Counselling in Ballinasloe

Photo of Valerie Dolan, Pre-Accredited Member IACP, Psychotherapist
Valerie Dolan
Psychotherapist, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
My intention is to create a safe and holding space to enable you to get to know yourself better. My passion and commitment are being with you every step of the way. If you're struggling, feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or need support to deal with life's challenges, you've come to the right place. I use an integrative holistic approach so clients can begin to feel safe and pain-free in their inner world. Acknowledge and recognise where they are making choices from fear and survival, and upgrade these choices to come from a place of self-love and creation so they can experience harmony inwardly and in their exterior environment.
My intention is to create a safe and holding space to enable you to get to know yourself better. My passion and commitment are being with you every step of the way. If you're struggling, feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or need support to deal with life's challenges, you've come to the right place. I use an integrative holistic approach so clients can begin to feel safe and pain-free in their inner world. Acknowledge and recognise where they are making choices from fear and survival, and upgrade these choices to come from a place of self-love and creation so they can experience harmony inwardly and in their exterior environment.
(01) 267 6603 x81 View (01) 267 6603 x81
Photo of Marie Lyons, ACI, Counsellor
Marie Lyons
Counsellor, ACI
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
I provide one to one counselling in a confidential, friendly, non judgemental and empathic environment whereby I help to alleviate the stressors of daily living. Such issues include addictions, anxiety, bereavement, anger, emotional distress and relationship difficulties whereby I incorporate a treatment strategy tailored to the individual needs of my clients.
I provide one to one counselling in a confidential, friendly, non judgemental and empathic environment whereby I help to alleviate the stressors of daily living. Such issues include addictions, anxiety, bereavement, anger, emotional distress and relationship difficulties whereby I incorporate a treatment strategy tailored to the individual needs of my clients.
(01) 568 2872 x24 View (01) 568 2872 x24
Photo of Marie Lyons, ACI, Counsellor
Marie Lyons
Counsellor, ACI
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
I provide one to one counselling therapy in a friendly, confidential, non judgemental & empathic environment whereby I help to alleviate the stressors of daily living. Such issues include addictions, anxiety, bereavement/loss, anger, emotional/physical distress, self esteem and relationship difficulties. I incorporate a treatment strategy which is tailored to the individual needs of my clients with all ages varying from 16 years onwards. Some of the interventions I utilise consist of Reality Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.
I provide one to one counselling therapy in a friendly, confidential, non judgemental & empathic environment whereby I help to alleviate the stressors of daily living. Such issues include addictions, anxiety, bereavement/loss, anger, emotional/physical distress, self esteem and relationship difficulties. I incorporate a treatment strategy which is tailored to the individual needs of my clients with all ages varying from 16 years onwards. Some of the interventions I utilise consist of Reality Therapy, Solution Focused Therapy, Cognitive Behavioral Therapy and Dialectical Behavioral Therapy.
087 782 6020 View 087 782 6020
Photo of Rebecca Kilroy, MA, NAPCP, Psychotherapist
Rebecca Kilroy
Psychotherapist, MA, NAPCP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
I have worked with a wide range of mental health difficulties and I have experience with a wide range of diverse individuals. I have a keen interest in sexuality and sexual health. I use a person centred approach and focus on what has brought the client to therapy.
I have worked with a wide range of mental health difficulties and I have experience with a wide range of diverse individuals. I have a keen interest in sexuality and sexual health. I use a person centred approach and focus on what has brought the client to therapy.
086 013 1468 View 086 013 1468
Photo of Petrina Timoney, MA, MIAHIP, Psychotherapist
Petrina Timoney
Psychotherapist, MA, MIAHIP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53  (Online Only)
A fully qualified, accredited and experienced psychotherapist, I have experience in working with stress, anxiety, relationship issues, low self esteem, bereavement, grief, loss, depression, abuse, trauma, sexuality, emotional crisis and personal growth. There are times in our lives where we can find ourselves feeling stuck, anxious, stressed, confused, saddened or overwhelmed. Our thoughts, feelings, beliefs and behaviours may be impacting negatively on our ability to live a fulfilled life. Having a safe space to talk about issues that are troubling you can be helpful, and in time, facilitate change.
