Counselling in Kilwinning

Photo of Elaine McQueen, MBACP, Counsellor
Elaine McQueen
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Kilwinning KA13
Everybody struggles sometimes and talking about whatever may be troubling us helps us to explore our inner feelings. However, considering counselling can feel a bit daunting. Often, we are so used to putting others before ourselves that it can almost feel selfish to take care of ourselves so we just try to 'get on with it'. It can be difficult to take that first step but I can provide a safe space where I will work compassionately with you to help explore whatever may be troubling you. It can be healing to speak to someone outside of your own circle who can be non judgemental and empathic.
Everybody struggles sometimes and talking about whatever may be troubling us helps us to explore our inner feelings. However, considering counselling can feel a bit daunting. Often, we are so used to putting others before ourselves that it can almost feel selfish to take care of ourselves so we just try to 'get on with it'. It can be difficult to take that first step but I can provide a safe space where I will work compassionately with you to help explore whatever may be troubling you. It can be healing to speak to someone outside of your own circle who can be non judgemental and empathic.
01294 445329 View 01294 445329

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jeni Mackay, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Jeni Mackay
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Largs KA29
I am a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist based in North Ayrshire. I know it can be difficult seeking help for personal struggles. However, giving ourselves the time and space to consider our difficulties away from the distractions of life can prove enormously beneficial. Challenges such as anxiety, low mood, stress and self esteem can be overwhelming. Together we can create a personalised plan to empower you to overcome these challenges and work towards lasting, positive change.
I am a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist based in North Ayrshire. I know it can be difficult seeking help for personal struggles. However, giving ourselves the time and space to consider our difficulties away from the distractions of life can prove enormously beneficial. Challenges such as anxiety, low mood, stress and self esteem can be overwhelming. Together we can create a personalised plan to empower you to overcome these challenges and work towards lasting, positive change.
01475 601270 View 01475 601270
Photo of Zoe Victoria Fridd, MSc, GMBPsS, Counsellor
Zoe Victoria Fridd
Counsellor, MSc, GMBPsS
Verified Verified
Saltcoats KA21
Welcome. I started my training in 2003 and completed a Bsc in Psychology. I gained a Msc in Health Psychology specifically focussing on behaviour change and health related counselling. My PGD was in Counselling Psychology with the British Psychological Society. I predominantly worked in trauma and addiction counselling. Currently working for a service providing therapy for family conflict, attachment disorder and trauma for both adults and children. Privately I work with clients with a variety of mental health issues, self harm, eating disorders, anxiety/depression and relationship issues. I am also a qualified Life Coach.
Welcome. I started my training in 2003 and completed a Bsc in Psychology. I gained a Msc in Health Psychology specifically focussing on behaviour change and health related counselling. My PGD was in Counselling Psychology with the British Psychological Society. I predominantly worked in trauma and addiction counselling. Currently working for a service providing therapy for family conflict, attachment disorder and trauma for both adults and children. Privately I work with clients with a variety of mental health issues, self harm, eating disorders, anxiety/depression and relationship issues. I am also a qualified Life Coach.
01294 442411 View 01294 442411
Photo of Robert Fulton, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Robert Fulton
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Kilmarnock KA1
I am an accredited cognitive behavioural therapist who runs Progress Psychotherapy. The service operates in Kilmarnock or UK wide if you prefer videocalls. My experience involves treating anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD low self-esteem, self-harm, BPD, DID and many other issues.
I am an accredited cognitive behavioural therapist who runs Progress Psychotherapy. The service operates in Kilmarnock or UK wide if you prefer videocalls. My experience involves treating anxiety, depression, trauma, OCD low self-esteem, self-harm, BPD, DID and many other issues.
