Counselling in Paisley

Photo of Therapy with Stephany, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Therapy with Stephany
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1
Let's work together to support your mental & emotional wellbeing. I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist who is passionate about supporting & empowering others through delivering effective CBT with a warm and collaborative approach. I help individuals overcome common mental health difficulties such as depression, anxiety, OCD and low self-esteem. Additionally, I have a special interest in women's health, and have experience of supporting women with various conditions specific to women's health, such as PMDD. I have also recently completed further training to help support those who have experienced baby loss.
Let's work together to support your mental & emotional wellbeing. I am an accredited Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist who is passionate about supporting & empowering others through delivering effective CBT with a warm and collaborative approach. I help individuals overcome common mental health difficulties such as depression, anxiety, OCD and low self-esteem. Additionally, I have a special interest in women's health, and have experience of supporting women with various conditions specific to women's health, such as PMDD. I have also recently completed further training to help support those who have experienced baby loss.
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Photo of Cindy Knapton CBT, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Cindy Knapton CBT
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Paisley PA1  (Online Only)
Sometimes life is overwhelming and we don't have all the answers. Stressful events can cause negative thoughts and anxiety which keep you on edge and impact sleep. To cope, you may try really hard to fix things, please others, or avoid activities and settings you previously enjoyed, as it all seems too much. This keeps us stuck in a vicious cycle, which is just exhausting. The good news is that CBT can help. By understanding your experience, you can learn achievable coping strategies that work for you. This means you can feel more in control, manage difficult emotions and get back to being you.
Sometimes life is overwhelming and we don't have all the answers. Stressful events can cause negative thoughts and anxiety which keep you on edge and impact sleep. To cope, you may try really hard to fix things, please others, or avoid activities and settings you previously enjoyed, as it all seems too much. This keeps us stuck in a vicious cycle, which is just exhausting. The good news is that CBT can help. By understanding your experience, you can learn achievable coping strategies that work for you. This means you can feel more in control, manage difficult emotions and get back to being you.
0141 673 9493 View 0141 673 9493
Photo of Alison McAuley, Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Alison McAuley
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Paisley PA2
I am a qualified Counsellor and Hypnotherapist working in-person from my office in Paisley or oneline throughout the UK. I work alongside you on building mutual trust, respect in the therapy room to explore what is the most important issues for you. I am sensitive to the needs of each individual, and we will work at a pace that suits you best. I offer a safe and welcoming space to work to understand your feelings, to be heard and understood. Listen to your experiences and guide you through the healing process. I believe that you are the expert in your life and my role is providing a safe space to explore this.
I am a qualified Counsellor and Hypnotherapist working in-person from my office in Paisley or oneline throughout the UK. I work alongside you on building mutual trust, respect in the therapy room to explore what is the most important issues for you. I am sensitive to the needs of each individual, and we will work at a pace that suits you best. I offer a safe and welcoming space to work to understand your feelings, to be heard and understood. Listen to your experiences and guide you through the healing process. I believe that you are the expert in your life and my role is providing a safe space to explore this.
0141 673 8641 View 0141 673 8641
Photo of Arran Southall (Desktop Counselling), Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Arran Southall (Desktop Counselling)
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1
Waitlist for new clients
Are you tired of feeling anxious and depressed? Struggling with a difficult situation? Therapy is an investment in yourself and can enable great change in your life. It would be my privilege to support you in whatever challenge you are facing.
Are you tired of feeling anxious and depressed? Struggling with a difficult situation? Therapy is an investment in yourself and can enable great change in your life. It would be my privilege to support you in whatever challenge you are facing.
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Photo of Angela McCafferty, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Angela McCafferty
Psychotherapist, MCOSCA Accred
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Paisley PA2
I am a professionally qualified Accredited Psychotherapist (CBT), based in Paisley, providing therapy services face-to-face and online. I use an integrative style leading with empathy and compassion and the skillset of CBT (ACT), whilst focussing on your individual needs to get the best out of our sessions together. I aim to build a positive and trusting relationship with my clients and offer a relaxed, safe and confidential space to talk through your problems. Using a collaborative non-judgmental approach, I can assist you in learning new ways of coping, decision making and problem-solving techniques.
I am a professionally qualified Accredited Psychotherapist (CBT), based in Paisley, providing therapy services face-to-face and online. I use an integrative style leading with empathy and compassion and the skillset of CBT (ACT), whilst focussing on your individual needs to get the best out of our sessions together. I aim to build a positive and trusting relationship with my clients and offer a relaxed, safe and confidential space to talk through your problems. Using a collaborative non-judgmental approach, I can assist you in learning new ways of coping, decision making and problem-solving techniques.
01505 805895 View 01505 805895
