Photo of Dr Bethany Stroyde, Psychologist in SM7, England
Dr Bethany Stroyde
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Banstead SM7  (Online Only)
The Body Keeps the Score...so let's see how a mind-body approach can enhance your wellbeing. I'm Beth, a clinical psychologist, yoga teacher, and somatic practitioner, integrating modern science with ancient wisdom. Maybe you're dealing with stress, anxiety, low mood, grief, or navigating life with physical health challenges; these struggles may have been with you for some time, possibly stemming from earlier life experiences (e.g. trauma) or recent events that have taken a toll on your emotional and physical wellbeing. Regardless of the source, I'm here to support you in finding your way towards a more balanced and fulfilling life.
The Body Keeps the Score...so let's see how a mind-body approach can enhance your wellbeing. I'm Beth, a clinical psychologist, yoga teacher, and somatic practitioner, integrating modern science with ancient wisdom. Maybe you're dealing with stress, anxiety, low mood, grief, or navigating life with physical health challenges; these struggles may have been with you for some time, possibly stemming from earlier life experiences (e.g. trauma) or recent events that have taken a toll on your emotional and physical wellbeing. Regardless of the source, I'm here to support you in finding your way towards a more balanced and fulfilling life.
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Photo of Jade Finlay, Counsellor in SM7, England
Jade Finlay
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
I have worked with a number of organisations and currently work in an NHS service, as a counsellor and deputy clinical service manager, working with adults struggling with anxiety and depression. I offer one-on-one counselling sessions, following an integrative approach in an emotionally supportive, confidential and relaxed atmosphere. To help individuals deal with anxiety, depression, phobias panic attacks etc. I have a rich background working with individuals who have suffered a traumatic brain injury.
I have worked with a number of organisations and currently work in an NHS service, as a counsellor and deputy clinical service manager, working with adults struggling with anxiety and depression. I offer one-on-one counselling sessions, following an integrative approach in an emotionally supportive, confidential and relaxed atmosphere. To help individuals deal with anxiety, depression, phobias panic attacks etc. I have a rich background working with individuals who have suffered a traumatic brain injury.
01737 302375 View 01737 302375
Photo of Shikainah Champion, Psychotherapist in SM7, England
Shikainah Champion
Psychotherapist, MA, MBABCP
Verified Verified
I treat depression and anxiety disorders such as specific phobias, PTSD, childhood trauma, OCD, Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Social phobia, Panic and Agoraphobia and Health Anxiety. I also treat Anorexia nervosa and Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). I treat individuals 16+ and couples too. In addition, I also offer CBT supervision to High Intensity Therapists and Psychological Well Being Practitioners in our service. I am happy to take on any private practitioner looking for a CBT supervisor.
I treat depression and anxiety disorders such as specific phobias, PTSD, childhood trauma, OCD, Generalised Anxiety Disorder (GAD), Social phobia, Panic and Agoraphobia and Health Anxiety. I also treat Anorexia nervosa and Body Dysmorphic Disorder (BDD). I treat individuals 16+ and couples too. In addition, I also offer CBT supervision to High Intensity Therapists and Psychological Well Being Practitioners in our service. I am happy to take on any private practitioner looking for a CBT supervisor.
01798 305234 View 01798 305234
Photo of Gary Napier, Counsellor in SM7, England
Gary Napier
Counsellor, MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Banstead SM7  (Online Only)
Too often, relationships break down because we believe the current situation will not change, and we see the only way forward is to leave. Communication, financial stress, and infidelity, are the leading reasons why couples seek my services for counselling. Both parties within the relationship need to have a voice! Indeed, the need to be 'heard', in a 'safe space', is often the 'game changer' for many couples. In addition, my clients receive relevant exercises and tools, to help them revise their thinking and behaviour, with the view to work towards a harmonious relationship. When appropriate, individual counselling is also offered.
Too often, relationships break down because we believe the current situation will not change, and we see the only way forward is to leave. Communication, financial stress, and infidelity, are the leading reasons why couples seek my services for counselling. Both parties within the relationship need to have a voice! Indeed, the need to be 'heard', in a 'safe space', is often the 'game changer' for many couples. In addition, my clients receive relevant exercises and tools, to help them revise their thinking and behaviour, with the view to work towards a harmonious relationship. When appropriate, individual counselling is also offered.
