Counselling in Templeogue

View districts in Templeogue
Photo of Peter Kearns, Counsellor in Templeogue, County Dublin
Peter Kearns
Counsellor, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Couples counselling is my specialist area. This ranges from marriage counselling, to same sex relationship therapy. I use different processes to explore the triggers & find new ways to manage couple conflict. Each relationship is unique & needs nurturing, whether your intention is to re-build the relationship or to have a safe space before moving on.
Couples counselling is my specialist area. This ranges from marriage counselling, to same sex relationship therapy. I use different processes to explore the triggers & find new ways to manage couple conflict. Each relationship is unique & needs nurturing, whether your intention is to re-build the relationship or to have a safe space before moving on.
(01) 267 6641 x46 View (01) 267 6641 x46
Photo of Adam Jensen Chartered Psychologist, Psychologist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Adam Jensen Chartered Psychologist
Psychologist, MSc, CPsychol PSI
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
I initially attempt to provide a sense of ease in counseling sessions because before therapy can be productive it must, firstly, feel safe. From there, goals that the client might like to achieve naturally emerge in the conversation. These goals can be anything at all: from wishing to feel less anxious, sad, irritable or troubled, to addressing relationship difficulties at home or at work, to trying to better understand a feeling of being unfulfilled, thinking or feeling differently about our pasts or, in many cases, just to have a safe place to discuss anything at all in a confidential, non-judgemental setting.
I initially attempt to provide a sense of ease in counseling sessions because before therapy can be productive it must, firstly, feel safe. From there, goals that the client might like to achieve naturally emerge in the conversation. These goals can be anything at all: from wishing to feel less anxious, sad, irritable or troubled, to addressing relationship difficulties at home or at work, to trying to better understand a feeling of being unfulfilled, thinking or feeling differently about our pasts or, in many cases, just to have a safe place to discuss anything at all in a confidential, non-judgemental setting.
(01) 267 6527 x82 View (01) 267 6527 x82
Photo of Debbie McDermott, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Debbie McDermott
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Waitlist for new clients
You’re about to take the first step on a journey, perhaps to find more joy in life, perhaps to untangle relationships, perhaps to understand yourself or others better. Whatever the reason, if we get to talk, I hope I can help you along the way. I understand that for some people, deciding to speak to a counsellor can be difficult. My aim is to provide you with a safe, confidential, and comfortable space; somewhere you can truly be you, secure in the knowledge that there is no judgement, but instead warmth, understanding, empathy and a friendly face.
You’re about to take the first step on a journey, perhaps to find more joy in life, perhaps to untangle relationships, perhaps to understand yourself or others better. Whatever the reason, if we get to talk, I hope I can help you along the way. I understand that for some people, deciding to speak to a counsellor can be difficult. My aim is to provide you with a safe, confidential, and comfortable space; somewhere you can truly be you, secure in the knowledge that there is no judgement, but instead warmth, understanding, empathy and a friendly face.
(01) 267 6527 x91 View (01) 267 6527 x91
Photo of Veronica Lawless, Counsellor in Templeogue, County Dublin
Veronica Lawless
Counsellor, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
My intention is to provide a compassionate, understanding and safe space for discussing challenging topics. The therapy is at your own pace, I will guide you on your own growth journey in a kind and encouraging setting. As an integrative therapist, I use a variety of therapeutic approaches, such as humanistic, psychodynamics, CBT, and attachment theory. Although it can be difficult to begin therapy, you can make significant changes that will contribute to a happier and more successful life.
My intention is to provide a compassionate, understanding and safe space for discussing challenging topics. The therapy is at your own pace, I will guide you on your own growth journey in a kind and encouraging setting. As an integrative therapist, I use a variety of therapeutic approaches, such as humanistic, psychodynamics, CBT, and attachment theory. Although it can be difficult to begin therapy, you can make significant changes that will contribute to a happier and more successful life.
085 846 9530 View 085 846 9530
Photo of Ravind S Jeawon - Talk Therapy Dublin, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Ravind S Jeawon - Talk Therapy Dublin
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
