Photo of Vicky Marie Linnane - Enrich Art Therapy, MA
Enrich Art Therapy
MA
Verified Verified
Kill, County Kildare W91
Art therapy uses spontaneous, creative expression within a theraputic relationship to assist in maintaining a good mental health. Art therapy helps to resolve conflicts and problems for a client. No experience with art materials are necessary. All ages welcome.
Art therapy uses spontaneous, creative expression within a theraputic relationship to assist in maintaining a good mental health. Art therapy helps to resolve conflicts and problems for a client. No experience with art materials are necessary. All ages welcome.
(01) 568 2872 x65 View (01) 568 2872 x65
Photo of Alice Ann Lee, MA, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Alice Ann Lee
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified Verified
Kill, County Kildare W91
Sometimes when struggling with various stressors we often fear reaching out for help. Therapy can support you to process painful experiences; increase your ability to cope day to day, and address long term issues affecting the quality of your life. Are you an adolescent at risk, a family looking for help with coping skills related to conflict, a couple looking to work through conflict or marital issues; have you experienced trauma? I work with complex client needs such as sexual abuse, substance misuse, relational issues, and mental health including other anxiety, emotional and behavioural issues.
Sometimes when struggling with various stressors we often fear reaching out for help. Therapy can support you to process painful experiences; increase your ability to cope day to day, and address long term issues affecting the quality of your life. Are you an adolescent at risk, a family looking for help with coping skills related to conflict, a couple looking to work through conflict or marital issues; have you experienced trauma? I work with complex client needs such as sexual abuse, substance misuse, relational issues, and mental health including other anxiety, emotional and behavioural issues.
087 270 2199 View 087 270 2199
Photo of Marianne Gunnigan, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Marianne Gunnigan
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Kill, County Kildare W91
​I am an accredited member of IACP offering help with psychological and emotional difficulties in a safe, non-judgemental environment. I have been qualified as a counsellor and psychotherapist since 2012 and I established my private practice here in Sallins, Co Kildare in 2016 where I offer one-to-one counselling and psychotherapy to individuals over 18 years of age, who are currently experiencing emotional or psychological difficulties in their lives. I hold a BA in Counselling and Psychotherapy from AIT as well as a Professional Certificate in CBT from PCI college.
​I am an accredited member of IACP offering help with psychological and emotional difficulties in a safe, non-judgemental environment. I have been qualified as a counsellor and psychotherapist since 2012 and I established my private practice here in Sallins, Co Kildare in 2016 where I offer one-to-one counselling and psychotherapy to individuals over 18 years of age, who are currently experiencing emotional or psychological difficulties in their lives. I hold a BA in Counselling and Psychotherapy from AIT as well as a Professional Certificate in CBT from PCI college.
(01) 267 6622 x29 View (01) 267 6622 x29
Photo of Frank Ryder - Haven Counselling, NAPCP, Psychotherapist
Haven Counselling
Psychotherapist, NAPCP
Verified Verified
Kill, County Kildare W91
Welcome to Haven Counselling, My name is Frank Ryder and I am deeply committed to providing you with a top quality service. I work with couples and individuals. My aim is to work with you to find effective answers that bring relief and healing. When working with couples I bring a wealth of experience going back many years. I can help you especially in areas such as communication, couple conflict, sexual problems, infidelity, domestic violence, pre-marriage doubts, all relationship issues and many others. For individuals I offer a range of therapies and experience dealing with issues such as Anxiety, Stress, Esteem, Self-confidence.
Welcome to Haven Counselling, My name is Frank Ryder and I am deeply committed to providing you with a top quality service. I work with couples and individuals. My aim is to work with you to find effective answers that bring relief and healing. When working with couples I bring a wealth of experience going back many years. I can help you especially in areas such as communication, couple conflict, sexual problems, infidelity, domestic violence, pre-marriage doubts, all relationship issues and many others. For individuals I offer a range of therapies and experience dealing with issues such as Anxiety, Stress, Esteem, Self-confidence.
