Depression Counselling in Edinburgh

Photo of Paul Bell, Psychotherapist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Paul Bell
Psychotherapist, ACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH1
I am a Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist, with 12 years experience working in NHS CAMHS teams and the charity sector. I offer brief, medium and long term psychotherapy for children and adolescents, and offer developmental support to parents and carers. I have specific training and experience in the treatment of adolescent depression, psychotherapeutic interventions for fostered, adopted and looked after children, and psychotherapy for university students suffering with mood disorders. I also offer psychotherapy to children and young people suffering from depression, who have a diagnosis of autism.
I am a Consultant Child and Adolescent Psychotherapist, with 12 years experience working in NHS CAMHS teams and the charity sector. I offer brief, medium and long term psychotherapy for children and adolescents, and offer developmental support to parents and carers. I have specific training and experience in the treatment of adolescent depression, psychotherapeutic interventions for fostered, adopted and looked after children, and psychotherapy for university students suffering with mood disorders. I also offer psychotherapy to children and young people suffering from depression, who have a diagnosis of autism.
0131 357 6279 View 0131 357 6279
Photo of Allison Knell, Psychotherapist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Allison Knell
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH2
Waitlist for new clients
I am a registered psychotherapist with UKCP and an accredited member of BACP. In these difficult times all sessions are online or by phone. I think it’s really important to have a space to talk and explore issues. I am here to listen to you, support you, challenge you and educate you. I work with issues around anxiety depression and relationship issues. I offer time limited or longer support. My aim is to help you make the changes you want in your life. Take the first step to positive change and contact me. I offer a free 15 min phone or video session which allows us to discuss how we could work together.
I am a registered psychotherapist with UKCP and an accredited member of BACP. In these difficult times all sessions are online or by phone. I think it’s really important to have a space to talk and explore issues. I am here to listen to you, support you, challenge you and educate you. I work with issues around anxiety depression and relationship issues. I offer time limited or longer support. My aim is to help you make the changes you want in your life. Take the first step to positive change and contact me. I offer a free 15 min phone or video session which allows us to discuss how we could work together.
01368 658557 View 01368 658557
Photo of Deborah McGill, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Deborah McGill
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH5
I work with people bringing a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, trauma, difficulties around weight, size and eating, loss and grief, and relationship problems. You may feel stuck and not know how to move forward in your life or you may be aware of repeating unhelpful patterns in relationships. Together we can explore your difficulties and look for ways forward.
I work with people bringing a wide range of issues including depression, anxiety, low self-esteem, trauma, difficulties around weight, size and eating, loss and grief, and relationship problems. You may feel stuck and not know how to move forward in your life or you may be aware of repeating unhelpful patterns in relationships. Together we can explore your difficulties and look for ways forward.
0131 378 8282 View 0131 378 8282
Photo of Stephanie Saunders, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Stephanie Saunders
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH3  (Online Only)
I specialise in working with a number of issues from relationship difficulties, communication problems, low self esteem, issues around intimacy & confidence, depression, anxiety & stress.
I am an Edinburgh based Sex and relationship counsellor working full time in private practice with individuals & couples. My practice is based in central Edinburgh however I am currently working online. I specialise in explorative & action based proactive talk therapy aimed at helping you achieve the changes you would like to make in your life & to help you gain clarity & understanding to the life experiences you would like to work with.
I specialise in working with a number of issues from relationship difficulties, communication problems, low self esteem, issues around intimacy & confidence, depression, anxiety & stress.
I am an Edinburgh based Sex and relationship counsellor working full time in private practice with individuals & couples. My practice is based in central Edinburgh however I am currently working online. I specialise in explorative & action based proactive talk therapy aimed at helping you achieve the changes you would like to make in your life & to help you gain clarity & understanding to the life experiences you would like to work with.
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Photo of Leap Psychological Services, Psychologist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Leap Psychological Services
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH7
Dharshi has considerable experience of working with adults (age 16+) with a wide range of issues, including depression, anxiety, mental and physical abuse, self-esteem, body image issues, grief, life transitions and relationship difficulties.
