Photo of Xenia Kaspar, Counsellor in SO21, England
Xenia Kaspar
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Hello, my name is Xenia. I am a single mum of 4 young people. I have certainly had my own share of challenges over the years, and therapy has helped me learn how to navigate the maze that is life. I can support you to do the same.
Hello, my name is Xenia. I am a single mum of 4 young people. I have certainly had my own share of challenges over the years, and therapy has helped me learn how to navigate the maze that is life. I can support you to do the same.
023 8001 2065 View 023 8001 2065
Photo of Sara Elizabeth Gallagher, Counsellor in SO21, England
Sara Elizabeth Gallagher
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Winchester SO21  (Online Only)
I have been working as a therapist for 11 years and have a broad breadth of experience working with many presenting issue's. I take a warm, comfortable, welcoming and genuinely caring approach to my work. Asking for help can be very difficult and I recognise that. If you feel you have tried everything and nothing has changed then talking to a professional may help. You don't need to be in crisis to benefit from therapy. Therapy can be useful to increase awareness and provide understanding of why we do what we do.
I have been working as a therapist for 11 years and have a broad breadth of experience working with many presenting issue's. I take a warm, comfortable, welcoming and genuinely caring approach to my work. Asking for help can be very difficult and I recognise that. If you feel you have tried everything and nothing has changed then talking to a professional may help. You don't need to be in crisis to benefit from therapy. Therapy can be useful to increase awareness and provide understanding of why we do what we do.
01962 673514 View 01962 673514
Photo of Melanie Musson, Counsellor in SO21, England
Melanie Musson
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
I am a BACP accredited counsellor and psychotherapist, with over 12 years experience. I offer individual counselling in a comfortable setting in the Winchester area and online. I am currently only accepting clients wanting to work using EMDR. This way of working is particularly effective if you have experienced traumatic events or struggle with a phobia.
I am a BACP accredited counsellor and psychotherapist, with over 12 years experience. I offer individual counselling in a comfortable setting in the Winchester area and online. I am currently only accepting clients wanting to work using EMDR. This way of working is particularly effective if you have experienced traumatic events or struggle with a phobia.
01962 571558 View 01962 571558
Photo of Lottie Passell-Syms, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Lottie Passell-Syms
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Sex & Intimacy Specialist I have been working as a Sex, Intimacy and Relationship Specialist for over 2 decades. Dedicated and focused on helping individuals and couples to find that part of themselves, the part of themselves that can get lost in a partnership. We explore all aspects of the relationship to bring back together a more loving and sexual connection. I am directive and challenging because I believe in creating a foundation for a resilient and thriving relationship. It is about exploring your strengths, celebrating the successes and working towards establishing a mutual awareness and intentional partnership.
Sex & Intimacy Specialist I have been working as a Sex, Intimacy and Relationship Specialist for over 2 decades. Dedicated and focused on helping individuals and couples to find that part of themselves, the part of themselves that can get lost in a partnership. We explore all aspects of the relationship to bring back together a more loving and sexual connection. I am directive and challenging because I believe in creating a foundation for a resilient and thriving relationship. It is about exploring your strengths, celebrating the successes and working towards establishing a mutual awareness and intentional partnership.
01962 670866 View 01962 670866
Photo of Dr Carla Matias, Psychologist in SO21, England
Dr Carla Matias
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Winchester SO21  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist working in a small, specialist practice, Questa, offering gold standard psychological services for children, teenagers, adults and families. My approach to psychological therapy is integrative, tailoring the most effective treatments to each client’s specific needs. I also emphasise change-based therapies, which require a trusting and collaborative working partnership. I aim to provide clients with a safe space in which they can feel heard and understood in a non-judgmental and empathic way, identify their strengths, and learn healthy ways of coping and achieve personally meaningful goals.
