Counselling in Thorntonhall

Photo of Dr Leigh-Anne Lynch, Psychologist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Dr Leigh-Anne Lynch
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
1 Endorsed
Thorntonhall G74
I am Dr Leigh-Anne Lynch, I am a highly experienced Clinical Psychologist with The Beacon Practice. I have over sixteen years experience practising clinical psychology. I offer psychological assessment and therapeutic intervention in West and Central Scotland. I work with a wide age range, including children and adults to help clients understand and manage a wide range of emotional difficulties. I use a range of psychological therapies, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, to help clients improve their quality of life. I am friendly, approachable and caring.
I am Dr Leigh-Anne Lynch, I am a highly experienced Clinical Psychologist with The Beacon Practice. I have over sixteen years experience practising clinical psychology. I offer psychological assessment and therapeutic intervention in West and Central Scotland. I work with a wide age range, including children and adults to help clients understand and manage a wide range of emotional difficulties. I use a range of psychological therapies, such as cognitive behavioural therapy, to help clients improve their quality of life. I am friendly, approachable and caring.
01355 209638 View 01355 209638
Photo of Amanda Wu, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Amanda Wu
Counsellor, MA, PNCPS Acc.
Verified
Thorntonhall G74
Amanda is an accredited Psychotherapeutic Counsellor. She provides counselling to children, adolescents & adults. Amanda uses an integrative approach, therefore she integrates a number of different models to her work including person-centred, cognitive behavioural, psychodynamic, gestalt & transactional analysis.
Amanda is an accredited Psychotherapeutic Counsellor. She provides counselling to children, adolescents & adults. Amanda uses an integrative approach, therefore she integrates a number of different models to her work including person-centred, cognitive behavioural, psychodynamic, gestalt & transactional analysis.
01698 674892 View 01698 674892
Photo of Aye Psychology, Psychologist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Aye Psychology
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Thorntonhall G74  (Online Only)
Throughout life we are presented with uncertainties and difficulties, some can be overwhelming and take a toll over our mental wellbeing, physical health and come in the way of being able to lead the meaningful lives we wish to have. If you are struggling with repeated unhelpful patterns of thinking and behaving, wish to explore means of taking care of your mental health and build an understanding of how challenges have impacted on you, accessing psychological therapy could help you to make meaningful change and/ or build acceptance in your life. Aye Psychology is committed to supporting you and I look forward to hearing from you.
Throughout life we are presented with uncertainties and difficulties, some can be overwhelming and take a toll over our mental wellbeing, physical health and come in the way of being able to lead the meaningful lives we wish to have. If you are struggling with repeated unhelpful patterns of thinking and behaving, wish to explore means of taking care of your mental health and build an understanding of how challenges have impacted on you, accessing psychological therapy could help you to make meaningful change and/ or build acceptance in your life. Aye Psychology is committed to supporting you and I look forward to hearing from you.
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More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Andrew Power Whitelaw (Unconditional Counselling), Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Andrew Power Whitelaw (Unconditional Counselling)
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified
Glasgow G75
I want to offer you some encouragement as you scroll through this site looking for a counsellor - it is not easy to do when you're experiencing all sorts of complicated thoughts and emotions. You're here though. You're already doing something to help yourself, and my hope is that you'll find the support you need either with myself or another counsellor. I am qualified and experienced in holding and responding to complex experiences and emotions. However, equally important to the training and experience of a counsellor is how you feel in their presence.
I want to offer you some encouragement as you scroll through this site looking for a counsellor - it is not easy to do when you're experiencing all sorts of complicated thoughts and emotions. You're here though. You're already doing something to help yourself, and my hope is that you'll find the support you need either with myself or another counsellor. I am qualified and experienced in holding and responding to complex experiences and emotions. However, equally important to the training and experience of a counsellor is how you feel in their presence.
07714 513434 View 07714 513434
Photo of Ambreen Azad, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Ambreen Azad