Life can throw you a curveball when you least expect it. From day-to-day issues to unforeseen crises and mental health difficulties; many obstacles can stop you from pursuing your dreams. These situations can be hard to deal with alone. That is why Leap Psychological Services offer face-to-face and online psychological wellbeing therapies/counselling and life and personal coaching services. Covering the United Kingdom and the rest of the world, we work with both individuals and groups and can work in various languages. We team up with trusted independent psychological wellbeing practitioners, life and personal coaches worldwide.
Dharshi has considerable experience of working with adults (age 16+) with a wide range of issues, including depression, anxiety, mental and physical abuse, self-esteem, body image issues, grief, life transitions and relationship difficulties.
Life can throw you a curveball when you least expect it. From day-to-day issues to unforeseen crises and mental health difficulties; many obstacles can stop you from pursuing your dreams. These situations can be hard to deal with alone. That is why Leap Psychological Services offer face-to-face and online psychological wellbeing therapies/counselling and life and personal coaching services. Covering the United Kingdom and the rest of the world, we work with both individuals and groups and can work in various languages. We team up with trusted independent psychological wellbeing practitioners, life and personal coaches worldwide.
0131 322 1691 View 0131 322 1691
Photo of Mindship CBT Therapy - Malwina Matysek , Psychotherapist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Mindship CBT Therapy - Malwina Matysek
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH11  (Online Only)
I have an extensive expertise working with anxiety disorders, depression, OCD, personality disorders, low self-esteem, bereavement, trauma, ADHD, thanatophobia, stress, and relationship issues.
As a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist, I am dedicated to providing individuals with a safe and confidential space to explore and address a wide range of emotional, psychological, and behavioural challenges. With extensive training and a deep commitment to helping others, I offer guidance, support, and evidence-based interventions to promote mental and emotional well-being. I work collaboratively with clients to assess their unique concerns, develop treatment plans to identify and modify thought patterns or behaviours that contribute to distress. I introduce clients to essential CBT tools and practical interventions.
I have an extensive expertise working with anxiety disorders, depression, OCD, personality disorders, low self-esteem, bereavement, trauma, ADHD, thanatophobia, stress, and relationship issues.
As a qualified Cognitive Behavioural Therapist, I am dedicated to providing individuals with a safe and confidential space to explore and address a wide range of emotional, psychological, and behavioural challenges. With extensive training and a deep commitment to helping others, I offer guidance, support, and evidence-based interventions to promote mental and emotional well-being. I work collaboratively with clients to assess their unique concerns, develop treatment plans to identify and modify thought patterns or behaviours that contribute to distress. I introduce clients to essential CBT tools and practical interventions.
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Photo of Siobhan Tyrrell, Psychotherapist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Siobhan Tyrrell
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH5
I work with more defined issues such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, phobias and OCD as well as more general issues such as low self-esteem.
How are you navigating life at the moment? You may have been suffering from emotional discomfort for a while, perhaps it's more recent or maybe the pandemic has had an effect on your mental health. You are not alone, 1 in 4 of us are affected by mental health issues at some point in our lives. Looking for support to understand what you are feeling can be life changing. How we make sense of ourselves, the world and our place in it can affect our relationships, friendships, careers, social lives perhaps even robbing us of our potential. Therapy, through insight and application can deliver acceptance, change, clarity and relief.
I work with more defined issues such as anxiety, depression, eating disorders, phobias and OCD as well as more general issues such as low self-esteem.
How are you navigating life at the moment? You may have been suffering from emotional discomfort for a while, perhaps it's more recent or maybe the pandemic has had an effect on your mental health. You are not alone, 1 in 4 of us are affected by mental health issues at some point in our lives. Looking for support to understand what you are feeling can be life changing. How we make sense of ourselves, the world and our place in it can affect our relationships, friendships, careers, social lives perhaps even robbing us of our potential. Therapy, through insight and application can deliver acceptance, change, clarity and relief.
0131 381 0318 View 0131 381 0318
Photo of Sarah Worth, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Sarah Worth
Counsellor, MSc, ACC Reg
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH9
I have experience working with anxiety, panic attacks, self harm, suicidal thoughts, depression, boundaries, pregnancy crisis and loss, post abortion, relational issues, trauma and other areas.