A fully qualified, accredited and experienced psychotherapist, I have experience in working with stress, anxiety, relationship issues, low self esteem, bereavement, grief, loss, depression, abuse, trauma, sexuality, emotional crisis and personal growth. There are times in our lives where we can find ourselves feeling stuck, anxious, stressed, confused, saddened or overwhelmed. Our thoughts, feelings, beliefs and behaviours may be impacting negatively on our ability to live a fulfilled life. Having a safe space to talk about issues that are troubling you can be helpful, and in time, facilitate change.
(01) 267 6552 x82 View (01) 267 6552 x82
Photo of Declan John Brady, MA, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Declan John Brady
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Feeling worried, anxious, depressed or just stuck? At a crossroads in your career or emotional life? Even the strongest among us can feel lost, unsure, ambivalent, or unhappy at times. As a Counsellor and Psychotherapist, I can help you understand and manage whatever life throws at you, and how to do it successfully. I believe that you have the strength not just to survive, but to thrive!
Feeling worried, anxious, depressed or just stuck? At a crossroads in your career or emotional life? Even the strongest among us can feel lost, unsure, ambivalent, or unhappy at times. As a Counsellor and Psychotherapist, I can help you understand and manage whatever life throws at you, and how to do it successfully. I believe that you have the strength not just to survive, but to thrive!
087 222 2044 View 087 222 2044
Photo of undefined - Cara Counselling, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Cara Counselling
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
My name is Ann Kelly. I am a qualified Counsellor/Psychotherapist accredited with IACP & CTAA. I am aware that, even though WHO has declared the pandemic over, Covid-19 is still out there and clients may still be experiencing emotions of anxiety, fear, loss etc regarding the Pandemic. I know it can be difficult sometimes to reach out and ask for help. Cara Counselling is a safe space to talk, in confidence about anything that may be bothering you, without being judged. The Clinic can be contacted anytime on (083) 1855958
My name is Ann Kelly. I am a qualified Counsellor/Psychotherapist accredited with IACP & CTAA. I am aware that, even though WHO has declared the pandemic over, Covid-19 is still out there and clients may still be experiencing emotions of anxiety, fear, loss etc regarding the Pandemic. I know it can be difficult sometimes to reach out and ask for help. Cara Counselling is a safe space to talk, in confidence about anything that may be bothering you, without being judged. The Clinic can be contacted anytime on (083) 1855958
(01) 267 6552 x40 View (01) 267 6552 x40
Photo of undefined - Orla Hanley Counselling and Psychotherapy, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Orla Hanley Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Hello and welcome to my profile. I am a accredited member of IACP. Which means I follow their code of ethics and standards of working. I achieved a BA in Holistic Counselling and Psychotherapist in 2017. I provide hourly sessions and I work with adults face to face or online. I also work with couples and adolescents face-to-face. For online work I use WhatsApp video call or telephone to offer you support from the safety and privacy of your own home. A lot of individuals are feeling very isolated and anxious at present an you can still access Counselling.
Hello and welcome to my profile. I am a accredited member of IACP. Which means I follow their code of ethics and standards of working. I achieved a BA in Holistic Counselling and Psychotherapist in 2017. I provide hourly sessions and I work with adults face to face or online. I also work with couples and adolescents face-to-face. For online work I use WhatsApp video call or telephone to offer you support from the safety and privacy of your own home. A lot of individuals are feeling very isolated and anxious at present an you can still access Counselling.
(01) 267 6552 x24 View (01) 267 6552 x24
Photo of Maria Lawton-Murray, MA, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Maria Lawton-Murray
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed and unable to focus? Feeling worried, struggling with the world today. I use Trauma Informed Care, EMDR and Internal Family Systems (IFS) - I specialise in working with clients struggling with Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Trauma and Unresolved Childhood Issues. When I first meet with a client, we discuss what has brought them to therapy. With this information we discuss how we will work with together. The first session with any new client is to assess if we can work together and if the client feels comfortable with continuing the therapeutic process. In person or online via Zoom
Are you feeling overwhelmed, stressed and unable to focus? Feeling worried, struggling with the world today. I use Trauma Informed Care, EMDR and Internal Family Systems (IFS) - I specialise in working with clients struggling with Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Trauma and Unresolved Childhood Issues. When I first meet with a client, we discuss what has brought them to therapy. With this information we discuss how we will work with together. The first session with any new client is to assess if we can work together and if the client feels comfortable with continuing the therapeutic process. In person or online via Zoom