I established Talk Therapy Dublin in 2016, as an inclusive practice providing Counselling & Psychotherapy services (as well as information and support) for those with mental health concerns. Talking to a qualified therapist provides an evidence based way to explore your mental health in a confidential safe environment. Anxiety, Depression & Relationship Issues are just some of the reasons clients decide to see a therapist.
I established Talk Therapy Dublin in 2016, as an inclusive practice providing Counselling & Psychotherapy services (as well as information and support) for those with mental health concerns. Talking to a qualified therapist provides an evidence based way to explore your mental health in a confidential safe environment. Anxiety, Depression & Relationship Issues are just some of the reasons clients decide to see a therapist.
(01) 267 6622 x63 View (01) 267 6622 x63
Photo of Joanne Mulvey Martin, Counsellor in Templeogue, County Dublin
Joanne Mulvey Martin
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
I am a pre-accredited member of IACP and have been practising as an Integrative Psychotherapist since 2007, however I took a career break in 2011 to have my three children. In 2020 I returned to college completing a Degree in C&P and started counselling clients again.I have worked in Human Resources for the past 20 years which has given be lots of experience dealing with people , coaching, building relationships, mediating and many other skills. Being a working mother of three I understand the challenges of balancing children,home, work and having time for myself.
I am a pre-accredited member of IACP and have been practising as an Integrative Psychotherapist since 2007, however I took a career break in 2011 to have my three children. In 2020 I returned to college completing a Degree in C&P and started counselling clients again.I have worked in Human Resources for the past 20 years which has given be lots of experience dealing with people , coaching, building relationships, mediating and many other skills. Being a working mother of three I understand the challenges of balancing children,home, work and having time for myself.
085 743 7332 View 085 743 7332
Photo of Maxine Walsh, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Maxine Walsh
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
It can be daunting, picking up the phone or sending an email to request your first counselling session. Chances are you have found yourself here reading this profile because life has become difficult due maybe to excessive worry or a feeling of emptiness or a feeling of being at odds with your loved ones. I would love to hear from you, I believe that I can show you a way forward to peace, contentment, joy and a sense of well-being. “Maybe the journey isn’t so much about becoming anything. Maybe it’s about unbecoming everything that isn’t really you, so you can be who you were meant to be in the first place”.
It can be daunting, picking up the phone or sending an email to request your first counselling session. Chances are you have found yourself here reading this profile because life has become difficult due maybe to excessive worry or a feeling of emptiness or a feeling of being at odds with your loved ones. I would love to hear from you, I believe that I can show you a way forward to peace, contentment, joy and a sense of well-being. “Maybe the journey isn’t so much about becoming anything. Maybe it’s about unbecoming everything that isn’t really you, so you can be who you were meant to be in the first place”.
086 664 2752 View 086 664 2752
Photo of Róisín Domican Source Counselling & Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Róisín Domican Source Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Source Counselling & Psychotherapy is founded on the belief that within you is a source of happiness, inner strength and resiliency that can enable you to deal with the pressures and struggles life can present. It is from these many sources that greater understanding of who you are emerges, a key factor in finding ways to deal with issues and problems you experience. Exploring your issues can provide you with a deeper awareness and understanding of the cause of these problems - the source. Knowing the source of a problem is only part of the work.
Source Counselling & Psychotherapy is founded on the belief that within you is a source of happiness, inner strength and resiliency that can enable you to deal with the pressures and struggles life can present. It is from these many sources that greater understanding of who you are emerges, a key factor in finding ways to deal with issues and problems you experience. Exploring your issues can provide you with a deeper awareness and understanding of the cause of these problems - the source. Knowing the source of a problem is only part of the work.
(01) 267 6692 x88 View (01) 267 6692 x88
Photo of Lynne Caffrey, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Lynne Caffrey
Psychotherapist, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Carving out space for ourselves can be daunting - especially when life feels overwhelming. Therapy is a place where you can be heard, be quiet, be unsure, upset, confused, connected - whatever you need to be in that moment - offering relief, understanding and growth. I'm a pre-accredited psychotherapist who works with clients collaboratively to explore feelings of stress, anxiety, apathy, frustration and distress. I have broad experience including trauma, bereavement, work issues, relationship & fertility issues, and use an approach attuned to the needs of each client. Face-to-face, online and walk-&-talk sessions offered.