I am a Clinical Psychologist working in a small, specialist practice, Questa, offering gold standard psychological services for children, teenagers, adults and families. My approach to psychological therapy is integrative, tailoring the most effective treatments to each client’s specific needs. I also emphasise change-based therapies, which require a trusting and collaborative working partnership. I aim to provide clients with a safe space in which they can feel heard and understood in a non-judgmental and empathic way, identify their strengths, and learn healthy ways of coping and achieve personally meaningful goals.
01962 674475 View 01962 674475
Photo of Gilly Dowthwaite Wells, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Gilly Dowthwaite Wells
Psychotherapist, MBACP Snr. Accred
Verified Verified
INITIAL CONSULTATION! For individuals, couples, and adolescents. Relationship Specialist, Experienced Counsellor, Psychotherapist, Supervisor and Mindfulness Coach. I coach the leadership team at the NHS and previously a therapist with the NHS, Relate, and CAMHS. Based at The Friarsgate GP Surgery and my home practice counselling for a range of issues including anxiety, relationship issues, low self esteem, abuse, trauma, bereavement, depression, addictions, infertility and have many years experience. I offer a confidential safe, trusting environment for you to explore your issues and find a way forward.
INITIAL CONSULTATION! For individuals, couples, and adolescents. Relationship Specialist, Experienced Counsellor, Psychotherapist, Supervisor and Mindfulness Coach. I coach the leadership team at the NHS and previously a therapist with the NHS, Relate, and CAMHS. Based at The Friarsgate GP Surgery and my home practice counselling for a range of issues including anxiety, relationship issues, low self esteem, abuse, trauma, bereavement, depression, addictions, infertility and have many years experience. I offer a confidential safe, trusting environment for you to explore your issues and find a way forward.
01962 571706 View 01962 571706
Photo of Angela Marston, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Angela Marston
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Is your fear getting in the way of you living your life the way you want to? You may be suffering from loss, trauma, grief, anxiety or depression. If any of these or something in your past or present is getting in the way of you living your best life, I can help. Providing private counselling in Winchester since 2015, I am highly experienced psychotherapist, and offer a caring and empathetic space for you to work through your life’s problems and challenges. As a Psychotherapist/Counsellor and accredited member of the BACP, I am trained and qualified in a range of therapeutic models, including Person-centred, and CBT techniques.
Is your fear getting in the way of you living your life the way you want to? You may be suffering from loss, trauma, grief, anxiety or depression. If any of these or something in your past or present is getting in the way of you living your best life, I can help. Providing private counselling in Winchester since 2015, I am highly experienced psychotherapist, and offer a caring and empathetic space for you to work through your life’s problems and challenges. As a Psychotherapist/Counsellor and accredited member of the BACP, I am trained and qualified in a range of therapeutic models, including Person-centred, and CBT techniques.
01962 674477 View 01962 674477
Photo of Karen Allington, Counsellor in SO21, England
Karen Allington
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Are you struggling to cope with life? Are you experiencing difficulties in your relationships?You may be feeling confused, anxious, frightened, alone, unable to make sense of how you are feeling. You may have some idea of what is troubling you or it may be less clear, but with an underlying feeling that somehow you're not ok. I work psychodynamically which means by attending carefully to all that you bring we can work together to understand the meaning behind your difficulties. With greater self awareness you will become more in control of your life and be better able to make informed choices.
Are you struggling to cope with life? Are you experiencing difficulties in your relationships?You may be feeling confused, anxious, frightened, alone, unable to make sense of how you are feeling. You may have some idea of what is troubling you or it may be less clear, but with an underlying feeling that somehow you're not ok. I work psychodynamically which means by attending carefully to all that you bring we can work together to understand the meaning behind your difficulties. With greater self awareness you will become more in control of your life and be better able to make informed choices.
01962 571598 View 01962 571598
Photo of Hannah Maguire, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Hannah Maguire
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
My aim as a CBT therapist is to help clients who may be struggling with life challenges and develop a shared formulation that is individualised, that brings awareness to and understanding how your difficulties may have developed and are being maintained. This acts as a “roadmap” for our therapeutic understanding and intervention and will be covered in the initial assessment session(s). We will agree on how many sessions to meet for (usually six to 24, depending on the duration and complexity/severity) and help you work towards your set goals and values.