(01) 267 6681 x39 View (01) 267 6681 x39
Photo of Helen Hill, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Helen Hill
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Hi, I’m Helen, and I am an accredited Counsellor/Psychotherapist. I work in a person centred and integrative way. This means I will assist you in realising what resources and tools you may use to support yourself as you work through your issues. I engage a number of different therapeutic approaches. I understand that each person is the expert of their own lives, as no one knows what it is like to be you and adapt each session to meet the needs of the individual and what works for them.
Hi, I’m Helen, and I am an accredited Counsellor/Psychotherapist. I work in a person centred and integrative way. This means I will assist you in realising what resources and tools you may use to support yourself as you work through your issues. I engage a number of different therapeutic approaches. I understand that each person is the expert of their own lives, as no one knows what it is like to be you and adapt each session to meet the needs of the individual and what works for them.
(01) 267 6517 x64 View (01) 267 6517 x64
Photo of undefined - Serenity Psychotherapy, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Serenity Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Psychotherapy facilitates people who wish to go on a self-exploratory journey to increase self-awareness. It also is a safe, non-judgmental space for people to process grief and loss, boost self-esteem, relationship issues, sexuality/gender concerns and to safely heal from trauma. My philosophy as a therapist is to treat each person with uniqueness and unconditional positive regard. I believe that the client is the expert in their own life and my job is to act as the guide or a facilitator of this journey. To help the client find their real self and to empower individuals to be true to their unique authentic person they are.
Psychotherapy facilitates people who wish to go on a self-exploratory journey to increase self-awareness. It also is a safe, non-judgmental space for people to process grief and loss, boost self-esteem, relationship issues, sexuality/gender concerns and to safely heal from trauma. My philosophy as a therapist is to treat each person with uniqueness and unconditional positive regard. I believe that the client is the expert in their own life and my job is to act as the guide or a facilitator of this journey. To help the client find their real self and to empower individuals to be true to their unique authentic person they are.
(01) 568 2872 x60 View (01) 568 2872 x60
Photo of Helen Griffin, MA, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Helen Griffin
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
I am a fully accredited Art Therapist with a Master’s Degree in Art Therapy from Crawford College of Art and Design, and ​I have also completed my clinical training as a Humanistic and Integrative Psychotherapist with the Tivoli Institute in Dublin. I work with adults, adolescents and children in individual sessions with an integrative and creative approach to therapy.​ I respond to each client’s individual needs and this may be through talk therapy or creative arts therapy approaches to promote healing, generate growth and insight to their situation, help develop their resources and strengths, and to resolve personal issues.
I am a fully accredited Art Therapist with a Master’s Degree in Art Therapy from Crawford College of Art and Design, and ​I have also completed my clinical training as a Humanistic and Integrative Psychotherapist with the Tivoli Institute in Dublin. I work with adults, adolescents and children in individual sessions with an integrative and creative approach to therapy.​ I respond to each client’s individual needs and this may be through talk therapy or creative arts therapy approaches to promote healing, generate growth and insight to their situation, help develop their resources and strengths, and to resolve personal issues.
(01) 267 6641 x57 View (01) 267 6641 x57
Photo of Karen Bradley, MA, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Karen Bradley
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Not accepting new clients
I’ve always had a natural curiosity about people and an empathy for others which is most likely the reason why I chose to work in the area of Counselling and Psychotherapy. There is something very special about witnessing someone grow and develop their understanding of themselves. The therapeutic relationship formed with clients is one I hold with high regard and is both a delicate and powerful piece of our work together. My hope in our sessions is to facilitate a safe space for clients to heal and integrate all parts of themselves.
I’ve always had a natural curiosity about people and an empathy for others which is most likely the reason why I chose to work in the area of Counselling and Psychotherapy. There is something very special about witnessing someone grow and develop their understanding of themselves. The therapeutic relationship formed with clients is one I hold with high regard and is both a delicate and powerful piece of our work together. My hope in our sessions is to facilitate a safe space for clients to heal and integrate all parts of themselves.
