Counselling in Ballinteer

View districts in Ballinteer
Photo of South Dublin Centre for Counselling and Therapy, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
South Dublin Centre for Counselling and Therapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified
Ballinteer, County Dublin D16
Jenny is a humanistic and person-centred Psychotherapist with an emphasis on the person’s capacity for change. Jenny has worked within the health care sector for over 13 years. Jenny endeavours to bring about awareness and understanding within the client that can enable healing within the mind, body, and heart. When you come to therapy, you will find a safe, friendly, non-judgemental atmosphere that will allow you to explore, express or confront whatever it is that brought you to the therapy room.
Jenny is a humanistic and person-centred Psychotherapist with an emphasis on the person’s capacity for change. Jenny has worked within the health care sector for over 13 years. Jenny endeavours to bring about awareness and understanding within the client that can enable healing within the mind, body, and heart. When you come to therapy, you will find a safe, friendly, non-judgemental atmosphere that will allow you to explore, express or confront whatever it is that brought you to the therapy room.
(01) 267 6517 x15 View (01) 267 6517 x15
Photo of Margot Mary Ussher, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Margot Mary Ussher
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Ballinteer, County Dublin D16
I have been working with clients since 2006 and my aim is always to offer a space for each client, adolescent or adult, to feel comfortable and safe. It is important to me to offer an experience of ease and flow to the client. I work in a non-judgement and real way which I have found leads the client into a relaxed place within themselves. I am holistically focused, so this means I have quite a few tools in the toolbox to approach the various topics or issues which arise in each session. My motto is Answering the Call of The Heart and embody this in my everyday practice and that spills into my work in the therapy room.
I have been working with clients since 2006 and my aim is always to offer a space for each client, adolescent or adult, to feel comfortable and safe. It is important to me to offer an experience of ease and flow to the client. I work in a non-judgement and real way which I have found leads the client into a relaxed place within themselves. I am holistically focused, so this means I have quite a few tools in the toolbox to approach the various topics or issues which arise in each session. My motto is Answering the Call of The Heart and embody this in my everyday practice and that spills into my work in the therapy room.
(01) 267 6552 x72 View (01) 267 6552 x72
Photo of Diane Clabby, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Diane Clabby
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Ballinteer, County Dublin D16
As a fully Accredited member of the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP), I provide both short term and long term counselling in a confidential and safe environment. I practice in an integrative way, combining various theoretical approaches that aid in my ability to support you in whatever problems you may bring to therapy such as anxiety, depression, bereavement, self-esteem issues, anger issues and relationship problems.
As a fully Accredited member of the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP), I provide both short term and long term counselling in a confidential and safe environment. I practice in an integrative way, combining various theoretical approaches that aid in my ability to support you in whatever problems you may bring to therapy such as anxiety, depression, bereavement, self-esteem issues, anger issues and relationship problems.
(01) 267 6527 x17 View (01) 267 6527 x17
Photo of Aisling Mc Govern Nolan, Counsellor in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Aisling Mc Govern Nolan
Counsellor, MIACP
Verified
Ballinteer, County Dublin D16
I offer a safe heart centred space to help my clients unpack at a gentle pace that suits them. No problem is too small to bring to counselling. Talking things through with a stranger can help find and bring resources and solutions into sight and is therefore "the gift of therapy". I work with clients experiencing anxiety, low self-esteem, and relationship problems. Sessions can be weekly or fortnightly to match your requirements. I have a wide range of training and approaches such as choice therapy, Positive thinking, meditation, mindfulness, solution-focused therapy, and shamanism.
I offer a safe heart centred space to help my clients unpack at a gentle pace that suits them. No problem is too small to bring to counselling. Talking things through with a stranger can help find and bring resources and solutions into sight and is therefore "the gift of therapy". I work with clients experiencing anxiety, low self-esteem, and relationship problems. Sessions can be weekly or fortnightly to match your requirements. I have a wide range of training and approaches such as choice therapy, Positive thinking, meditation, mindfulness, solution-focused therapy, and shamanism.
(01) 267 6641 x17 View (01) 267 6641 x17
Photo of Three Rock Counselling - IFS Therapy, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Three Rock Counselling - IFS Therapy
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Ballinteer, County Dublin D16
I work in my practice helping people who seek therapy for a range of emotional and stress-related issues including stress, anxiety, worry, depression, anger, panic attacks and grief. I believe that everyone deserves to live a full and meaningful life. I endeavour to create a compassionate, non-judgmental and transformative space for my clients and always practice with these values in mind. During times of struggle or stress, we can at times disconnect from what's important. The counsellor’s role is to get to know you, and for you to develop a greater understanding of yourself in a supportive environment, working at your own pace.
I work in my practice helping people who seek therapy for a range of emotional and stress-related issues including stress, anxiety, worry, depression, anger, panic attacks and grief. I believe that everyone deserves to live a full and meaningful life. I endeavour to create a compassionate, non-judgmental and transformative space for my clients and always practice with these values in mind. During times of struggle or stress, we can at times disconnect from what's important. The counsellor’s role is to get to know you, and for you to develop a greater understanding of yourself in a supportive environment, working at your own pace.
087 675 6977 View 087 675 6977
Photo of Peter Kearns, Counsellor in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Peter Kearns
Counsellor, Pre-Accredited Member IACP
Verified
Ballinteer, County Dublin D16
Couples counselling is my specialist area. This ranges from marriage counselling, to same sex relationship therapy. I use different processes to explore the triggers & find new ways to manage couple conflict. Each relationship is unique & needs nurturing, whether your intention is to re-build the relationship or to have a safe space before moving on.
Couples counselling is my specialist area. This ranges from marriage counselling, to same sex relationship therapy. I use different processes to explore the triggers & find new ways to manage couple conflict. Each relationship is unique & needs nurturing, whether your intention is to re-build the relationship or to have a safe space before moving on.
(01) 267 6641 x46 View (01) 267 6641 x46

