- After the overturning of Roe v. Wade, behavioral health professionals must be prepared to provide resources for family planning-related concerns.
- Pregnant patients or those considering becoming pregnant may consult behavioral health providers about the status of abortion access in the area.
- Behavioral health providers can direct patients to organizations and resources as channels for advocacy and activism.
By A. Alban Foulser, MA, and Rachel J. Ammirati, Ph.D., on behalf of the Atlanta Behavioral Health Advocates
The overturning of Roe v. Wade has resulted in major changes to state laws regarding abortion access. As laws continue to change and medical clinics stop providing abortions, behavioral health professionals will be asked to respond to a wide range of patient concerns related to family planning and local policies (Biggs et al., 2017), including problem-solving and managing distressing emotions. Behavioral health professionals working in primary care and similar medical settings are especially likely to encounter these concerns, yet may have only a brief amount of time in which to address patients’ needs. Additionally, patients in primary care may have limited access to medical professionals with specific expertise related to abortion (Dorner et al., 2015). Because the provision of informational resources is a common intervention strategy used in stepped integrated care models (Maragakis & O’Donohue, 2018), behavioral health professionals in these settings must be informed and have resources readily available. Moreover, they must be thoughtful about their scope of practice limits and potential ethical issues likely to arise in abortion-related behavioral health consultation and intervention. With the goal of supporting our busy integrated behavioral health colleagues’ need to know about informational resources relevant to family planning-related concerns, we have compiled a list of such resources that we hope our colleagues and their patients will find helpful.
Issues Related to Family Planning Options
Patient concerns related to the Supreme Court decision will vary widely. Previous research has demonstrated that people forced to travel to access an abortion in the United States face a range of barriers, including logistical difficulties due to travel, difficulty navigating the healthcare system, limited options for clinics providing abortion, financial concerns, and restrictions at the state or clinic level (Jerman et al., 2017). Patients who are pregnant or considering becoming pregnant may therefore consult behavioral health providers about their options, including seeking information about the current status of abortion access in their area, clinics providing abortions, and resources for financial or logistical support.
Directing patients to well-known family planning organizations such as Planned Parenthood is one way to assist with answering many patient questions related to these topics. However, behavioral health professionals may be wary of discussing these topics with patients due to concerns about legal implications. Of note, the American Psychological Association has published an FAQ page addressing legal concerns that psychologists may have when discussing issues related to abortion.
Additionally, many non-behavioral health-focused organizations have created resources for professionals and patients alike that include similar information. For example, to support pregnant people considering various courses of action, the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists has an informative webpage about the possible options of raising the baby, placing the baby for adoption, and having an abortion. The U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs also has an informative website on reproductive health with additional resources for Veterans. For patients seeking information on the current status of abortion access in their area, interactive maps managed by the Guttmacher Institute and the Center for Reproductive Rights provide clear and regularly updated information about abortion access in each state. Additionally, to counter misinformation that has recently been spread on social media platforms, the National Capital Poison Center provides accurate information about herbal abortifacients (products used to facilitate abortions) and cautions that their use can be toxic.
Issues Related to Emotional Reactions
Additionally, the overturning of Roe v. Wade will lead to strong emotional reactions for many patients. Previous research from the Turnaway Study (Foster, 2020) has demonstrated that patients experience a wide range of positive and negative emotions in the week following being denied an abortion (Rocca et al., 2021; Rocca et al, 2013).
However, negative emotional reactions are not limited to pregnant people being denied an abortion. For example, CBS News published the results of their poll on reactions to the Supreme Court decision, which found that respondents who disapproved of the Supreme Court decision reported feeling primarily upset, angry, and scared. Behavioral health professionals can expect to see patients seeking support for strong emotional reactions due to the impact on their own or loved ones’ pregnancies and access to abortion, as well as distress related to their personal sociopolitical views, and disagreements in their relationships, family, or culture. All-Options is an organization that provides free emotional support for experiences with pregnancy, parenting, abortion, and adoption through a peer support talk line as well as a faith-based talk line.
For some patients, managing strong negative emotional reactions to the overturning of Roe v. Wade may include channeling these emotions into advocacy and activism (Earnshaw et al., 2016; Kleres & Wettergren, 2017). In these cases, behavioral health providers may consider directing patients to organizations such as Sister Song, Planned Parenthood, and the Latina Institute. In addition, the American Psychological Association has created a comprehensive page on issues related to abortion, which includes news and resources related to advocacy. Indeed, previous research suggests that coping with negative emotions through activism can lead to a greater sense of individual and social well-being (Earnshaw et al., 2016; MacDonnell et al., 2017).
The overturning of Roe v. Wade will continue to have a broad impact on the behavioral health of many individuals, and behavioral health providers working in primary care and other medical settings are likely to field many questions related to this historic decision. Although this list of resources is far from exhaustive, we intentionally kept this list brief in order to support the needs of busy integrated behavioral health providers. We hope this will provide a useful starting point for behavioral health professionals and their patients in medical settings as they navigate the multifaceted impact of the overturning of Roe v. Wade.