Photo of Rebecca Hepson, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Rebecca Hepson
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1
I believe that the most important relationship we will have over our lifetime is the relationship that we have with ourselves. Throughout our lives we can come to conclusions about ourselves and others that cause us to feel insecure with who we are and around others. My job as a therapist and life coach is to provide a talking space for you to figure out what is holding you back from achieving the relationships and lifestyle you deserve. The more we understand who we really are, the easier it becomes to truly and deliberately create the life we desire.
I believe that the most important relationship we will have over our lifetime is the relationship that we have with ourselves. Throughout our lives we can come to conclusions about ourselves and others that cause us to feel insecure with who we are and around others. My job as a therapist and life coach is to provide a talking space for you to figure out what is holding you back from achieving the relationships and lifestyle you deserve. The more we understand who we really are, the easier it becomes to truly and deliberately create the life we desire.
01389 317526 View 01389 317526
Photo of Rebecca Strawser, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Rebecca Strawser
Psychotherapist, PMCOSCA
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1
Choosing a therapist can feel scary and overwhelming. With my friendly, professional and non-judgemental approach, I aim to make that process as comfortable as possible. I'm an accredited psychotherapist, practising CBT with an integrative approach. I have extensive experience working with adults and young people with anxiety, depression, panic, low self-esteem and other struggles. Get in touch for a no-obligation chat to see whether or not I might be a good fit for you. I can work online or in person.
Choosing a therapist can feel scary and overwhelming. With my friendly, professional and non-judgemental approach, I aim to make that process as comfortable as possible. I'm an accredited psychotherapist, practising CBT with an integrative approach. I have extensive experience working with adults and young people with anxiety, depression, panic, low self-esteem and other struggles. Get in touch for a no-obligation chat to see whether or not I might be a good fit for you. I can work online or in person.
0141 673 6052 View 0141 673 6052
Photo of Elvira Kesoglou, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Elvira Kesoglou
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA3  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
I understand that it is not always easy to express our worries with those around us. There are times we feel overwhelmed, unable to manage difficulties in our lives, and thus finding ourselves needing a safe space to explore our feelings and thoughts, be heard, and understood. There is no shame in getting help so thank you for taking care of yourself and your mental health by seeking therapy.
I understand that it is not always easy to express our worries with those around us. There are times we feel overwhelmed, unable to manage difficulties in our lives, and thus finding ourselves needing a safe space to explore our feelings and thoughts, be heard, and understood. There is no shame in getting help so thank you for taking care of yourself and your mental health by seeking therapy.
0141 280 4782 View 0141 280 4782
Photo of Jennifer Krysta Slann, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Jennifer Krysta Slann
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA3
My name is Jennifer, I am a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist based in Renfrewshire. I was born in Australia but have lived in Scotland for 6 years. I work with clients starting from 13 years old who are experiencing mental health difficulties. I work with clients who are experiencing mild to moderate anxiety and depression (including specific disorders like OCD, health anxiety, social anxiety etc.) and have experience delivering trauma focussed CBT. My clients work towards specific, unique goals and tend to have between 6-12 sessions with me (occasionally more sessions, particularly if we are working with trauma).
My name is Jennifer, I am a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist based in Renfrewshire. I was born in Australia but have lived in Scotland for 6 years. I work with clients starting from 13 years old who are experiencing mental health difficulties. I work with clients who are experiencing mild to moderate anxiety and depression (including specific disorders like OCD, health anxiety, social anxiety etc.) and have experience delivering trauma focussed CBT. My clients work towards specific, unique goals and tend to have between 6-12 sessions with me (occasionally more sessions, particularly if we are working with trauma).
0141 673 4168 View 0141 673 4168
Photo of Paisley Counselling, Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Paisley Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1
My name is Kim Wylie and Paisley Counselling is my company. I am a highly experienced integrative counsellor with training in various trauma modalities. My specialism is in supporting adult survivors of childhood trauma. In both individual and couples work, I incorporate protective techniques which enable clients to process their experiences without being flooded by intolerable emotions. Working collaboratively, I attune to each person’s needs throughout our work together. I have a passion for helping people heal and strongly believe that counselling can facilitate clients to realise their aims and goals.
My name is Kim Wylie and Paisley Counselling is my company. I am a highly experienced integrative counsellor with training in various trauma modalities. My specialism is in supporting adult survivors of childhood trauma. In both individual and couples work, I incorporate protective techniques which enable clients to process their experiences without being flooded by intolerable emotions. Working collaboratively, I attune to each person’s needs throughout our work together. I have a passion for helping people heal and strongly believe that counselling can facilitate clients to realise their aims and goals.
0141 673 0856 View 0141 673 0856
Photo of Sam Pattison, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Sam Pattison
