Counselling in Dublin 12, Dublin

Photo of Ciara Dunne, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Ciara Dunne
Psychotherapist, MA, NAPCP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12  (Online Only)
I am an integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist, drawing on theories of Personal Centred, Psychodynamic, and Attachment theories to aid in understanding and supporting of others. I am a pre accredited member of the NAPCP, having trained with the Irish College of Humanities and Applied Sciences.
I am an integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist, drawing on theories of Personal Centred, Psychodynamic, and Attachment theories to aid in understanding and supporting of others. I am a pre accredited member of the NAPCP, having trained with the Irish College of Humanities and Applied Sciences.
(01) 267 6517 x55 View (01) 267 6517 x55
Photo of Vasilija Plavc, Counsellor in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Vasilija Plavc
Counsellor, NAPCP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Hello, I'm Vasilija Plavc, a qualified counsellor and psychotherapist, and I'm genuinely happy you're here. I understand that is not easy for some to seek support, I commend you for taking this important first step. I'm here to provide a safe and confidential space where we can compassionately explore what is going on for you.
Hello, I'm Vasilija Plavc, a qualified counsellor and psychotherapist, and I'm genuinely happy you're here. I understand that is not easy for some to seek support, I commend you for taking this important first step. I'm here to provide a safe and confidential space where we can compassionately explore what is going on for you.
(01) 267 6570 x93 View (01) 267 6570 x93
Photo of Counselling For Wellbeing, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Counselling For Wellbeing
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Life can present us with various situations, some more difficult than others. Some of these situations we can manage ourselves or with the support of family and friends. Other situations can seem too much for us to face on our own. Even understanding why, we feel the way we do can be distressing for us. We don’t have to suffer in this way. Counselling is there to help you to understand these situations and to work through these difficulties. Counselling for Wellbeing offers a safe, supportive and confidential environment. The process of Counselling and Psychotherapy is non-judgmental and supports healing and wellbeing.
Life can present us with various situations, some more difficult than others. Some of these situations we can manage ourselves or with the support of family and friends. Other situations can seem too much for us to face on our own. Even understanding why, we feel the way we do can be distressing for us. We don’t have to suffer in this way. Counselling is there to help you to understand these situations and to work through these difficulties. Counselling for Wellbeing offers a safe, supportive and confidential environment. The process of Counselling and Psychotherapy is non-judgmental and supports healing and wellbeing.
(01) 267 6692 x27 View (01) 267 6692 x27
Photo of Mary O'Carroll, Counsellor in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Mary O'Carroll
Counsellor, NAPCP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
In times of personal difficulty, seeking additional support can be invaluable. Whether you're facing stress, anxiety, challenges in your personal or professional life, feelings of isolation, sadness, loss, or struggling with self-worth, I am here to offer a secure and empathetic environment. I aim to provide a safe and non-judgmental space where you can openly explore your current concerns. Together, we will navigate overwhelming thoughts and emotions, enabling you to progress towards a brighter future. I offer both in-person and online sessions to accommodate your needs.
In times of personal difficulty, seeking additional support can be invaluable. Whether you're facing stress, anxiety, challenges in your personal or professional life, feelings of isolation, sadness, loss, or struggling with self-worth, I am here to offer a secure and empathetic environment. I aim to provide a safe and non-judgmental space where you can openly explore your current concerns. Together, we will navigate overwhelming thoughts and emotions, enabling you to progress towards a brighter future. I offer both in-person and online sessions to accommodate your needs.
(01) 267 6570 x84 View (01) 267 6570 x84
Photo of Brid Mary O Muiri, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Brid Mary O Muiri
Psychotherapist, MA, CBPI
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Coming to therapy is the first step to doing something about changing an aspect of your life that is causing you distress, or overwhelming you to such a degree that it is holding you back or keeping you stuck. Do not feel you have to suffer in silence. Your problems could be the way you interpret things or the lens through which you view things. Sometimes our thinking patterns need to be challenged, and we can find alternative and more useful ways of seeing things, leading to a more fulfilling life for ourselves. Therapy is about growth in our thinking , this leading to more positive thinking, leading to a better quality life.
Coming to therapy is the first step to doing something about changing an aspect of your life that is causing you distress, or overwhelming you to such a degree that it is holding you back or keeping you stuck. Do not feel you have to suffer in silence. Your problems could be the way you interpret things or the lens through which you view things. Sometimes our thinking patterns need to be challenged, and we can find alternative and more useful ways of seeing things, leading to a more fulfilling life for ourselves. Therapy is about growth in our thinking , this leading to more positive thinking, leading to a better quality life.
(01) 267 6570 x19 View (01) 267 6570 x19
