Counselling in Roseburn, Edinburgh

Photo of Sibyl Adam, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Sibyl Adam
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH3
When working with me, you can expect a warm, empathetic environment to explore any issues you’re facing. I believe each person is the expert about themselves and my role as a therapist is to be a companion on your journey of self-understanding. My hope is that you can leave our sessions feeling listened to and understood.
When working with me, you can expect a warm, empathetic environment to explore any issues you’re facing. I believe each person is the expert about themselves and my role as a therapist is to be a companion on your journey of self-understanding. My hope is that you can leave our sessions feeling listened to and understood.
0131 381 2746 View 0131 381 2746
Photo of Ali Hogan, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Ali Hogan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
When we are trying to make sense of our situation or understand ourselves, we may feel we need someone to hear us. It could be something in particular that is causing you difficulties such as anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, low self confidence, bereavement or relationship issues (family, personal or work). Or it can be a feeling of uncertainty, something about how you are feeling isn't quite right. We are all part of an interconnected world influenced by and influencing our relationships and situations. For this reason I give attention to what is happening now, your personal history, life situation and narrative.
When we are trying to make sense of our situation or understand ourselves, we may feel we need someone to hear us. It could be something in particular that is causing you difficulties such as anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, low self confidence, bereavement or relationship issues (family, personal or work). Or it can be a feeling of uncertainty, something about how you are feeling isn't quite right. We are all part of an interconnected world influenced by and influencing our relationships and situations. For this reason I give attention to what is happening now, your personal history, life situation and narrative.
0131 381 3457 View 0131 381 3457
Photo of BeeSan Psychotherapy and Counselling Services, Psychotherapist in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
BeeSan Psychotherapy and Counselling Services
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
Starting therapy may seem daunting at first as we try to make sense of our world, thoughts, feelings and emotions. We might be repeating patterns of behaviour in our present lives due to past experiences and patterns. I want to help you shift mental blocks, untangle complex emotions, resolve issues and reveal new perspectives. Whether it’s self-development, addressing emotional and psychological issues, or processing traumatic events, I will work with you to help you become more integrated in yourself. I offer both online and in-person appointments in the centre of Edinburgh where we will work together to help you achieve your goal.
Starting therapy may seem daunting at first as we try to make sense of our world, thoughts, feelings and emotions. We might be repeating patterns of behaviour in our present lives due to past experiences and patterns. I want to help you shift mental blocks, untangle complex emotions, resolve issues and reveal new perspectives. Whether it’s self-development, addressing emotional and psychological issues, or processing traumatic events, I will work with you to help you become more integrated in yourself. I offer both online and in-person appointments in the centre of Edinburgh where we will work together to help you achieve your goal.
0131 381 8083 View 0131 381 8083
Photo of Lucy Maxwell, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Lucy Maxwell
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH11
It takes courage to reach out for support. We can find ourselves stuck in unhelpful patterns and longing for change. Maybe you feel lost, stuck, anxious, depressed or have low self-esteem? Our work together will focus on helping you move forward in the ways you wish. I am dedicated to creating a space where you feel seen, heard and valued. Experience has taught me how essential the strength of the therapeutic relationship is in bringing about positive change. I believe it is through an accepting and compassionate connection that we can transform our perspectives and the way we relate to ourselves and others in the world.
It takes courage to reach out for support. We can find ourselves stuck in unhelpful patterns and longing for change. Maybe you feel lost, stuck, anxious, depressed or have low self-esteem? Our work together will focus on helping you move forward in the ways you wish. I am dedicated to creating a space where you feel seen, heard and valued. Experience has taught me how essential the strength of the therapeutic relationship is in bringing about positive change. I believe it is through an accepting and compassionate connection that we can transform our perspectives and the way we relate to ourselves and others in the world.
0131 381 6379 View 0131 381 6379
Photo of Ruth Micallef, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Ruth Micallef
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH3
Waitlist for new clients
Do you often feel a sense of guilt or shame around food? Do thoughts of food become intrusive or overwhelming? Are you often binging or eating until you feel uncomfortable or sick? Perhaps you are fixated on 'healthy' or 'clean' eating? Maybe you 'purge' by excessively exercising, restricting, making yourself sick, using laxatives, or have a history of yo-yo dieting? Perhaps you avoid whole food groups and are often called a 'fussy' or 'picky' eater? Or a combination of any of the above? It sounds like you are struggling with an Eating Disorder!
Do you often feel a sense of guilt or shame around food? Do thoughts of food become intrusive or overwhelming? Are you often binging or eating until you feel uncomfortable or sick? Perhaps you are fixated on 'healthy' or 'clean' eating? Maybe you 'purge' by excessively exercising, restricting, making yourself sick, using laxatives, or have a history of yo-yo dieting? Perhaps you avoid whole food groups and are often called a 'fussy' or 'picky' eater? Or a combination of any of the above? It sounds like you are struggling with an Eating Disorder!
