lovers? Wondering if it is even possible to fix it? I will help create a clear, plan with the exact steps to build a thriving relationship, fast. Together, we'll break through old patterns, create great communication for more connection, to rediscover the joy and intimacy you both want. If you're ready to work on yourself and your partnership and experience a truly exceptional relationship, I'm here to guide you every step of the way.
Are struggling with your relationship? Feeling frustrated, stressed, anxious, overwhelmed, burnt out? More like flatmates than friends and lovers? Wondering if it is even possible to fix it? I will help create a clear, plan with the exact steps to build a thriving relationship, fast. Together, we'll break through old patterns, create great communication for more connection, to rediscover the joy and intimacy you both want. If you're ready to work on yourself and your partnership and experience a truly exceptional relationship, I'm here to guide you every step of the way.
0800 451 520 x71 View 0800 451 520 x71
Photo of Grant Wattie - Relationship Mentor and Coach, MNZAC, Counsellor
Relationship Mentor and Coach
Counsellor, MNZAC
Verified Verified
Are you struggling with your relationship? Do you feel more like roommates than a happy couple? Do you feel frustrated, anxious, and afraid, wondering if it's even possible to fix it? I will help create a clear, plan with the exact steps to build a thriving relationship, fast. Together, we'll break through old patterns, create great communication for more connection, to rediscover the joy and intimacy you both want. If you're ready to work on yourself and your partnership and experience a truly exceptional relationship, I'm here to guide you every step of the way.
Are you struggling with your relationship? Do you feel more like roommates than a happy couple? Do you feel frustrated, anxious, and afraid, wondering if it's even possible to fix it? I will help create a clear, plan with the exact steps to build a thriving relationship, fast. Together, we'll break through old patterns, create great communication for more connection, to rediscover the joy and intimacy you both want. If you're ready to work on yourself and your partnership and experience a truly exceptional relationship, I'm here to guide you every step of the way.
0800 627 003 x20 View 0800 627 003 x20
Photo of Penelope Harper, NZAC - Provisional, Counsellor
Penelope Harper
Counsellor, NZAC - Provisional
Verified Verified
My office is in a field with my herd of horses. My purpose is guiding others to healthier and happier ways of 'being' in this world. This includes increasing resiliency by expanding one's window of tolerance to weather the ebbs and flows through self-regulation, connection and relationship. My equine partners do this naturally, so working from a trauma-informed perspective, I prioritize establishing safety and trust, by providing a non-judgemental, nurturing environment.
My office is in a field with my herd of horses. My purpose is guiding others to healthier and happier ways of 'being' in this world. This includes increasing resiliency by expanding one's window of tolerance to weather the ebbs and flows through self-regulation, connection and relationship. My equine partners do this naturally, so working from a trauma-informed perspective, I prioritize establishing safety and trust, by providing a non-judgemental, nurturing environment.
0800 447 264 x11 View 0800 447 264 x11
Photo of Eva Maria Steinmetz-Urieli, AThR, Counsellor
Eva Maria Steinmetz-Urieli
Counsellor, AThR
Verified Verified
I am a registered Art Therapist and a Graduate of Hakomi Mindful Somatic Psychotherapy . I work in private practice with children, teens and adults as well as people with special needs. Art Therapy is for people who would like to explore their inner world using their creativity. Art Therapy uses colour, form, story and metaphor. The creation of artworks provides you with an effective tool for sharing who you are and who you want to become. In Art Therapy you are in charge of the content and pace of the process. No previous experience in art is expected
I am a registered Art Therapist and a Graduate of Hakomi Mindful Somatic Psychotherapy . I work in private practice with children, teens and adults as well as people with special needs. Art Therapy is for people who would like to explore their inner world using their creativity. Art Therapy uses colour, form, story and metaphor. The creation of artworks provides you with an effective tool for sharing who you are and who you want to become. In Art Therapy you are in charge of the content and pace of the process. No previous experience in art is expected
0800 627 004 x58 View 0800 627 004 x58
Photo of Amy T Walewski, MA, MNZAC, Counsellor
Amy T Walewski
Counsellor, MA, MNZAC
Verified Verified
Napier 4110
Amy is an experienced therapist who provides safe, non-judgemental and private sessions in Napier and online. She specialises working with individuals or couples dealing with anxiety, depression, bullying, fear, panic attacks, post-natal depression, parenting, marriage stress, career guidance and life coaching. Amy Walewski is a member of New Zealand Associations of Counsellors with over 25 years of experience. She is a preferred provider for The Hawkes Bay Mental Health Initiative. If you are looking for a professional, Amy can help you feel back in control.
Amy is an experienced therapist who provides safe, non-judgemental and private sessions in Napier and online. She specialises working with individuals or couples dealing with anxiety, depression, bullying, fear, panic attacks, post-natal depression, parenting, marriage stress, career guidance and life coaching. Amy Walewski is a member of New Zealand Associations of Counsellors with over 25 years of experience. She is a preferred provider for The Hawkes Bay Mental Health Initiative. If you are looking for a professional, Amy can help you feel back in control.