Photo of Betty Malone, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Betty Malone
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
I have 9 years + experience in the field of counselling. I have covered many issues in this time including anxiety, depression, bereavement, suicide ideation and addiction to name a few.
I have 9 years + experience in the field of counselling. I have covered many issues in this time including anxiety, depression, bereavement, suicide ideation and addiction to name a few.
(01) 267 6641 x73 View (01) 267 6641 x73
Photo of Ann Spellman (Skittles Play Therapy) in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Ann Spellman (Skittles Play Therapy)
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Waitlist for new clients
I believe that all children and young people deserve the opportunity to feel safe, to be happy and to achieve their potential in life. I work creatively using a non-directive, holistic model of Play Therapy to support children to help themselves. Working with a fun, non-judgemental approach I value everybody's talents equally. I facilitate children and young people to choose the activity in each session while I hold the space to keep everybody physically and emotionally safe. In Play Therapy children encounter the world at conscious and unconscious levels, working through difficulties in their own time.
I believe that all children and young people deserve the opportunity to feel safe, to be happy and to achieve their potential in life. I work creatively using a non-directive, holistic model of Play Therapy to support children to help themselves. Working with a fun, non-judgemental approach I value everybody's talents equally. I facilitate children and young people to choose the activity in each session while I hold the space to keep everybody physically and emotionally safe. In Play Therapy children encounter the world at conscious and unconscious levels, working through difficulties in their own time.
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Photo of Shane J O'Grady, Counsellor in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Shane J O'Grady
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Shane provides therapy for adults either on a short-term solution focused counselling basis, or for a longer term, more in depth psychotherapy form. The types of issues include but are not limited too: Emotional, Distress, Depression/Low Self Esteem, Anxiety/Phobias, Stress Management, Relationship Issues, Bereavement/Loss, Personal Development/Life Transitions, Finding Meaning
Shane provides therapy for adults either on a short-term solution focused counselling basis, or for a longer term, more in depth psychotherapy form. The types of issues include but are not limited too: Emotional, Distress, Depression/Low Self Esteem, Anxiety/Phobias, Stress Management, Relationship Issues, Bereavement/Loss, Personal Development/Life Transitions, Finding Meaning
(01) 267 6681 x56 View (01) 267 6681 x56
Photo of apctherapy in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
apctherapy
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
I'm Fully validated by the Irish Association of Relationship Mentors ( IARM ) and accredited by the School of Applied Psychology UCC. Has your relationships at home or at work become distressing and painful. ?Are you feeling confused in understanding your partner, child’s or others challenging behaviour? Are you or your child experiencing episodes of anxiety? Lacking in confidence or has low self-esteem?Has feelings of depression or anger become a constant factor in life? Do you seek better ways to restore your inner well being? Do you need to communicate more effectively with your partner, teenager or others?
I'm Fully validated by the Irish Association of Relationship Mentors ( IARM ) and accredited by the School of Applied Psychology UCC. Has your relationships at home or at work become distressing and painful. ?Are you feeling confused in understanding your partner, child’s or others challenging behaviour? Are you or your child experiencing episodes of anxiety? Lacking in confidence or has low self-esteem?Has feelings of depression or anger become a constant factor in life? Do you seek better ways to restore your inner well being? Do you need to communicate more effectively with your partner, teenager or others?
087 249 3878 View 087 249 3878
Photo of Joy Bogle McGauley, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Joy Bogle McGauley
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
We are living in very challenging times and day to day life can be a real struggle for people. Are you finding it difficult to be present in your life? Are you feeling unhappy, stressed or overwhelmed? Have you gone through a loss or trauma and you are finding it hard to cope? Do you feel like you have nobody to talk to? I can provide a safe space, free from judgment where my clients can come to talk and work through their issues either face to face, online, video or phone call. Whatever way you prefer! I want my clients to feel safe and heard at all times so whatever form of communication suits I can tailor it for you.
We are living in very challenging times and day to day life can be a real struggle for people. Are you finding it difficult to be present in your life? Are you feeling unhappy, stressed or overwhelmed? Have you gone through a loss or trauma and you are finding it hard to cope? Do you feel like you have nobody to talk to? I can provide a safe space, free from judgment where my clients can come to talk and work through their issues either face to face, online, video or phone call. Whatever way you prefer! I want my clients to feel safe and heard at all times so whatever form of communication suits I can tailor it for you.
(01) 267 6641 x60 View (01) 267 6641 x60
Photo of Jennifer Webb, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Jennifer Webb