View
Photo of Sandra Cunniffe, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Sandra Cunniffe
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH1
Almost all of us experience times in our lives when we feel low. There are many issues that can affect our well-being, our confidence and how we relate to others. Talking to a counsellor can help you feel listened to and understood. It can give you an opportunity to explore your thoughts and feelings. I firmly believe that people have within them the possibility of finding better strategies by which to live more functional and fulfilling lives.
Almost all of us experience times in our lives when we feel low. There are many issues that can affect our well-being, our confidence and how we relate to others. Talking to a counsellor can help you feel listened to and understood. It can give you an opportunity to explore your thoughts and feelings. I firmly believe that people have within them the possibility of finding better strategies by which to live more functional and fulfilling lives.
0131 381 3056 View 0131 381 3056
Photo of Dr Robert Dow, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Dr Robert Dow
Counsellor, PhD, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH3
Therapy can be genuinely transformative. My aim is to create a safe, accepting, non-judgemental and confidential space for you. Here, we can begin to work co-operatively to explore and create meaning from what we talk about together. Through our dialogue, we can begin to recognise new, emerging possibilities and the potential for genuine change.
Therapy can be genuinely transformative. My aim is to create a safe, accepting, non-judgemental and confidential space for you. Here, we can begin to work co-operatively to explore and create meaning from what we talk about together. Through our dialogue, we can begin to recognise new, emerging possibilities and the potential for genuine change.
0131 381 5405 View 0131 381 5405
Photo of Maggi Scott, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Maggi Scott
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
From my own life experience & personal development trainings and counselling career, I have a deep compassion and understanding that underpins my work as a therapist supporting people experiencing emotional suffering and difficult circumstances.I have supported clients with many different issues and situations and can offer a wide range of helpful things such as teaching breathwork and visualisations for practising outside sessions. i have extensive experience working with clients experiencing struggles with bereavement, chronic illness, depression, anxiety and trauma.
From my own life experience & personal development trainings and counselling career, I have a deep compassion and understanding that underpins my work as a therapist supporting people experiencing emotional suffering and difficult circumstances.I have supported clients with many different issues and situations and can offer a wide range of helpful things such as teaching breathwork and visualisations for practising outside sessions. i have extensive experience working with clients experiencing struggles with bereavement, chronic illness, depression, anxiety and trauma.
0131 381 0006 View 0131 381 0006
Photo of Kelsie James, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Kelsie James
Counsellor, MCOSCA
1 Endorsed
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
We aren't made to fit into boxes. I believe that you are the expert of yourself and that my role is to help you take a look at what you would like to explore in a nonjudgmental way with awareness, curiosity, and support. Sometimes we seek therapy because we need someone to listen without judgment. Other times, we may feel that we have lost ourselves, or are trying to figure out who we want to be going forward. While there is no magic wand to get there in an instant, my practice style is to come alongside you and hold a safe space for you on your therapeutic journey.
We aren't made to fit into boxes. I believe that you are the expert of yourself and that my role is to help you take a look at what you would like to explore in a nonjudgmental way with awareness, curiosity, and support. Sometimes we seek therapy because we need someone to listen without judgment. Other times, we may feel that we have lost ourselves, or are trying to figure out who we want to be going forward. While there is no magic wand to get there in an instant, my practice style is to come alongside you and hold a safe space for you on your therapeutic journey.
View
Photo of Emma Norman, Psychotherapist in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Emma Norman
Psychotherapist, PMCOSCA
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
I am currently accepting new clients (in-person near Murrayfield tram stop, and video via Zoom). I offer a free 20 minute consultation to help you decide if you'd like to begin weekly therapy sessions with me. I work with adults dealing with low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, gender identity, body image, loss, trauma, substance use, relationship issues and life transitions. Or, you might feel down, anxious or lost and you don't have a clear idea of what the problem is. I can help you recognise, process and gain insight into the issues you are facing.
I am currently accepting new clients (in-person near Murrayfield tram stop, and video via Zoom). I offer a free 20 minute consultation to help you decide if you'd like to begin weekly therapy sessions with me. I work with adults dealing with low self-esteem, depression, anxiety, gender identity, body image, loss, trauma, substance use, relationship issues and life transitions. Or, you might feel down, anxious or lost and you don't have a clear idea of what the problem is. I can help you recognise, process and gain insight into the issues you are facing.
0131 381 2153 View 0131 381 2153
Photo of Sally Wright, Psychotherapist in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Sally Wright
Psychotherapist, MCOSCA
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