I don’t know if you have ever had the opportunity to share your story where someone really listens. I mean really listens, wanting to know you, your story, your ups and downs. Where nothing is off limits. Space to speak what maybe you’ve never spoken before. Sitting in the counsellee seat is not always easy and opening up to someone you do not know can be daunting. I know that taking that first step requires courage and I would love to walk with you on your journey.
I have experience working with anxiety, panic attacks, self harm, suicidal thoughts, depression, boundaries, pregnancy crisis and loss, post abortion, relational issues, trauma and other areas.
I don’t know if you have ever had the opportunity to share your story where someone really listens. I mean really listens, wanting to know you, your story, your ups and downs. Where nothing is off limits. Space to speak what maybe you’ve never spoken before. Sitting in the counsellee seat is not always easy and opening up to someone you do not know can be daunting. I know that taking that first step requires courage and I would love to walk with you on your journey.
0131 381 0082 View 0131 381 0082
Photo of Joanna Kemp, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Joanna Kemp
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH9
I am a fully insured practitioner, and I help clients with a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, loss, change, childhood trauma, and relationship difficulties.
Sometimes we find ourselves struggling with issues that are too difficult or confusing to talk about with people we know. At these times, talking confidentially to someone and really feeling heard can be the first step towards changes that we cannot make alone. I offer a safe and supportive space, working alongside you to explore your concerns and feelings at your pace. I believe that being seen and accepted within a genuine, therapeutic relationship can be transformative, enabling a deeper understanding and self-acceptance to move forward.
I am a fully insured practitioner, and I help clients with a range of issues, including anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, ADHD, loss, change, childhood trauma, and relationship difficulties.
Sometimes we find ourselves struggling with issues that are too difficult or confusing to talk about with people we know. At these times, talking confidentially to someone and really feeling heard can be the first step towards changes that we cannot make alone. I offer a safe and supportive space, working alongside you to explore your concerns and feelings at your pace. I believe that being seen and accepted within a genuine, therapeutic relationship can be transformative, enabling a deeper understanding and self-acceptance to move forward.
01764 915899 View 01764 915899
Photo of Zuleika Lambe, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Zuleika Lambe
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH4  (Online Only)
I started Forging Pathways with the goal of helping others to find the path they're destined to follow. This could be anything from discovering who you truly are through our sessions, to reclaiming your life after a crisis and/or traumatic event. You may come to me with depression, anxiety, complex trauma, stress, racial identity issues and more, and I'll always do my best to encourage you and facilitate your growth. Sometimes it just takes a little support to reach a goal, and I'm dedicated to being your support.
I started Forging Pathways with the goal of helping others to find the path they're destined to follow. This could be anything from discovering who you truly are through our sessions, to reclaiming your life after a crisis and/or traumatic event. You may come to me with depression, anxiety, complex trauma, stress, racial identity issues and more, and I'll always do my best to encourage you and facilitate your growth. Sometimes it just takes a little support to reach a goal, and I'm dedicated to being your support.
0131 381 4644 View 0131 381 4644
Photo of Dr Beata (Bea) Michalska, Psychologist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Dr Beata (Bea) Michalska
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH6  (Online Only)
For the past ten years I have been helping individuals, couples and families with mental health difficulties. My professional journey includes over 8 years of NHS practice, big chunk of it dedicated to helping those on psychiatric wards. Now I work mainly in my private practice. Typical problems that I have experience treating include depression, anxiety, OCD, adjustment difficulties, trauma/PTSD, stress and relationship difficulties. I see psychotherapy as a personal journey, a chance to get to know yourself better, a safe space to explore and to grow. My interests lie in a human, in embodied experience and in the process.
For the past ten years I have been helping individuals, couples and families with mental health difficulties. My professional journey includes over 8 years of NHS practice, big chunk of it dedicated to helping those on psychiatric wards. Now I work mainly in my private practice. Typical problems that I have experience treating include depression, anxiety, OCD, adjustment difficulties, trauma/PTSD, stress and relationship difficulties. I see psychotherapy as a personal journey, a chance to get to know yourself better, a safe space to explore and to grow. My interests lie in a human, in embodied experience and in the process.
0131 381 0499 View 0131 381 0499
Photo of Blair Jeremy Bowker, Psychotherapist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Blair Jeremy Bowker
Psychotherapist, DCounsPsych, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH6
