Counselling in Mayo Abbey

Photo of undefined - mike wilkins counselling, Counsellor
mike wilkins counselling
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12  (Online Only)
I am passionate about wanting to help you overcome any difficulties that you may be having. I am an accredited and fully qualified counsellor. I have worked in many areas such as bereavement, work place issues and relationships. I like to listen and enable you to help yourself to have a better, happier life. I like to use a combination of talking therapy and using practical tools such as diet, exercise, sleep etc and how improving them aspects, can really impact our lives.
I am passionate about wanting to help you overcome any difficulties that you may be having. I am an accredited and fully qualified counsellor. I have worked in many areas such as bereavement, work place issues and relationships. I like to listen and enable you to help yourself to have a better, happier life. I like to use a combination of talking therapy and using practical tools such as diet, exercise, sleep etc and how improving them aspects, can really impact our lives.
(01) 267 6681 x53 View (01) 267 6681 x53
Photo of undefined - Orla Hanley Counselling and Psychotherapy, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Orla Hanley Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12
Hello and welcome to my profile. I am a accredited member of IACP. Which means I follow their code of ethics and standards of working. I achieved a BA in Holistic Counselling and Psychotherapist in 2017. I provide hourly sessions and I work with adults face to face or online. I also work with couples and adolescents face-to-face. For online work I use WhatsApp video call or telephone to offer you support from the safety and privacy of your own home. A lot of individuals are feeling very isolated and anxious at present an you can still access Counselling.
Hello and welcome to my profile. I am a accredited member of IACP. Which means I follow their code of ethics and standards of working. I achieved a BA in Holistic Counselling and Psychotherapist in 2017. I provide hourly sessions and I work with adults face to face or online. I also work with couples and adolescents face-to-face. For online work I use WhatsApp video call or telephone to offer you support from the safety and privacy of your own home. A lot of individuals are feeling very isolated and anxious at present an you can still access Counselling.
(01) 267 6552 x24 View (01) 267 6552 x24
Photo of Louise Hammond, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Louise Hammond
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed and unable to focus? I specialize in working with clients struggling with Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Trauma & Unresolved Childhood Issues. I offer weekly psychotherapy and counselling in a private and comfortable setting in Galway and online zoom sessions at a reduced rate. Life can be a struggle when dealing with anxiety, depression, stress, post-traumatic stress, grief, relationship issues, gender identity, unresolved childhood issues, loneliness, suicidal ideation and long-standing hurt or deeply embedded trauma. For specialized treatments I offer hypnotherapy. Together we explore this.
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed and unable to focus? I specialize in working with clients struggling with Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Trauma & Unresolved Childhood Issues. I offer weekly psychotherapy and counselling in a private and comfortable setting in Galway and online zoom sessions at a reduced rate. Life can be a struggle when dealing with anxiety, depression, stress, post-traumatic stress, grief, relationship issues, gender identity, unresolved childhood issues, loneliness, suicidal ideation and long-standing hurt or deeply embedded trauma. For specialized treatments I offer hypnotherapy. Together we explore this.
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Photo of Sitha Bradshaw, MSc, MPSI, Psychologist
Sitha Bradshaw
Psychologist, MSc, MPSI
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12