020 3763 8874 View 020 3763 8874
Photo of Surrey Therapy Practice, Psychologist in SM7, England
Surrey Therapy Practice
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
We are a small friendly team of experienced Psychologists, CBT therapists and Counsellors based in Banstead, Surrey, who offer a wide range of treatments for many different ages (face to face and online). We value providing a kind and supportive experience, treating everyone with respect and goal oriented approach for anyone looking to improve their mental health and well-being. Our vision is to use our skills and professional training to effectively find solutions that are tailored to individual needs. We help clients to reflect on problems and learn strategies to make positive changes to their lives and relationships.
We are a small friendly team of experienced Psychologists, CBT therapists and Counsellors based in Banstead, Surrey, who offer a wide range of treatments for many different ages (face to face and online). We value providing a kind and supportive experience, treating everyone with respect and goal oriented approach for anyone looking to improve their mental health and well-being. Our vision is to use our skills and professional training to effectively find solutions that are tailored to individual needs. We help clients to reflect on problems and learn strategies to make positive changes to their lives and relationships.
01737 302295 View 01737 302295
Photo of Toni Clarke, Psychotherapist in SM7, England
Toni Clarke
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
You may have had experience of counselling or therapy , or none at all. Sometimes it is hard to make the first step into talking therapy. You may be feeling that it could be helpful to have some time to talk about what is going on in your life, about feelings of loss, unhappiness, anxiety or maybe that things are just not 'right'. Feelings of loneliness and isolation are particularly difficult at this time. Working with the right counsellor can help to work through issues from the past , present day problems or looking towards the future and what you may want to change in your life.
You may have had experience of counselling or therapy , or none at all. Sometimes it is hard to make the first step into talking therapy. You may be feeling that it could be helpful to have some time to talk about what is going on in your life, about feelings of loss, unhappiness, anxiety or maybe that things are just not 'right'. Feelings of loneliness and isolation are particularly difficult at this time. Working with the right counsellor can help to work through issues from the past , present day problems or looking towards the future and what you may want to change in your life.
01260 542103 View 01260 542103
Photo of Tijen O'Neill in SM7, England
Tijen O'Neill
MA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
I am a child-centered play therapist and provide a safe and trusting environment for children to express themselves and make sense of their life experiences through the metaphors of play. My background is in education, and I have over 15 years of experience supporting children and their families in schools. Play therapy is a proven effective approach in supporting a child’s emotional health, and there are strong links between emotional wellbeing and academic attainment. Play therapy is an effective intervention for children with a variety of difficulties and can promote empowerment, increased self-esteem and resilience.
I am a child-centered play therapist and provide a safe and trusting environment for children to express themselves and make sense of their life experiences through the metaphors of play. My background is in education, and I have over 15 years of experience supporting children and their families in schools. Play therapy is a proven effective approach in supporting a child’s emotional health, and there are strong links between emotional wellbeing and academic attainment. Play therapy is an effective intervention for children with a variety of difficulties and can promote empowerment, increased self-esteem and resilience.
01737 301490 View 01737 301490
Photo of Grainne Ashton, Psychotherapist in SM7, England
Grainne Ashton
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Hello, I’m Grainne (‘Gronya’). When you're experiencing emotional difficulties it can feel isolating. Perhaps you’re struggling with anxiety, low mood, loss, or relationship issues. Maybe you're experiencing the effects of past or recent trauma or need support through a time of difficult change. Or you might not be sure why you feel distressed. Whatever's troubling you, you don't need to manage it alone - therapy can support you to process the impact of past experiences, explore where you are right now, and discover what you may need to move forwards and feel better.
Hello, I’m Grainne (‘Gronya’). When you're experiencing emotional difficulties it can feel isolating. Perhaps you’re struggling with anxiety, low mood, loss, or relationship issues. Maybe you're experiencing the effects of past or recent trauma or need support through a time of difficult change. Or you might not be sure why you feel distressed. Whatever's troubling you, you don't need to manage it alone - therapy can support you to process the impact of past experiences, explore where you are right now, and discover what you may need to move forwards and feel better.