01563 593290 View 01563 593290
Photo of Victoria Pollard, BACP, Counsellor
Victoria Pollard
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Kilmarnock KA3
Hello, I'm Victoria. Whatever is troubling you, I am here to listen. My aim is to support you in talking through your concerns and emotions so that you can make better sense of your own thoughts and feelings. By doing so I hope to help you find a positive way forward. You'll hear counsellors mention 'a safe space' - that's really about the relationship that we build together, and how it differs from talking to a friend or family member who may have their own feelings and judgements around the issues that are concerning you.
Hello, I'm Victoria. Whatever is troubling you, I am here to listen. My aim is to support you in talking through your concerns and emotions so that you can make better sense of your own thoughts and feelings. By doing so I hope to help you find a positive way forward. You'll hear counsellors mention 'a safe space' - that's really about the relationship that we build together, and how it differs from talking to a friend or family member who may have their own feelings and judgements around the issues that are concerning you.
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Photo of undefined - Reflections Counselling Services, MSc
Reflections Counselling Services
MSc
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kilmarnock KA1
I am a counsellor and qualified mental health and wellbeing practitioner specialising in Integrative and holistic approach to counselling and mental wellbeing support. I aim to support you as you explore the problems that you are experiencing in a safe, confidential space and at a pace that you are comfortable with. Any treatment interventions we agree upon and/or implement will focus on you as an individual, and with emphasis what you can do to achieve meaningful recovery form your current psychological/mental wellbeing concerns. Sometimes, you may just want to talk as you figure things out, I am here to listen to you.
I am a counsellor and qualified mental health and wellbeing practitioner specialising in Integrative and holistic approach to counselling and mental wellbeing support. I aim to support you as you explore the problems that you are experiencing in a safe, confidential space and at a pace that you are comfortable with. Any treatment interventions we agree upon and/or implement will focus on you as an individual, and with emphasis what you can do to achieve meaningful recovery form your current psychological/mental wellbeing concerns. Sometimes, you may just want to talk as you figure things out, I am here to listen to you.
01563 591829 View 01563 591829
Photo of Alan Mclauchlan
Alan Mclauchlan
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kilmarnock KA1
Hi, my name is Alan . I am a qualified cognitive behaviour therapist . As people we all struggle with stress, anxiety and trauma from time to time and need support to help us to work through our issues and move on with our lives . I will work with you in a person centred manner , with the use of cognitive behaviour therapy . I will introduce you to CBT interventions to assist you to achieve your own personal goal and become more confident in your future .As a therapist I am able to support you at a level and pace that is beneficial to you and allows you the opportunity to move forward .
Hi, my name is Alan . I am a qualified cognitive behaviour therapist . As people we all struggle with stress, anxiety and trauma from time to time and need support to help us to work through our issues and move on with our lives . I will work with you in a person centred manner , with the use of cognitive behaviour therapy . I will introduce you to CBT interventions to assist you to achieve your own personal goal and become more confident in your future .As a therapist I am able to support you at a level and pace that is beneficial to you and allows you the opportunity to move forward .
01292 439732 View 01292 439732
Photo of Jill Ogston, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Jill Ogston
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Kilmarnock KA1  (Online Only)
Hi I am Dr Jill Ogston and I am a highly experienced Clinical Psychologist at The Beacon Practice. I offer psychological assessment and therapeutic intervention in West and Central Scotland. I work with children, adults and families to help them understand and manage a wide range of emotional difficulties. In addition, I have particular expertise in working with people with Autism Spectrum Conditions and related conditions; in providing support to live in a neurotypical world, with emotional difficulties and in providing an opinion on whether a full assessment of Autism would be helpful.
Hi I am Dr Jill Ogston and I am a highly experienced Clinical Psychologist at The Beacon Practice. I offer psychological assessment and therapeutic intervention in West and Central Scotland. I work with children, adults and families to help them understand and manage a wide range of emotional difficulties. In addition, I have particular expertise in working with people with Autism Spectrum Conditions and related conditions; in providing support to live in a neurotypical world, with emotional difficulties and in providing an opinion on whether a full assessment of Autism would be helpful.
