Counselling in Carnoustie

Photo of Maria Louise Cox, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Maria Louise Cox
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Carnoustie DD7
Thank you for visiting my profile and welcome. My name is Maria a qualified BACP counsellor and psychotherapist. I offer a safe space for your therapeutic journey where you can be seen and heard with empathy and compassion. By working in a pluralistic and holistic manner, I will aim to combine various methods and theories so that your therapy sessions are bespoke to you. I take a body, mind and soul approach and work in collaboration with you in your journey to discover and utilise your own strengths and resilience for transformational growth. It is an honour to work with you while you grow ,heal and work towards your goals.
Thank you for visiting my profile and welcome. My name is Maria a qualified BACP counsellor and psychotherapist. I offer a safe space for your therapeutic journey where you can be seen and heard with empathy and compassion. By working in a pluralistic and holistic manner, I will aim to combine various methods and theories so that your therapy sessions are bespoke to you. I take a body, mind and soul approach and work in collaboration with you in your journey to discover and utilise your own strengths and resilience for transformational growth. It is an honour to work with you while you grow ,heal and work towards your goals.
01241 467978 View 01241 467978
Photo of Paula Marie Kenneth - Authentic counselling- EMDR practitioner, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Authentic counselling- EMDR practitioner
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Carnoustie DD7
Welcome to Authentic Counselling. I am a pluralistic counsellor based in Carnoustie, Angus. As a pluralistic counsellor I hold the view that different things work for different people at different points in their life and that no client's experience is the same. I utilise methods and techniques from a number of different modalities in order to best meet the counselling needs/preferences of the clients whom engage with my service. Recently completed children matters course allowing me to work therapeutically with children from the age of 4. Completed couples counselling course in 2022 building on my experience and range of methods.
Welcome to Authentic Counselling. I am a pluralistic counsellor based in Carnoustie, Angus. As a pluralistic counsellor I hold the view that different things work for different people at different points in their life and that no client's experience is the same. I utilise methods and techniques from a number of different modalities in order to best meet the counselling needs/preferences of the clients whom engage with my service. Recently completed children matters course allowing me to work therapeutically with children from the age of 4. Completed couples counselling course in 2022 building on my experience and range of methods.
01241 468693 View 01241 468693
Photo of Lillian Margaret Brown - Streams Counselling, MCOSCA, Counsellor
Streams Counselling
Counsellor, MCOSCA
Verified Verified
Carnoustie DD7
Hi, my name is Lillian. I offer counselling in Angus and the Dundee area for face-to-face & online sessions so please get in touch to see if I can support you. I offer a confidential non-judgemental service, working with you through situations you find yourself in, empathically exploring your concerns and difficulties to seek the best way forward for you personally. I have worked with hundreds of people, all unique, and I hope to help each one of you embrace your life with more self-understanding, with healing from past and present wounds, and to discover skills and resources to empower you to change and manage your life positively.
Hi, my name is Lillian. I offer counselling in Angus and the Dundee area for face-to-face & online sessions so please get in touch to see if I can support you. I offer a confidential non-judgemental service, working with you through situations you find yourself in, empathically exploring your concerns and difficulties to seek the best way forward for you personally. I have worked with hundreds of people, all unique, and I hope to help each one of you embrace your life with more self-understanding, with healing from past and present wounds, and to discover skills and resources to empower you to change and manage your life positively.
01261 450039 View 01261 450039
Photo of Wendy Nicoll - Wendy Nicoll Counselling, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Wendy Nicoll Counselling
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Carnoustie DD7
Not accepting new clients
Life throws us many challenges and we all need some help from time to time. Together we can explore uncomfortable thoughts and feelings in a safe and non-judgemental environment to help your cope better and think more fondly about yourself. I can help you reduce your anxiety or stress; improve low mood and wellbeing; increase your self-esteem; improve your self-confidence; reduce negative body image thoughts; replace yo-yo dieting with longer term sustainable strategies; cope with the impact of living in a larger body; help work towards stopping binge eating; and cope better with hormone related issues, perimenopause, and menopause.
Life throws us many challenges and we all need some help from time to time. Together we can explore uncomfortable thoughts and feelings in a safe and non-judgemental environment to help your cope better and think more fondly about yourself. I can help you reduce your anxiety or stress; improve low mood and wellbeing; increase your self-esteem; improve your self-confidence; reduce negative body image thoughts; replace yo-yo dieting with longer term sustainable strategies; cope with the impact of living in a larger body; help work towards stopping binge eating; and cope better with hormone related issues, perimenopause, and menopause.
