Counselling in Fishguard

Photo of Mark Fleetwood, Psychotherapist in Fishguard, Wales
Mark Fleetwood
Psychotherapist, BACP
Verified Verified
Fishguard SA65
My Aim is to focus on your needs and to work ethically and collaboratively to help to assist in moving you to a more comfortable and manageable space, and to provide techniques to help you to cope in troubled situations
My Aim is to focus on your needs and to work ethically and collaboratively to help to assist in moving you to a more comfortable and manageable space, and to provide techniques to help you to cope in troubled situations
01348 437241 View 01348 437241

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Turning Point Child Therapy Ltd, Psychotherapist in Fishguard, Wales
Turning Point Child Therapy Ltd
Psychotherapist, MSc
Verified Verified
Haverfordwest SA62
With over 20 years of primary teaching experience, including 8 years as a head teacher, I have seen first hand the difficulties many children face, coupled with the lack of provision available to support their emotional and mental health needs. I have recently qualified with a MSc in Play Therapy. I believe the benefits of play therapy to be transformative - hence retraining to become a child therapist. Play Therapy is an effective therapy that helps children modify their behaviours, clarify their self-concept, and build healthy relationships.
With over 20 years of primary teaching experience, including 8 years as a head teacher, I have seen first hand the difficulties many children face, coupled with the lack of provision available to support their emotional and mental health needs. I have recently qualified with a MSc in Play Therapy. I believe the benefits of play therapy to be transformative - hence retraining to become a child therapist. Play Therapy is an effective therapy that helps children modify their behaviours, clarify their self-concept, and build healthy relationships.
01437 809025 View 01437 809025
Photo of Amanda Snook Johns, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Amanda Snook Johns
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Newport SA42
I have nearly 20 years experience working with people who are experiencing difficulties in their lives which can result to living with anxiety and the unhelpful behaviours it can bring. People living with depression, grief/ loss, terminal and chronic illness, Relationship issues, sexuality issues.... These examples of issues are indeed not exhaustive.
I have nearly 20 years experience working with people who are experiencing difficulties in their lives which can result to living with anxiety and the unhelpful behaviours it can bring. People living with depression, grief/ loss, terminal and chronic illness, Relationship issues, sexuality issues.... These examples of issues are indeed not exhaustive.
01446 508105 View 01446 508105
Photo of Pip Bromley, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Pip Bromley
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Nevern SA42
Sometimes we can feel stuck, lost or overwhelmed by strong emotions. At these times, it can be useful to work with a counsellor; someone who can explore what is going on with you, understand things form your perspective and welcome all your parts without judgement. Working together with you, I can help you to gain clarity and understanding, become more self-aware and to feel less overwhelmed by your emotions and by life. I take a person-centred and integrative approach, incorporating elements of Internal Family Systems Therapy, Focusing and Polyvagal Theory informed work when appropriate.
Sometimes we can feel stuck, lost or overwhelmed by strong emotions. At these times, it can be useful to work with a counsellor; someone who can explore what is going on with you, understand things form your perspective and welcome all your parts without judgement. Working together with you, I can help you to gain clarity and understanding, become more self-aware and to feel less overwhelmed by your emotions and by life. I take a person-centred and integrative approach, incorporating elements of Internal Family Systems Therapy, Focusing and Polyvagal Theory informed work when appropriate.
07510 556326 View 07510 556326
Photo of Post Natal Depression Counsellor Katie Leatham, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Post Natal Depression Counsellor Katie Leatham
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Clynderwen SA66
You are probably feeling very upset, alone and confused, maybe even ashamed and wondering if counselling could help? Everyone who comes to therapy has a unique set of issues but the underlying need to share the distress and be understood, is true for everyone. If you are struggling with parenting, postnatal depression, miscarriage or your identity during a life transition, you are not alone. I have lots of experience working with women (and men) who are struggling with life and want to feel better than they currently do. I also help younger people and teens who may have self esteem issues, feel sad, anxious or be self harming.
You are probably feeling very upset, alone and confused, maybe even ashamed and wondering if counselling could help? Everyone who comes to therapy has a unique set of issues but the underlying need to share the distress and be understood, is true for everyone. If you are struggling with parenting, postnatal depression, miscarriage or your identity during a life transition, you are not alone. I have lots of experience working with women (and men) who are struggling with life and want to feel better than they currently do. I also help younger people and teens who may have self esteem issues, feel sad, anxious or be self harming.
01792 949668 View 01792 949668
Photo of Ina Susanne Thomson, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Ina Susanne Thomson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Newport SA42
Do you suffer with anxiety or depression, overwhelm, high sensitivity? Do you feel you are not living your life to its full potential? I've worked therapeutically with clients for over twenty five years and have special training in trauma and somatic trauma regulation. I hold a space for you without judgment as well as focusing on your unique creative potential. We are exposed to many different stresses these days. I listen carefully to help you identify recurring themes and the way you relate to people and the world. I also offer Equine assisted therapy a unique way of understanding yourself through your connection with the horses.
Do you suffer with anxiety or depression, overwhelm, high sensitivity? Do you feel you are not living your life to its full potential? I've worked therapeutically with clients for over twenty five years and have special training in trauma and somatic trauma regulation. I hold a space for you without judgment as well as focusing on your unique creative potential. We are exposed to many different stresses these days. I listen carefully to help you identify recurring themes and the way you relate to people and the world. I also offer Equine assisted therapy a unique way of understanding yourself through your connection with the horses.
01348 437235 View 01348 437235