0800 627 003 x30 View 0800 627 003 x30
Photo of Dr. Anna Reeves, PhD, MNZAC, Counsellor
Dr. Anna Reeves
Counsellor, PhD, MNZAC
Verified Verified
Waitlist for new clients
I have been working in mental health and counselling since 2010. I have experience supporting people with stress, workplace bullying, major life changes, parenting, relationship difficulties, attachment issues, grief, loss, pregnancy loss (including miscarriage and termination of pregnancy), depression, anxiety, substance abuse, trauma, domestic and family violence, sexual abuse, and sexual assault. I have been operating a successful private practice in the Hawkes Bay area since 2019.
I have been working in mental health and counselling since 2010. I have experience supporting people with stress, workplace bullying, major life changes, parenting, relationship difficulties, attachment issues, grief, loss, pregnancy loss (including miscarriage and termination of pregnancy), depression, anxiety, substance abuse, trauma, domestic and family violence, sexual abuse, and sexual assault. I have been operating a successful private practice in the Hawkes Bay area since 2019.
0800 447 264 x64 View 0800 447 264 x64
Photo of Dr. Premitha Silva, MBBS
Dr. Premitha Silva
MBBS
Verified Verified
Napier 4110
My ideal clients would be children and families. I focus on childhood issues and children and families needs. The goals for your child and for your family would be the starting point. Supporting you to assess the needs and reflect on your situation and get the life you want for your child and family is what I support you with on your journey.
My ideal clients would be children and families. I focus on childhood issues and children and families needs. The goals for your child and for your family would be the starting point. Supporting you to assess the needs and reflect on your situation and get the life you want for your child and family is what I support you with on your journey.
0800 468 212 x98 View 0800 468 212 x98
Photo of Lara Loughton - Lara Loughton ⚫️ Fortify Counselling , MNZCCA, Counsellor
Lara Loughton ⚫️ Fortify Counselling
Counsellor, MNZCCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Napier 4112
Based in Napier / online, I provide counselling for individuals, couples and families. With qualifications and experience in a variety of modalities and approaches, I support my clients through a broad range of issues. I am an ACC Sensitive Claims provider for those who have been sexually violated (If you would like counselling through ACC, contact me to make an appointment). I have an eclectic therapeutic style, including - Person-Centred Therapy; Cognitive Behavioural Therapy; Narrative Therapy; Brainspotting; Attachment-Based Theory; Strengths-Based Approach; Solutions-Focused Therapy; Interactive Drawing Therapy.
Based in Napier / online, I provide counselling for individuals, couples and families. With qualifications and experience in a variety of modalities and approaches, I support my clients through a broad range of issues. I am an ACC Sensitive Claims provider for those who have been sexually violated (If you would like counselling through ACC, contact me to make an appointment). I have an eclectic therapeutic style, including - Person-Centred Therapy; Cognitive Behavioural Therapy; Narrative Therapy; Brainspotting; Attachment-Based Theory; Strengths-Based Approach; Solutions-Focused Therapy; Interactive Drawing Therapy.
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Photo of Matt Collier, MNZAC, Counsellor
Matt Collier
Counsellor, MNZAC
Verified Verified
Waitlist for new clients
We all face mountains to climb in ours lives at some point, whether it’s loss, change, or a mental health challenge, any mountain can be climbed with support and a route map. Counselling can help us find our own path to heal, change, or manage our challenges in life. Counselling can give us new life tools and an independent lens on our situation, whether that’s a life decision, loss, change, or a mental health challenge. We are all different, and we are all capable of positive change with support and tools to help us.
We all face mountains to climb in ours lives at some point, whether it’s loss, change, or a mental health challenge, any mountain can be climbed with support and a route map. Counselling can help us find our own path to heal, change, or manage our challenges in life. Counselling can give us new life tools and an independent lens on our situation, whether that’s a life decision, loss, change, or a mental health challenge. We are all different, and we are all capable of positive change with support and tools to help us.
0800 447 359 x75 View 0800 447 359 x75
Photo of Neil Westwood - Plot Twist Talk Therapy: Neil Westwood, Counsellor
Plot Twist Talk Therapy: Neil Westwood
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Napier 4112  (Online Only)
I am an experienced Counsellor and Group Facilitator that has been involved in clinical work for the past 10+ years. I work alongside male clients who are navigating major life transitions, coping with mental health challenges, or seeking greater self-awareness. My top specialties are men's issues, intimate partner abuse and violence, anger management, and parenting.
I am an experienced Counsellor and Group Facilitator that has been involved in clinical work for the past 10+ years. I work alongside male clients who are navigating major life transitions, coping with mental health challenges, or seeking greater self-awareness. My top specialties are men's issues, intimate partner abuse and violence, anger management, and parenting.
0800 451 520 x51 View 0800 451 520 x51
Photo of Dr. Hayley Walker-Williams (Bwrt Practitioner), PhD, MNZCCP , Psychologist
Dr. Hayley Walker-Williams (Bwrt Practitioner)
Psychologist, PhD, MNZCCP
Verified Verified