My aim as a CBT therapist is to help clients who may be struggling with life challenges and develop a shared formulation that is individualised, that brings awareness to and understanding how your difficulties may have developed and are being maintained. This acts as a “roadmap” for our therapeutic understanding and intervention and will be covered in the initial assessment session(s). We will agree on how many sessions to meet for (usually six to 24, depending on the duration and complexity/severity) and help you work towards your set goals and values.
07449 493168 View 07449 493168
Photo of Dr Kirsty Forsyth, Psychologist in SO21, England
Dr Kirsty Forsyth
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Winchester SO21  (Online Only)
Well done for taking the first step in improving your life. I specialize in helping people caught in negative patterns that can lead to chronic low mood, anxiety, poor self-esteem & relationship problems. I am non-judgmental, open and down to earth and believe in providing therapy that makes sense to you and makes a difference to your life. I am experienced in providing effective & compassionate therapy and will guide you every step of the way, helping you to develop an understanding of your difficulties, develop self awareness, enhance your inner strength, and break free of unhelpful patterns of being.
Well done for taking the first step in improving your life. I specialize in helping people caught in negative patterns that can lead to chronic low mood, anxiety, poor self-esteem & relationship problems. I am non-judgmental, open and down to earth and believe in providing therapy that makes sense to you and makes a difference to your life. I am experienced in providing effective & compassionate therapy and will guide you every step of the way, helping you to develop an understanding of your difficulties, develop self awareness, enhance your inner strength, and break free of unhelpful patterns of being.
01292 432085 View 01292 432085
Photo of Dr Natalie Roberts, Psychologist in SO21, England
Dr Natalie Roberts
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Not accepting new clients
I want to tell you about both strands of my work. I am able, with my clinical team, to provide assessment and diagnosis of autism and ADHD, in both children and adults. We provide gold standard assessments along with helpful recommendations that we can support education and workplaces to implement. Therapeutically, I work holistically and in an integrative way with people across all age ranges and presentations, to overcome difficult experiences, limiting self-beliefs, anxiety, low mood and other psychological difficulties that are impacting their ability to live life in a rich and meaningful way. Finding value and purpose is key.
I want to tell you about both strands of my work. I am able, with my clinical team, to provide assessment and diagnosis of autism and ADHD, in both children and adults. We provide gold standard assessments along with helpful recommendations that we can support education and workplaces to implement. Therapeutically, I work holistically and in an integrative way with people across all age ranges and presentations, to overcome difficult experiences, limiting self-beliefs, anxiety, low mood and other psychological difficulties that are impacting their ability to live life in a rich and meaningful way. Finding value and purpose is key.
01962 670861 View 01962 670861
Photo of Ellie Strange, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Ellie Strange
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified Verified
Ellie has worked over the last 6 years within the charity sector and the NHS working with clients through the ages of 17-75. She has trained in Art Psychotherapy with an integrative approach, meaning that she can tailor therapy to meet your needs and who you are. An integrative approach can be used to treat any number of psychological problems and disorders, including abuse, trauma, depression, anxiety and personality disorders.
Ellie has worked over the last 6 years within the charity sector and the NHS working with clients through the ages of 17-75. She has trained in Art Psychotherapy with an integrative approach, meaning that she can tailor therapy to meet your needs and who you are. An integrative approach can be used to treat any number of psychological problems and disorders, including abuse, trauma, depression, anxiety and personality disorders.
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Photo of Hampshire Autism and ADHD Service, Psychologist in SO21, England
Hampshire Autism and ADHD Service
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
We are a multi-disciplinary team with decades of experience and expertise in providing assessments of Autism and ADHD for children and adults. Our assessments are gold standard, NICE compliant and accepted by the NHS, schools, colleges, universities and workplaces. Whatever the outcome, we develop bespoke recommendations that detail the reasonable adjustments that can be made to support you or your child's access and inclusion, mental health and well-being. We can also provide family, couples or individual intervention following assessment.