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Photo of Sam Pattison, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Sam Pattison
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Irvine KA11  (Online Only)
I take a whole picture approach to my therapeutic work, getting to know clients and what is important for them, and why. My approach to working is a beginning-to-end approach, meaning that my focus is taking clients from where they are to where they want to be. I take great enjoyment in helping clients work toward their goals, and in supporting them in achieving a better relationship and understanding of themselves while doing so. I work online in a person-centred way with clients 12 and above. I have experience working with a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, self-harm, self-esteem related issues, trauma and abuse.
I take a whole picture approach to my therapeutic work, getting to know clients and what is important for them, and why. My approach to working is a beginning-to-end approach, meaning that my focus is taking clients from where they are to where they want to be. I take great enjoyment in helping clients work toward their goals, and in supporting them in achieving a better relationship and understanding of themselves while doing so. I work online in a person-centred way with clients 12 and above. I have experience working with a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, self-harm, self-esteem related issues, trauma and abuse.
0141 673 8667 View 0141 673 8667
Photo of Ken Lee, MSc, ACP, Psychotherapist
Ken Lee
Psychotherapist, MSc, ACP
Verified Verified
Troon KA10
I am a child and adolescent psychotherapist with more than 13 years experience working in the NHS, CAMHS teams and private sector. I offer brief, medium and long term psychotherapy for children and adolescents, and also support to parents and carers. I have experience treating adolescents with depression, psychotherapy for care experienced children and university students with mood disorders. I also offer psychotherapy for children who have a diagnosis of autism and ADHD who suffer from emotional difficulties.
I am a child and adolescent psychotherapist with more than 13 years experience working in the NHS, CAMHS teams and private sector. I offer brief, medium and long term psychotherapy for children and adolescents, and also support to parents and carers. I have experience treating adolescents with depression, psychotherapy for care experienced children and university students with mood disorders. I also offer psychotherapy for children who have a diagnosis of autism and ADHD who suffer from emotional difficulties.
0131 381 2995 View 0131 381 2995
Photo of Gayle Cowie, DCounsPsych, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Gayle Cowie
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kilmarnock KA1
Hello, my name is Gayle , I am an integrative Cognitive Behavioural Therapist. Life can be difficult and sometimes we need to reach out for a little help and support. Taking this first step is a brave decision to make but by seeking help and speaking to a qualified therapist you will gain a better understanding of where your problems originate and how this is affecting your everyday life. You are perhaps feeling lost, stuck and unsure of how to make changes, I can help with this. If you feel ready to make changes or just to have a one to one meeting to chat about your problems with no obligation , contact me.
Hello, my name is Gayle , I am an integrative Cognitive Behavioural Therapist. Life can be difficult and sometimes we need to reach out for a little help and support. Taking this first step is a brave decision to make but by seeking help and speaking to a qualified therapist you will gain a better understanding of where your problems originate and how this is affecting your everyday life. You are perhaps feeling lost, stuck and unsure of how to make changes, I can help with this. If you feel ready to make changes or just to have a one to one meeting to chat about your problems with no obligation , contact me.
01292 439781 View 01292 439781
Photo of Brad Fullarton - Sport Psychology, MSc, HCPC - Sport Psych., Psychologist
Brad Fullarton - Sport Psychology
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Sport Psych.
Verified Verified
Stevenston KA20
Services that always prioritise the needs of the client. A holistic view to practice, considering the person behind the athlete, placing focus on developing practical, effective working relationships with clients to ensure they feel heard and valued. Overall aim is to help clients develop psychological flexibility. Sessions take place in a psychologically safe, collaborative space where presenting issues can be explored on a deeper level and worked through together. In turn, arriving at solutions that work for you.
Services that always prioritise the needs of the client. A holistic view to practice, considering the person behind the athlete, placing focus on developing practical, effective working relationships with clients to ensure they feel heard and valued. Overall aim is to help clients develop psychological flexibility. Sessions take place in a psychologically safe, collaborative space where presenting issues can be explored on a deeper level and worked through together. In turn, arriving at solutions that work for you.