Do you notice patterns of behaviours that you are unsatisfied with? Are you having difficulty coping with your current life? I provide a non-judgmental, supportive environment where clients can feel safe in sharing their thoughts and feelings. I have created a space where clients can explore their goals and discuss the actions they will take to live their lives to the best of their ability. With compassion and understanding, I work with each individual to help them build on their strengths and attain the personal growth they are dedicated to achieving. I believe that there is no universal approach to therapy.
Do you notice patterns of behaviours that you are unsatisfied with? Are you having difficulty coping with your current life? I provide a non-judgmental, supportive environment where clients can feel safe in sharing their thoughts and feelings. I have created a space where clients can explore their goals and discuss the actions they will take to live their lives to the best of their ability. With compassion and understanding, I work with each individual to help them build on their strengths and attain the personal growth they are dedicated to achieving. I believe that there is no universal approach to therapy.
(01) 267 6536 x90 View (01) 267 6536 x90
Photo of Noelle Fahy, MA, NAPCP, Counsellor
Noelle Fahy
Counsellor, MA, NAPCP
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12  (Online Only)
There are times when life can seem overwhelming in particular if we are experiencing stress, anxiety or low mood. Daily life stressors of work and family responsibilities can contribute to these feelings. At other times we may be going through life changes such as a bereavement, issues in our relationships or periods of extended stress at work. Therapy offers a space to notice and explore your thoughts, feelings and behaviours and to be curious about how your past experiences may be impacting your present day life and your thoughts about the future. Coping skills and strategies are taught to allow you be more present.
There are times when life can seem overwhelming in particular if we are experiencing stress, anxiety or low mood. Daily life stressors of work and family responsibilities can contribute to these feelings. At other times we may be going through life changes such as a bereavement, issues in our relationships or periods of extended stress at work. Therapy offers a space to notice and explore your thoughts, feelings and behaviours and to be curious about how your past experiences may be impacting your present day life and your thoughts about the future. Coping skills and strategies are taught to allow you be more present.
(01) 267 6517 x93 View (01) 267 6517 x93
Photo of Dr. Evelyn Patricia Gilmore, MSc, CPsychol PSI, Psychologist
Dr. Evelyn Patricia Gilmore
Psychologist, MSc, CPsychol PSI
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12
Dr. Evelyn P. Gilmore, B.A. (Hons.), M.Sc., Prof. D., C. Psychol., Ps.S.I., M.I.A.H.I.P. Evelyn is a Consultant Organisational Psychologist, an Accredited Psychotherapist, a Business and Executive Coach, Coach Trainer & Supervisor of Coaches and Organisational Consultants. She is joint director of Coach Institute of Ireland. Evelyn has an Honours Degree in Psychology from the NUIG and a first class honours masters in Work & Organisational Psychology from DCU. In addition, she has a Diploma in Psychotherapy, and has completed a Professional Doctorate in Consultation and the Organisation with the Tavistock in London.
Dr. Evelyn P. Gilmore, B.A. (Hons.), M.Sc., Prof. D., C. Psychol., Ps.S.I., M.I.A.H.I.P. Evelyn is a Consultant Organisational Psychologist, an Accredited Psychotherapist, a Business and Executive Coach, Coach Trainer & Supervisor of Coaches and Organisational Consultants. She is joint director of Coach Institute of Ireland. Evelyn has an Honours Degree in Psychology from the NUIG and a first class honours masters in Work & Organisational Psychology from DCU. In addition, she has a Diploma in Psychotherapy, and has completed a Professional Doctorate in Consultation and the Organisation with the Tavistock in London.
(01) 568 2872 x31 View (01) 568 2872 x31
Photo of Éamon Óg McDermott, NAPCP, Psychotherapist
Éamon Óg McDermott
Psychotherapist, NAPCP
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12  (Online Only)
