Counselling in Duncormick

Photo of Elena Winch, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Elena Winch
Psychotherapist, NAPCP
Verified
Duncormick, County Wexford Y35
Counselling offers a safe place to think about issues in your life that are causing you distress. You may be feeling anxious, depressed, have suffered trauma, be questioning your relationships or sexuality, or have other issues you want to explore. I will help you look at your thinking, feelings and behaviour and work with you to find ways of being in the world that are helpful and healthy for you,
Counselling offers a safe place to think about issues in your life that are causing you distress. You may be feeling anxious, depressed, have suffered trauma, be questioning your relationships or sexuality, or have other issues you want to explore. I will help you look at your thinking, feelings and behaviour and work with you to find ways of being in the world that are helpful and healthy for you,
(01) 267 6552 x18 View (01) 267 6552 x18

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Reflective Recovery , Counsellor in Duncormick, County Wexford
Reflective Recovery
Counsellor, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
I am David Gahan a licensed psychotherapist ( Pre Accredited ) with a decade of experience specializing in the treatment of survivors of domestic violence and sexual abuse. My therapeutic approach combines empathy with evidence-based techniques, emphasizing pragmatic solutions as required. Clients aspire to reclaim agency over their lives, achieve psychological balance, and cultivate resilience. Their motivations extend beyond personal healing, encompassing the improvement of interpersonal relationships. My role as therapists is to provide the requisite tools, techniques, and guidance to facilitate these objectives.
I am David Gahan a licensed psychotherapist ( Pre Accredited ) with a decade of experience specializing in the treatment of survivors of domestic violence and sexual abuse. My therapeutic approach combines empathy with evidence-based techniques, emphasizing pragmatic solutions as required. Clients aspire to reclaim agency over their lives, achieve psychological balance, and cultivate resilience. Their motivations extend beyond personal healing, encompassing the improvement of interpersonal relationships. My role as therapists is to provide the requisite tools, techniques, and guidance to facilitate these objectives.
(01) 267 6595 x93 View (01) 267 6595 x93
Photo of Mairead Murphy, Counsellor in Duncormick, County Wexford
Mairead Murphy
Counsellor, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
Waitlist for new clients
Are you feeling overwhelmed by stress and anxiety, unable to escape the cycle of overthinking and self-doubt? You're not alone. I specialize in supporting men, women, and teens aged 16 & over .Guiding them towards a restored sense of wellness. Together, we'll break free from the grip of stress, gaining peace of mind and heart. Through our journey, you'll not only improve your relationship with yourself but also with others. Take the first step towards a brighter, more balanced life. Reach out today I am here to support.
Are you feeling overwhelmed by stress and anxiety, unable to escape the cycle of overthinking and self-doubt? You're not alone. I specialize in supporting men, women, and teens aged 16 & over .Guiding them towards a restored sense of wellness. Together, we'll break free from the grip of stress, gaining peace of mind and heart. Through our journey, you'll not only improve your relationship with yourself but also with others. Take the first step towards a brighter, more balanced life. Reach out today I am here to support.
(01) 267 6641 x33 View (01) 267 6641 x33
Photo of Fiona Hogan, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Fiona Hogan
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
You may have recently entered into a new relationship or had a significant change in your life and suddenly feel overcome with strong emotions. Or you may be feeling unable to feel anything, which is impacting your ability to enjoy life. You might find that anxious thoughts are getting in the way, that your sleep is poor and you are less able to cope with stress. I want to support you to overcome your symptoms and experiences to lead a better life. I will help you by tracing the origins of your feelings to help you overcome them for good rather than just giving you tips and tricks. But don't worry, there will also be tips and tricks
You may have recently entered into a new relationship or had a significant change in your life and suddenly feel overcome with strong emotions. Or you may be feeling unable to feel anything, which is impacting your ability to enjoy life. You might find that anxious thoughts are getting in the way, that your sleep is poor and you are less able to cope with stress. I want to support you to overcome your symptoms and experiences to lead a better life. I will help you by tracing the origins of your feelings to help you overcome them for good rather than just giving you tips and tricks. But don't worry, there will also be tips and tricks
(01) 267 6692 x47 View (01) 267 6692 x47
Photo of JM Holistic Counselling, Counsellor in Duncormick, County Wexford
JM Holistic Counselling
Counsellor, MSc