01382 919555 View 01382 919555
Photo of Claire Robertson - Heartwork Services, MBACP, Counsellor
Heartwork Services
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Carnoustie DD7
Life, as it turns out, is not without its challenges. Clients often come to visit me with a sense of loss anxiety or sadness. I love watching clients acquire a renewed sense of self-compassion and self-worth. My wish is to support you on your journey to discover that you have the tools required to overcome the challenges in your life. For me it is an honour and a privilege to support you to recognise that harnessing your strengths will allow you to have a more fulfilling and happy life.
Life, as it turns out, is not without its challenges. Clients often come to visit me with a sense of loss anxiety or sadness. I love watching clients acquire a renewed sense of self-compassion and self-worth. My wish is to support you on your journey to discover that you have the tools required to overcome the challenges in your life. For me it is an honour and a privilege to support you to recognise that harnessing your strengths will allow you to have a more fulfilling and happy life.
01382 919583 View 01382 919583

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Paul Matthew, MSc, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Paul Matthew
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Dundee DD5
Hi I'm Paul and I'm a Pluralistic Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I am experienced and flexible to work with any presenting issue. I can offer short or longer term therapy and work with you to find the best route for you. I have experience in Anxiety, Cancer and Long term illness, Depression, low mood, Feeling Sad, Uni Students, Relational issues, Bereavement, older Teenagers, Work related stress and redundancy, I can also work with anger, trauma and any other presenting issue.
Hi I'm Paul and I'm a Pluralistic Counsellor and Psychotherapist. I am experienced and flexible to work with any presenting issue. I can offer short or longer term therapy and work with you to find the best route for you. I have experience in Anxiety, Cancer and Long term illness, Depression, low mood, Feeling Sad, Uni Students, Relational issues, Bereavement, older Teenagers, Work related stress and redundancy, I can also work with anger, trauma and any other presenting issue.
01382 919373 View 01382 919373
Photo of Deborah Gillard, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Deborah Gillard
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dundee DD4  (Online Only)
Are you or a loved one struggling with an eating disorder or facing challenging relationship issues? Do you yearn for a supportive space to heal and grow? I provide compassionate and personalised counselling tailored to your unique needs. Together, let's turn your struggles into strengths and unlock your full potential, fostering wellbeing and meaningful relationships.
Are you or a loved one struggling with an eating disorder or facing challenging relationship issues? Do you yearn for a supportive space to heal and grow? I provide compassionate and personalised counselling tailored to your unique needs. Together, let's turn your struggles into strengths and unlock your full potential, fostering wellbeing and meaningful relationships.
01382 797220 View 01382 797220
Photo of Dr Samantha Baradhi, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Samantha Baradhi
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Dundee DD5
Dr Samantha Baradhi (CPsychol) is a Chartered and HCPC Registered Psychologist and COSRT Accredited Psychosexual Therapist offering psychological therapy and psychosexual therapy to adults, couples and young people above 14 years. As a counselling psychologist her approach is relational and attachment focused. A thorough psychological assessment, a humanistic stance and in-depth formulation underpin the therapy relationship, whilst an integration of therapeutic models allows Samantha to work with each individual's specific needs and goals. She has been established here at The Broughty Practice, Dundee since 2006.
Dr Samantha Baradhi (CPsychol) is a Chartered and HCPC Registered Psychologist and COSRT Accredited Psychosexual Therapist offering psychological therapy and psychosexual therapy to adults, couples and young people above 14 years. As a counselling psychologist her approach is relational and attachment focused. A thorough psychological assessment, a humanistic stance and in-depth formulation underpin the therapy relationship, whilst an integration of therapeutic models allows Samantha to work with each individual's specific needs and goals. She has been established here at The Broughty Practice, Dundee since 2006.
01382 933250 View 01382 933250
Photo of Siobhan Docherty - Vista Wellbeing - CBT Online, phone & Edinburgh, MBACP, Counsellor
Vista Wellbeing - CBT Online, phone & Edinburgh
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dundee DD4
Hi, I'm Siobhan, a CBT Therapist. I work clients in person in Edinburgh's West End, online or by phone. In our sessions you can expect me to be warm, empathetic, encouraging, non-judgemental and supportive. Clients have described me as friendly, with a calm and easy style. It's a privilege to provide a confidential safe space for people to open up and be heard. Change is always possible. I want to help you discover the tools inside yourself to see things from a new perspective and live a more empowered life. I will be with you every step of the journey to help you reach your goals of growth and change.