Carving out space for ourselves can be daunting - especially when life feels overwhelming. Therapy is a place where you can be heard, be quiet, be unsure, upset, confused, connected - whatever you need to be in that moment - offering relief, understanding and growth. I'm a pre-accredited psychotherapist who works with clients collaboratively to explore feelings of stress, anxiety, apathy, frustration and distress. I have broad experience including trauma, bereavement, work issues, relationship & fertility issues, and use an approach attuned to the needs of each client. Face-to-face, online and walk-&-talk sessions offered.
(01) 267 6675 x30 View (01) 267 6675 x30
Photo of Helen Pollard, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Helen Pollard
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Clients come to counselling with a broad range of issues, and as unique individuals the approach best suited varies. Taking an integrative (Eclectic) approach allows for the best approach to be utilised. I am an Accredited IACP therapist with a BA (Hons) in Counselling & Psychotherapy, Certificate in Child & Adolescent Counselling & Psychotherapy. MBS Management & Organisational Studies. BA (Hons) International Business. I have many years experience and also continually undertaking professional development in key areas pertinent to Counselling.
Clients come to counselling with a broad range of issues, and as unique individuals the approach best suited varies. Taking an integrative (Eclectic) approach allows for the best approach to be utilised. I am an Accredited IACP therapist with a BA (Hons) in Counselling & Psychotherapy, Certificate in Child & Adolescent Counselling & Psychotherapy. MBS Management & Organisational Studies. BA (Hons) International Business. I have many years experience and also continually undertaking professional development in key areas pertinent to Counselling.
(01) 267 6536 x68 View (01) 267 6536 x68
Photo of Diane Clabby, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Diane Clabby
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
As a fully Accredited member of the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP), I provide both short term and long term counselling in a confidential and safe environment. I practice in an integrative way, combining various theoretical approaches that aid in my ability to support you in whatever problems you may bring to therapy such as anxiety, depression, bereavement, self-esteem issues, anger issues and relationship problems.
As a fully Accredited member of the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP), I provide both short term and long term counselling in a confidential and safe environment. I practice in an integrative way, combining various theoretical approaches that aid in my ability to support you in whatever problems you may bring to therapy such as anxiety, depression, bereavement, self-esteem issues, anger issues and relationship problems.
(01) 267 6527 x17 View (01) 267 6527 x17
Photo of South Dublin Centre for Counselling and Therapy, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
South Dublin Centre for Counselling and Therapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Jenny is a humanistic and person-centred Psychotherapist with an emphasis on the person’s capacity for change. Jenny has worked within the health care sector for over 13 years. Jenny endeavours to bring about awareness and understanding within the client that can enable healing within the mind, body, and heart. When you come to therapy, you will find a safe, friendly, non-judgemental atmosphere that will allow you to explore, express or confront whatever it is that brought you to the therapy room.
Jenny is a humanistic and person-centred Psychotherapist with an emphasis on the person’s capacity for change. Jenny has worked within the health care sector for over 13 years. Jenny endeavours to bring about awareness and understanding within the client that can enable healing within the mind, body, and heart. When you come to therapy, you will find a safe, friendly, non-judgemental atmosphere that will allow you to explore, express or confront whatever it is that brought you to the therapy room.
(01) 267 6517 x15 View (01) 267 6517 x15
Photo of Jayson Moran Coaching Psychology, Psychologist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Jayson Moran Coaching Psychology
Psychologist, MA, MPSI
Verified
1 Endorsed
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
I specialise in helping entrepreneurs & professionals achieve clarity & plan; feel motivated & confident; reduce stress; stop procrastinating & take action. I support those with a mission - helping you create, build, & achieve better lives, companies and communities by increasing your impact & effectiveness. You have a crucial goal, but you’re not taking action - and you’re not sure why? Maybe, you know it's important - but something is holding you back. You're having trouble getting started. Maybe you’re a bit anxious about it. You might need more clarity - you're not entirely sure how to proceed. You’re not feeling motivated.