The last few years have been disorientating, changing us and the world around us. It's no wonder we're feeling more anxious and confused as we adjust and process the last few years. You may find that issues you coped with before are now magnified and more painful. Difficult experiences in your past can resurface and you may feel there is no-one you can be honest with about your thoughts. Perhaps you had an increased workload during the pandemic and are now at the stage of burnout? Whatever you are struggling with, sharing your issues in confidence, at your pace can help you gain the clarity and control you need in your life.
The last few years have been disorientating, changing us and the world around us. It's no wonder we're feeling more anxious and confused as we adjust and process the last few years. You may find that issues you coped with before are now magnified and more painful. Difficult experiences in your past can resurface and you may feel there is no-one you can be honest with about your thoughts. Perhaps you had an increased workload during the pandemic and are now at the stage of burnout? Whatever you are struggling with, sharing your issues in confidence, at your pace can help you gain the clarity and control you need in your life.
0131 510 3979 View 0131 510 3979
Photo of Pam Black, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Pam Black
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
Waitlist for new clients
People come to counselling for many reasons. Sometimes this decision is motivated by a need for change or perhaps having to deal with unexpected change. For others it may be a desire to talk, to understand and be understood. I believe there can be real value in talking with someone who is trained and experienced to listen in a way that allows you to feel heard and understood. I provide a safe and non-judgemental space where we can explore the issues that you want to address.
People come to counselling for many reasons. Sometimes this decision is motivated by a need for change or perhaps having to deal with unexpected change. For others it may be a desire to talk, to understand and be understood. I believe there can be real value in talking with someone who is trained and experienced to listen in a way that allows you to feel heard and understood. I provide a safe and non-judgemental space where we can explore the issues that you want to address.
0131 381 1479 View 0131 381 1479
Photo of Ellie Pickett, Psychotherapist in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Ellie Pickett
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
Hello, if you've stumbled on this message, I can only imagine that you're going through a really difficult time. Perhaps you're feeling stuck, overwhelmed or just not quite like yourself and find it hard to imagine a way forward. I understand that it can be challenging to break free from patterns of negative thinking and behaviour, and that's where cognitive behavioural therapy can be incredibly helpful. Sometimes we may get stuck in these patterns, and it can feel like we're tangled up in knots that we can't seem to untie.
Hello, if you've stumbled on this message, I can only imagine that you're going through a really difficult time. Perhaps you're feeling stuck, overwhelmed or just not quite like yourself and find it hard to imagine a way forward. I understand that it can be challenging to break free from patterns of negative thinking and behaviour, and that's where cognitive behavioural therapy can be incredibly helpful. Sometimes we may get stuck in these patterns, and it can feel like we're tangled up in knots that we can't seem to untie.
0131 381 4548 View 0131 381 4548
Photo of Vista Wellbeing - CBT Online, phone & Edinburgh, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Vista Wellbeing - CBT Online, phone & Edinburgh
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH3
Hi, I'm Siobhan, a CBT Therapist. I work clients in person in Edinburgh's West End, online or by phone. In our sessions you can expect me to be warm, empathetic, encouraging, non-judgemental and supportive. Clients have described me as friendly, with a calm and easy style. It's a privilege to provide a confidential safe space for people to open up and be heard. Change is always possible. I want to help you discover the tools inside yourself to see things from a new perspective and live a more empowered life. I will be with you every step of the journey to help you reach your goals of growth and change.
Hi, I'm Siobhan, a CBT Therapist. I work clients in person in Edinburgh's West End, online or by phone. In our sessions you can expect me to be warm, empathetic, encouraging, non-judgemental and supportive. Clients have described me as friendly, with a calm and easy style. It's a privilege to provide a confidential safe space for people to open up and be heard. Change is always possible. I want to help you discover the tools inside yourself to see things from a new perspective and live a more empowered life. I will be with you every step of the journey to help you reach your goals of growth and change.
View
Photo of Calm Space Therapy, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Calm Space Therapy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
As a CBT therapist I am passionate about how the therapeutic alliance can help a client to explore their feelings about the difficulties they are experiencing in life. I believe that by providing a safe, calm and relaxing space, talk therapy can play a vital role in improving a client's mental health. Together, I work with my clients to identify how problems manifest themselves, put these findings into perspective by guiding them through a process working towards setting new goals, adopting new coping strategies and providing them with the relevant tools to continue to work on improving their mental health.
As a CBT therapist I am passionate about how the therapeutic alliance can help a client to explore their feelings about the difficulties they are experiencing in life. I believe that by providing a safe, calm and relaxing space, talk therapy can play a vital role in improving a client's mental health. Together, I work with my clients to identify how problems manifest themselves, put these findings into perspective by guiding them through a process working towards setting new goals, adopting new coping strategies and providing them with the relevant tools to continue to work on improving their mental health.