Hi, I'm Siobhan, a CBT Therapist. I work clients in person in Edinburgh's West End, online or by phone. In our sessions you can expect me to be warm, empathetic, encouraging, non-judgemental and supportive. Clients have described me as friendly, with a calm and easy style. It's a privilege to provide a confidential safe space for people to open up and be heard. Change is always possible. I want to help you discover the tools inside yourself to see things from a new perspective and live a more empowered life. I will be with you every step of the journey to help you reach your goals of growth and change.
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Photo of Kerry Collins, MBACP, Counsellor
Kerry Collins
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dundee DD3
I offer counselling/psychotherapy for adults or children. I also offer Couples Counselling. I am the lead counsellor at All-of-You Therapy, located in Central Dundee, south of the Kingsway Bypass. In addition to providing our children's counselling service at All-of-You Therapy, I have provided counselling in primary schools for children with the award winning Place2Be, providing early intervention, play-led therapy. Early intervention provides children, who find themselves vulnerable, anxious, worried or dealing with other issues, with emotional tools to cope in the present but also to deal with these issues in later life.
I offer counselling/psychotherapy for adults or children. I also offer Couples Counselling. I am the lead counsellor at All-of-You Therapy, located in Central Dundee, south of the Kingsway Bypass. In addition to providing our children's counselling service at All-of-You Therapy, I have provided counselling in primary schools for children with the award winning Place2Be, providing early intervention, play-led therapy. Early intervention provides children, who find themselves vulnerable, anxious, worried or dealing with other issues, with emotional tools to cope in the present but also to deal with these issues in later life.
01382 919468 View 01382 919468
Photo of Alison MacLeod, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Alison MacLeod
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dundee DD5
Life can be a challenge, especially now. As your therapist, I can offer you a secure and trusted space to bring your needs and concerns. I believe that therapy should lead to a “step change” where my clients become able to make an immediate difference to the way they think and their relationships with others. I work to build trust and empathy and strive to understand the world from your perspective. I can help you to understand that small changes to the way you see things can have a major impact on how you feel.
Life can be a challenge, especially now. As your therapist, I can offer you a secure and trusted space to bring your needs and concerns. I believe that therapy should lead to a “step change” where my clients become able to make an immediate difference to the way they think and their relationships with others. I work to build trust and empathy and strive to understand the world from your perspective. I can help you to understand that small changes to the way you see things can have a major impact on how you feel.
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Photo of Phillipa Donnelly, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Phillipa Donnelly
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dundee DD1
Not accepting new clients
Are you struggling with anxiety, low mood, sadness, low self esteem or anger? Have you experienced trauma, relationship issues or a bereavement that's making life harder? Do you want to feel more positive about life but don't know where to start? Life can at times feel overwhelming but considering counselling is a positive step. Counselling offers you the chance to explore these issues whilst being in a confidential, safe space.
Are you struggling with anxiety, low mood, sadness, low self esteem or anger? Have you experienced trauma, relationship issues or a bereavement that's making life harder? Do you want to feel more positive about life but don't know where to start? Life can at times feel overwhelming but considering counselling is a positive step. Counselling offers you the chance to explore these issues whilst being in a confidential, safe space.
01382 933103 View 01382 933103
Photo of Lynda Goudie, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Lynda Goudie
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dundee DD5
Hi, my name is Lynda and I have a masters (MSc) in Counselling. I also have an MA Hons Degree in English, my passion for stories on the page have also become a passion for individuals who each have their own unique story. Counselling is 50 minutes of time for you, to be heard, supported and understood. Together we can explore problems from the past, anxieties for the future and how these issues are affecting the present. You may have a specific problem or dilemma that is all about now but whatever you bring, can be explored together in a non-judgemental, empathetic and kind way.
Hi, my name is Lynda and I have a masters (MSc) in Counselling. I also have an MA Hons Degree in English, my passion for stories on the page have also become a passion for individuals who each have their own unique story. Counselling is 50 minutes of time for you, to be heard, supported and understood. Together we can explore problems from the past, anxieties for the future and how these issues are affecting the present. You may have a specific problem or dilemma that is all about now but whatever you bring, can be explored together in a non-judgemental, empathetic and kind way.
01382 933111 View 01382 933111
Photo of Julie Vause, MCOSCA, Counsellor
Julie Vause
Counsellor, MCOSCA
Verified Verified
Dundee DD4
Hello, I'm Julie, welcome to my profile. Are you someone who has experienced difficulties in your life that have left you feeling anxious, depressed, or alone, and coping with day-to-day activities has become a chore? I offer a safe, confidential space to come alongside you as we work together to help you gain insight and self-awareness. A place where you are valued, accepted, and heard. Time to look at your relationship with yourself and others. I have specialised experience in helping people who have been impacted by experiencing childhood sexual abuse, ritualistic abuse, domestic abuse and family/childhood abuse.