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Tony Dunne, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Tony Dunne
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Firhouse, County Dublin D24
Not accepting new clients
I provide a space which is safe and secure. The Therapeutic place is where you will be listened to and cared for. You will be understood and supported as you go about healing your experiences of trauma and the past. It is my aim to help you cope with the challenges and enable you to respond with new found tools to deal with the difficulties and circumstances of daily life.
I provide a space which is safe and secure. The Therapeutic place is where you will be listened to and cared for. You will be understood and supported as you go about healing your experiences of trauma and the past. It is my aim to help you cope with the challenges and enable you to respond with new found tools to deal with the difficulties and circumstances of daily life.
(01) 267 6570 x54 View (01) 267 6570 x54
Photo of Chloe Reynor, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Chloe Reynor
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Dublin, County Dublin D12
Not accepting new clients
Counselling can help you find the words for experiences you were previously unable to speak about. You can learn to recognize and express your feelings. Counselling can teach you how to set healthy boundaries, how to be assertive and how to stand up for yourself. You can also learn how to allow yourself to be vulnerable, in a way that is safe for you. You might discover that it is ok to be human, to make mistakes and to change your mind. Counselling can help you tune into your gut and to learn how to trust yourself.
Counselling can help you find the words for experiences you were previously unable to speak about. You can learn to recognize and express your feelings. Counselling can teach you how to set healthy boundaries, how to be assertive and how to stand up for yourself. You can also learn how to allow yourself to be vulnerable, in a way that is safe for you. You might discover that it is ok to be human, to make mistakes and to change your mind. Counselling can help you tune into your gut and to learn how to trust yourself.
(01) 267 6641 x72 View (01) 267 6641 x72
Photo of Cornerstone Therapy - Deirdre Savage, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Cornerstone Therapy - Deirdre Savage
Psychotherapist, MA
Dublin, County Dublin D12
My training through the humanistic integrative psychotherapy model allows me to draw from diverse approaches to tailor my interventions to the unique needs and preferences of my clients, fostering a holistic and client-centred therapeutic experience. Through our work my aim is to create a safe, non-judgmental space for self-exploration. Counselling will provide you with an opportunity to explore, understand and clarify ways of living in a more satisfying and resourceful way. My role is to help facilitate your growth, whilst respecting your values, personal resources, and capacity for self-determination.
My training through the humanistic integrative psychotherapy model allows me to draw from diverse approaches to tailor my interventions to the unique needs and preferences of my clients, fostering a holistic and client-centred therapeutic experience. Through our work my aim is to create a safe, non-judgmental space for self-exploration. Counselling will provide you with an opportunity to explore, understand and clarify ways of living in a more satisfying and resourceful way. My role is to help facilitate your growth, whilst respecting your values, personal resources, and capacity for self-determination.
(01) 267 6603 x59 View (01) 267 6603 x59
Photo of Michelle Kelly , Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Michelle Kelly [Kelly Counselling]
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Rathfarnham, County Dublin D16
I will accompany you as you gain insight into your feelings, behaviours and concerns. I can also support you in developing healthy coping skills, to enhance your emotional well-being. Counselling is not undertaken with the intention of changing who we are. It's an opportunity to understand yourself fully, so that you can begin to move forward from a position of increased personal insight and self-compassion.
I will accompany you as you gain insight into your feelings, behaviours and concerns. I can also support you in developing healthy coping skills, to enhance your emotional well-being. Counselling is not undertaken with the intention of changing who we are. It's an opportunity to understand yourself fully, so that you can begin to move forward from a position of increased personal insight and self-compassion.
(01) 568 2872 x87 View (01) 568 2872 x87
Photo of Danny McNeive, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Danny McNeive
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D24
Is something on your mind? Perhaps something from your past that you've never fully dealt with? Counselling can help, allowing you the time to talk about what's going on for you in a non-judgemental and safe space. Working with a counsellor, you can find out your truth, have a better understanding of why you do and think the things you do, discover coping mechanisms and lighten your load. If that's something you would like to do with me then I would love to hear from you.
Is something on your mind? Perhaps something from your past that you've never fully dealt with? Counselling can help, allowing you the time to talk about what's going on for you in a non-judgemental and safe space. Working with a counsellor, you can find out your truth, have a better understanding of why you do and think the things you do, discover coping mechanisms and lighten your load. If that's something you would like to do with me then I would love to hear from you.
(01) 267 6681 x48 View (01) 267 6681 x48