My own experience has demonstrated to me the immense healing that can take place in one being able to fully express themselves without fear of judgment. It is my role as a psychotherapist to provide an environment of empathy, safety and support, so that emotional and mental growth will occur naturally. My approach to psychotherapy is to facilitate growth through the skill of active and mindful listening and non directive guidance.
My own experience has demonstrated to me the immense healing that can take place in one being able to fully express themselves without fear of judgment. It is my role as a psychotherapist to provide an environment of empathy, safety and support, so that emotional and mental growth will occur naturally. My approach to psychotherapy is to facilitate growth through the skill of active and mindful listening and non directive guidance.
(01) 267 6570 x41 View (01) 267 6570 x41
Photo of undefined - Sarah Keena Healing, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Sarah Keena Healing
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12  (Online Only)
My passion is encouraging & empowering women: Helping women to recognise their own strengths and heal the trauma that has been holding them back. Gentle self-exploration and prioritising the relationship with self are key aspects of my way of working. I strive to provide a professional, holistic relationship that is free from shame and judgement. Visit my website for more information.
My passion is encouraging & empowering women: Helping women to recognise their own strengths and heal the trauma that has been holding them back. Gentle self-exploration and prioritising the relationship with self are key aspects of my way of working. I strive to provide a professional, holistic relationship that is free from shame and judgement. Visit my website for more information.
(01) 267 6681 x97 View (01) 267 6681 x97
Photo of undefined - Dr Kevin Lambe, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr Kevin Lambe
Psychologist, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12
Clinical & Forensic Psychologist educated at University College Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, Queen's University Belfast, University of Hartford, and King's College London.
Clinical & Forensic Psychologist educated at University College Dublin, Trinity College Dublin, Queen's University Belfast, University of Hartford, and King's College London.
(01) 267 6675 x56 View (01) 267 6675 x56
Photo of undefined - Elaine Sharkey Counselling , MIACP, Counsellor
Elaine Sharkey Counselling
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12  (Online Only)
Are you experiencing difficulty in your life? Are you overwhelmed by feelings of stress, anxiety, depression, sadness, loss or maybe you feel stuck and can't see a way forward? I offer a listening ear so you can share your difficulties and explore your feelings, safe in the knowledge that you will be treated with respect, kindness and that you will be heard without judgement. I will help you to work through your concerns so that you can face life head on and strive towards a happier future.
Are you experiencing difficulty in your life? Are you overwhelmed by feelings of stress, anxiety, depression, sadness, loss or maybe you feel stuck and can't see a way forward? I offer a listening ear so you can share your difficulties and explore your feelings, safe in the knowledge that you will be treated with respect, kindness and that you will be heard without judgement. I will help you to work through your concerns so that you can face life head on and strive towards a happier future.
(01) 263 0393 x58 View (01) 263 0393 x58
Photo of Shane Delaney, MA, Pre-Accredited Member IACP, Psychotherapist
Shane Delaney
Psychotherapist, MA, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12
If you are struggling with anxiety, depression or low self-esteem then I can work alongside you to empower you therefore giving you a better quality of life.
If you are struggling with anxiety, depression or low self-esteem then I can work alongside you to empower you therefore giving you a better quality of life.
(01) 267 6595 x76 View (01) 267 6595 x76
Josephine Duffy
Psychotherapist, MIAHIP
Verified Verified
Mayo Abbey, County Mayo F12
(01) 267 6536 x14 View (01) 267 6536 x14