0131 381 8106 View 0131 381 8106
Photo of Sally Campbell, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Sally Campbell
Counsellor, MSc, MUKCP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH3
I am an experienced Gestalt Psychotherapeutic Counsellor with a background in Psychology. I bring an engaging and collaborative approach to my work. I have an inclusive practice, valuing clients from all walks of life. I offer face to face sessions, outdoors (walk and talk) and online via ZOOM.
I am an experienced Gestalt Psychotherapeutic Counsellor with a background in Psychology. I bring an engaging and collaborative approach to my work. I have an inclusive practice, valuing clients from all walks of life. I offer face to face sessions, outdoors (walk and talk) and online via ZOOM.
0131 381 6385 View 0131 381 6385
Photo of Katie Hendrick, Psychologist in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Katie Hendrick
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH3
Hello and Welcome. My name is Katie and I am a Counselling Psychologist, with a background in nursing, specialising in trauma. Trauma can often be related to shock or changes in feelings of anxiety, anger or depression. Trauma is not the same for everyone. If you are feeling overwhelmed or in distress, struggling with daily life, experiencing pain then the type of therapy I offer may be of help to you. Sometimes people present clinically with anxiety or depression, sleep problems, burnout. Please see my website: hendrickps.com for more information about trauma psychotherapy and to read client testimonials.
Hello and Welcome. My name is Katie and I am a Counselling Psychologist, with a background in nursing, specialising in trauma. Trauma can often be related to shock or changes in feelings of anxiety, anger or depression. Trauma is not the same for everyone. If you are feeling overwhelmed or in distress, struggling with daily life, experiencing pain then the type of therapy I offer may be of help to you. Sometimes people present clinically with anxiety or depression, sleep problems, burnout. Please see my website: hendrickps.com for more information about trauma psychotherapy and to read client testimonials.
0141 471 9187 View 0141 471 9187
Photo of Paddy Hare, Counsellor in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Paddy Hare
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
Do you want to talk about the big stuff? Does it feel like it’s too big sometimes, and that it’ll make the people around you treat you differently? Does sharing those parts of yourself feel like they’re a ‘burden’ to others? Do you feel like you’ve been punished just for being yourself? I’m not scared of the big stuff. It deserves time, attention, and respect, just like you. I want to be gentle with whatever process you are going through. I don’t know if you’re like me yet, but I’ve had enough of the world’s unkindness.
Do you want to talk about the big stuff? Does it feel like it’s too big sometimes, and that it’ll make the people around you treat you differently? Does sharing those parts of yourself feel like they’re a ‘burden’ to others? Do you feel like you’ve been punished just for being yourself? I’m not scared of the big stuff. It deserves time, attention, and respect, just like you. I want to be gentle with whatever process you are going through. I don’t know if you’re like me yet, but I’ve had enough of the world’s unkindness.
0131 381 2762 View 0131 381 2762
Photo of Tom Lawrence, Psychotherapist in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Tom Lawrence
Psychotherapist, MHGI
Verified
1 Endorsed
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH3
If you are suffering from anxiety - depression/low mood - stress - anger problems - panic attacks - phobias - low self-esteem - self-harming - eating disorders - post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, including military) - addiction (all kinds) - obsessions (OCD) - sleep problems - relationship problems, I can help. Difficulties can often be resolved within only a few sessions – sometimes just one – and in this way can provide good value for money.
If you are suffering from anxiety - depression/low mood - stress - anger problems - panic attacks - phobias - low self-esteem - self-harming - eating disorders - post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD, including military) - addiction (all kinds) - obsessions (OCD) - sleep problems - relationship problems, I can help. Difficulties can often be resolved within only a few sessions – sometimes just one – and in this way can provide good value for money.
07887 682291 View 07887 682291
Photo of Katie Murray, Psychotherapist in Roseburn, Edinburgh, Scotland
Katie Murray
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified
Roseburn, Edinburgh EH12
Making the decision to start therapy is a courageous one. And if you are thinking about therapy you already recognise the need for someone to talk to about the difficulties you are experiencing. It can be challenging, but therapy can help you make sense of your life, be transformative and help you better understand your relationship with yourself and others.
Making the decision to start therapy is a courageous one. And if you are thinking about therapy you already recognise the need for someone to talk to about the difficulties you are experiencing. It can be challenging, but therapy can help you make sense of your life, be transformative and help you better understand your relationship with yourself and others.
0131 510 4217 View 0131 510 4217

See more therapy options for Roseburn, Edinburgh

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Roseburn, Edinburgh

30+

Average cost per session

£55

Counsellors in Roseburn, Edinburgh who prioritize treating:

89% Anxiety
89% Self Esteem
86% Depression
76% Relationship Issues
76% Stress
65% Bereavement
65% Life Transitions

Average years in practice

8 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

100% Aviva
100% AXA PPP
75% Vitality

How Counsellors in Roseburn, Edinburgh see their clients

90% In Person and Online
10% Online Only

Gender breakdown

91% Female
9% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Roseburn, Edinburgh?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.