Counsellor, PMCOSCA
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Kilbride G74  (Online Only)
As a Counsellor I specialise in Couple & Individual Counselling. I have experience of working with a wide range of issues like Affairs, Communication Breakdown, Conflict, Abuse, Trauma and etc. Areas of speciality include working with any issues with couples, depression, anxiety and trauma. I work with each person's uniqueness in diverse situations including supporting each individual to find more satisfying ways to manage the challenges they are experiencing such as Anxiety, Low Mood, Depression or even Bereavement . I also offer Supervision to counsellors and those in the helping professions.
As a Counsellor I specialise in Couple & Individual Counselling. I have experience of working with a wide range of issues like Affairs, Communication Breakdown, Conflict, Abuse, Trauma and etc. Areas of speciality include working with any issues with couples, depression, anxiety and trauma. I work with each person's uniqueness in diverse situations including supporting each individual to find more satisfying ways to manage the challenges they are experiencing such as Anxiety, Low Mood, Depression or even Bereavement . I also offer Supervision to counsellors and those in the helping professions.
0141 280 7725 View 0141 280 7725
Photo of Hannah Goldie in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Hannah Goldie
Glasgow G75
I am a CBT Therapist with over 6 years experience in the Mental Health field. I am passionate about my work and feel privileged to be able to support people with their mental health. I named my business "Flying Start Therapy," as I aim to give clients a flying start back into their lives and towards their goals. My biggest aim as a Therapist is to offer a non-judgemental space for clients to speak freely and begin to envision a brighter future. I can work with a range of mental health conditions listed below and am currently running a ADHD support group and working with adults with ADHD. I have current spaces during the week.
I am a CBT Therapist with over 6 years experience in the Mental Health field. I am passionate about my work and feel privileged to be able to support people with their mental health. I named my business "Flying Start Therapy," as I aim to give clients a flying start back into their lives and towards their goals. My biggest aim as a Therapist is to offer a non-judgemental space for clients to speak freely and begin to envision a brighter future. I can work with a range of mental health conditions listed below and am currently running a ADHD support group and working with adults with ADHD. I have current spaces during the week.
01355 201187 View 01355 201187
Photo of Jane Hamilton, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Jane Hamilton
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP Accred
Verified
East Kilbride G74
I have trained and practise as a person centred counsellor because I believe everyone has the potential to reach inside and find their own strength and resources, with a little help . There are times in all of our lives when we feel we need some extra help to cope with life events and struggles. I would like to help you through whatever it is that brings you here. Whether it is work, life events, or you're not sure what is wrong but feel something is not right, it can help to share your feelings with that impartial, non-judgemental someone, allowing you to clarify your own thoughts and helping you to see a way through.
I have trained and practise as a person centred counsellor because I believe everyone has the potential to reach inside and find their own strength and resources, with a little help . There are times in all of our lives when we feel we need some extra help to cope with life events and struggles. I would like to help you through whatever it is that brings you here. Whether it is work, life events, or you're not sure what is wrong but feel something is not right, it can help to share your feelings with that impartial, non-judgemental someone, allowing you to clarify your own thoughts and helping you to see a way through.
01357 518914 View 01357 518914
Photo of Sharon Joyce, Psychotherapist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Sharon Joyce
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified
East Kilbride G74
As a practitioner with over 25 years experience I use the latest evidence-informed therapies gaining additional qualifications at Strathclyde University in 2022 now achieving status as counsellor and person-centred psychotherapist fully registered with BACP in addition to my fully qualified registration SSSC since my qualification in 1997. I am a registered member of BACP, COSCA and SSSC. I adhere to their policies and procedures and comply with the ethical framework for practice. This includes ongoing professional development, supervision and complainFees available on request. Supervision, BACP and SSSC regulations applied.