We are a multi-disciplinary team with decades of experience and expertise in providing assessments of Autism and ADHD for children and adults. Our assessments are gold standard, NICE compliant and accepted by the NHS, schools, colleges, universities and workplaces. Whatever the outcome, we develop bespoke recommendations that detail the reasonable adjustments that can be made to support you or your child's access and inclusion, mental health and well-being. We can also provide family, couples or individual intervention following assessment.
01962 392947 View 01962 392947
Photo of Thrive Counselling, Psychotherapy & Supervision, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Thrive Counselling, Psychotherapy & Supervision
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Hello, I'm Lucy, a fully qualified person-centred counsellor, psychotherapist and supervisor based in Twyford, near Winchester. I am a registered, accredited member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (MBACP Accred), offering professional, experienced, warm and non-judgemental counselling and psychotherapy for clients to explore issues safely and freely. Person-centred therapy is a refreshing therapeutic method; "walking" with you, employing empathic understanding and non-judgemental warmth and acceptance, respecting and trusting your inner resources to support you on your journey.
Hello, I'm Lucy, a fully qualified person-centred counsellor, psychotherapist and supervisor based in Twyford, near Winchester. I am a registered, accredited member of the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (MBACP Accred), offering professional, experienced, warm and non-judgemental counselling and psychotherapy for clients to explore issues safely and freely. Person-centred therapy is a refreshing therapeutic method; "walking" with you, employing empathic understanding and non-judgemental warmth and acceptance, respecting and trusting your inner resources to support you on your journey.
01962 587220 View 01962 587220
Photo of Men's Issues Therapy, Psychologist in SO21, England
Men's Issues Therapy
Psychologist, PhD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
As a Professor of psychology with academic expertise on men, masculinities, sex and relationships, I provide bespoke therapy for men’s needs. Men prefer a less emotional, no-nonsense approach to counselling. My approach is thus problem-centered, solution-focused, with practical application and flexible session lengths. My expertise is to help men with relationship problems, particularly concerning related issues of sex, sexuality, erectile problems, cheating, sexually opening up relationships and multiple issues related to men, adolescents, and masculinities.
As a Professor of psychology with academic expertise on men, masculinities, sex and relationships, I provide bespoke therapy for men’s needs. Men prefer a less emotional, no-nonsense approach to counselling. My approach is thus problem-centered, solution-focused, with practical application and flexible session lengths. My expertise is to help men with relationship problems, particularly concerning related issues of sex, sexuality, erectile problems, cheating, sexually opening up relationships and multiple issues related to men, adolescents, and masculinities.
01256 633945 View 01256 633945
Photo of Corine Hope, Counsellor in SO21, England
Corine Hope
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Seeking therapy takes courage and finding the right therapist can be a daunting task. Perhaps you would like to make changes to your life but are unsure of where to begin? We can work together to help identify patterns and themes of your view of the world and yourself in it. We can think about how past experiences may have impacted on your ability to cope and function. With acquiring greater insight, awareness and meaning, we can work towards breaking destructive patterns and gain resources which will help you cope with difficulties and make profound changes to your life and relationships.
Seeking therapy takes courage and finding the right therapist can be a daunting task. Perhaps you would like to make changes to your life but are unsure of where to begin? We can work together to help identify patterns and themes of your view of the world and yourself in it. We can think about how past experiences may have impacted on your ability to cope and function. With acquiring greater insight, awareness and meaning, we can work towards breaking destructive patterns and gain resources which will help you cope with difficulties and make profound changes to your life and relationships.
01794 339383 View 01794 339383
Photo of Candice Collins, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Candice Collins
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
I specialise in working with couples and individuals, and regularly work with clients in areas including: communication, affairs and infidelity, blended families, bereavement (loss and grief), embedded trauma, depression and anxiety. In my practice, I endeavour to work with clients in an empathic, collaborative and non-judgemental way. My integrated approach uses systemic theory (including exploring your thought processes and present situation) and psychodynamic theory (historical exploration linking to unconscious thoughts and behaviour). I also apply aspects of emotionally-focused therapy (EFT); and trauma focused therapies.