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Life is not always smooth and can present us with situations, some more difficult than others. Some of these situations can be sorted with the help of friends and family and others may need the help of a professional. As a therapist it is my belief that all clients are individual and so my service will be tailored to the individual needs of each client. My work is to help the clients better understand what their needs are and assist in the changes the client wants to make in order to meet these needs. Counselling is a collaborative process where I will assist each client to set goals and work with them in order to achieve these.
Life is not always smooth and can present us with situations, some more difficult than others. Some of these situations can be sorted with the help of friends and family and others may need the help of a professional. As a therapist it is my belief that all clients are individual and so my service will be tailored to the individual needs of each client. My work is to help the clients better understand what their needs are and assist in the changes the client wants to make in order to meet these needs. Counselling is a collaborative process where I will assist each client to set goals and work with them in order to achieve these.
(01) 267 6641 x63 View (01) 267 6641 x63
Photo of Bernie McCormack, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Bernie McCormack
Psychotherapist, MSc, MIAHIP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Have you reached a turning point, do you feel like you are on an emotional rollercoaster right now? I am passionate about creating a safe place where you will be heard, without any judgement. A variety of factors lead people to encounter extremely difficult periods in their lives, leaving them with overwhelming feelings of distress. As an Integrative Clinical Psychotherapist, I can explore these feelings with you in a sensitive and non-judgmental space. I have undertaken extensive research into self-criticism and the inner critic. I have a passion for developing and nurturing resilience to build self-esteem and confidence.
Have you reached a turning point, do you feel like you are on an emotional rollercoaster right now? I am passionate about creating a safe place where you will be heard, without any judgement. A variety of factors lead people to encounter extremely difficult periods in their lives, leaving them with overwhelming feelings of distress. As an Integrative Clinical Psychotherapist, I can explore these feelings with you in a sensitive and non-judgmental space. I have undertaken extensive research into self-criticism and the inner critic. I have a passion for developing and nurturing resilience to build self-esteem and confidence.
(01) 568 2872 x70 View (01) 568 2872 x70
Photo of Sinead Domican, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Sinead Domican
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
I work with many different issue that clients have however some of the main areas I specialise in and have many years of experience in is Domestic Violence. Domestic Violence includes verbal abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, financial abuse, coercive control and sexual abuse. I also work with clients who suffer from insecurities, low self esteem, abandonment, fear of rejection, trust issues and who want to overcome the affects of trauma in their life.
I work with many different issue that clients have however some of the main areas I specialise in and have many years of experience in is Domestic Violence. Domestic Violence includes verbal abuse, physical abuse, emotional abuse, financial abuse, coercive control and sexual abuse. I also work with clients who suffer from insecurities, low self esteem, abandonment, fear of rejection, trust issues and who want to overcome the affects of trauma in their life.
(01) 267 6517 x65 View (01) 267 6517 x65
Photo of Ana Griselda Fernandez, Psychologist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Ana Griselda Fernandez
Psychologist, MPSI
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12  (Online Only)
If you feel you could start to work in your issues and want to be better, I could help you in that working with mindfulness, Emdr, and Coaching. I am guarantee we could work together and in a short term, start to feel better with your self.
If you feel you could start to work in your issues and want to be better, I could help you in that working with mindfulness, Emdr, and Coaching. I am guarantee we could work together and in a short term, start to feel better with your self.
(01) 267 6692 x24 View (01) 267 6692 x24
Photo of Andrew fitzpatrick, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Andrew fitzpatrick
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Hi, Andrew here. I am a qualified, experienced and fully accredited Integrative Psychotherapist & Counsellor. I integrate many different approaches depending on each client’s specific requirements and facilitate all clients to develop clarity so that they may develop the skills and resources within themselves to deal with these challenges and overcome obstacles. I work with a range of issues including depression, anxiety, anger, grief, relationships, self-esteem, self-harm, suicidal ideation and have a particular interest in working with individuals who have experienced any form of trauma.
Hi, Andrew here. I am a qualified, experienced and fully accredited Integrative Psychotherapist & Counsellor. I integrate many different approaches depending on each client’s specific requirements and facilitate all clients to develop clarity so that they may develop the skills and resources within themselves to deal with these challenges and overcome obstacles. I work with a range of issues including depression, anxiety, anger, grief, relationships, self-esteem, self-harm, suicidal ideation and have a particular interest in working with individuals who have experienced any form of trauma.
(01) 267 6622 x86 View (01) 267 6622 x86
Photo of As I Am Counselling & Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