01737 301533 View 01737 301533
Photo of Joanna Seller, Psychologist in SM7, England
Joanna Seller
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
I am a Clinical Psychologist working to support adults, children, young people and their families to understand and make sense of emotional or behaviour issues, and work together using psychological therapy on issues such as depression and low mood, anxiety and panic, OCD, trauma, and low self esteem. I have experience and expertise in working with adults adapting to pregnancy and new parenthood. I can also help with adapting to life events including bullying, bereavement, pre school and school based difficulties, behaviour difficulties associated with ADHD and Autism, parenting advice and family and relationship issues.
I am a Clinical Psychologist working to support adults, children, young people and their families to understand and make sense of emotional or behaviour issues, and work together using psychological therapy on issues such as depression and low mood, anxiety and panic, OCD, trauma, and low self esteem. I have experience and expertise in working with adults adapting to pregnancy and new parenthood. I can also help with adapting to life events including bullying, bereavement, pre school and school based difficulties, behaviour difficulties associated with ADHD and Autism, parenting advice and family and relationship issues.
01372 233630 View 01372 233630
Photo of Dr Fabio Massaro, Psychologist in SM7, England
Dr Fabio Massaro
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
I am a warm and friendly Clinical Psychologist with specialist experience in complex mental health difficulties in adolescents and adults (such as, anxiety, self-harm, low mood, trauma-related problems, low self-esteem, and social isolation). Over the past 11 years I have worked in a number of NHS and non-NHS settings including, child and adolescent generic and specialist services (CAMHS) and adult community and inpatient services, providing specialist assessments and evidence-based treatment to neurotypical and neurodivergent individuals who were at risk.
I am a warm and friendly Clinical Psychologist with specialist experience in complex mental health difficulties in adolescents and adults (such as, anxiety, self-harm, low mood, trauma-related problems, low self-esteem, and social isolation). Over the past 11 years I have worked in a number of NHS and non-NHS settings including, child and adolescent generic and specialist services (CAMHS) and adult community and inpatient services, providing specialist assessments and evidence-based treatment to neurotypical and neurodivergent individuals who were at risk.
07774 721107 View 07774 721107
Photo of Thulasi Mohanadas, Psychotherapist in SM7, England
Thulasi Mohanadas
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
I empower my clients to live an independent and fearless life using CBT and EMDR. By working with me, you’ll not only be able to cope with your past but also plan for a thriving future. We’ll achieve this by building a powerful psychological toolkit: a collection of practical techniques uniquely designed for you. These include relaxation, coping, assertiveness, resilience & stress management tools & a bespoke psychological roadmap (formulation). These tools will allow you to step back from triggering situations, notice unhelpful patterns in your thoughts, behaviours and emotions, respond mindfully & break free from old patterns.
I empower my clients to live an independent and fearless life using CBT and EMDR. By working with me, you’ll not only be able to cope with your past but also plan for a thriving future. We’ll achieve this by building a powerful psychological toolkit: a collection of practical techniques uniquely designed for you. These include relaxation, coping, assertiveness, resilience & stress management tools & a bespoke psychological roadmap (formulation). These tools will allow you to step back from triggering situations, notice unhelpful patterns in your thoughts, behaviours and emotions, respond mindfully & break free from old patterns.
020 3816 3726 View 020 3816 3726
Photo of Jemima Reeves, Counsellor in SM7, England
Jemima Reeves
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Welcome, often taking the first steps into therapy can feel overwhelming. I offer a non-judgement, safe space to explore thoughts and feelings that might be affecting certain behaviours. As I work by a psychodynamic model means together, we would travel through thoughts, feelings and memories trying to bring the unconscious to the conscious. Ultimately gaining a better understanding of the influences of the past and gaining more insight of self.
Welcome, often taking the first steps into therapy can feel overwhelming. I offer a non-judgement, safe space to explore thoughts and feelings that might be affecting certain behaviours. As I work by a psychodynamic model means together, we would travel through thoughts, feelings and memories trying to bring the unconscious to the conscious. Ultimately gaining a better understanding of the influences of the past and gaining more insight of self.