As a practitioner with over 25 years experience I use the latest evidence-informed therapies gaining additional qualifications at Strathclyde University in 2022 now achieving status as counsellor and person-centred psychotherapist fully registered with BACP in addition to my fully qualified registration SSSC since my qualification in 1997. I am a registered member of BACP, COSCA and SSSC. I adhere to their policies and procedures and comply with the ethical framework for practice. This includes ongoing professional development, supervision and complainFees available on request. Supervision, BACP and SSSC regulations applied.
07493 304649 View 07493 304649
Photo of Leandra McCluskey, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Leandra McCluskey
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Kilbride G74
Feeling unhappy and struggling with anxiety or depression? I am a fully qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist, who can assist you in coping with the problems and challenges life brings, so you can reach your full potential and overcome your difficulties. Whether you are feeling overwhelmed or want to work on something specific, I am trained and skilled to help with issues such as, anxiety, depression, anger, loss, family conflict, stress, panic, phobia’s, OCD, low self-esteem, or sleep problems. In therapy, you will be treated with compassion, warmth, acceptance, and respect.
Feeling unhappy and struggling with anxiety or depression? I am a fully qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist, who can assist you in coping with the problems and challenges life brings, so you can reach your full potential and overcome your difficulties. Whether you are feeling overwhelmed or want to work on something specific, I am trained and skilled to help with issues such as, anxiety, depression, anger, loss, family conflict, stress, panic, phobia’s, OCD, low self-esteem, or sleep problems. In therapy, you will be treated with compassion, warmth, acceptance, and respect.
01355 201067 View 01355 201067
Connected Health and Wellbeing
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified
East Kilbride G74
Connected Health and Wellbeing is a network of accredited and experienced psychologists, psychotherapists, counsellors and trainers. The directors Colin and Anne are well qualified experienced psychotherapists, clinical supervisors and trainers. First contact is with Colin or Anne who will arrange to work with you or identify who in the network is has the knowledge and expertise to meet your therapeutic or training needs.
Connected Health and Wellbeing is a network of accredited and experienced psychologists, psychotherapists, counsellors and trainers. The directors Colin and Anne are well qualified experienced psychotherapists, clinical supervisors and trainers. First contact is with Colin or Anne who will arrange to work with you or identify who in the network is has the knowledge and expertise to meet your therapeutic or training needs.
0141 280 3907 View 0141 280 3907
Photo of Julie Fraser, Psychotherapist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Julie Fraser
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified
East Kilbride G75  (Online Only)
Hey! I am a Cognitive Behavior Psychotherapist. I work with clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. It takes courage to seek out a more fulfilling and happier life and to take the first steps towards change. I am here to support & empower you in that journey.
Hey! I am a Cognitive Behavior Psychotherapist. I work with clients to create an open and safe environment where thoughts and feelings can be shared without fear of judgment. It takes courage to seek out a more fulfilling and happier life and to take the first steps towards change. I am here to support & empower you in that journey.
01357 513051 View 01357 513051
Photo of LMcounselling & Coaching MBACP (Accred), Psychotherapist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
LMcounselling & Coaching MBACP (Accred)
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified
East Kilbride G74
I am a qualified counsellor and Accredited member of the BACP. I use a pluralistic approach to my therapy. This involves working collaboratively with my clients, their individuality thus incorporating shared decision making.  I can work with a wide range of concerns and assist you with issues you may be facing such as anxiety, depression, trauma, addictions, stress, anger, sexual abuse and many others. An example of this approach is discussing with you what you would like to achieve from therapy then working together to achieve the most effective way to get there.
I am a qualified counsellor and Accredited member of the BACP. I use a pluralistic approach to my therapy. This involves working collaboratively with my clients, their individuality thus incorporating shared decision making.  I can work with a wide range of concerns and assist you with issues you may be facing such as anxiety, depression, trauma, addictions, stress, anger, sexual abuse and many others. An example of this approach is discussing with you what you would like to achieve from therapy then working together to achieve the most effective way to get there.
01355 209598 View 01355 209598
Photo of Karin Usher, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Karin Usher