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Paisley PA1  (Online Only)
I take a whole picture approach to my therapeutic work, getting to know clients and what is important for them, and why. My approach to working is a beginning-to-end approach, meaning that my focus is taking clients from where they are to where they want to be. I take great enjoyment in helping clients work toward their goals, and in supporting them in achieving a better relationship and understanding of themselves while doing so. I work online in a person-centred way with clients 12 and above. I have experience working with a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, self-harm, self-esteem related issues, trauma and abuse.
I take a whole picture approach to my therapeutic work, getting to know clients and what is important for them, and why. My approach to working is a beginning-to-end approach, meaning that my focus is taking clients from where they are to where they want to be. I take great enjoyment in helping clients work toward their goals, and in supporting them in achieving a better relationship and understanding of themselves while doing so. I work online in a person-centred way with clients 12 and above. I have experience working with a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, self-harm, self-esteem related issues, trauma and abuse.
0141 673 8667 View 0141 673 8667
Photo of Michelle Dickie Mbacp, Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Michelle Dickie Mbacp
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA3
Hi my name is michelle and I am aware Choosing to start therapy can often feel daunting and terrifying.  I understand this journey, both from a personal and from a theoretical perspective. So, I just want to say thank you for putting yourself out there, even know you may have feelings of apprehension. 
Hi my name is michelle and I am aware Choosing to start therapy can often feel daunting and terrifying.  I understand this journey, both from a personal and from a theoretical perspective. So, I just want to say thank you for putting yourself out there, even know you may have feelings of apprehension. 
01505 805889 View 01505 805889
Photo of Jamie Kinlochan, Psychotherapist in Paisley, Scotland
Jamie Kinlochan
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA3
I think that it is really powerful when we feel heard and understood. When we feel like someone is trying to get who we are and where we’re coming from. My desire to listen, properly, is based on my years of working with people who have gone unheard by others and who don't want to ignore themselves and their needs any more. I think things can really change when we understand more about ourselves and what drives us to do the things we do.
I think that it is really powerful when we feel heard and understood. When we feel like someone is trying to get who we are and where we’re coming from. My desire to listen, properly, is based on my years of working with people who have gone unheard by others and who don't want to ignore themselves and their needs any more. I think things can really change when we understand more about ourselves and what drives us to do the things we do.
0141 673 6622 View 0141 673 6622
Photo of Heather Higgins, Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Heather Higgins
Counsellor, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
Paisley PA3
I am a person-centred Counsellor with additional training in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. I am also certified in Life, Health & Wellness Coaching. Counselling Supervisor in training. Supervision will be available from Aug 2024. Let’s chat to see which service is best for you. I look forward to meeting you
I am a person-centred Counsellor with additional training in Cognitive Behavioural Therapy. I am also certified in Life, Health & Wellness Coaching. Counselling Supervisor in training. Supervision will be available from Aug 2024. Let’s chat to see which service is best for you. I look forward to meeting you
01505 801147 View 01505 801147
Photo of Dr Jenn Cooper, Psychologist in Paisley, Scotland
Dr Jenn Cooper
Psychologist, PsychD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Paisley PA2
Waitlist for new clients
As a psychologist, I work with individuals on a range of difficulties including depression, anxiety, stress, self harm, relationship difficulties and more. I utilise a variety of the therapeutic approaches to deliver psychological interventions that are tailored to your individual needs. I strive to work collaboratively with my clients to identify difficulties and goals for change. The therapeutic relationship is core to my practice and my first goal is to provide clients with a safe space in which they can develop trust with me to explore their difficulties.
As a psychologist, I work with individuals on a range of difficulties including depression, anxiety, stress, self harm, relationship difficulties and more. I utilise a variety of the therapeutic approaches to deliver psychological interventions that are tailored to your individual needs. I strive to work collaboratively with my clients to identify difficulties and goals for change. The therapeutic relationship is core to my practice and my first goal is to provide clients with a safe space in which they can develop trust with me to explore their difficulties.
01505 805881 View 01505 805881
Photo of Johnnie Taylor BA(Hons) RMN PgDipCouns MSc , Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Johnnie Taylor BA(Hons) RMN PgDipCouns MSc
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1  (Online Only)
Are you living with the symptoms of emotional ‘trauma’, distressing memories and emotional triggers? Is this making life, work and relationships more difficult? Perhaps you experience flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, panic, phobias, anger? We can use Internal Family Systems' therapy with EMDR therapy to compassionately engage with your self. We can befriend your troubled 'parts' and unburden them of their jobs. I use a somatic trauma-informed approach to your therapy, i have worked as a clinical specialist in the NHS and have a great deal of experience, particularly with relationship difficulties, obsessions, and complex cases.