I specialise in helping entrepreneurs & professionals achieve clarity & plan; feel motivated & confident; reduce stress; stop procrastinating & take action. I support those with a mission - helping you create, build, & achieve better lives, companies and communities by increasing your impact & effectiveness. You have a crucial goal, but you’re not taking action - and you’re not sure why? Maybe, you know it's important - but something is holding you back. You're having trouble getting started. Maybe you’re a bit anxious about it. You might need more clarity - you're not entirely sure how to proceed. You’re not feeling motivated.
(01) 267 6622 x62 View (01) 267 6622 x62
Photo of Róisín Quinn Keegan, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Róisín Quinn Keegan
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Are you feeling anxious, distressed or overwhelmed? Perhaps unexpected life events such as bereavement, loss, relationship break-up or trauma have created a crisis in your life and you are finding it hard to cope. You may feel out of control, depressed and trapped. Change is required yet the path forward is so uncertain. My counselling service offers you a non-judgmental, calm and objective space to discuss what troubles you and find solutions. I work collaboratively, using an integrated therapeutic approach which blends Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Humanistic Therapy which is Trauma Informed and Strengths Focused.
Are you feeling anxious, distressed or overwhelmed? Perhaps unexpected life events such as bereavement, loss, relationship break-up or trauma have created a crisis in your life and you are finding it hard to cope. You may feel out of control, depressed and trapped. Change is required yet the path forward is so uncertain. My counselling service offers you a non-judgmental, calm and objective space to discuss what troubles you and find solutions. I work collaboratively, using an integrated therapeutic approach which blends Cognitive Behavioural Therapy, Humanistic Therapy which is Trauma Informed and Strengths Focused.
085 274 2059 View 085 274 2059
Photo of Counselling For Couples, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Counselling For Couples
Psychotherapist, PsychD, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Couples Counselling offers a safe, supportive and confidential environment. Couples Counselling is non-judgemental and allows for us to be heard. It supports healing and wellbeing. The focus of the Therapy is on the relationship. see www.counsellingforcouples.ie for further details.
Couples Counselling offers a safe, supportive and confidential environment. Couples Counselling is non-judgemental and allows for us to be heard. It supports healing and wellbeing. The focus of the Therapy is on the relationship. see www.counsellingforcouples.ie for further details.
086 375 1327 View 086 375 1327
Photo of Linda Gillen, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Linda Gillen
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
There are times when our capacity to feel better, recover or move on with things can feel too difficult to do on our own. It can help to talk to someone outside of your family, friends and familiar relationships to begin to understand how you are feeling. Therapy is a process that can help you explore issues relating to challenging or traumatic life experiences. I can support you in re-discovering a sense of how you can relate to yourself and others in a more resourceful and empowering way. Giving yourself permission to accept support for where you are at is often the hardest thing to do and the most courageous.
There are times when our capacity to feel better, recover or move on with things can feel too difficult to do on our own. It can help to talk to someone outside of your family, friends and familiar relationships to begin to understand how you are feeling. Therapy is a process that can help you explore issues relating to challenging or traumatic life experiences. I can support you in re-discovering a sense of how you can relate to yourself and others in a more resourceful and empowering way. Giving yourself permission to accept support for where you are at is often the hardest thing to do and the most courageous.
(01) 267 6536 x73 View (01) 267 6536 x73
Photo of Peter Casey, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Peter Casey
Psychotherapist, MA, MIAHIP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Counselling and Psychotherapy can be the difference that makes all the difference. If you are worried about the future and if there are unresolved issues playing on your mind, please give me a call. I am a fully accredited psychotherapist based at City Therapy Dame St. Dublin and online. I tailor my counselling style to the client’s individual needs in a safe, confidential, non-judgemental space.