Online Therapists

Photo of Hayley Lorraine Edwards, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Hayley Lorraine Edwards
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Pontypridd CF37
As a qualified therapist, I hold a BSc (Hons) degree in Systemic Counselling from The Family Institute (University of South Wales). I am a systemically trained counsellor,’ Systemic' therapy really means 'relational' as it emphasises the fact that people live in a world with others, not just inside their heads or bodies. I work with relationships, looking at patterns, communication, and desired changes. My main approach is person-centred therapy, although I will often use other therapeutic approaches and techniques that I believe will work well with my client.
As a qualified therapist, I hold a BSc (Hons) degree in Systemic Counselling from The Family Institute (University of South Wales). I am a systemically trained counsellor,’ Systemic' therapy really means 'relational' as it emphasises the fact that people live in a world with others, not just inside their heads or bodies. I work with relationships, looking at patterns, communication, and desired changes. My main approach is person-centred therapy, although I will often use other therapeutic approaches and techniques that I believe will work well with my client.
029 2271 0243 View 029 2271 0243
Photo of Sharon Jenkins, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Sharon Jenkins
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Builth Wells LD2
The experience of counselling is different for different people depending on your issues and where you are currently in your life. It may be that you need a few sessions to help with a current situation or problem or it may be a longer journey of self discovery and uncovering past hurts so that you can make sense of them and move on. Every client I have worked with has been different and rather than looking at labels I tend to focus on problems and solutions. I am experienced in working with a wide variety of issues both short term and long term.
The experience of counselling is different for different people depending on your issues and where you are currently in your life. It may be that you need a few sessions to help with a current situation or problem or it may be a longer journey of self discovery and uncovering past hurts so that you can make sense of them and move on. Every client I have worked with has been different and rather than looking at labels I tend to focus on problems and solutions. I am experienced in working with a wide variety of issues both short term and long term.
01982 510181 View 01982 510181
Photo of Masoumeh Minou, Psychotherapist in Fishguard, Wales
Masoumeh Minou
Psychotherapist, PhD, MBACP
Verified Verified
Swansea SA2
Hi, my name is Dr Mas Minou and I'm a Behavioural Psychologist, Coach & Psychotherapist, MBACP. Our relationship with ourselves or with others, our health, financial situation, career, family, fitness can all get complicated. Within a safe and confidential space I offer effective and practical approaches to help you reach your desired outcomes. I apply relational approaches combined with psychologically-informed behaviour change techniques to help you work through any psychological problems you might be experiencing. Whether you are seeking change or want to leave behind shame, old hurt or work through your grief, I can help.
Hi, my name is Dr Mas Minou and I'm a Behavioural Psychologist, Coach & Psychotherapist, MBACP. Our relationship with ourselves or with others, our health, financial situation, career, family, fitness can all get complicated. Within a safe and confidential space I offer effective and practical approaches to help you reach your desired outcomes. I apply relational approaches combined with psychologically-informed behaviour change techniques to help you work through any psychological problems you might be experiencing. Whether you are seeking change or want to leave behind shame, old hurt or work through your grief, I can help.
01792 940896 View 01792 940896
Photo of Lucilla Spencer-Phillips, Psychotherapist in Fishguard, Wales
Lucilla Spencer-Phillips
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified Verified
Bude EX23
Sometimes life can seem overwhelming or confusing and it can be helpful to explore what is going on with a non-judgmental other. You may be going through a major life transition or feel stuck in a cycle of old patterns and in need of change. You might be experiencing difficult relationships, anxiety, grief and loss, or a past trauma might be calling for attention. Or You may be looking to reconnect with your creativity and unblock your flow. I believe the answers often lie within ourselves as long as we give ourselves the space to explore and untangle ourselves, and I can be alongside you at this time.