Are you living with the symptoms of emotional ‘trauma’, distressing memories and emotional triggers? Is this making life, work and relationships more difficult? Perhaps you experience flashbacks, intrusive thoughts, panic, phobias, anger? We can use Internal Family Systems' therapy with EMDR therapy to compassionately engage with your self. We can befriend your troubled 'parts' and unburden them of their jobs. I use a somatic trauma-informed approach to your therapy, i have worked as a clinical specialist in the NHS and have a great deal of experience, particularly with relationship difficulties, obsessions, and complex cases.
01227 202266 View 01227 202266
Photo of Debbie Guild, Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Debbie Guild
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA3
Whatever your reason for seeking counselling; abuse, anxiety, overthinking, self-esteem, work or relationship issues, to name but a few, you're probably looking for something to change. Counselling offers you a different kind of relationship, one where you can open up, explore and reassess current or historic issues which may be holding you back. With greater understanding comes greater resilience and self-empowerment, which can enable you to make the changes you want in order to enjoy your life more fully. That life can be hard is a fact. That we have to face challenging times alone is not. Get in touch and start that change!
Whatever your reason for seeking counselling; abuse, anxiety, overthinking, self-esteem, work or relationship issues, to name but a few, you're probably looking for something to change. Counselling offers you a different kind of relationship, one where you can open up, explore and reassess current or historic issues which may be holding you back. With greater understanding comes greater resilience and self-empowerment, which can enable you to make the changes you want in order to enjoy your life more fully. That life can be hard is a fact. That we have to face challenging times alone is not. Get in touch and start that change!
0141 280 6158 View 0141 280 6158
Photo of Dianne Foy, Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Dianne Foy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1
Not accepting new clients
There are many reasons why someone will seek counselling. Major life changes, even positive ones, can disrupt the balance of everyday life and impact our mental health. Traumas and experiences from our past can intrude on our peace of mind in the present. Bereavement and loss, illness and disability, relationship and work issues can affect our ability to function. Sometimes it feels like we have limited choices and we are unsure of where to turn to for support. Person-centred counselling is a safe and confidential space where you can be yourself and share what is troubling you.
There are many reasons why someone will seek counselling. Major life changes, even positive ones, can disrupt the balance of everyday life and impact our mental health. Traumas and experiences from our past can intrude on our peace of mind in the present. Bereavement and loss, illness and disability, relationship and work issues can affect our ability to function. Sometimes it feels like we have limited choices and we are unsure of where to turn to for support. Person-centred counselling is a safe and confidential space where you can be yourself and share what is troubling you.
01505 805515 View 01505 805515
Photo of North Ayrshire Psychology (Dr Harriet Hockaday), Psychologist in Paisley, Scotland
North Ayrshire Psychology (Dr Harriet Hockaday)
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Paisley PA1
My name is Dr Harriet Hockaday, and I am a HCPC registered qualified Clinical Psychologist. I am an experienced and specialist therapist, who has worked in various mental health services within the NHS since 2014, including in adult mental heath, older adult psychology, and neuropsychology services. I currently offer online and telephone based therapy to adults (18+) across the UK. I also offer face-to-face appointments in comfortable surroundings in Beith, North Ayrshire.
My name is Dr Harriet Hockaday, and I am a HCPC registered qualified Clinical Psychologist. I am an experienced and specialist therapist, who has worked in various mental health services within the NHS since 2014, including in adult mental heath, older adult psychology, and neuropsychology services. I currently offer online and telephone based therapy to adults (18+) across the UK. I also offer face-to-face appointments in comfortable surroundings in Beith, North Ayrshire.
01505 805531 View 01505 805531
Photo of Anita counselling service , Counsellor in Paisley, Scotland
Anita counselling service
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Paisley PA2
Counselling is a connection between you and me. If you are feeling low, down, mixed up, confused, emotional and feel ready to explore what you are experiencing within a confidential setting, where you can be listened to compassionately to feel understood. The therapeutic relationship is built on trust and safety, which offers you an acceptance of yourself and an awareness of your own inner self. The process of change develops through your own inner connection with your self, shifting your mindset and reactions into choices of responding. Moving forward in your own empowerment and self-worth. Being confident in who you are.
Counselling is a connection between you and me. If you are feeling low, down, mixed up, confused, emotional and feel ready to explore what you are experiencing within a confidential setting, where you can be listened to compassionately to feel understood. The therapeutic relationship is built on trust and safety, which offers you an acceptance of yourself and an awareness of your own inner self. The process of change develops through your own inner connection with your self, shifting your mindset and reactions into choices of responding. Moving forward in your own empowerment and self-worth. Being confident in who you are.
0141 673 0135 View 0141 673 0135

See more therapy options for Paisley

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Paisley

30+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in Paisley who prioritize treating:

92% Anxiety
89% Self Esteem
86% Depression
86% Stress
68% Relationship Issues
65% Trauma and PTSD
65% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

6 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

67% Aviva
56% AXA PPP
44% Vitality

How Counsellors in Paisley see their clients

82% In Person and Online
18% Online Only

Gender breakdown

79% Female
21% Male
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Paisley?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.