Photo of Róisín Domican Source Counselling & Psychotherapy, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Róisín Domican Source Counselling & Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MA, MIACP
Verified
Templeogue, County Dublin D6W
Source Counselling & Psychotherapy is founded on the belief that within you is a source of happiness, inner strength and resiliency that can enable you to deal with the pressures and struggles life can present. It is from these many sources that greater understanding of who you are emerges, a key factor in finding ways to deal with issues and problems you experience. Exploring your issues can provide you with a deeper awareness and understanding of the cause of these problems - the source. Knowing the source of a problem is only part of the work.
Source Counselling & Psychotherapy is founded on the belief that within you is a source of happiness, inner strength and resiliency that can enable you to deal with the pressures and struggles life can present. It is from these many sources that greater understanding of who you are emerges, a key factor in finding ways to deal with issues and problems you experience. Exploring your issues can provide you with a deeper awareness and understanding of the cause of these problems - the source. Knowing the source of a problem is only part of the work.
(01) 267 6692 x88 View (01) 267 6692 x88
Photo of Brid Mary O Muiri, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Brid Mary O Muiri
Psychotherapist, MA, CBPI
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D12
Coming to therapy is the first step to doing something about changing an aspect of your life that is causing you distress, or overwhelming you to such a degree that it is holding you back or keeping you stuck. Do not feel you have to suffer in silence. Your problems could be the way you interpret things or the lens through which you view things. Sometimes our thinking patterns need to be challenged, and we can find alternative and more useful ways of seeing things, leading to a more fulfilling life for ourselves. Therapy is about growth in our thinking , this leading to more positive thinking, leading to a better quality life.
Coming to therapy is the first step to doing something about changing an aspect of your life that is causing you distress, or overwhelming you to such a degree that it is holding you back or keeping you stuck. Do not feel you have to suffer in silence. Your problems could be the way you interpret things or the lens through which you view things. Sometimes our thinking patterns need to be challenged, and we can find alternative and more useful ways of seeing things, leading to a more fulfilling life for ourselves. Therapy is about growth in our thinking , this leading to more positive thinking, leading to a better quality life.
(01) 267 6570 x19 View (01) 267 6570 x19
Photo of Dr. Michelle Teo, Psychologist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Dr. Michelle Teo
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, CPsychol
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D16  (Online Only)
Not accepting new clients
My clients come from a range of differing backgrounds, with unique life histories, and issues related to sexuality, internal conflicts, emotional dysregulation, and more. Some have mental health diagnoses while others are simply trying to find their way through the ups and downs of everyday life. My aim is to provide a safe, non-judgmental space for all clients to express themselves freely and to collaboratively find ways to help them move towards improved mental health. Please note that I am Chinese-born-Canadian but, only offer services in English.
My clients come from a range of differing backgrounds, with unique life histories, and issues related to sexuality, internal conflicts, emotional dysregulation, and more. Some have mental health diagnoses while others are simply trying to find their way through the ups and downs of everyday life. My aim is to provide a safe, non-judgmental space for all clients to express themselves freely and to collaboratively find ways to help them move towards improved mental health. Please note that I am Chinese-born-Canadian but, only offer services in English.
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Photo of Graham Matthews, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Graham Matthews
Psychotherapist, MSc, MIACP
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D14
When something in your life is not how you'd like it to be, or when you're looking for help and support for something that you're going through; perhaps a life event, a particular concern or maybe problems with relationships, at home, in school or at work. Maybe you are experiencing feelings of anxiety, frustration, fear, sadness or other emotions. Stress can be a part of this. Counselling can help you to better understand what might be going on for you, and to find ways to effectively manage feelings, thoughts or worries. My experience is that clients come to counselling because they want something in their life to be different.
When something in your life is not how you'd like it to be, or when you're looking for help and support for something that you're going through; perhaps a life event, a particular concern or maybe problems with relationships, at home, in school or at work. Maybe you are experiencing feelings of anxiety, frustration, fear, sadness or other emotions. Stress can be a part of this. Counselling can help you to better understand what might be going on for you, and to find ways to effectively manage feelings, thoughts or worries. My experience is that clients come to counselling because they want something in their life to be different.
(01) 267 6674 View (01) 267 6674
Photo of Foloshade Gertrude Rufai, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Foloshade Gertrude Rufai
Psychotherapist, MA, NAPCP