Hello, my name is Blair. I'm a psychotherapist and trauma therapist with nearly 25 years of experience in helping people navigate their challenges. I provide a warm, confidential space for you to come as you are. Together, we'll work to overcome challenges, cultivate well-being, and create meaningful changes. If you're experiencing difficulties with anxiety, trauma, bereavement, grief and loss, depression, relationships, low self-esteem, low self-confidence, family issues, ADHD, or other struggles, know that you're not alone.
Hello, my name is Blair. I'm a psychotherapist and trauma therapist with nearly 25 years of experience in helping people navigate their challenges. I provide a warm, confidential space for you to come as you are. Together, we'll work to overcome challenges, cultivate well-being, and create meaningful changes. If you're experiencing difficulties with anxiety, trauma, bereavement, grief and loss, depression, relationships, low self-esteem, low self-confidence, family issues, ADHD, or other struggles, know that you're not alone.
0131 381 4871 View 0131 381 4871
Photo of Summerside Counselling, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Summerside Counselling
Counsellor, MCOSCA
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH3
At Summerside Counselling we can help with issues including stress, anxiety, depression, loss, and low self esteem amongst many others. Our experienced counsellors are fully qualified and offer effective and affordable counselling. We can help you explore your thoughts and feelings, allowing you to have a better understanding of yourself which in turn brings acceptance and healing.
At Summerside Counselling we can help with issues including stress, anxiety, depression, loss, and low self esteem amongst many others. Our experienced counsellors are fully qualified and offer effective and affordable counselling. We can help you explore your thoughts and feelings, allowing you to have a better understanding of yourself which in turn brings acceptance and healing.
0131 381 8280 View 0131 381 8280
Photo of Monika Knitter, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Monika Knitter
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH1
Are you struggling with feeling powerless? Or perhaps you don't feel angry at all? Is sadness or depression weighing you down? It may be that constant anxiety, worry, or low self-esteem prevents you from progressing in life. You may feel that your past is continually replayed in the present, causing confusion. Whatever the problem, you may find that your usual way of coping and addressing issues may not be effective, leaving you feeling helpless. I have found profound relief and liberation through my therapeutic journey. Today, as a fully qualified Integrative Counsellor, with passion and tenderness, I offer this support to you.
Are you struggling with feeling powerless? Or perhaps you don't feel angry at all? Is sadness or depression weighing you down? It may be that constant anxiety, worry, or low self-esteem prevents you from progressing in life. You may feel that your past is continually replayed in the present, causing confusion. Whatever the problem, you may find that your usual way of coping and addressing issues may not be effective, leaving you feeling helpless. I have found profound relief and liberation through my therapeutic journey. Today, as a fully qualified Integrative Counsellor, with passion and tenderness, I offer this support to you.
01764 915875 View 01764 915875
Photo of Carolyn Cassidy, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Carolyn Cassidy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH12
Hello and a warm welcome. Counselling is a process in which a trained therapist can help you to understand and deal with difficult emotions that you may be experiencing. These can be linked with previous difficult life experiences. People often seek counselling when they are going through challenging times in their lives. You may be feeling low, anxious or depressed. I can help you make sense of what is happening and try to help you to find ways of dealing with this.
Hello and a warm welcome. Counselling is a process in which a trained therapist can help you to understand and deal with difficult emotions that you may be experiencing. These can be linked with previous difficult life experiences. People often seek counselling when they are going through challenging times in their lives. You may be feeling low, anxious or depressed. I can help you make sense of what is happening and try to help you to find ways of dealing with this.
0131 510 4167 View 0131 510 4167
Photo of Pam Black, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Pam Black
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH12
Waitlist for new clients
I work with clients who struggle with a range of issues including anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, grief, loss, childhood trauma and low self-esteem .
People come to counselling for many reasons. Sometimes this decision is motivated by a need for change or perhaps having to deal with unexpected change. For others it may be a desire to talk, to understand and be understood. I believe there can be real value in talking with someone who is trained and experienced to listen in a way that allows you to feel heard and understood. I provide a safe and non-judgemental space where we can explore the issues that you want to address.
I work with clients who struggle with a range of issues including anxiety, depression, relationship difficulties, grief, loss, childhood trauma and low self-esteem .
People come to counselling for many reasons. Sometimes this decision is motivated by a need for change or perhaps having to deal with unexpected change. For others it may be a desire to talk, to understand and be understood. I believe there can be real value in talking with someone who is trained and experienced to listen in a way that allows you to feel heard and understood. I provide a safe and non-judgemental space where we can explore the issues that you want to address.