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Sean O Morain, Pre-Accredited Member IACP, Psychotherapist
Sean O Morain
Psychotherapist, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified Verified
Claremorris, County Mayo F12
I'm passionate about helping individuals on their journey of self-discovery and personal growth. With a warm and empathetic approach, I provide a safe and non-judgmental space for clients to explore their thoughts and feelings. As a person-centred therapist, I believe that you are the expert on your own life. My role is to support you in understanding your experiences and emotions. I listen actively, offer empathy, and provide guidance as you navigate your unique path towards healing and self-acceptance. I have experience of working with clients from diverse backgrounds, addressing a wide range of concerns.
I'm passionate about helping individuals on their journey of self-discovery and personal growth. With a warm and empathetic approach, I provide a safe and non-judgmental space for clients to explore their thoughts and feelings. As a person-centred therapist, I believe that you are the expert on your own life. My role is to support you in understanding your experiences and emotions. I listen actively, offer empathy, and provide guidance as you navigate your unique path towards healing and self-acceptance. I have experience of working with clients from diverse backgrounds, addressing a wide range of concerns.
087 281 0886 View 087 281 0886
Photo of Annie Doyle, MIACP, Counsellor
Annie Doyle
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified Verified
Charlestown, County Mayo F12
Noticed that you're feeling stressed, anxious or overwhelmed? Is there a part of you that is suffering with anxiety and finding life's challenges hard to cope with? Do you notice that you have lost interest in things that used to bring you joy? Do you feel stuck and confused about your identity? Have you lost a loved one or had a significant relocation recently? Seeking support from an internationally experienced professional can support you in exploring issues in a safe space built on profound experience and knowledge, which your friends and family may be unable to offer.
Noticed that you're feeling stressed, anxious or overwhelmed? Is there a part of you that is suffering with anxiety and finding life's challenges hard to cope with? Do you notice that you have lost interest in things that used to bring you joy? Do you feel stuck and confused about your identity? Have you lost a loved one or had a significant relocation recently? Seeking support from an internationally experienced professional can support you in exploring issues in a safe space built on profound experience and knowledge, which your friends and family may be unable to offer.
(01) 267 6517 x95 View (01) 267 6517 x95
Photo of Theresa Merrigan, MSc, IFPP, Psychotherapist
Theresa Merrigan
Psychotherapist, MSc, IFPP
Verified Verified
Claremorris, County Mayo F12
Waitlist for new clients
Psychotherapy & EMDR - People from all walks of life seek therapy for different issues. Sometimes there is a specific reason but in some cases the immediate cause of distress is less obvious. People have contacted me when struggling with emotional problems such as: • Feeling stressed or anxious • Coming to terms with losses such as bereavement, separation, divorce or the loss of a job • Lacking confidence, self-esteem or feeling you are not reaching full potential • Difficulties in making or maintaining good relationships • Repeatedly becoming involved in destructive or unsatisfactory relationships • Feeling depressed, sad or empty
Psychotherapy & EMDR - People from all walks of life seek therapy for different issues. Sometimes there is a specific reason but in some cases the immediate cause of distress is less obvious. People have contacted me when struggling with emotional problems such as: • Feeling stressed or anxious • Coming to terms with losses such as bereavement, separation, divorce or the loss of a job • Lacking confidence, self-esteem or feeling you are not reaching full potential • Difficulties in making or maintaining good relationships • Repeatedly becoming involved in destructive or unsatisfactory relationships • Feeling depressed, sad or empty
087 412 0758 View 087 412 0758
Photo of Beverley Theresa Cummins, Psychotherapist
Beverley Theresa Cummins
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
Knock, County Mayo F12
I am an experienced psychotherapist and offer a supportive and confidential environment. I am trained to listen in order to help you make sense of what is troubling you. As an integrative counsellor, I respect each individual’s ability to make their own decisions. Through discussion and exploration, I will work with you in a caring, non-judgmental environment to help you clarify your own beliefs, values and priorities so that you can reach your own decisions on what is best for you. I work Person-Centred and Cognitive Behavioural Therapies, EMDR, COFRA 121 and also offer Auricular acupuncture
I am an experienced psychotherapist and offer a supportive and confidential environment. I am trained to listen in order to help you make sense of what is troubling you. As an integrative counsellor, I respect each individual’s ability to make their own decisions. Through discussion and exploration, I will work with you in a caring, non-judgmental environment to help you clarify your own beliefs, values and priorities so that you can reach your own decisions on what is best for you. I work Person-Centred and Cognitive Behavioural Therapies, EMDR, COFRA 121 and also offer Auricular acupuncture
(01) 267 6641 x92 View (01) 267 6641 x92
Photo of Martin Meyler, MA, MIAHIP, Psychotherapist
Martin Meyler
Psychotherapist, MA, MIAHIP
Verified Verified
Claremorris, County Mayo F12
Waitlist for new clients
As an ongoing practice, the process of psychotherapy is an intimate journey towards inner discovery and awareness leading to increased well-being, balance, insight and clarity. There are many reasons which may lead you to initiate this sustained exploration of self—aspects of your life which are painful, frustrating or holding you back from achieving your potential for happiness and growth. I offer a safe, accepting and supportive therapeutic space to explore whatever you need to discuss, from your past or in the here-and-now.
As an ongoing practice, the process of psychotherapy is an intimate journey towards inner discovery and awareness leading to increased well-being, balance, insight and clarity. There are many reasons which may lead you to initiate this sustained exploration of self—aspects of your life which are painful, frustrating or holding you back from achieving your potential for happiness and growth. I offer a safe, accepting and supportive therapeutic space to explore whatever you need to discuss, from your past or in the here-and-now.