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Photo of Richard Cavalier, Counsellor in SM7, England
Richard Cavalier
Counsellor, ACC Reg
Verified Verified
Hi and welcome to my page. I offer both long and short term counselling. Having spent over thirty years working London’s financial districts I understand the difficulties of maintaining a healthy work/life balance and the effects of work stress on anxiety levels and mental health. For those suffering from ME/CFS I incorprate Neurosomatic Therapy into my approach (as documented at www.wellwise4me.com). I think of counselling as aiming to alleviate distress from overwhelming emotions caused by anxiety trauma or loss. Do get in touch if that fits with your needs.
Hi and welcome to my page. I offer both long and short term counselling. Having spent over thirty years working London’s financial districts I understand the difficulties of maintaining a healthy work/life balance and the effects of work stress on anxiety levels and mental health. For those suffering from ME/CFS I incorprate Neurosomatic Therapy into my approach (as documented at www.wellwise4me.com). I think of counselling as aiming to alleviate distress from overwhelming emotions caused by anxiety trauma or loss. Do get in touch if that fits with your needs.
01260 542118 View 01260 542118
Photo of Siobhain Clancy, Psychotherapist in SM7, England
Siobhain Clancy
Psychotherapist, BPC
Verified Verified
All of us experience challenges in our lives and sometimes these challenges are difficult to carry. You may be feeling stressed, angry, anxious, confused, inadequate or overwhelmed with sadness. You may feel isolated with your thoughts and feelings. Sitting within a confidential and supportive environment with someone you can trust and who will listen, can help you understand and make sense of your situation.
All of us experience challenges in our lives and sometimes these challenges are difficult to carry. You may be feeling stressed, angry, anxious, confused, inadequate or overwhelmed with sadness. You may feel isolated with your thoughts and feelings. Sitting within a confidential and supportive environment with someone you can trust and who will listen, can help you understand and make sense of your situation.
07775 187184 View 07775 187184
Photo of Emma Louise Keene, Psychotherapist in SM7, England
Emma Louise Keene
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
I am a child and adolescent psychotherapist. I use play and other creative ways to help children start to make sense of what they are feeling. It is hard for children to understand how they feel and why. It can be confusing. I have been through many years of training so that I am able to understand how a child is feeling and their struggles by watching them play and being creative. I sit with your child and help them to explore their inner world. I can help with anxiety, low mood, bereavement, behavioural difficulties, ADHD, low self esteem, attachment disorder. I also offer postnatal and prenatal support.
I am a child and adolescent psychotherapist. I use play and other creative ways to help children start to make sense of what they are feeling. It is hard for children to understand how they feel and why. It can be confusing. I have been through many years of training so that I am able to understand how a child is feeling and their struggles by watching them play and being creative. I sit with your child and help them to explore their inner world. I can help with anxiety, low mood, bereavement, behavioural difficulties, ADHD, low self esteem, attachment disorder. I also offer postnatal and prenatal support.
01737 302417 View 01737 302417
Photo of Dr Amy Gibbard, Psychologist in SM7, England
Dr Amy Gibbard
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
As a warm, approachable and skilled practitioner, I can help you to feel heard, gain understanding, build confidence and develop skills to help manage the difficulties you face. I am a highly experienced Psychologist and as such, am able to draw on a range of skills and evidenced-based, NICE recommended therapeutic approaches to best meet your needs.
As a warm, approachable and skilled practitioner, I can help you to feel heard, gain understanding, build confidence and develop skills to help manage the difficulties you face. I am a highly experienced Psychologist and as such, am able to draw on a range of skills and evidenced-based, NICE recommended therapeutic approaches to best meet your needs.
01260 540959 View 01260 540959
Photo of Dr Sharron Jane Smith, Psychologist in SM7, England
Dr Sharron Jane Smith
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
For over 13 years I have been helping people to make wanted changes in their lives, and to develop deeper understandings of themselves and the way they relate to others. The difficulties I have helped people with are wide-ranging, and include anxiety and depression, relationship and parenting difficulties, low self-esteem, work related difficulties including bullying, OCD, BDD and childhood trauma. I have worked in a number of different contexts including four NHS trusts, a specialist rehab facility for alcohol addiction, and a charitable organisation supporting children affected by domestic violence.