01294 445377 View 01294 445377
Photo of Andrea Webb, PsychD
Andrea Webb
PsychD
Verified Verified
Kilmarnock KA1  (Online Only)
Counselling and CBT psychotherapist. High success rate in outcomes for clients. A professional approach with a warm and caring manner. always putting your needs first. Providing a safe, confidential and non-judgemental environment working together to gain insight into the less conscious aspects of your thinking, behaviour and feelings. I offer focused counselling and psychotherapy where we can work together to explore deeper rooted difficulties which may have built up over time. Working together to gain a new and different perspective.
Counselling and CBT psychotherapist. High success rate in outcomes for clients. A professional approach with a warm and caring manner. always putting your needs first. Providing a safe, confidential and non-judgemental environment working together to gain insight into the less conscious aspects of your thinking, behaviour and feelings. I offer focused counselling and psychotherapy where we can work together to explore deeper rooted difficulties which may have built up over time. Working together to gain a new and different perspective.
0141 471 9093 View 0141 471 9093
Photo of Abi Lloyd-Milner, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Abi Lloyd-Milner
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
West Kilbride KA23
Life can become difficult for many reasons, and we all need support at times. I am caring, empathic and passionate about supporting people to overcome their difficulties. Anxiety, depression, bereavement and loss, trauma, anger, relationship problems, sexual difficulties and low self-esteem are some of the things I can support you with. However, therapy sessions don’t need to be limited to times of distress. Therapy can give you space to focus on your personal growth. It is a great way to take time to explore yourself, your needs and prioritise self-care.
Life can become difficult for many reasons, and we all need support at times. I am caring, empathic and passionate about supporting people to overcome their difficulties. Anxiety, depression, bereavement and loss, trauma, anger, relationship problems, sexual difficulties and low self-esteem are some of the things I can support you with. However, therapy sessions don’t need to be limited to times of distress. Therapy can give you space to focus on your personal growth. It is a great way to take time to explore yourself, your needs and prioritise self-care.
01475 603612 View 01475 603612
Photo of Sheryl Grant, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Sheryl Grant
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kilmarnock KA3
Hello, my name is Sheryl. I am a person centered counsellor and an EMDR psychotherapist I help people deal with what life can throw at us. I work with children and young people in a secondary school setting. I also have a private practice specialising in working with adults and children who have suffered trauma (of any form) in their lives. I am a wife, a mother, a psychotherapist and an author
Hello, my name is Sheryl. I am a person centered counsellor and an EMDR psychotherapist I help people deal with what life can throw at us. I work with children and young people in a secondary school setting. I also have a private practice specialising in working with adults and children who have suffered trauma (of any form) in their lives. I am a wife, a mother, a psychotherapist and an author
01560 337714 View 01560 337714
Photo of Dr Lynne Cochrane, PsychD, HCPC - Health Psych., Psychologist
Dr Lynne Cochrane
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Health Psych.
Verified Verified
Troon KA10  (Online Only)
Are you experiencing a difficult life transition such as perimenopause or menopause and struggling with debilitating physical and mental health symptoms? Are you pregnant and experiencing depression or anxiety? Is the prospect of giving birth overwhelming and anxiety-provoking? Have you had a previous difficult birth and are experiencing symptoms of anxiety, depression or PTSD? Has a pre-existing mental health condition been exacerbated by your pregnancy, birth experience or menopause symptoms? Has this life change led you to feel you've lost control over your body and mind, and you're no longer enjoying a fulfilling life?
Are you experiencing a difficult life transition such as perimenopause or menopause and struggling with debilitating physical and mental health symptoms? Are you pregnant and experiencing depression or anxiety? Is the prospect of giving birth overwhelming and anxiety-provoking? Have you had a previous difficult birth and are experiencing symptoms of anxiety, depression or PTSD? Has a pre-existing mental health condition been exacerbated by your pregnancy, birth experience or menopause symptoms? Has this life change led you to feel you've lost control over your body and mind, and you're no longer enjoying a fulfilling life?