(01) 267 6622 x56 View (01) 267 6622 x56
Photo of William Dunlea, MIACP, Counsellor
William Dunlea
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified Verified
Kill, County Kildare W91
I am a fully accredited, Garda vetted counsellor working in Caragh, Naas and online. The client is always at the centre of the counselling process and their holistic psychological welfare is of utmost importance. Our counselling space is a safe environment where the beliefs and values of the client are respected and their sense of independence and growth are nurtured.Initially, I see my role as one of facilitating the individual’s exploration of their thoughts, feelings, and beliefs. My integrative training then allows me to be fluid in my approach and draw on other schools of psychotherapy as our counselling journey progresses.
I am a fully accredited, Garda vetted counsellor working in Caragh, Naas and online. The client is always at the centre of the counselling process and their holistic psychological welfare is of utmost importance. Our counselling space is a safe environment where the beliefs and values of the client are respected and their sense of independence and growth are nurtured.Initially, I see my role as one of facilitating the individual’s exploration of their thoughts, feelings, and beliefs. My integrative training then allows me to be fluid in my approach and draw on other schools of psychotherapy as our counselling journey progresses.
086 391 7699 View 086 391 7699
Photo of Helen Doyle
Helen Doyle
Verified Verified
Kill, County Kildare W91
I help women struggling with emotional and trauma-related issues to heal and to reframe their past, so that they can embrace a brighter, happier future without the burden of stress and anxiety. So, if you are struggling with over-thinking, worrying, stress, anxiety, lack of confidence, phobias/fears, Trauma or PTSD... Be assured that help is available right here. Using hypnosis to access the control centre of your mind, I can help you to relax and release difficult thoughts and feelings, so that you can focus on living a happier and stress free life. Are you ready to transform your life?
I help women struggling with emotional and trauma-related issues to heal and to reframe their past, so that they can embrace a brighter, happier future without the burden of stress and anxiety. So, if you are struggling with over-thinking, worrying, stress, anxiety, lack of confidence, phobias/fears, Trauma or PTSD... Be assured that help is available right here. Using hypnosis to access the control centre of your mind, I can help you to relax and release difficult thoughts and feelings, so that you can focus on living a happier and stress free life. Are you ready to transform your life?
(01) 267 6692 x98 View (01) 267 6692 x98
Photo of Sinead Kennedy - Anxiety Therapist, Psychotherapist
Sinead Kennedy - Anxiety Therapist
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Kill, County Kildare W91
Does your anxiety feel overwhelming? Does it get in the way of you enjoying life, building relationships or achieving your goals? I want you to know you're not alone in this. Hi I'm Sinead, and my focus is working with individuals struggling with anxiety. I work with adults and teenagers experiencing anxiety. As a Psychotherapist specialising in anxiety, I've had the privilege of helping countless individuals understand the roots of their anxiety, manage their symptoms, and regain control over their lives. In our sessions, we'll work together to unpack your anxiety, identify triggers and patterns and develop coping skills.
Does your anxiety feel overwhelming? Does it get in the way of you enjoying life, building relationships or achieving your goals? I want you to know you're not alone in this. Hi I'm Sinead, and my focus is working with individuals struggling with anxiety. I work with adults and teenagers experiencing anxiety. As a Psychotherapist specialising in anxiety, I've had the privilege of helping countless individuals understand the roots of their anxiety, manage their symptoms, and regain control over their lives. In our sessions, we'll work together to unpack your anxiety, identify triggers and patterns and develop coping skills.
(01) 267 6622 x57 View (01) 267 6622 x57
Photo of Justine J Wilson - Justine Wilson Cognitive Behaviour Psychotherapist, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Justine Wilson Cognitive Behaviour Psychotherapist
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Kill, County Kildare W91
Whether you are encountering long-term mental health difficulties, sustaining your mental-wellbeing, coping with a new problem. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help you deal with depression to regain motivation in life, overcome anxiety and panic attacks to face fears, learn anger management to problem solve and resolve conflicts, manage uncontrollable negative thoughts, suicidal thoughts and behaviours, low self-esteem and self-confidence. CBT uses techniques to teach how to modify thinking, retraining your brain, helping you to learn how to control unwanted intrusive thoughts, reduce negative unhealthy emotions and behaviours.