Dr. Hayley Walker-Williams is a practicing Clinical Psychologist with 24 years of experience. She is registered with the NZ Psychology Board and is a full member of the NZ College of Clinical Psychologists. Her clinical expertise include psychological disorders and specifically trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, and relationship issues. She immigrated to New Zealand in 2021 from South Africa where she was a full-time academic/associate professor of psychology at the North-West University. She also consulted in private practice, an inpatient ward and as an EAP consultant. Hayley has published several peer-reviewed journal articles.
Dr. Hayley Walker-Williams is a practicing Clinical Psychologist with 24 years of experience. She is registered with the NZ Psychology Board and is a full member of the NZ College of Clinical Psychologists. Her clinical expertise include psychological disorders and specifically trauma, depression, anxiety, grief, and relationship issues. She immigrated to New Zealand in 2021 from South Africa where she was a full-time academic/associate professor of psychology at the North-West University. She also consulted in private practice, an inpatient ward and as an EAP consultant. Hayley has published several peer-reviewed journal articles.
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Photo of Chris Neuenfeldt, Psychologist
Chris Neuenfeldt
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Raupunga 4188  (Online Only)
Dr. Chris Neuenfeldt is a registered Clinical Psychologist and member of the New Zealand Psychological Society. He completed his studies in Colorado before moving to Aotearoa New Zealand in 2018. Since then, he has practiced in Wellington and Napier, working with clients of all ages. He completed EMDRIA approved Level 1 & 2 pieces of training in 2010 and has advanced training in EMDR and substance use, recent traumatic events, group applications of EMDR, and performance enhancement utilising EMDR.
Dr. Chris Neuenfeldt is a registered Clinical Psychologist and member of the New Zealand Psychological Society. He completed his studies in Colorado before moving to Aotearoa New Zealand in 2018. Since then, he has practiced in Wellington and Napier, working with clients of all ages. He completed EMDRIA approved Level 1 & 2 pieces of training in 2010 and has advanced training in EMDR and substance use, recent traumatic events, group applications of EMDR, and performance enhancement utilising EMDR.
0800 327 477 View 0800 327 477
Photo of Jess Leigh, NZAC - Provisional, Counsellor
Jess Leigh
Counsellor, NZAC - Provisional
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Napier 4104
Reaching out for support can be frightening. Perhaps you have never engaged with a counsellor, had a negative experience, or are needing to find a new counsellor, whatever your individual experience, it can be daunting. I am here to support you and make the process as comfortable as possible. Perhaps there is something specific you are wanting improve, like relationships, stress, depression, or anxiety. Maybe you require a safe space to explore what is happening for you, or some things that have happened in the past. I provide a safe, confidential, judgement-free space for you to unpack and explore whatever feels important.
Reaching out for support can be frightening. Perhaps you have never engaged with a counsellor, had a negative experience, or are needing to find a new counsellor, whatever your individual experience, it can be daunting. I am here to support you and make the process as comfortable as possible. Perhaps there is something specific you are wanting improve, like relationships, stress, depression, or anxiety. Maybe you require a safe space to explore what is happening for you, or some things that have happened in the past. I provide a safe, confidential, judgement-free space for you to unpack and explore whatever feels important.
0800 627 003 x57 View 0800 627 003 x57
Photo of Anna Redgrave - Beehyve Health, MA, MNZAC, Counsellor
Beehyve Health
Counsellor, MA, MNZAC
Verified Verified
Napier 4179  (Online Only)
Beehyve is a buzzing hub of practitioners and services that offer support to help people thrive. Our focus is a safe and inclusive place where clients find understanding, empathy and empowerment. We launched Beehyve to meet a demand for support that truly understands the specific needs of adult ADHD and can serve a broad range of those working on their wellbeing. Although our individual focus areas are wide and varied, we all share a non-judgmental understanding of ADHD; that's at the heart of our work.
Beehyve is a buzzing hub of practitioners and services that offer support to help people thrive. Our focus is a safe and inclusive place where clients find understanding, empathy and empowerment. We launched Beehyve to meet a demand for support that truly understands the specific needs of adult ADHD and can serve a broad range of those working on their wellbeing. Although our individual focus areas are wide and varied, we all share a non-judgmental understanding of ADHD; that's at the heart of our work.
0800 627 004 x31 View 0800 627 004 x31
Photo of Karen Hielkema, Psychologist
Karen Hielkema
Psychologist
Verified Verified
Mahia 4198  (Online Only)
Karen is a passionate psychologist with experience across a wide variety of settings. Karen has a particular interest in anxiety, women’s psychology, gender issues and workplace issues. She offers a safe and non-judgemental space for you to open-up about any challenges you may be facing. Karen often utilises unique and creative models for both therapy and coaching, based on the use of mindfulness and connection to values. You both can work together to develop effective strategies that you can implement outside of therapy to help better manage symptoms.