(01) 267 6692 x64 View (01) 267 6692 x64
Photo of Mary Mullins, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Mary Mullins
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Claremorris, County Mayo F12
I am a fully accredited Psychotherapist and Counsellor with many years professional experience. I work out of a private room at the Primary Care Centre, Roscommon town. I also offer telephone or online counselling. I offer brief (3 - 6 sessions), short-term counselling (6 - 12 sessions) or long-term, open-ended psychotherapy. I work in an interactive manner with - above all - respect, compassion, and humour. So, if anxiety is crippling you or depression is limiting your quality of life, or you are stuck in grief, contact me and together we can find a way to move forward.
I am a fully accredited Psychotherapist and Counsellor with many years professional experience. I work out of a private room at the Primary Care Centre, Roscommon town. I also offer telephone or online counselling. I offer brief (3 - 6 sessions), short-term counselling (6 - 12 sessions) or long-term, open-ended psychotherapy. I work in an interactive manner with - above all - respect, compassion, and humour. So, if anxiety is crippling you or depression is limiting your quality of life, or you are stuck in grief, contact me and together we can find a way to move forward.
(01) 267 6622 x42 View (01) 267 6622 x42
Photo of Marie Dempsey - Cróga Counselling Psychotherapy, Pre-Accredited Member IACP, Counsellor
Marie Dempsey - Cróga Counselling Psychotherapy
Counsellor, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified Verified
Claremorris, County Mayo F12
I am a qualified counsellor psychotherapist, working in support of individuals and couples at points in their life when clarity and change are required. At times of loss, overwhelm and uncertainty in how to proceed I work alongside, supporting you to better understand the impact and influence of your experiences and introduce healing and growth. I facilitate a safe and confidential space to navigate issues such as grief, infertility, anxiety, infidelity, family issues, trauma and self esteem. Together we identify and cultivate your resilience and unique resources that will support you to make sustainable changes and move forward.
I am a qualified counsellor psychotherapist, working in support of individuals and couples at points in their life when clarity and change are required. At times of loss, overwhelm and uncertainty in how to proceed I work alongside, supporting you to better understand the impact and influence of your experiences and introduce healing and growth. I facilitate a safe and confidential space to navigate issues such as grief, infertility, anxiety, infidelity, family issues, trauma and self esteem. Together we identify and cultivate your resilience and unique resources that will support you to make sustainable changes and move forward.
085 149 1202 View 085 149 1202
Photo of Karen Bradley, MA, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Karen Bradley
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified Verified
Claremorris, County Mayo F12
Not accepting new clients
I’ve always had a natural curiosity about people and an empathy for others which is most likely the reason why I chose to work in the area of Counselling and Psychotherapy. There is something very special about witnessing someone grow and develop their understanding of themselves. The therapeutic relationship formed with clients is one I hold with high regard and is both a delicate and powerful piece of our work together. My hope in our sessions is to facilitate a safe space for clients to heal and integrate all parts of themselves.
I’ve always had a natural curiosity about people and an empathy for others which is most likely the reason why I chose to work in the area of Counselling and Psychotherapy. There is something very special about witnessing someone grow and develop their understanding of themselves. The therapeutic relationship formed with clients is one I hold with high regard and is both a delicate and powerful piece of our work together. My hope in our sessions is to facilitate a safe space for clients to heal and integrate all parts of themselves.
(01) 267 6634 x29 View (01) 267 6634 x29

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Mayo Abbey

10+

Average cost per session

€60

Counsellors in Mayo Abbey who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
75% Relationship Issues
75% Depression
75% Self Esteem
75% Stress
67% Trauma and PTSD
67% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

6 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% VHI
50% Aviva
50% Irish Life

How Counsellors in Mayo Abbey see their clients

59% In Person and Online
41% Online Only

Gender breakdown

70% Female
30% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Mayo Abbey?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, eircode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or eircode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are accredited members of the main professional associations, mainly the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP) and the Irish Council for Psychotherapy (ICP). Most Psychologists are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement in Ireland, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Ireland. Psychologists have earned a doctoral degree in psychology and many are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI). Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a doctoral degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the IACP or ICP, they must complete a minimum of an NFQ Level 7 programme with 100 hours of clinical experience and a minimum of 450 hours of post-training clinical experience under clinical supervision.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in Ireland could cost between €50 – €90 when seeing a counsellor and €75 - €120 or more when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The National Counselling Service (NCS) is a government-funded service that provides short to medium term counselling and psychotherapy for free to individuals who have experienced trauma or abuse. The service can be accessed by GP referral or self-referral.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your eircode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the IACP, the ICP, or PSI are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a child is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.