Wexford, County Wexford Y35  (Online Only)
Hello! I'm Jacinta. Sometimes life can be very challenging and it's possible to feel lost, confused and even alone. I create a confidential safe space where you can be who you are, be heard and understood. Change can be very frightening when it is undesired and even when it is longed for. Whatever your past experiences may be I help you to clarify where you are now and together we explore pathways to your future.
Hello! I'm Jacinta. Sometimes life can be very challenging and it's possible to feel lost, confused and even alone. I create a confidential safe space where you can be who you are, be heard and understood. Change can be very frightening when it is undesired and even when it is longed for. Whatever your past experiences may be I help you to clarify where you are now and together we explore pathways to your future.
(01) 267 6570 x58 View (01) 267 6570 x58
Photo of Marion Mensing, Counsellor in Duncormick, County Wexford
Marion Mensing
Counsellor, PhD, MIACP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35  (Online Only)
You feel stressed or anxious? You feel sad or depressed? Maybe you were bullied or you have been affected by abuse? Your 'flying off the handle' is creating problems? You experienced loss or bereavement? You go through life changes? You have issues with relationships? You think that your sexual behaviour might have become problematic? You have issues around addiction? Maybe you just want to talk through an issue? You want to make sense of a problematic event that sticks in your mind? You want to change your behaviour? You want to abolish self-criticism and enhance self-esteem? You want to find meaning and purpose?
You feel stressed or anxious? You feel sad or depressed? Maybe you were bullied or you have been affected by abuse? Your 'flying off the handle' is creating problems? You experienced loss or bereavement? You go through life changes? You have issues with relationships? You think that your sexual behaviour might have become problematic? You have issues around addiction? Maybe you just want to talk through an issue? You want to make sense of a problematic event that sticks in your mind? You want to change your behaviour? You want to abolish self-criticism and enhance self-esteem? You want to find meaning and purpose?
(01) 568 2872 x83 View (01) 568 2872 x83
Photo of Dr. Sarah Thompson in Duncormick, County Wexford
Dr. Sarah Thompson
PsychD
Wexford, County Wexford Y35  (Online Only)
Sometimes you might find yourself being really sensitive and feeling overwhelmed with emotions that are coming out of nowhere, often flying off the handle, or being tearful and upset. You might not be feeling yourself, like you are carrying a huge weight and you don’t know what it is or why. It might be that you feel really tense, and ‘on-edge’ and it’s difficult to relax. It can also be that you feel totally shut-off from others, detached and disconnected, feeling empty and numb. Life has lost its colour. Others constantly feel guilty, find it really hard to say no to others, and live in a constant state of never being good enough.
Sometimes you might find yourself being really sensitive and feeling overwhelmed with emotions that are coming out of nowhere, often flying off the handle, or being tearful and upset. You might not be feeling yourself, like you are carrying a huge weight and you don’t know what it is or why. It might be that you feel really tense, and ‘on-edge’ and it’s difficult to relax. It can also be that you feel totally shut-off from others, detached and disconnected, feeling empty and numb. Life has lost its colour. Others constantly feel guilty, find it really hard to say no to others, and live in a constant state of never being good enough.
(01) 267 6641 x68 View (01) 267 6641 x68
Photo of Dr. Lorna Fortune - Psychologist, Psychologist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Dr. Lorna Fortune - Psychologist
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, MPSI
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
Not accepting new clients
I am a compassionate and experienced Consultant Psychologist who is enthusiastic about providing evidence-based therapies for a wide range of emotional problems. I qualified as a Counselling Psychologist 25 years ago, I spent most of my career working within the NHS in the UK and have recently retuned to Ireland. See more details here: www.psychologyforyou.org
I am a compassionate and experienced Consultant Psychologist who is enthusiastic about providing evidence-based therapies for a wide range of emotional problems. I qualified as a Counselling Psychologist 25 years ago, I spent most of my career working within the NHS in the UK and have recently retuned to Ireland. See more details here: www.psychologyforyou.org
(01) 267 6527 x35 View (01) 267 6527 x35
Photo of Can-Do Counselling , Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Can-Do Counselling
Psychotherapist, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
Hi, my name is Justin. If you feel you need counselling support for whatever you might be struggling with, I provide a safe, friendly and confidential space to accommodate your mental health needs.
Hi, my name is Justin. If you feel you need counselling support for whatever you might be struggling with, I provide a safe, friendly and confidential space to accommodate your mental health needs.