01292 430662 View 01292 430662
Photo of Raj Sandhu Chima, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Raj Sandhu Chima
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Kilmarnock KA1
Hello and a very warm welcome to you! We all experience times in our life when we feel stuck, overwhelmed, lacking in direction or purpose ... and it's at times like these when we might seek support in facing these challenges and making positive change. I thoroughly enjoy supporting individuals and groups through challenging periods. I have been in a supportive role for over 20 years, my passion is for people. I am a Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist and work with a blend of evidence-based modalities.
Hello and a very warm welcome to you! We all experience times in our life when we feel stuck, overwhelmed, lacking in direction or purpose ... and it's at times like these when we might seek support in facing these challenges and making positive change. I thoroughly enjoy supporting individuals and groups through challenging periods. I have been in a supportive role for over 20 years, my passion is for people. I am a Cognitive Behavioural Psychotherapist and work with a blend of evidence-based modalities.
01563 597371 View 01563 597371
Photo of Alison Mclean, DCounsPsych, MCOSCA, Counsellor
Alison Mclean
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MCOSCA
Verified Verified
Kilmarnock KA1
Hello my name is Alison, I am an integrative therapist. What this means is I can draw upon various modalities/techniques to work with you. I believe in working together with you to move through any difficulties that is causing you distress in your life. If you are feeling stuck please get in touch and I am happy to arrange a time to either have a quick chat on the phone or meet up to help you decide if therapy is for you. I have experience of working with both children and adults.
Hello my name is Alison, I am an integrative therapist. What this means is I can draw upon various modalities/techniques to work with you. I believe in working together with you to move through any difficulties that is causing you distress in your life. If you are feeling stuck please get in touch and I am happy to arrange a time to either have a quick chat on the phone or meet up to help you decide if therapy is for you. I have experience of working with both children and adults.
01563 597199 View 01563 597199
Photo of undefined - RFK Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
RFK Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Kilmarnock KA3
Going through difficult times at varying times in your life happens to most people. I offer a comfortable, safe, confidential environment to explore those difficulties with an aim to improve self-worth, confidence, and self-awareness. I am based in Kilmarnock, within walking distance of both the train station and bus station. I have personal experience of difficulties affecting mental well-being and have a desire to help others in similar situations.
Going through difficult times at varying times in your life happens to most people. I offer a comfortable, safe, confidential environment to explore those difficulties with an aim to improve self-worth, confidence, and self-awareness. I am based in Kilmarnock, within walking distance of both the train station and bus station. I have personal experience of difficulties affecting mental well-being and have a desire to help others in similar situations.
01563 592051 View 01563 592051
Photo of Tracey Alcock, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Tracey Alcock
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dunlop KA3  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with life at the moment? Things not going right and getting you down? You could be trying but not quite getting there on your own, you’re feeling stuck, overwhelmed, possibly struggling with anxiety, it’s time for you to talk. We’ve all been there at some point in our lives when we just need a helping hand. The pressures, expectations and stresses of everyday life that are put upon us, pushes us to our limits. I am a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist offering a safe, confidential space where you can talk about yourself and the things that are troubling you and stopping you from getting the most out of life.
Are you struggling with life at the moment? Things not going right and getting you down? You could be trying but not quite getting there on your own, you’re feeling stuck, overwhelmed, possibly struggling with anxiety, it’s time for you to talk. We’ve all been there at some point in our lives when we just need a helping hand. The pressures, expectations and stresses of everyday life that are put upon us, pushes us to our limits. I am a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist offering a safe, confidential space where you can talk about yourself and the things that are troubling you and stopping you from getting the most out of life.
01505 802782 View 01505 802782

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Kilwinning

< 10

Counsellors in Kilwinning who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Addiction
100% Domestic Abuse
100% Geriatric and Seniors
100% Bereavement

Average years in practice

8 Years

How Counsellors in Kilwinning see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Kilwinning?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.