All-Options. (2022). Find support. https://www.all-options.org/find-support/
American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. (2022). Pregnancy choices: Raising the baby, adoption, and abortion. https://www.acog.org/womens-health/faqs/pregnancy-choices-raising-the-b…
American Psychological Association. (2022). Abortion. https://www.apa.org/topics/abortion
American Psychological Association Services, Inc. (2022, July 22). Frequently asked questions about abortion laws and psychology practice. https://www.apaservices.org/practice/business/hipaa/abortion-laws
Biggs, M. A., Upadhyay, U. D., McCulloch, C. E., & Foster, D. G. (2017). Women's mental health and well-being 5 years after receiving or being denied an abortion: A prospective, longitudinal cohort study. JAMA Psychiatry, 74(2), 169–178. https://doi.org/10.1001/jamapsychiatry.2016.3478
Center for Reproductive Rights (2022). After Roe fell: Abortion laws by state. https://reproductiverights.org/maps/abortion-laws-by-state/
de Pinto, J., Khanna, K., Backus, F., & Salvanto, A. (2022). CBS News poll: Americans react to overturning of Roe v. Wade – most disapprove, call it step backward. CBS News. https://www.cbsnews.com/news/americans-react-to-roe-v-wade-overturn-opi…
Dorner, S. C., Jacobs, D. B., & Sommers, B. D. (2015). Adequacy of outpatient specialty care access in marketplace plans under the Affordable Care Act. JAMA, 314(16), 1749–1750. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2015.9375
Earnshaw, V. A., Rosenthal, L., & Lang, S. M. (2016). Stigma, activism, and well-being among people living with HIV. AIDS care, 28(6), 717-721.
Foster, D. G. (2020). The turnaway study: Ten years, a thousand women, and the consequences of having—or being denied—an abortion. Simon and Schuster.
Guttmacher Institute. (2022, September 8). Interactive map: US abortion policies and access. https://states.guttmacher.org/policies/?gclid=Cj0KCQjwjvaYBhDlARIsAO8Pk…
Jerman, J., Frohwirth, L., Kavanaugh, M. L., & Blades, N. (2017). Barriers to abortion care and their consequences for patients traveling for services: qualitative findings from two states. Perspectives on sexual and reproductive health, 49(2), 95-102. DOI:10.1363/psrh.12024
Johnson-Arbor, M. (2022). Is herbal abortion safe? National Capital Poison Center. https://www.poison.org/articles/herbal-abortion
Kleres, K. & Wettergren, Å. (2017) Fear, hope, anger, and guilt in climate activism. Social Movement Studies, 16(5), 507-519, DOI: 10.1080/14742837.2017.1344546
National Latina Institute for Reproductive Justice. (2022). https://www.latinainstitute.org/
MacDonnell, J. A., Dastjerdi, M., Khanlou, N., Bokore, N., & Tharao, W. (2017). Activism as a feature of mental health and wellbeing for racialized immigrant women in a Canadian context. Health care for women international, 38(2), 187-204.
Maragakis, A., & O’Donohue, W. T. (Eds.). (2018). Principle-based stepped care and brief psychotherapy for integrated care settings. Springer International Publishing AG.
Marples, M. (2022, July 5). It’s OK to feel angry at the Roe v. Wade reversal. Here’s how to take care of yourself in this tough time. CNN. https://www.cnn.com/2022/07/05/health/roe-v-wade-abortion-emotions-well…
Planned Parenthood. (2022). https://www.plannedparenthood.org/
Planned Parenthood. (2022). Talking about abortion. https://www.plannedparenthood.org/planned-parenthood-tennessee-and-nort…
Rocca, C. H., Kimport, K., Grould, H., & Foster, D. G. (2013). Women’s emotions one week after receiving or being denied an abortion in the United States. Perspectives on Sexual and Reproductive Health, 45(3), 122-131. https://doi.org/10.1363/4512213
Rocca, C. H., Moseson, H., Gould, H., Foster, D. G., & Kimport, K. (2021). Emotions over five years after denial of abortion in the United States: Contextualizing the effects of abortion denial on women’s health and lives. Social Science & Medicine, 269, 113567. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.socscimed.2020.113567
Simmons-Duffin, S. (2022, October 6). 66 clinics stopped providing abortions in the 100 days since Roe fell. NPR. https://www.npr.org/sections/health-shots/2022/10/06/1127105378/66-clin…
Sister Song. (2022). https://www.sistersong.net/
Tierney, L. H. (2022, July 7). How to manage emotions about Roe v. Wade. WebMD. https://www.webmd.com/women/news/20220707/how-to-manage-emotions-roe-v-…
U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs. (2022). Women’s Veterans health care: Reproductive health. https://www.womenshealth.va.gov/WOMENSHEALTH/topics/reproductive-health…
Walters, M. (2022, July 25). Present tense: Feeling safe in the body after Roe v. Wade. Healthline. https://www.healthline.com/health/mental-health/feeling-safe-in-the-bod…