0131 381 1479 View 0131 381 1479
Photo of Abigail Nelson, Psychotherapist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Abigail Nelson
Psychotherapist, MA, HCPC-Drama Therap.
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH6
My name is Abigail Nelson, I'm a qualified, HCPC-registered dramatherapist based in Edinburgh. I have provided therapy in a variety of settings, including charities, CICs, the NHS and privately. I primarily work with adults, however I have also worked with teenagers. Experiences of those I've worked with include: anxiety, depression, autism (including late diagnosis), grief, ADHD, bi-polar disorder, personality disorders and trauma. Whether you'd like to work through a particular issue, experience or relationship, or get to know yourself better and unlock your best self, Dramatherapy can help you find insight, confidence and peace.
My name is Abigail Nelson, I'm a qualified, HCPC-registered dramatherapist based in Edinburgh. I have provided therapy in a variety of settings, including charities, CICs, the NHS and privately. I primarily work with adults, however I have also worked with teenagers. Experiences of those I've worked with include: anxiety, depression, autism (including late diagnosis), grief, ADHD, bi-polar disorder, personality disorders and trauma. Whether you'd like to work through a particular issue, experience or relationship, or get to know yourself better and unlock your best self, Dramatherapy can help you find insight, confidence and peace.
0131 381 4773 View 0131 381 4773
Photo of Annie Hay, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Annie Hay
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH3
I understand personally and professionally how debilitating and exhausting it can be to live with depression, anxiety and other mental health issues.
I believe mental health is just as important as physical health, the two are intricately bound together. In a non-judgemental, warm and supportive environment, I will help you to understand where the problems you are experiencing have arisen. We will work out why they have become so problematic and hard to deal with. I will help you to find strategies to cope better and tools to help you unpick patterns and to move on in your life, feel stronger and more content. As with any problem, the sooner it is acknowledged, the sooner you can begin your recovery. This is true of emotional and physical issues, as well as practical.
I understand personally and professionally how debilitating and exhausting it can be to live with depression, anxiety and other mental health issues.
I believe mental health is just as important as physical health, the two are intricately bound together. In a non-judgemental, warm and supportive environment, I will help you to understand where the problems you are experiencing have arisen. We will work out why they have become so problematic and hard to deal with. I will help you to find strategies to cope better and tools to help you unpick patterns and to move on in your life, feel stronger and more content. As with any problem, the sooner it is acknowledged, the sooner you can begin your recovery. This is true of emotional and physical issues, as well as practical.
0131 357 6452 View 0131 357 6452
Photo of Tom Brown, Psychotherapist in Edinburgh, Scotland
Tom Brown
Psychotherapist, BACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH6  (Online Only)
Waitlist for new clients
Hey there! I'm Tom, a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist. Life can be tough sometimes, and we all need a little help to get through the challenges it throws our way. Whether you're dealing with a diagnosed mental health condition, like anxiety or depression, or you're struggling with more general mental health issues, like low self esteem, therapy can provide you with the tools you need to overcome your difficulties.
Hey there! I'm Tom, a Cognitive Behavioural Therapist. Life can be tough sometimes, and we all need a little help to get through the challenges it throws our way. Whether you're dealing with a diagnosed mental health condition, like anxiety or depression, or you're struggling with more general mental health issues, like low self esteem, therapy can provide you with the tools you need to overcome your difficulties.
0131 381 1798 View 0131 381 1798
Photo of Sarah Elliott, Counsellor in Edinburgh, Scotland
Sarah Elliott
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Edinburgh EH6
Have you been feeling like something is off lately? Has anxiety or depression been holding you back? Are you getting stuck in your mind due to distressing thoughts? Whatever it is, I would love to work with you to help understand what has been impacting your mental health. Therapy takes time, commitment and patience. There may be challenges along the way, but we will work through them together. My role as a counsellor is to walk with you in self discovery, while helping you work towards your goals.
Have you been feeling like something is off lately? Has anxiety or depression been holding you back? Are you getting stuck in your mind due to distressing thoughts? Whatever it is, I would love to work with you to help understand what has been impacting your mental health. Therapy takes time, commitment and patience. There may be challenges along the way, but we will work through them together. My role as a counsellor is to walk with you in self discovery, while helping you work towards your goals.
0131 381 5576 View 0131 381 5576