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D6W
My name is Foloshade Gertrude Rufai, I am a Mental Health Nurse and Psychotherapist. I work with various individuals from various backgrounds to work through and heal from traumatic experiences, grief, mental health challenges, or life's everyday struggles. My goal is to help clients cultivate positive self-perceptions and build stronger relationships, enabling them to recognize their inner peace and wholeness. I believe that the journey of emotional healing and personal growth extends beyond psychological issues to reconnecting with one's spiritual self.
My name is Foloshade Gertrude Rufai, I am a Mental Health Nurse and Psychotherapist. I work with various individuals from various backgrounds to work through and heal from traumatic experiences, grief, mental health challenges, or life's everyday struggles. My goal is to help clients cultivate positive self-perceptions and build stronger relationships, enabling them to recognize their inner peace and wholeness. I believe that the journey of emotional healing and personal growth extends beyond psychological issues to reconnecting with one's spiritual self.
(01) 267 6570 x38 View (01) 267 6570 x38
Photo of Emma Calio', Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Emma Calio'
Psychotherapist, MSc, IFPP
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D16
I am an Adult Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist in clinical practice for over 14 years. I have worked in a variety of clinical settings within the mental health sector including hospitals and day- services. My broad range of experience includes working with psychiatric diagnoses such as psychosis and borderline personalities and with those affected by anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, relationship difficulties, bereavement and traumatic and post traumatic disorders. I provide a safe and non judgemental space for you to speak about any concern and anxiety you may have yourself or within relationship at work or at home.
I am an Adult Psychoanalytic Psychotherapist in clinical practice for over 14 years. I have worked in a variety of clinical settings within the mental health sector including hospitals and day- services. My broad range of experience includes working with psychiatric diagnoses such as psychosis and borderline personalities and with those affected by anxiety, depression, suicidal thoughts, relationship difficulties, bereavement and traumatic and post traumatic disorders. I provide a safe and non judgemental space for you to speak about any concern and anxiety you may have yourself or within relationship at work or at home.
(01) 568 2872 x11 View (01) 568 2872 x11
Photo of AnnetteCounselling, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
AnnetteCounselling
Psychotherapist, MIACP
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D16
Annette has 25 years experience in Major Dublin Hospitals working in a wide variety of roles. As an IACP accredited therapist, with an MSc Degree and 7 years post qualification experience in various settings in private practice and affordable agencies, Annette works with Children aged 10 plus, Teens, Adults, Couples. Annette is a highly competent, sincere professional with a great ability for warmth and understanding. Annette creates a collaborative supportive relationship with the family when working with children and adolescents.
Annette has 25 years experience in Major Dublin Hospitals working in a wide variety of roles. As an IACP accredited therapist, with an MSc Degree and 7 years post qualification experience in various settings in private practice and affordable agencies, Annette works with Children aged 10 plus, Teens, Adults, Couples. Annette is a highly competent, sincere professional with a great ability for warmth and understanding. Annette creates a collaborative supportive relationship with the family when working with children and adolescents.
087 050 5710 View 087 050 5710
Photo of Triona McGearty, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Triona McGearty
Psychotherapist, MSc, IAHIP Assoc
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D06
If you are a point in your life, where you are noticing you don't feel like yourself, you are experiencing anxiety, panic attacks, social anxiety, relationship issues. We can sit together and allow time and space to explore what is happening, both mentally and physically. My person centred approach is designed to recognise that you are the expert, it is my role to walk with you in your journey.
If you are a point in your life, where you are noticing you don't feel like yourself, you are experiencing anxiety, panic attacks, social anxiety, relationship issues. We can sit together and allow time and space to explore what is happening, both mentally and physically. My person centred approach is designed to recognise that you are the expert, it is my role to walk with you in your journey.
(01) 267 6603 x60 View (01) 267 6603 x60
Photo of Orla Whelan, Psychotherapist in Ballinteer, County Dublin
Orla Whelan
Psychotherapist, ICP
Verified
Dublin, County Dublin D06
Orla's practice is centred on adolescents and adults. She has over eight years experience and has worked and trained in different clinical settings which include Student College services in Trinity College, working with children in foster care private practise. Orla also works with people who are experiencing SI, self-harming or have experienced loss due to suicide.
Orla's practice is centred on adolescents and adults. She has over eight years experience and has worked and trained in different clinical settings which include Student College services in Trinity College, working with children in foster care private practise. Orla also works with people who are experiencing SI, self-harming or have experienced loss due to suicide.
087 956 6236 View 087 956 6236