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Glasgow G76
I am an Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist who works with adults seeking help with trauma/PTSD, anxiety, depression, anger, shame, and other symptoms caused by the traumatic event. I aim to assist you in feeling safe, processing your trauma, and finding ways to live a more fulfilling life. Sessions in person or online.
I am an Integrative Counsellor and Psychotherapist who works with adults seeking help with trauma/PTSD, anxiety, depression, anger, shame, and other symptoms caused by the traumatic event. I aim to assist you in feeling safe, processing your trauma, and finding ways to live a more fulfilling life. Sessions in person or online.
0141 538 9938 View 0141 538 9938
Photo of Claire Stevens, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Claire Stevens
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Kilbride G74
I am a qualified integrative counsellor and supervisor registered with the BACP. I have personal experience of how beneficial counselling can be , and appreciate how difficult it may be to reach out and ask for help. I understand what it is like to be a client, and I aim to offer a safe , non judgemental , confidential environment , allowing you to explore areas of your life that are causing you concern . By building a warm therapeutic relationship , we can work collaboratively to gain insight and perspective into your personal challenges , and overcome any barriers preventing you from reaching your goals.
I am a qualified integrative counsellor and supervisor registered with the BACP. I have personal experience of how beneficial counselling can be , and appreciate how difficult it may be to reach out and ask for help. I understand what it is like to be a client, and I aim to offer a safe , non judgemental , confidential environment , allowing you to explore areas of your life that are causing you concern . By building a warm therapeutic relationship , we can work collaboratively to gain insight and perspective into your personal challenges , and overcome any barriers preventing you from reaching your goals.
01357 510627 View 01357 510627
Photo of Auric Psychology, Psychologist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Auric Psychology
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
East Kilbride G74
We are a private Psychological Therapies Service in Hamilton, Lanarkshire. We have a number of highly qualified practitioners to suit your needs, including Clinical and Counselling Psychologists, Counsellors and Clinical Associates in Applied Psychology. We work to find you the right person to support you, and the members of our team have varying specialities, availability and training. We work with adults and children who are struggling with a range of difficulties such as anxiety, stress, depression, trauma, issues with self-esteem and confidence, anger and bereavement. We also work with couples and families with varying needs.
We are a private Psychological Therapies Service in Hamilton, Lanarkshire. We have a number of highly qualified practitioners to suit your needs, including Clinical and Counselling Psychologists, Counsellors and Clinical Associates in Applied Psychology. We work to find you the right person to support you, and the members of our team have varying specialities, availability and training. We work with adults and children who are struggling with a range of difficulties such as anxiety, stress, depression, trauma, issues with self-esteem and confidence, anger and bereavement. We also work with couples and families with varying needs.
07723 480329 View 07723 480329
Photo of Dr Craig Dunn & Associates Psychology Services, Psychologist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Dr Craig Dunn & Associates Psychology Services
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
1 Endorsed
East Kilbride G74
Welcome to Dr Craig Dunn & Associates Psychology Services. We are a group of mental health practitioners consisting of psychologists and psychotherapists sharing a commitment to providing a high quality service and supportive relationship to our clients. We over a range of psychotherapy services to adults, children, young people and schools across Greater Glasgow. It can be challenging knowing what kind of support you are looking for. Sometimes, a friendly face or warm interaction is all you need to feel confident in your therapist. However, when calling to enquire about
Welcome to Dr Craig Dunn & Associates Psychology Services. We are a group of mental health practitioners consisting of psychologists and psychotherapists sharing a commitment to providing a high quality service and supportive relationship to our clients. We over a range of psychotherapy services to adults, children, young people and schools across Greater Glasgow. It can be challenging knowing what kind of support you are looking for. Sometimes, a friendly face or warm interaction is all you need to feel confident in your therapist. However, when calling to enquire about
0141 673 0369 View 0141 673 0369
Photo of Chattering Minds Therapy, Psychotherapist in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Chattering Minds Therapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