Karen is a passionate psychologist with experience across a wide variety of settings. Karen has a particular interest in anxiety, women’s psychology, gender issues and workplace issues. She offers a safe and non-judgemental space for you to open-up about any challenges you may be facing. Karen often utilises unique and creative models for both therapy and coaching, based on the use of mindfulness and connection to values. You both can work together to develop effective strategies that you can implement outside of therapy to help better manage symptoms.
0800 627 024 x17 View 0800 627 024 x17
Photo of Franciska Neuhäuser
Franciska Neuhäuser
Verified Verified
Napier 4110  (Online Only)
Living an extraordinary and joyful life is about ending the mental suffering when events outside of your control occur. With training and qualifications in Counselling, Psychology, and NLP, I will empower you to manage and overcome anxiety, grief, trauma, phobias, and low moods; so that you will restore and enjoy confidence, self-esteem, health, well-being, and better relationships. I work exclusively with adults of all ages; and welcome cultural, sexual, and gender diversity.
Living an extraordinary and joyful life is about ending the mental suffering when events outside of your control occur. With training and qualifications in Counselling, Psychology, and NLP, I will empower you to manage and overcome anxiety, grief, trauma, phobias, and low moods; so that you will restore and enjoy confidence, self-esteem, health, well-being, and better relationships. I work exclusively with adults of all ages; and welcome cultural, sexual, and gender diversity.
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Photo of Dan Ford - The Better Sleep Clinic, MA, Psychologist
The Better Sleep Clinic
Psychologist, MA
Verified Verified
Napier 4104  (Online Only)
You have trouble sleeping. You're tired (mind the pun) of lying awake at night tossing & turning. The thought of going to bed makes you worry. You don't drop off when you put your head on your pillow. If you do, you wake up during the night and can't get back to sleep for hours. You worry about the toll your sleeplessness is having on your health, your mood, your relationships and your ability to function at work. You want to sleep better. You want to look forward to bedtime. You want to wake up feeling refreshed. You want to feel like sleep isn't controlling your life. Assess your insomnia here: https://www.thebettersleepclinic.com
You have trouble sleeping. You're tired (mind the pun) of lying awake at night tossing & turning. The thought of going to bed makes you worry. You don't drop off when you put your head on your pillow. If you do, you wake up during the night and can't get back to sleep for hours. You worry about the toll your sleeplessness is having on your health, your mood, your relationships and your ability to function at work. You want to sleep better. You want to look forward to bedtime. You want to wake up feeling refreshed. You want to feel like sleep isn't controlling your life. Assess your insomnia here: https://www.thebettersleepclinic.com
0800 627 050 x58 View 0800 627 050 x58
Photo of Becky Bradley, MCouns, NZAC - Provisional, Counsellor
Becky Bradley
Counsellor, MCouns, NZAC - Provisional
Verified Verified
Napier 4104  (Online Only)
I am an experienced Counsellor with a Masters degree in Counselling Psychology. I support clients with varying issues, from anxiety, relationship difficulties and body image to eating disorders and trauma. Growing up in several different countries has given me a deep appreciation for people of diverse cultures, identities and backgrounds, and has informed my open-minded understanding and acceptance of others. With experience providing long-term, trauma-informed counselling, I offer a safe, collaborative and non-judgemental space where you can feel heard, supported and work towards your goals.
I am an experienced Counsellor with a Masters degree in Counselling Psychology. I support clients with varying issues, from anxiety, relationship difficulties and body image to eating disorders and trauma. Growing up in several different countries has given me a deep appreciation for people of diverse cultures, identities and backgrounds, and has informed my open-minded understanding and acceptance of others. With experience providing long-term, trauma-informed counselling, I offer a safe, collaborative and non-judgemental space where you can feel heard, supported and work towards your goals.
0800 447 359 x44 View 0800 447 359 x44
Photo of Anne Kemp, MA, MNZAC, Counsellor
Anne Kemp
Counsellor, MA, MNZAC
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Napier 4110
My focus as a counsellor is providing a safe space where you can feel free to express yourself without fear of judgment no matter what issue brought you to counselling. I understand how personal the decision to seek counselling can be, and my goal is to help you feel heard, respected, and understood throughout our journey together. In our sessions, I will listen attentively and empathize deeply with any challenges or difficulties you may be facing. Together, we will work towards a deeper understanding of your experiences and develop a plan to help you make sense of the world around you.
My focus as a counsellor is providing a safe space where you can feel free to express yourself without fear of judgment no matter what issue brought you to counselling. I understand how personal the decision to seek counselling can be, and my goal is to help you feel heard, respected, and understood throughout our journey together. In our sessions, I will listen attentively and empathize deeply with any challenges or difficulties you may be facing. Together, we will work towards a deeper understanding of your experiences and develop a plan to help you make sense of the world around you.
0800 447 359 x30 View 0800 447 359 x30
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See more therapy options for Hawke's Bay