Sometimes life can seem overwhelming or confusing and it can be helpful to explore what is going on with a non-judgmental other. You may be going through a major life transition or feel stuck in a cycle of old patterns and in need of change. You might be experiencing difficult relationships, anxiety, grief and loss, or a past trauma might be calling for attention. Or You may be looking to reconnect with your creativity and unblock your flow. I believe the answers often lie within ourselves as long as we give ourselves the space to explore and untangle ourselves, and I can be alongside you at this time.
01288 270846 View 01288 270846
Photo of Dr. Sue Egan - Psychologist/EMDR Therapist, Psychologist in Fishguard, Wales
Dr. Sue Egan - Psychologist/EMDR Therapist
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Hereford HR1
There is hope, even when you have experienced significant life trauma. Although it might not be possible to forget life's challenges completely, it is possible to manage them so you can live life again with the volume turned down on the past. My role is to facilitate a safe, supportive space where you can begin to heal from life's traumas and remember who you are. I value doing all I can to offer you an integrated approach assessing your past, present and future using counselling and psychological theories. As the client, the time we have will be entirely yours, as I assist and guide you to uncover the way forward.
There is hope, even when you have experienced significant life trauma. Although it might not be possible to forget life's challenges completely, it is possible to manage them so you can live life again with the volume turned down on the past. My role is to facilitate a safe, supportive space where you can begin to heal from life's traumas and remember who you are. I value doing all I can to offer you an integrated approach assessing your past, present and future using counselling and psychological theories. As the client, the time we have will be entirely yours, as I assist and guide you to uncover the way forward.
01432 808347 View 01432 808347
Photo of Dr George Capone, Psychologist in Fishguard, Wales
Dr George Capone
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Bideford EX39  (Online Only)
Have you been struggling with your mood or relationships for some time? Do you find that past experiences interfere with your present life? Are you looking for a psychologist that can provide you with a safe and non-judgemental space to explore, understand and process your life patterns or difficulties? You have come to the right place! I can support you to explore and heal from these life patterns or difficulties. I specialise in working in a body based way, helping people to understand and shape their nervous systems to achieve real and lasting change.
Have you been struggling with your mood or relationships for some time? Do you find that past experiences interfere with your present life? Are you looking for a psychologist that can provide you with a safe and non-judgemental space to explore, understand and process your life patterns or difficulties? You have come to the right place! I can support you to explore and heal from these life patterns or difficulties. I specialise in working in a body based way, helping people to understand and shape their nervous systems to achieve real and lasting change.
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Photo of Platfform Wellbeing in Fishguard, Wales
Platfform Wellbeing
Verified Verified
Cardiff CF24
Limited time offer - 50% off your first initial appointment. We have a large team of friendly and experienced counsellors. Whether there’s a specific challenge you’re facing, or you just aren’t feeling yourself right now, our counsellors work with you in a safe, confidential space It might be that you are struggling with anxiety, feeling low, grieving, or experiencing distressing thoughts. Or you may be looking to move forward and achieve your goals. Face-to-face counselling in Cardiff & Swansea or remote sessions. Our counsellors can work with individuals, couples and children.
Limited time offer - 50% off your first initial appointment. We have a large team of friendly and experienced counsellors. Whether there’s a specific challenge you’re facing, or you just aren’t feeling yourself right now, our counsellors work with you in a safe, confidential space It might be that you are struggling with anxiety, feeling low, grieving, or experiencing distressing thoughts. Or you may be looking to move forward and achieve your goals. Face-to-face counselling in Cardiff & Swansea or remote sessions. Our counsellors can work with individuals, couples and children.
029 2010 3013 View 029 2010 3013