East Kilbride G74
Hello, my name is Gill and I am the founder of Chattering Minds Therapy. I am dedicated in providing psychotherapy services in a private practice setting one to one with clients. With empathy, compassion and creativity, I offer short and longer-term therapy that aims to equip you with the necessary knowledge, clarity and tools so that you can reach your goals and lead a happier, more fulfilling life.
Hello, my name is Gill and I am the founder of Chattering Minds Therapy. I am dedicated in providing psychotherapy services in a private practice setting one to one with clients. With empathy, compassion and creativity, I offer short and longer-term therapy that aims to equip you with the necessary knowledge, clarity and tools so that you can reach your goals and lead a happier, more fulfilling life.
0141 673 0418 View 0141 673 0418
Photo of Alexandra MacGill - Cbt Therapist, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Alexandra MacGill - Cbt Therapist
Counsellor
1 Endorsed
Glasgow G72  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Thinking about therapy? Are you feeling a bit overwhelmed at the moment? Or just not feeling your "usual self"? Is your mood low most of the time and you're just not sure how to overcome it? Are you aware that some of your behaviors are not helpful and you are looking to change? If so, then i would love to help. As CBT has been proven to help with such issues.
Thinking about therapy? Are you feeling a bit overwhelmed at the moment? Or just not feeling your "usual self"? Is your mood low most of the time and you're just not sure how to overcome it? Are you aware that some of your behaviors are not helpful and you are looking to change? If so, then i would love to help. As CBT has been proven to help with such issues.
0141 673 8726 View 0141 673 8726
Photo of Lazare Counselling, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Lazare Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Glasgow G74
I understand that this may seem very daunting and perhaps overwhelming as you seek help from a professional.  I am a qualified Person Centred Counsellor.  This is a client focused therapy that offers a space to talk and explore as we work together through your challenges and experiences.  I offer face to face counselling in a safe, empathic, confidential and peaceful space. If you prefer to be in the comfort of your home, we can work together remotely. The facility offers free parking and is easily accessed from the M77.
I understand that this may seem very daunting and perhaps overwhelming as you seek help from a professional.  I am a qualified Person Centred Counsellor.  This is a client focused therapy that offers a space to talk and explore as we work together through your challenges and experiences.  I offer face to face counselling in a safe, empathic, confidential and peaceful space. If you prefer to be in the comfort of your home, we can work together remotely. The facility offers free parking and is easily accessed from the M77.
0141 673 4414 View 0141 673 4414
Photo of Carol Dobbins, Counsellor in Thorntonhall, Scotland
Carol Dobbins
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
East Kilbride G75
Hello. I’m Carol and welcome to my profile. Are you someone who has experienced difficult challenges in your life that may have left you feeling “stuck”, "lost", anxious or afraid and finding it hard to cope with day to day activities? I am here for you to provide you with a safe, confidential space as we work together to help you gain insight, self-awareness, clarity, confidence and positive growth towards greater fulfilment. My work as a psychodynamic therapist is to help you find your way again by unravelling hidden or unconscious aspects of you. Whatever the issue we can explore them in-person or online or by telephone.
Hello. I’m Carol and welcome to my profile. Are you someone who has experienced difficult challenges in your life that may have left you feeling “stuck”, "lost", anxious or afraid and finding it hard to cope with day to day activities? I am here for you to provide you with a safe, confidential space as we work together to help you gain insight, self-awareness, clarity, confidence and positive growth towards greater fulfilment. My work as a psychodynamic therapist is to help you find your way again by unravelling hidden or unconscious aspects of you. Whatever the issue we can explore them in-person or online or by telephone.
01355 201303 View 01355 201303

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Thorntonhall

< 10

Counsellors in Thorntonhall who prioritize treating:

67% Relationship Issues
67% Depression
67% Anxiety
67% Chronic Pain
67% Bereavement
67% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
67% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aviva
50% Aetna
50% Cigna and Evernorth

How Counsellors in Thorntonhall see their clients

67% In Person and Online
33% Online Only

Gender breakdown

100% Female

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Thorntonhall?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.