(01) 568 2872 x36 View (01) 568 2872 x36
Photo of Abiola Muhammed-Ogunfowora, Psychologist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Abiola Muhammed-Ogunfowora
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, MPSI
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
You are constantly feeling like something is missing. Caring for others is beginning to take its toll on you. You are not sure what is going on but you just know things can not stay the same. Deciding to attend therapy can be challenging. Finding a suitable therapist even more difficult. Trusting a psychologist to take this journey with you can be extremely terrifying and intimidating. If you are looking for someone that will be understanding, supportive but most of all help you achieve your therapeutic goals. Contact me now and begin your process.
You are constantly feeling like something is missing. Caring for others is beginning to take its toll on you. You are not sure what is going on but you just know things can not stay the same. Deciding to attend therapy can be challenging. Finding a suitable therapist even more difficult. Trusting a psychologist to take this journey with you can be extremely terrifying and intimidating. If you are looking for someone that will be understanding, supportive but most of all help you achieve your therapeutic goals. Contact me now and begin your process.
View
Photo of Ailbhe O' Neill, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Ailbhe O' Neill
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
Ailbhe is a qualified counsellor and holds a BA (Hons) Level 8 in Integrative Counselling and Psychotherapy with the Institute of Integrated Counsellors and Psychotherapists (IICP). She describes herself as a person-centred therapist, and she uses an integrative approach when working with clients. She tends to focus on a client’s own strengths and inner resources to help them manage whatever challenges they might find themselves facing. A safe space is offered to her clients, allowing them to explore their thoughts and feelings in a warm, empathic and non-judgemental setting.
Ailbhe is a qualified counsellor and holds a BA (Hons) Level 8 in Integrative Counselling and Psychotherapy with the Institute of Integrated Counsellors and Psychotherapists (IICP). She describes herself as a person-centred therapist, and she uses an integrative approach when working with clients. She tends to focus on a client’s own strengths and inner resources to help them manage whatever challenges they might find themselves facing. A safe space is offered to her clients, allowing them to explore their thoughts and feelings in a warm, empathic and non-judgemental setting.
(01) 267 6595 x36 View (01) 267 6595 x36
Photo of Bogdan Wawrzaszek, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Bogdan Wawrzaszek
Psychotherapist, PhD, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
As a psychotherapist, my mission is to provide you with a safe and nurturing space where you can explore, heal, and discover your potential. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, relationship issues, low self-esteem, bereavement, grief or navigating life transitions, I am here to help. In our sessions, you can expect a compassionate, non-judgmental, and collaborative environment. Together, we will work to uncover the root causes of your challenges and develop an effective way forward.
As a psychotherapist, my mission is to provide you with a safe and nurturing space where you can explore, heal, and discover your potential. Whether you're struggling with anxiety, relationship issues, low self-esteem, bereavement, grief or navigating life transitions, I am here to help. In our sessions, you can expect a compassionate, non-judgmental, and collaborative environment. Together, we will work to uncover the root causes of your challenges and develop an effective way forward.
(01) 267 6692 x16 View (01) 267 6692 x16
Photo of Nurture Counselling, Counsellor in Duncormick, County Wexford
Nurture Counselling
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MIACP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
Over several years, we have supported all manner of clients, presenting with various personal and relationship issues. Clients come to us to discuss issues arising from aspects of their lives that they are struggling with including relationships, family and work.
Over several years, we have supported all manner of clients, presenting with various personal and relationship issues. Clients come to us to discuss issues arising from aspects of their lives that they are struggling with including relationships, family and work.
(01) 267 6641 x87 View (01) 267 6641 x87
Photo of Susi Lodola, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Susi Lodola
Psychotherapist, MSc, MIACP
Verified
Rosslare, County Wexford Y35
I help my clients explore and understand what they are experiencing and how it is impacting their emotional, physical and mental wellbeing. During therapy, I will help them to develop the skills and behaviours to find a way to cope with their life challenges and find their direction in their life. My extensive studies in psychology, psychotherapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) enable me to approach each client holistically and tailor the counselling approach to their individual needs. I apply an integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges the unique nature of the individual.