(01) 267 6634 x29 View (01) 267 6634 x29
Photo of Helen Concepta Shaughnessy, MIACP, Psychotherapist
Helen Concepta Shaughnessy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Are you having difficulty putting into words how you are feeling or looking for a welcoming, non-judgmental, confidential and respectful space where you can safely share thoughts, feelings, and challenges at a pace that suits you? Having worked in Cuan Mhuire Galway and Let’s Get Talking Galway, I found that treating people during and after recovery for addiction most clients presented with having experienced some form of trauma. I specialise in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and how addiction can be a coping mechanism
Are you having difficulty putting into words how you are feeling or looking for a welcoming, non-judgmental, confidential and respectful space where you can safely share thoughts, feelings, and challenges at a pace that suits you? Having worked in Cuan Mhuire Galway and Let’s Get Talking Galway, I found that treating people during and after recovery for addiction most clients presented with having experienced some form of trauma. I specialise in Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD), and how addiction can be a coping mechanism
(01) 267 6692 x14 View (01) 267 6692 x14
Photo of Susanna Sweeney, MSc, Psychotherapist
Susanna Sweeney
Psychotherapist, MSc
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
Are you tired of feeling the disturbing symptoms of anxiety and PTSD (trauma)? Please know that you can reduce symptoms and ultimately clear them altogether! Work with me online via Zoom and experience results in just a few sessions with ultra short term therapy. Replace any disturbing symptoms with confidence and finally feel like you can truly be yourself once more, express yourself fully, live your dreams and go forward living life on your own terms. See client testimonials here: https://www.onlinehypnotherapyclinic.com/online-hypnosis-anxiety-breakthrough-testimonials.html
Are you tired of feeling the disturbing symptoms of anxiety and PTSD (trauma)? Please know that you can reduce symptoms and ultimately clear them altogether! Work with me online via Zoom and experience results in just a few sessions with ultra short term therapy. Replace any disturbing symptoms with confidence and finally feel like you can truly be yourself once more, express yourself fully, live your dreams and go forward living life on your own terms. See client testimonials here: https://www.onlinehypnotherapyclinic.com/online-hypnosis-anxiety-breakthrough-testimonials.html
(01) 267 6681 x30 View (01) 267 6681 x30
Photo of David Morrin, MA
David Morrin
Damhachtain Ardoideachais agus Oiliúna, MA
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53  (Online Only)
If you are struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma or life direction, I believe my therapeutic experience can help you. I firmly believe that when we transform our relationship with ourselves we help reconstruct our relationship to the world around us. My goal is to support you in creating new choices established in the present rather than the past and gently guide you to a place of self care rather than self criticism.
If you are struggling with depression, anxiety, trauma or life direction, I believe my therapeutic experience can help you. I firmly believe that when we transform our relationship with ourselves we help reconstruct our relationship to the world around us. My goal is to support you in creating new choices established in the present rather than the past and gently guide you to a place of self care rather than self criticism.
(01) 267 6692 x12 View (01) 267 6692 x12
Photo of Marie Dempsey - Cróga Counselling Psychotherapy, Pre-Accredited Member IACP, Counsellor
Marie Dempsey - Cróga Counselling Psychotherapy
Counsellor, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
I am a qualified counsellor psychotherapist, working in support of individuals and couples at points in their life when clarity and change are required. At times of loss, overwhelm and uncertainty in how to proceed I work alongside, supporting you to better understand the impact and influence of your experiences and introduce healing and growth. I facilitate a safe and confidential space to navigate issues such as grief, infertility, anxiety, infidelity, family issues, trauma and self esteem. Together we identify and cultivate your resilience and unique resources that will support you to make sustainable changes and move forward.
I am a qualified counsellor psychotherapist, working in support of individuals and couples at points in their life when clarity and change are required. At times of loss, overwhelm and uncertainty in how to proceed I work alongside, supporting you to better understand the impact and influence of your experiences and introduce healing and growth. I facilitate a safe and confidential space to navigate issues such as grief, infertility, anxiety, infidelity, family issues, trauma and self esteem. Together we identify and cultivate your resilience and unique resources that will support you to make sustainable changes and move forward.
085 149 1202 View 085 149 1202
Francis J Kennedy
Psychotherapist, MSc, MIAHIP
Verified Verified
Ballinasloe, County Galway H53
(01) 267 6527 x65 View (01) 267 6527 x65