How does your Counsellor compare?

Average cost per session

$160

Counsellors in Hawke's Bay who prioritize treating:

82% Anxiety
75% Relationship Issues
75% Depression
75% Stress
64% Trauma and PTSD
64% Coping Skills
57% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

13 Years

How Counsellors in Hawke's Bay see their clients

61% In Person and Online
39% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Hawke's Bay?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Psychologists listed in the directory are registered with the New Zealand Psychologists Board under the Health Practitioners Competency Assurance Act 2003 (HPCA Act). To be listed in the directory, psychotherapists must be registered through the Psychotherapists Board of Aotearoa New Zealand. Counsellors listed in the directory should have a minimum training of NZQF 6 or higher, and many are registered with a professional body, such as the New Zealand Association of Counsellors (NZAC).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for counsellors in New Zealand, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Psychologists, counsellors, and psychotherapists  can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in New Zealand.

Psychologists possess a minimum of a master's degree in Psychology and are registered with the New Zealand Psychologists Board. Psychotherapists typically hold the equivalent of a Master's or Doctorate Degree in Psychotherapy, depending on their programme of study. Many psychotherapists have themselves undergone psychotherapy as part of their training. In order to be a member of NZAC, Counsellors must have a bachelor's or master's degree in Counselling and complete ongoing professional development and education.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, the cost of a therapy session in New Zealand could be between $100 and $200. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. To access these services you will need to be assessed and referred by your GP or family doctor. However, you will have limited choice regarding the specialist and the length of treatment that will be assigned to you. In addition, Community Mental Health and Addiction services are also available through your local District Health Board (DHB).

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Professionals registered with the Boards and/or who are members of professional organisations are obligated to uphold client confidentiality unless there is a legal reason that requires them to disclose information. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others, or a court order, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.