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Health Bites

Tidbits on diet, quitting smoking, diabetes and domestic violence.

The Sauerkraut Diet

Women who eat at least three servings of cabbage per week have a lower risk of breast cancer compared with women who eat less, according to a study of Polish Americans. Studies show cruciferous vegetables such as cabbage, broccoli and Brussels sprouts have anticancer properties, especially when minimally cooked.

A Rough Patch

Many smokers mistakenly believe that nicotine—not cigarette smoke—causes cancer and are, therefore, hesitant to use gum or patches to help them quit. Smokers who try to quit cold turkey are more likely to fail compared with those who use nicotine replacement therapies.

Sleep-Deprived at 5

American kids are getting started early when it comes to one national pastime: sleep trouble. Almost a third of children under age 4 wake up in the middle of the night and, consequently, don't get enough shut-eye, according to a National Sleep Foundation survey. Young children need at least 12 to 15 hours of sleep per day.

Outrunning Diabetes

Nearly 95 percent of diabetes cases are Type 2, resulting from excess weight and lack of exercise. A new study has found that half of people who are on the cusp of the disease can avoid diabetes by making two simple lifestyle changes: walking 30 minutes per day and eating whole grains, fruits and vegetables.

Domestic Violence—Don't Send Flowers

A rose is a rose, except when it's a gift from a possessive boyfriend.

Specific behavior by insecure male partners can portend violent acts against women, according to Todd Shackelford, a psychologist at Florida Atlantic University. Holding hands in public or giving flowers can be romantic, but when linked to sexual jealousy, they may be harbingers of violence.

The top warning sign: men who drop by unexpectedly "to see what my partner is doing." Isolating a woman from family and friends, or threatening to punish infidelity were also correlated with violent behavior.