I help my clients explore and understand what they are experiencing and how it is impacting their emotional, physical and mental wellbeing. During therapy, I will help them to develop the skills and behaviours to find a way to cope with their life challenges and find their direction in their life. My extensive studies in psychology, psychotherapy and Cognitive Behaviour Therapy (CBT) enable me to approach each client holistically and tailor the counselling approach to their individual needs. I apply an integrative approach to therapy that acknowledges the unique nature of the individual.
(01) 267 6641 x19 View (01) 267 6641 x19
Photo of Francesca Iorio, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Francesca Iorio
Psychotherapist, MSc
1 Endorsed
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
I am a fully trained pre-accredited Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist based in Wexford Town. I work with adults presenting a variety of issues including anxiety, depression, compulsions, relationship issues, trauma, emotional dysregulation, life transitions, eating disorders, self-defeating behaviours. Whatever difficulty you are experiencing, I will offer a safe, confidencial, and non-judgemental space where to gain a deep understanding of yourself and your psychical life. Through this exploration we will look at the roots of your current struggles and increase your ability to find new ways of dealing with your difficulty.
I am a fully trained pre-accredited Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist based in Wexford Town. I work with adults presenting a variety of issues including anxiety, depression, compulsions, relationship issues, trauma, emotional dysregulation, life transitions, eating disorders, self-defeating behaviours. Whatever difficulty you are experiencing, I will offer a safe, confidencial, and non-judgemental space where to gain a deep understanding of yourself and your psychical life. Through this exploration we will look at the roots of your current struggles and increase your ability to find new ways of dealing with your difficulty.
(01) 267 6570 x65 View (01) 267 6570 x65
Photo of Anna Cogan, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Anna Cogan
Psychotherapist, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
If you are looking for a space for yourself, for a listening ear in a time set aside to look at those issues that make your life harder, like relationship difficulties, anxiety, addiction, low mood, overwhelm, I am here and available to work with you. I aim to help my clients explore their life issues with a view to gaining an understanding of what's going on for you, and how best to improve your situation, make good decisions in your life.
If you are looking for a space for yourself, for a listening ear in a time set aside to look at those issues that make your life harder, like relationship difficulties, anxiety, addiction, low mood, overwhelm, I am here and available to work with you. I aim to help my clients explore their life issues with a view to gaining an understanding of what's going on for you, and how best to improve your situation, make good decisions in your life.
(01) 267 6641 x37 View (01) 267 6641 x37
Photo of Nettie Bowie Child & Adolescent CBT Therapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Nettie Bowie Child & Adolescent CBT Therapist
MA
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
Anxiety, Worry, Low Mood, Low Self-Esteem are issues that present in all young people's lives but sometimes they can become so overwhelming that it's hard to cope with daily living and enjoyment in life. Talking through these issues and developing coping strategies can help the young person to start living life in a more fulfilling way again and the strategies learned in therapy can support them in other challenges they may face throughout their lives.
Anxiety, Worry, Low Mood, Low Self-Esteem are issues that present in all young people's lives but sometimes they can become so overwhelming that it's hard to cope with daily living and enjoyment in life. Talking through these issues and developing coping strategies can help the young person to start living life in a more fulfilling way again and the strategies learned in therapy can support them in other challenges they may face throughout their lives.
(01) 267 6681 x33 View (01) 267 6681 x33
Photo of Rose Fitzpatrick, Counsellor in Duncormick, County Wexford
Rose Fitzpatrick
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
I am a psychotherapist, working with adults, based in Waterford city, I also work online. I have worked with clients therapeutically developing self-esteem, self-compassion and self-worth. I work in an integrative manner to support and empower the client. I aim to provide a safe, non-judgmental, confidential, therapeutic space to explore what is uniquely you. This is not a perfect process; it is as unique and individual as you are. Together, we will explore the issues you bring, and work collaboratively to find your way forward and what works for you.