Photo of Ceri Marie Pritchard, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Ceri Marie Pritchard
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Neath SA11
At times life can be a struggle, I am here if you need someone who will listen to you without judgement. I'm a qualified, BACP registered counsellor offering online/telephone/face to face sessions. I am open, honest, calm, kind and believe it would be a privilege to be able to work with you at your most challenging time. I will work with you and support you in exploring the issues that are important to you.
At times life can be a struggle, I am here if you need someone who will listen to you without judgement. I'm a qualified, BACP registered counsellor offering online/telephone/face to face sessions. I am open, honest, calm, kind and believe it would be a privilege to be able to work with you at your most challenging time. I will work with you and support you in exploring the issues that are important to you.
01639 506707 View 01639 506707
Photo of Kristine Foden, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Kristine Foden
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Swansea SA5
As an Integrative Counsellor, I have the privilege of helping to support many clients with a range of life issues. Whether these challenges are related to anxiety and depression, bereavement or prolonged grief, anger, personal relationships and abuse or the ongoing effects of historical difficulties, to name just a few, my goal is to ensure that you feel safe and heard in a confidential, empathic and compassionate environment. It can be difficult to reach out and accept that you may benefit from external support. Vulnerability is not weakness, it is the most courageous thing that we can show to others.
As an Integrative Counsellor, I have the privilege of helping to support many clients with a range of life issues. Whether these challenges are related to anxiety and depression, bereavement or prolonged grief, anger, personal relationships and abuse or the ongoing effects of historical difficulties, to name just a few, my goal is to ensure that you feel safe and heard in a confidential, empathic and compassionate environment. It can be difficult to reach out and accept that you may benefit from external support. Vulnerability is not weakness, it is the most courageous thing that we can show to others.
01792 949385 View 01792 949385
Photo of Lyn Christine Oakley, Psychotherapist in Fishguard, Wales
Lyn Christine Oakley
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Braunton EX33
Hi, I'm Lyn. I've been working in counselling / psychotherapy for 22 years. I am a registered member of the British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) I hold additional qualifications in life-coaching and NLP. I work integratively, which means that my professional practice can be personalised to suit each client's needs. You can be assured of a safe, empathic, confidential and professional space in which you can explore issues that you may find difficult to face alone. If you are experiencing issues that are holding you back, either personally or professionally, then we can work together to help you move forward.
Hi, I'm Lyn. I've been working in counselling / psychotherapy for 22 years. I am a registered member of the British Association of Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) I hold additional qualifications in life-coaching and NLP. I work integratively, which means that my professional practice can be personalised to suit each client's needs. You can be assured of a safe, empathic, confidential and professional space in which you can explore issues that you may find difficult to face alone. If you are experiencing issues that are holding you back, either personally or professionally, then we can work together to help you move forward.
01271 815899 View 01271 815899
Photo of Jacqueline Ann Turner, Psychotherapist in Fishguard, Wales
Jacqueline Ann Turner
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
Carmarthen SA31
As a Psychotherapist Traumatologist I specialise in the treatment of Trauma, PTSD, and C-PTSD. Following the NICE guidelines, for the safe and effective treatment of all trauma related issues and related co-morbid symptoms. Collaboratively formulating a treatment plan in a three phase approach to recovery. Harnessing the tools and resources necessary to face and move beyond current difficulties, specifically addressing the problems that are causing distress and holding you back in life, improving your psychological, physical and emotional wellbeing. Accessing safe authentic connection to your self, others and the world around you.
