Dreams have been described as dress rehearsals for real life, opportunities to gratify wishes, and a form of nocturnal therapy. A new theory aims to make sense of it all.
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Healthy rest, problem sleep, and the dreams and nightmares therein
John Cline Ph.D.
Sleep is important for good health. Research has shown its importance in combatting infectious diseases. COVID-19 affects sleep negatively, and good sleep may help cope with it.
Both sleep and waking are controlled by a complex underlying system that involves two interacting processes know by researchers as S and C.
Psychedelic Assisted Psychotherapy is a promising approach to more effective treatment of psychological disorders. Sleep may be an important factor in how this treatment works.
Recent research is showing the connection, both physiologically and phenomenologically, between psychedelic states and dreams.
Dream logic is the nonsensical logic of sleep. It is based in the psychology of the sleeping brain and has been a source of inspiration in cinema and in science.
Intensive Sleep Retraining is a promising treatment for insomnia but is expensive and cumbersome to use. New technology may make it more affordable, reliable, and available.
Many people are reporting dreams related to the major events of our times. This is because dreaming is essential to the processing of emotionally relevant life experience.
Sleep clinicians are concerned about the impact of the pandemic on sleep. New guidance to help understand the stress involved and how to cope with it have been released.
Sleep deprivation is painful and debilitating. It can cause death in animals. Recent research, involving the gastrointestinal system, gives clues as to how this happens.
Excessive daytime sleepiness increases the risk of accidents and make it difficult to function occupationally and socially.
We are dealing with a situation that has not previously occurred in our lifetimes. We need to be resilient in the face of rapid change and intense stress. Good sleep can help.
In stressful times such as this, it is important to not neglect sleep. It may even help keep our immune systems healthy.
For the first time, a recent study provided strong empirical evidence that getting too little sleep is associated with the development of atrial fibrillation.
Blue light is biologically active and directly affects the circadian rhythm. Whether this is healthy or harmful depends on the timing.
Binge-watching television programs is a new form of entertainment consumption that has implications for insomnia, sleep quality, and daytime fatigue.
Research indicates that the purpose of sleep may lie at the cellular level. Decreased activity of DNA in sleep may allow for needed repairs to chromosomes damaged in wakefulness.
Sleep problems limit the effectiveness of first responders and increase the danger of their work. A comprehensive approach is needed to ensure first responders get adequate sleep.
During World War II waring nations often used powerful stimulants to decrease the need for sleep and improve mental effectiveness. Unfortunately, there were long range costs.
The use of advanced imaging techniques has led to increased understanding of the brain mechanisms responsible for sleep and dreams.
Dreams have presented an enigma throughout human history but new research is illuminating the sources and reasons for their existence.
It is midsummer, a time often associated with dreams of future love. But what are dreams and where do they come from? Science has found it difficult to answer these questions.
Careful evaluation is needed when patients hear, see, or feel things that are not there. Sleep-related hallucinations are usually benign but could indicate a serious disorder.
New research shows that sleep deprivation increases the production and spread of proteins associated with the development and progression of Alzheimer's disease.
Recent research shows that weighted blankets can help some people fall asleep more quickly and sleep more soundly.
Can we increase the effectiveness of naps? A cup of coffee before a brief nap can improve alertness more than the coffee or nap alone.
Psychological and behavioral therapies and medication are used to treat nightmares. The most effective treatments help to change the content and emotional tone of nightmares.
Nightmare disorder occurs when nightmares are intense, frequent, deeply disturbing, and cause difficulty with daytime functioning.
Slightly different frequencies can be delivered to each ear resulting in a binaural beat. These beats can be given at the frequency of known brain wave bands and may help us relax.
Misophonia is a disorder of extreme emotional responses to innocuous sounds like slurping or lip-smacking. Treatments are being developed.
ASMR is a sensory experience some people have; it's evoked by certain mundane sounds and sights. Some find it calming and say it helps them sleep.
John Cline, Ph.D., is a clinical psychologist, Diplomate of the the American Board of Sleep Medicine, a fellow of the American Academy of Sleep Medicine and a clinical professor at Yale University.