As I Am Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Adult, Adolescent, Couple therapy. Online and Face to face Therapy. Counsellor Psychotherapist & Clinical Supervisor. IACP,EAP,EAC,ICP. Alison has 20 years experience working alongside clients working through difficult times. I offer a confidential safe place to explore presenting difficulties. Using an interactive approach I work with Anxiety, Sex & Sexuality, Addiction, Childhood Sexual Trauma, Depression, Self Love & Consideration. Relationships etc. Developing awareness of self, ownership and responsibility is key to successful therapy. Approaching clients with a deep level of repect without judgement is essential to my work.
Adult, Adolescent, Couple therapy. Online and Face to face Therapy. Counsellor Psychotherapist & Clinical Supervisor. IACP,EAP,EAC,ICP. Alison has 20 years experience working alongside clients working through difficult times. I offer a confidential safe place to explore presenting difficulties. Using an interactive approach I work with Anxiety, Sex & Sexuality, Addiction, Childhood Sexual Trauma, Depression, Self Love & Consideration. Relationships etc. Developing awareness of self, ownership and responsibility is key to successful therapy. Approaching clients with a deep level of repect without judgement is essential to my work.
087 619 6395 View 087 619 6395
Photo of Chloe Reynor, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Chloe Reynor
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Not accepting new clients
Counselling can help you find the words for experiences you were previously unable to speak about. You can learn to recognize and express your feelings. Counselling can teach you how to set healthy boundaries, how to be assertive and how to stand up for yourself. You can also learn how to allow yourself to be vulnerable, in a way that is safe for you. You might discover that it is ok to be human, to make mistakes and to change your mind. Counselling can help you tune into your gut and to learn how to trust yourself.
Counselling can help you find the words for experiences you were previously unable to speak about. You can learn to recognize and express your feelings. Counselling can teach you how to set healthy boundaries, how to be assertive and how to stand up for yourself. You can also learn how to allow yourself to be vulnerable, in a way that is safe for you. You might discover that it is ok to be human, to make mistakes and to change your mind. Counselling can help you tune into your gut and to learn how to trust yourself.
(01) 267 6641 x72 View (01) 267 6641 x72
Photo of Cornerstone Therapy - Deirdre Savage, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Cornerstone Therapy - Deirdre Savage
Psychotherapist, MA
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
My training through the humanistic integrative psychotherapy model allows me to draw from diverse approaches to tailor my interventions to the unique needs and preferences of my clients, fostering a holistic and client-centred therapeutic experience. Through our work my aim is to create a safe, non-judgmental space for self-exploration. Counselling will provide you with an opportunity to explore, understand and clarify ways of living in a more satisfying and resourceful way. My role is to help facilitate your growth, whilst respecting your values, personal resources, and capacity for self-determination.
My training through the humanistic integrative psychotherapy model allows me to draw from diverse approaches to tailor my interventions to the unique needs and preferences of my clients, fostering a holistic and client-centred therapeutic experience. Through our work my aim is to create a safe, non-judgmental space for self-exploration. Counselling will provide you with an opportunity to explore, understand and clarify ways of living in a more satisfying and resourceful way. My role is to help facilitate your growth, whilst respecting your values, personal resources, and capacity for self-determination.
(01) 267 6603 x59 View (01) 267 6603 x59
Photo of Debbie McDermott, Psychotherapist in Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin
Debbie McDermott
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
Waitlist for new clients
You’re about to take the first step on a journey, perhaps to find more joy in life, perhaps to untangle relationships, perhaps to understand yourself or others better. Whatever the reason, if we get to talk, I hope I can help you along the way. I understand that for some people, deciding to speak to a counsellor can be difficult. My aim is to provide you with a safe, confidential, and comfortable space; somewhere you can truly be you, secure in the knowledge that there is no judgement, but instead warmth, understanding, empathy and a friendly face.
You’re about to take the first step on a journey, perhaps to find more joy in life, perhaps to untangle relationships, perhaps to understand yourself or others better. Whatever the reason, if we get to talk, I hope I can help you along the way. I understand that for some people, deciding to speak to a counsellor can be difficult. My aim is to provide you with a safe, confidential, and comfortable space; somewhere you can truly be you, secure in the knowledge that there is no judgement, but instead warmth, understanding, empathy and a friendly face.
(01) 267 6527 x91 View (01) 267 6527 x91
Patricia Maria Murray Coulter
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Dublin 12, Dublin, County Dublin D12
You may need to unravel confusions in your life, unburden your worries and distress to an experienced non judgmental person who is empathetic and provides confidentiality. someone who has lived through many problems herself and can show survival. I am ready and able to help you.
You may need to unravel confusions in your life, unburden your worries and distress to an experienced non judgmental person who is empathetic and provides confidentiality. someone who has lived through many problems herself and can show survival. I am ready and able to help you.
(01) 267 6536 x95 View (01) 267 6536 x95