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of undefined - Spring Sanctuary Counselling & Psychotherapy, MIACP, Counsellor
Spring Sanctuary Counselling & Psychotherapy
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Portumna, County Galway H53
Spring Sanctuary Counselling and Psychotherapy mission is to provide top quality Professional Counselling Services. I prioritise maintaining safety within the counselling relationship at all times, being respectful, accessible, affordable and flexible to your needs by providing a uniquely tailored approach for you. I combine energy healing and the emotional, physical, psychological and spiritual body in my integrative psychotherapeutic approach. I offer face to face counselling or online counselling by phone or video call to assist you in gaining the support you need.
Spring Sanctuary Counselling and Psychotherapy mission is to provide top quality Professional Counselling Services. I prioritise maintaining safety within the counselling relationship at all times, being respectful, accessible, affordable and flexible to your needs by providing a uniquely tailored approach for you. I combine energy healing and the emotional, physical, psychological and spiritual body in my integrative psychotherapeutic approach. I offer face to face counselling or online counselling by phone or video call to assist you in gaining the support you need.
(01) 267 6552 x71 View (01) 267 6552 x71
Mary Roche
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified Verified
Aughrim, County Galway H53
I am committed to providing compassionate, evidence based treatment. I offer a supportive environment that allows you to talk openly with someone who is objective, empathetic and non-judgemental. We work together to explore and address issues such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders and relationships difficulties. Therapies are tailored to your individual needs.
I am committed to providing compassionate, evidence based treatment. I offer a supportive environment that allows you to talk openly with someone who is objective, empathetic and non-judgemental. We work together to explore and address issues such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders and relationships difficulties. Therapies are tailored to your individual needs.
(01) 267 6622 x91 View (01) 267 6622 x91

See more therapy options for Ballinasloe

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Ballinasloe

10+

Average cost per session

€60

Counsellors in Ballinasloe who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
83% Stress
78% Relationship Issues
78% Self Esteem
72% Depression
72% Coping Skills
61% Bereavement

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Irish Life
100% Laya
100% VHI

How Counsellors in Ballinasloe see their clients

89% In Person and Online
11% Online Only

Gender breakdown

82% Female
18% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Ballinasloe?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, eircode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or eircode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are accredited members of the main professional associations, mainly the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP) and the Irish Council for Psychotherapy (ICP). Most Psychologists are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement in Ireland, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Ireland. Psychologists have earned a doctoral degree in psychology and many are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI). Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a doctoral degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the IACP or ICP, they must complete a minimum of an NFQ Level 7 programme with 100 hours of clinical experience and a minimum of 450 hours of post-training clinical experience under clinical supervision.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in Ireland could cost between €50 – €90 when seeing a counsellor and €75 - €120 or more when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The National Counselling Service (NCS) is a government-funded service that provides short to medium term counselling and psychotherapy for free to individuals who have experienced trauma or abuse. The service can be accessed by GP referral or self-referral.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your eircode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the IACP, the ICP, or PSI are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a child is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.