Whether you are encountering long-term mental health difficulties, sustaining your mental-wellbeing, coping with a new problem. Cognitive Behavioural Therapy can help you deal with depression to regain motivation in life, overcome anxiety and panic attacks to face fears, learn anger management to problem solve and resolve conflicts, manage uncontrollable negative thoughts, suicidal thoughts and behaviours, low self-esteem and self-confidence. CBT uses techniques to teach how to modify thinking, retraining your brain, helping you to learn how to control unwanted intrusive thoughts, reduce negative unhealthy emotions and behaviours.
(01) 267 6536 x19 View (01) 267 6536 x19

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jane Topkin - Healingmatters Counselling & Psychotherapy, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Healingmatters Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Naas, County Kildare W91
My name is Jane Topkin and I am the founder of Healingmatters Counselling & Psychotherapy. The concept of my practice is based on the idea of the relationship with ourselves. We may endure many struggles in life and as humans, we are resilient and creative, however, we can never run away from ourselves. As many of our core issues perpetuate, they will not cease to show up until we face ourselves in the midst of our truth. Our relationships with others are also of crucial importance, being the reason why many people come to therapy in the first place.
My name is Jane Topkin and I am the founder of Healingmatters Counselling & Psychotherapy. The concept of my practice is based on the idea of the relationship with ourselves. We may endure many struggles in life and as humans, we are resilient and creative, however, we can never run away from ourselves. As many of our core issues perpetuate, they will not cease to show up until we face ourselves in the midst of our truth. Our relationships with others are also of crucial importance, being the reason why many people come to therapy in the first place.
(01) 267 6641 x62 View (01) 267 6641 x62
Photo of Noelle Christine Neylon-Walsh - Hope's Field Counselling, MIAHIP, Psychotherapist
Hope's Field Counselling
Psychotherapist, MIAHIP
Verified Verified
Johnstown, County Kildare W91
Is life difficult right now ? Perhaps you’re feeling anxious or down ? Sometimes you may feel like you don’t really fit in ? Talking to friends and family can help. Although there may be times when they are not available, or the issue troubling you may be too personally difficult to discuss with them. Talking to someone who is independent, whom you can trust to have your best interests at heart, can be a relief ! In these situations it can help to talk to a trusted counsellor or psychotherapist.
Is life difficult right now ? Perhaps you’re feeling anxious or down ? Sometimes you may feel like you don’t really fit in ? Talking to friends and family can help. Although there may be times when they are not available, or the issue troubling you may be too personally difficult to discuss with them. Talking to someone who is independent, whom you can trust to have your best interests at heart, can be a relief ! In these situations it can help to talk to a trusted counsellor or psychotherapist.
(01) 267 6681 x99 View (01) 267 6681 x99
Photo of Liz Kenyon, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Liz Kenyon
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Naas, County Kildare W91
Do you ever feel like you "can't see the wood for the trees?" Despite our best efforts, we only know, what we know, when we know it. We aren’t always able to see, understand or even accept what we’re experiencing. Instead, we struggle against our reality and try to cope by resisting, avoiding, hiding, controlling or denying it. Does this sound familiar? Well you're not alone. It's tough and it’s a universal experience for us all.
Do you ever feel like you "can't see the wood for the trees?" Despite our best efforts, we only know, what we know, when we know it. We aren’t always able to see, understand or even accept what we’re experiencing. Instead, we struggle against our reality and try to cope by resisting, avoiding, hiding, controlling or denying it. Does this sound familiar? Well you're not alone. It's tough and it’s a universal experience for us all.
(01) 592 4196 x55 View (01) 592 4196 x55
Photo of Austin Mahoney - Blue Sky Counselling and Psychotherapy, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Blue Sky Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Allenwood, County Kildare W91
At Blue Sky Counselling and Psychotherapy I understand that sitting down and looking for counsellors in your area (whether it is for yourself or a friend or family member) can be a daunting and sometimes lonely experience. I would like to make that process easier for you. At Blue Sky the aim is to make our service easily accessible so that you feel free to call, email, text or drop in to see how the process of counselling might work for you. You don’t need a referral to come to counselling, all you need to do is contact Blue Sky by your preferred method.
At Blue Sky Counselling and Psychotherapy I understand that sitting down and looking for counsellors in your area (whether it is for yourself or a friend or family member) can be a daunting and sometimes lonely experience. I would like to make that process easier for you. At Blue Sky the aim is to make our service easily accessible so that you feel free to call, email, text or drop in to see how the process of counselling might work for you. You don’t need a referral to come to counselling, all you need to do is contact Blue Sky by your preferred method.