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Ballinteer

< 10

Counsellors in Ballinteer who prioritize treating:

83% Anxiety
83% Anger Management
83% Family Conflict
67% Relationship Issues
67% Depression
67% Bereavement
67% Parenting

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Laya
100% VHI
67% Aviva

How Counsellors in Ballinteer see their clients

100% In Person and Online

Gender breakdown

67% Female
33% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Ballinteer?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, eircode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or eircode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Most Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are accredited members of the main professional associations, mainly the Irish Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (IACP) and the Irish Council for Psychotherapy (ICP). Most Psychologists are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement in Ireland, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and supervised, practical experience that enable them to do so in Ireland. Psychologists have earned a doctoral degree in psychology and many are accredited members of the Psychological Society of Ireland (PSI). Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a doctoral degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the IACP or ICP, they must complete a minimum of an NFQ Level 7 programme with 100 hours of clinical experience and a minimum of 450 hours of post-training clinical experience under clinical supervision.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in Ireland could cost between €50 – €90 when seeing a counsellor and €75 - €120 or more when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The National Counselling Service (NCS) is a government-funded service that provides short to medium term counselling and psychotherapy for free to individuals who have experienced trauma or abuse. The service can be accessed by GP referral or self-referral.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your eircode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the IACP, the ICP, or PSI are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there is the potential or known harm to the client or others or when a child is in danger, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.