I am a psychotherapist, working with adults, based in Waterford city, I also work online. I have worked with clients therapeutically developing self-esteem, self-compassion and self-worth. I work in an integrative manner to support and empower the client. I aim to provide a safe, non-judgmental, confidential, therapeutic space to explore what is uniquely you. This is not a perfect process; it is as unique and individual as you are. Together, we will explore the issues you bring, and work collaboratively to find your way forward and what works for you.
(01) 267 6517 x69 View (01) 267 6517 x69
Photo of Abbeywell Therapy, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Abbeywell Therapy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
I am an integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist with a strong creative and enthusiastic style is based out of a person centered approach. I use numerous supportive models and approaches interchangeably in dynamic response to the Client’s needs as they arise within session. I operate from my private practice “Abbeywell” from the beautiful town of Graiguenamanagh on the Kilkenny/Carlow Border. I regularly travels nationwide to provide emotional debriefing sessions for frontline healthcare professionals. I also has an established video counselling service if traveling is limited
I am an integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist with a strong creative and enthusiastic style is based out of a person centered approach. I use numerous supportive models and approaches interchangeably in dynamic response to the Client’s needs as they arise within session. I operate from my private practice “Abbeywell” from the beautiful town of Graiguenamanagh on the Kilkenny/Carlow Border. I regularly travels nationwide to provide emotional debriefing sessions for frontline healthcare professionals. I also has an established video counselling service if traveling is limited
(01) 267 6622 x26 View (01) 267 6622 x26
Photo of Gemma McCabe, Psychotherapist in Duncormick, County Wexford
Gemma McCabe
Psychotherapist, MIAHIP
Verified
Wexford, County Wexford Y35
Life can be so extremely hard. I understand how challenging it is to come and talk about what is troubling you. I’m a warm and extremely capable Therapist whose first priority is always the interests of my clients; providing a non-judgmental environment, effective and long lasting therapeutic interventions, with a safe and empathic touch. Since 2007, I’ve been practising Psychotherapy to a broad range of clients, in a private and full time capacity, in County Wexford. Please do not hesitate to get in touch. I truly look forward to hearing from you.
Life can be so extremely hard. I understand how challenging it is to come and talk about what is troubling you. I’m a warm and extremely capable Therapist whose first priority is always the interests of my clients; providing a non-judgmental environment, effective and long lasting therapeutic interventions, with a safe and empathic touch. Since 2007, I’ve been practising Psychotherapy to a broad range of clients, in a private and full time capacity, in County Wexford. Please do not hesitate to get in touch. I truly look forward to hearing from you.
(061) 572 524 x86 View (061) 572 524 x86

Nearby Searches for Duncormick

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Duncormick

< 10

Counsellors in Duncormick who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Addiction
100% Domestic Abuse
100% Infertility
100% Life Coaching

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Duncormick see their clients

100% In Person and Online

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Duncormick?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, eircode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or eircode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are accredited members of the main professional associations, mainly the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP) and the Irish Council for Psychotherapy (ICP). Most Psychologists are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement in Ireland, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Ireland. Psychologists have earned a doctoral degree in psychology and many are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI). Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a doctoral degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the IACP or ICP, they must complete a minimum of an NFQ Level 7 programme with 100 hours of clinical experience and a minimum of 450 hours of post-training clinical experience under clinical supervision.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in Ireland could cost between €50 – €90 when seeing a counsellor and €75 - €120 or more when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The National Counselling Service (NCS) is a government-funded service that provides short to medium term counselling and psychotherapy for free to individuals who have experienced trauma or abuse. The service can be accessed by GP referral or self-referral.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your eircode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the IACP, the ICP, or PSI are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a child is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.