(01) 267 6692 x84 View (01) 267 6692 x84
Photo of Colin Connolly, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Colin Connolly
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Naas, County Kildare W91
I am Integrative and humanistic psychotherapist accredited by IACP. Integrative means, I draw on several different techniques and theories, which are tailored to the client’s needs. I have experience working with clients on a variety of presenting issues including anxiety, depression, grief, relationship issues, stress, identity and sexuality. I also work at the National Forensic Mental Health Service (NFMHS) where I support individuals to navigate their employment and mental health needs. I have a keen interest in attachment and am very much trauma informed in my work. I look forward to hearing from you.
I am Integrative and humanistic psychotherapist accredited by IACP. Integrative means, I draw on several different techniques and theories, which are tailored to the client’s needs. I have experience working with clients on a variety of presenting issues including anxiety, depression, grief, relationship issues, stress, identity and sexuality. I also work at the National Forensic Mental Health Service (NFMHS) where I support individuals to navigate their employment and mental health needs. I have a keen interest in attachment and am very much trauma informed in my work. I look forward to hearing from you.
(01) 267 6570 x69 View (01) 267 6570 x69
Photo of Maeve Kavanagh, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Maeve Kavanagh
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Sallins, County Kildare W91
Is life getting you down? Maybe you are experiencing challenges that feel relentless? Are you stressed, anxious, sad or depressed? Have you suffered a loss of some kind that you are struggling to cope with? Get the support you need to help you navigate any issues that keep you from enjoying life.
Is life getting you down? Maybe you are experiencing challenges that feel relentless? Are you stressed, anxious, sad or depressed? Have you suffered a loss of some kind that you are struggling to cope with? Get the support you need to help you navigate any issues that keep you from enjoying life.
086 838 9978 View 086 838 9978
Photo of Rosemary King - Rosemary King MIACP Psychotherapist, MIACP, Counsellor
Rosemary King MIACP Psychotherapist
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified Verified
Clane, County Kildare W91
Do you need a warm, friendly counsellor who really listens to you as an individual? If you find you are returning to unhelpful behaviours or relationship patterns or coping with stress, anger problems, trauma, anxiety or depression that prevent you from being happy with life them counselling can really make a difference. In our sessions you'll find a thoughtful, supportive and creative environment where we can work at your pace. Whatever your situation is, we will work together for you to be empowered through non judgemental therapy to change unhelpful thoughts and behaviours and move towards real positive lasting change.
Do you need a warm, friendly counsellor who really listens to you as an individual? If you find you are returning to unhelpful behaviours or relationship patterns or coping with stress, anger problems, trauma, anxiety or depression that prevent you from being happy with life them counselling can really make a difference. In our sessions you'll find a thoughtful, supportive and creative environment where we can work at your pace. Whatever your situation is, we will work together for you to be empowered through non judgemental therapy to change unhelpful thoughts and behaviours and move towards real positive lasting change.
(01) 267 6552 x15 View (01) 267 6552 x15
Photo of Barbara Howe, MA, APCP, Psychotherapist
Barbara Howe
Psychotherapist, MA, APCP
Verified Verified
Clane, County Kildare W91
Barbara is a fully certified psychotherapist with a B.A. (Hons) in Psychology and a Masters in Counselling & Psychotherapy. She is a member of the Association of Professional Counsellors & Psychotherapists in Ireland (APCP), Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI), British Psychological Society (BACP) and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Barbara is a fully certified psychotherapist with a B.A. (Hons) in Psychology and a Masters in Counselling & Psychotherapy. She is a member of the Association of Professional Counsellors & Psychotherapists in Ireland (APCP), Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI), British Psychological Society (BACP) and the American Psychological Association (APA).
089 429 5357 View 089 429 5357
Photo of Audrey Barlow, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Audrey Barlow
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Naas, County Kildare W91
No man is an island! Yet connection with others is not always easy. I work with Adult & Adolescent clients with relationship issues, low self-esteem, social anxiety, depression, stresses of everyday living, may have suffered abuse, bereavement and loss, or had a difficult childhood where their needs were not met. Are you feeling unsettled, overwhelmed or in distress? I help the client explore within themselves to gain clarity, perspective and understanding about themselves and their lives, enabling them to move forward through the blocks in their path to embody a more positive future for themselves.