See more therapy options for Dublin 12, Dublin

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Dublin 12, Dublin

50+

Average cost per session

€ 70

Counsellors in Dublin 12, Dublin who prioritize treating:

85% Depression
85% Anxiety
80% Stress
76% Self Esteem
73% Relationship Issues
69% Coping Skills
67% Bereavement

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

90% Laya
80% Irish Life
80% VHI

How Counsellors in Dublin 12, Dublin see their clients

88% In Person and Online
12% Online Only

Gender breakdown

71% Female
29% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Dublin 12, Dublin?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, eircode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or eircode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are accredited members of the main professional associations, mainly the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP) and the Irish Council for Psychotherapy (ICP). Most Psychologists are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement in Ireland, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Ireland. Psychologists have earned a doctoral degree in psychology and many are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI). Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a doctoral degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the IACP or ICP, they must complete a minimum of an NFQ Level 7 programme with 100 hours of clinical experience and a minimum of 450 hours of post-training clinical experience under clinical supervision.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in Ireland could cost between €50 – €90 when seeing a counsellor and €75 - €120 or more when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The National Counselling Service (NCS) is a government-funded service that provides short to medium term counselling and psychotherapy for free to individuals who have experienced trauma or abuse. The service can be accessed by GP referral or self-referral.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your eircode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the IACP, the ICP, or PSI are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a child is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.