For over 13 years I have been helping people to make wanted changes in their lives, and to develop deeper understandings of themselves and the way they relate to others. The difficulties I have helped people with are wide-ranging, and include anxiety and depression, relationship and parenting difficulties, low self-esteem, work related difficulties including bullying, OCD, BDD and childhood trauma. I have worked in a number of different contexts including four NHS trusts, a specialist rehab facility for alcohol addiction, and a charitable organisation supporting children affected by domestic violence.
01737 301683 View 01737 301683
Photo of Farhana Gibson, Counsellor in SM7, England
Farhana Gibson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Hello, welcome to my page. I am an integrative counsellor, which means I use different approaches to therapy depending on the client’s individual need. I am a member of the BACP (British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy) and abide by the guidelines set out in their Ethical Framework (2108). I offer both long and short term therapy in the form of 50 minute sessions, with a focus on providing a safe, empathetic space that feels supportive and non-judgemental. There can be many reasons why we seek counselling, whether that’s due to difficulties from the past, or working on change and self awareness in the here and now.
Hello, welcome to my page. I am an integrative counsellor, which means I use different approaches to therapy depending on the client’s individual need. I am a member of the BACP (British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy) and abide by the guidelines set out in their Ethical Framework (2108). I offer both long and short term therapy in the form of 50 minute sessions, with a focus on providing a safe, empathetic space that feels supportive and non-judgemental. There can be many reasons why we seek counselling, whether that’s due to difficulties from the past, or working on change and self awareness in the here and now.
01737 301520 View 01737 301520
Photo of Lorraine Gallagher, Counsellor in SM7, England
Lorraine Gallagher
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
I am passionate about providing a place that is confidential and safe, in a non judgemental way. I am a qualified integrative counsellor. (Integrative means I use different approaches depending on what the client needs). I am a member of the BACP (British Association of Counsellors and Psychotherapists). I can offer you the time and space to reflect on difficult feelings. I offer empathy and congruence.
I am passionate about providing a place that is confidential and safe, in a non judgemental way. I am a qualified integrative counsellor. (Integrative means I use different approaches depending on what the client needs). I am a member of the BACP (British Association of Counsellors and Psychotherapists). I can offer you the time and space to reflect on difficult feelings. I offer empathy and congruence.
01883 776042 View 01883 776042
Photo of Liessa Callaghan, Counsellor in SM7, England
Liessa Callaghan
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
You may wish to start counselling for many reasons. You may be experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship problems, bereavement, or other challenges that are impacting your wellbeing. Or you could be overwhelmed by feelings like sadness, confusion, anger, or distress. You may wish to explore your experience of neurodiversity. Whatever the issue, we will work specifically on your circumstances. I respect everyone's uniqueness and individuality, and the focus of our therapeutic work together is to process your past or current distress.
You may wish to start counselling for many reasons. You may be experiencing depression, anxiety, relationship problems, bereavement, or other challenges that are impacting your wellbeing. Or you could be overwhelmed by feelings like sadness, confusion, anger, or distress. You may wish to explore your experience of neurodiversity. Whatever the issue, we will work specifically on your circumstances. I respect everyone's uniqueness and individuality, and the focus of our therapeutic work together is to process your past or current distress.
01737 301523 View 01737 301523

See more therapy options for SM7

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in SM7

40+

Average cost per session

£70

Counsellors in SM7 who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
95% Depression
90% Self Esteem
86% Stress
83% Bereavement
81% Relationship Issues
79% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

7 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

92% Aviva
92% AXA PPP
85% WPA

How Counsellors in SM7 see their clients

93% In Person and Online
7% Online Only

Gender breakdown

80% Female
20% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in SM7?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.