As a Psychotherapist Traumatologist I specialise in the treatment of Trauma, PTSD, and C-PTSD. Following the NICE guidelines, for the safe and effective treatment of all trauma related issues and related co-morbid symptoms. Collaboratively formulating a treatment plan in a three phase approach to recovery. Harnessing the tools and resources necessary to face and move beyond current difficulties, specifically addressing the problems that are causing distress and holding you back in life, improving your psychological, physical and emotional wellbeing. Accessing safe authentic connection to your self, others and the world around you.
01267 616775 View 01267 616775
Photo of Simone Harding, Psychotherapist in Fishguard, Wales
Simone Harding
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Barnstaple EX32
Waitlist for new clients
Are you looking for the kind of therapy that explores relational trauma and how this is embodied, and affects our relationships with others, food, body and self? If you've found yourself querying your childhood, or wondering why you can't seem to feel ok, or why your relationships seem dissatisfying, or why you feel like you are not able to care for yourself or cope well, come on in. This is a queer friendly space and politically liberatory practice.
Are you looking for the kind of therapy that explores relational trauma and how this is embodied, and affects our relationships with others, food, body and self? If you've found yourself querying your childhood, or wondering why you can't seem to feel ok, or why your relationships seem dissatisfying, or why you feel like you are not able to care for yourself or cope well, come on in. This is a queer friendly space and politically liberatory practice.
07723 497599 View 07723 497599
Photo of Tammy Allen, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Tammy Allen
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Swansea SA9
Hi I'm Tam. Firstly, I would like to say well done on finding the courage, and starting the process in searching and asking for help, this can at times be the most difficult part. The foundations of my work are built on the Person-Centred Approach and I aim to work and walk alongside you as we explore your problems, distresses or difficult situations you are experiencing. We will work together, to gain a better understanding of the difficulties that can present themselves regarding trauma and loss, self-identity, low self-esteem, anxiety, and making sense of the purpose of life ahead.
Hi I'm Tam. Firstly, I would like to say well done on finding the courage, and starting the process in searching and asking for help, this can at times be the most difficult part. The foundations of my work are built on the Person-Centred Approach and I aim to work and walk alongside you as we explore your problems, distresses or difficult situations you are experiencing. We will work together, to gain a better understanding of the difficulties that can present themselves regarding trauma and loss, self-identity, low self-esteem, anxiety, and making sense of the purpose of life ahead.
01639 505117 View 01639 505117
Photo of Katie Elizabeth Jones, Counsellor in Fishguard, Wales
Katie Elizabeth Jones
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cardiff CF24
Just be who you are. Whatever you want to bring to therapy there is always an answer..we will work together and find a solution. The important thing is to recognise that you have made the first step, this takes courage, but I will support you all the way, if you are aware what is causing you pain and anxiety, that’s a great start, but don’t worry, we can figure it out, and then look at ways of coping with what you are facing, put an action plan together to address the problem, without ever putting too much pressure on yourself. It is never too late to turn your life around.
Just be who you are. Whatever you want to bring to therapy there is always an answer..we will work together and find a solution. The important thing is to recognise that you have made the first step, this takes courage, but I will support you all the way, if you are aware what is causing you pain and anxiety, that’s a great start, but don’t worry, we can figure it out, and then look at ways of coping with what you are facing, put an action plan together to address the problem, without ever putting too much pressure on yourself. It is never too late to turn your life around.
029 2271 5272 View 029 2271 5272

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Fishguard

< 10

Counsellors in Fishguard who prioritize treating:

100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Bereavement

Average years in practice

2 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Male

How Counsellors in Fishguard see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Fishguard?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.