No man is an island! Yet connection with others is not always easy. I work with Adult & Adolescent clients with relationship issues, low self-esteem, social anxiety, depression, stresses of everyday living, may have suffered abuse, bereavement and loss, or had a difficult childhood where their needs were not met. Are you feeling unsettled, overwhelmed or in distress? I help the client explore within themselves to gain clarity, perspective and understanding about themselves and their lives, enabling them to move forward through the blocks in their path to embody a more positive future for themselves.
(01) 592 4196 x54 View (01) 592 4196 x54
Photo of Anne Maniar Dunne - New Journey Counselling (Anne), MIACP, Psychotherapist
New Journey Counselling (Anne)
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Clane, County Kildare W91
I am a qualified psychotherapist with a BSc (Hons) degree in Counselling and Psychotherapy and am an accredited member of the IACP (Irish Association of Counselling & Psychotherapy). I am an integrative and person-centred counsellor and psychotherapist drawing on many therapy models to find the best approach for the individual client.
I am a qualified psychotherapist with a BSc (Hons) degree in Counselling and Psychotherapy and am an accredited member of the IACP (Irish Association of Counselling & Psychotherapy). I am an integrative and person-centred counsellor and psychotherapist drawing on many therapy models to find the best approach for the individual client.
(01) 267 6595 x35 View (01) 267 6595 x35
Photo of Alan Farrell, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Alan Farrell
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Naas, County Kildare W91
I'm an accredited therapist with the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy and have over 13 years of experience since graduating. I work from an Integrative approach combining several theoretical models such as person-centred, CBT and Minfulness but always keep the therapeutic relationship a priority. I aim to provide a warm, empathic, safe space for clients. I'm also a qualified trainer with a passion for mental health education and reducing stigma. I have delivered over 200 talks, presentations, webinars and media interviews in recent years. To learn more about me please visit https://www.alanfarrellcounselling.ie/
I'm an accredited therapist with the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy and have over 13 years of experience since graduating. I work from an Integrative approach combining several theoretical models such as person-centred, CBT and Minfulness but always keep the therapeutic relationship a priority. I aim to provide a warm, empathic, safe space for clients. I'm also a qualified trainer with a passion for mental health education and reducing stigma. I have delivered over 200 talks, presentations, webinars and media interviews in recent years. To learn more about me please visit https://www.alanfarrellcounselling.ie/
(01) 267 6675 x34 View (01) 267 6675 x34
Photo of Daniela Carvalho, MSc, MPSI, Psychologist
Daniela Carvalho
Psychologist, MSc, MPSI
Verified Verified
Naas, County Kildare W91
I have been working in different clinical settings and with clients from multiple age groups. My experience is with adults, adolescents and children and a wide range of difficulties and diagnoses, from depression to grief, anxiety, self-harming and suicide ideation.
I have been working in different clinical settings and with clients from multiple age groups. My experience is with adults, adolescents and children and a wide range of difficulties and diagnoses, from depression to grief, anxiety, self-harming and suicide ideation.
083 193 8950 View 083 193 8950

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Kill

< 10

Counsellors in Kill who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
88% Self Esteem
75% Relationship Issues
75% Bereavement
75% Coping Skills
63% Parenting

Average years in practice

9 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Irish Life
100% Laya
100% VHI

How Counsellors in Kill see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

75% Female
25% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Kill?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, eircode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or eircode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are accredited members of the main professional associations, mainly the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP) and the Irish Council for Psychotherapy (ICP). Most Psychologists are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement in Ireland, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Ireland. Psychologists have earned a doctoral degree in psychology and many are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI). Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a doctoral degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the IACP or ICP, they must complete a minimum of an NFQ Level 7 programme with 100 hours of clinical experience and a minimum of 450 hours of post-training clinical experience under clinical supervision.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in Ireland could cost between €50 – €90 when seeing a counsellor and €75 - €120 or more when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The National Counselling Service (NCS) is a government-funded service that provides short to medium term counselling and psychotherapy for free to individuals who have experienced trauma or abuse. The service can be accessed by GP referral or self-referral.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your eircode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the IACP, the ICP, or PSI are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a child is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.