I specialise in working with couples and individuals, and regularly work with clients in areas including: communication, affairs and infidelity, blended families, bereavement (loss and grief), embedded trauma, depression and anxiety. In my practice, I endeavour to work with clients in an empathic, collaborative and non-judgemental way. My integrated approach uses systemic theory (including exploring your thought processes and present situation) and psychodynamic theory (historical exploration linking to unconscious thoughts and behaviour). I also apply aspects of emotionally-focused therapy (EFT); and trauma focused therapies.
023 8202 8098 View 023 8202 8098
Photo of Dale Fewings, Counsellor in SO21, England
Dale Fewings
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hi, and welcome to my profile page. I guess you're here reading this because there is something going on in your life at the moment that you're struggling to deal with. Perhaps you're feeling anxious or depressed and you know you're not you, but need some help finding out why and how to move forward. It could be a work issue, difficulties in a relationship or a lack of confidence or self-esteem. Today's world can be a stressful place to live. The Pandemic, Cost of living and Climate Crisies, may all be having an effect on your mental health. The good news is, you've taken the first and often most difficult step; looking for help.
Hi, and welcome to my profile page. I guess you're here reading this because there is something going on in your life at the moment that you're struggling to deal with. Perhaps you're feeling anxious or depressed and you know you're not you, but need some help finding out why and how to move forward. It could be a work issue, difficulties in a relationship or a lack of confidence or self-esteem. Today's world can be a stressful place to live. The Pandemic, Cost of living and Climate Crisies, may all be having an effect on your mental health. The good news is, you've taken the first and often most difficult step; looking for help.
023 8001 2327 View 023 8001 2327
Photo of Cheryl Petty, Counsellor in SO21, England
Cheryl Petty
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Winchester SO21  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with issues that you find difficult to discuss with those who are close to you? Perhaps you feel stuck, anxious, have a general feeling of unhappiness that you can't shift? Life can be far from straight forward, in fact life is messy. We cannot escape the messiness of being human but we can make small changes in our lives that can help us to grow and move forward. Counselling can help us to do that.
Are you struggling with issues that you find difficult to discuss with those who are close to you? Perhaps you feel stuck, anxious, have a general feeling of unhappiness that you can't shift? Life can be far from straight forward, in fact life is messy. We cannot escape the messiness of being human but we can make small changes in our lives that can help us to grow and move forward. Counselling can help us to do that.
01962 674493 View 01962 674493
Photo of Louise Barker, Psychotherapist in SO21, England
Louise Barker
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Are you looking for a psychological therapist who provides a safe place for you or your child to be listened to and also equips you with lifelong knowledge and skills to take care of your emotional and mental health? I have 30 years experience working with adults, children and young people in a variety of NHS settings. This has included providing cognitive behavioural therapy for adults and young people overcoming addiction, providing specialist assessment and therapy programmes for children and families in an NHS CAMHS team and more recently providing psychological therapy for people with depression and anxiety problems.
Are you looking for a psychological therapist who provides a safe place for you or your child to be listened to and also equips you with lifelong knowledge and skills to take care of your emotional and mental health? I have 30 years experience working with adults, children and young people in a variety of NHS settings. This has included providing cognitive behavioural therapy for adults and young people overcoming addiction, providing specialist assessment and therapy programmes for children and families in an NHS CAMHS team and more recently providing psychological therapy for people with depression and anxiety problems.
07394 824978 View 07394 824978

See more therapy options for SO21

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in SO21

80+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in SO21 who prioritize treating:

93% Anxiety
85% Depression
84% Relationship Issues
84% Self Esteem
82% Stress
70% Bereavement
68% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

11 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

52% Aviva
48% Vitality
44% AXA PPP

How Counsellors in SO21 see their clients

87% In Person and Online
13% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
11% Male
1% Non-Binary
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in SO21?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.