Counselling and Psychotherapy can be the difference that makes all the difference. If you are worried about the future and if there are unresolved issues playing on your mind, please give me a call. I am a fully accredited psychotherapist based at City Therapy Dame St. Dublin and online. I tailor my counselling style to the client’s individual needs in a safe, confidential, non-judgemental space.
(01) 267 6622 x52 View (01) 267 6622 x52
Photo of Larisa Lenghel, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Larisa Lenghel
Psychotherapist, MA
Verified
1 Endorsed
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Psychotherapy offers the possibility to explore various aspects of your life in a way that is rarely possible with family or friends. Psychotherapy offers a space where you can speak of your suffering and presents the opportunity to re-shape it. It can be a truly transformative experience where you can reflect on your experience in a confidential way.
Psychotherapy offers the possibility to explore various aspects of your life in a way that is rarely possible with family or friends. Psychotherapy offers a space where you can speak of your suffering and presents the opportunity to re-shape it. It can be a truly transformative experience where you can reflect on your experience in a confidential way.
(01) 267 6681 x76 View (01) 267 6681 x76
Photo of Michelle Kelly , Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Michelle Kelly [Kelly Counselling]
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
I will accompany you as you gain insight into your feelings, behaviours and concerns. I can also support you in developing healthy coping skills, to enhance your emotional well-being. Counselling is not undertaken with the intention of changing who we are. It's an opportunity to understand yourself fully, so that you can begin to move forward from a position of increased personal insight and self-compassion.
I will accompany you as you gain insight into your feelings, behaviours and concerns. I can also support you in developing healthy coping skills, to enhance your emotional well-being. Counselling is not undertaken with the intention of changing who we are. It's an opportunity to understand yourself fully, so that you can begin to move forward from a position of increased personal insight and self-compassion.
(01) 568 2872 x87 View (01) 568 2872 x87
Photo of Tony Dunne, Psychotherapist in Templeogue, County Dublin
Tony Dunne
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Not accepting new clients
I provide a space which is safe and secure. The Therapeutic place is where you will be listened to and cared for. You will be understood and supported as you go about healing your experiences of trauma and the past. It is my aim to help you cope with the challenges and enable you to respond with new found tools to deal with the difficulties and circumstances of daily life.
I provide a space which is safe and secure. The Therapeutic place is where you will be listened to and cared for. You will be understood and supported as you go about healing your experiences of trauma and the past. It is my aim to help you cope with the challenges and enable you to respond with new found tools to deal with the difficulties and circumstances of daily life.
(01) 267 6570 x54 View (01) 267 6570 x54

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Templeogue

20+

Average cost per session

€ 70

Counsellors in Templeogue who prioritize treating:

84% Depression
84% Anxiety
80% Relationship Issues
76% Bereavement
72% Stress
68% Coping Skills
64% Self Esteem

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

90% Laya
80% Irish Life
70% VHI

How Counsellors in Templeogue see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Templeogue?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, eircode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or eircode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are accredited members of the main professional associations, mainly the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP) and the Irish Council for Psychotherapy (ICP). Most Psychologists are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement in Ireland, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Ireland. Psychologists have earned a doctoral degree in psychology and many are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI). Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a doctoral degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the IACP or ICP, they must complete a minimum of an NFQ Level 7 programme with 100 hours of clinical experience and a minimum of 450 hours of post-training clinical experience under clinical supervision.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in Ireland could cost between €50 – €90 when seeing a counsellor and €75 - €120 or more when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The National Counselling Service (NCS) is a government-funded service that provides short to medium term counselling and psychotherapy for free to individuals who have experienced trauma or abuse. The service can be accessed by GP referral or self-referral.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your eircode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the IACP, the ICP, or PSI are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a child is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.