See more therapy options for Edinburgh

Depression Counsellors

What is the goal of therapy for depression?

Therapy for depression has several major goals. One is to relieve the mental pain of depression, which distorts feeling and thinking so that sufferers cannot see beyond their current state of mind or envision feeling better. Another is to give people the mental tools to recognise and correct the kinds of distorted thinking that turn a problem into a catastrophe and lead to despair. Therapy also teaches people how to process negative emotions in constructive ways, so they have more control over their own emotional reactivity. And it helps people regain the ability to see themselves positively, the motivation to do things, and the capacity for pleasure.

What happens in therapy for depression?

Perhaps most important, no matter the type of therapy, patients form an alliance with the therapist; that connection is therapeutic in itself, plus it becomes an instrument of change. Patients learn to identify and to challenge their own erroneous beliefs and thoughts that amplify the effects of negative experiences. They learn to identify situations in which they are especially vulnerable. And they learn new patterns of thinking and behaving. They may be given “homework” assignments in which they practice their developing skills. In addition, good therapists regularly monitor patients to assess whether and how much the condition is improving.

What therapy types help with depression?

Several types of short-term therapy have been found effective, each targeting one or more areas of dysfunction. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) helps clients challenge their negative thoughts and beliefs, learn new behavioral strategies, and curb reactivity to distressing situations. Behavioural activation (BA) is a form of therapy often used in conjunction with CBT; it focuses on engagement in rewarding activity as a pathway to changing negative feelings and disturbed mood. Another widely used approach is interpersonal therapy (IPT), which targets the social difficulties that both give rise to and get exacerbated by depression. Therapists may combine approaches as needed.

Can therapy for depression be done online?

Studies have found that online therapy can be highly effective for treating depression, although it may be more challenging to build a good therapist-patient alliance on screen than in person—at least at first. However, online therapy can offer considerable advantages. Accessibility and convenience are tops among them. Some people actually find it easier to talk about problems online than in person. While online therapy typically limits visibility of facial expression and body gestures that give important nonverbal cues to a patient’s state of mind, it can give therapists a glimpse into a patient’s world and life, providing information that can be highly useful in guiding therapy.

How effective is therapy for depression?

Many studies show that therapy is highly effective provided that patients complete the prescribed course of therapy, commonly 16 to 20 sessions. Over the long term, it is more effective than medication and the effects are more enduring. As a result, psychotherapy has the power not just to relieve current suffering but to prevent future episodes of the disorder. Therapy reverses the dysfunction in neural circuitry that disposes individuals to a negative view of themselves, the world, and their future and they acquire coping techniques, problem-solving skills, and understanding of their own vulnerabilities that are useful over the course of a lifetime.