Hello, I'm Julie, welcome to my profile. Are you someone who has experienced difficulties in your life that have left you feeling anxious, depressed, or alone, and coping with day-to-day activities has become a chore? I offer a safe, confidential space to come alongside you as we work together to help you gain insight and self-awareness. A place where you are valued, accepted, and heard. Time to look at your relationship with yourself and others. I have specialised experience in helping people who have been impacted by experiencing childhood sexual abuse, ritualistic abuse, domestic abuse and family/childhood abuse.
01324 374517 View 01324 374517
Photo of Louise Loughran, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Louise Loughran
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Arbroath DD11
I offer specialist Autism Assessment services to teenagers and young adults. I have over 15 years' experience working with Autistic young people and I am dedicated to delivering a high quality, personalised experience. My team share the values of professionalism, compassion and commitment to the young people and families we see.
I offer specialist Autism Assessment services to teenagers and young adults. I have over 15 years' experience working with Autistic young people and I am dedicated to delivering a high quality, personalised experience. My team share the values of professionalism, compassion and commitment to the young people and families we see.
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Photo of Julie Adamson - Sonas Counselling and Psychotherapy, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Sonas Counselling and Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Arbroath DD11
Choosing to take part in therapy can be a daunting experience. It is really important to find someone that you feel you can work with. My philosophy is that the relationship we will create is the key to therapy. The way in which I work is based on the principles of Transactional Analysis. It may be that you are feeling stressed, anxious or depressed and are having difficulty coping. Sometimes people just want to explore how their past continues to influence their present. Therapy can help us understand ourselves more, engage with ourselves and others more positively and move on in our lives.
Choosing to take part in therapy can be a daunting experience. It is really important to find someone that you feel you can work with. My philosophy is that the relationship we will create is the key to therapy. The way in which I work is based on the principles of Transactional Analysis. It may be that you are feeling stressed, anxious or depressed and are having difficulty coping. Sometimes people just want to explore how their past continues to influence their present. Therapy can help us understand ourselves more, engage with ourselves and others more positively and move on in our lives.
01575 527035 View 01575 527035
Photo of Fiona louise Singer, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Fiona louise Singer
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Dundee DD4
Hello and thank you for being curious about me and how we can work together to support change. Perhaps you have been feeling disconnected with life or body, anxious or depressed or just not reaching your full potential in life or love. Perhaps you have been touched by loss, illness or age-related change such as menopause or retirement. Counselling offers a safe, non- biased space to explore many of these issues and more. I am a qualified pluralistic counsellor with an integrative approach offering a wide range of interventions from different theoretical perspectives. for example, CBT, mindfulness. narrative therapy .
Hello and thank you for being curious about me and how we can work together to support change. Perhaps you have been feeling disconnected with life or body, anxious or depressed or just not reaching your full potential in life or love. Perhaps you have been touched by loss, illness or age-related change such as menopause or retirement. Counselling offers a safe, non- biased space to explore many of these issues and more. I am a qualified pluralistic counsellor with an integrative approach offering a wide range of interventions from different theoretical perspectives. for example, CBT, mindfulness. narrative therapy .
01382 919480 View 01382 919480
Photo of Nicole McKendry - Therapy in the City, MCOSCA, Counsellor
Therapy in the City
Counsellor, MCOSCA
Verified Verified
Dundee DD4
The first steps we take on our healing journey can be the most challenging but finding the right therapist to work with that you can trust and feel comfortable with can make all the difference in helping you move forward and feel safe and supported in exploring the issues you are facing. I have always believed therapy should be an informal, authentic and relaxing experience. The therapeutic approach I offer is gentle and empathetic , you will find yourself at the centre of our therapy together building a trusting relationship, valuing your individuality rather than just working with your issue.
The first steps we take on our healing journey can be the most challenging but finding the right therapist to work with that you can trust and feel comfortable with can make all the difference in helping you move forward and feel safe and supported in exploring the issues you are facing. I have always believed therapy should be an informal, authentic and relaxing experience. The therapeutic approach I offer is gentle and empathetic , you will find yourself at the centre of our therapy together building a trusting relationship, valuing your individuality rather than just working with your issue.
01382 279927 View 01382 279927
Photo of Kate Simpson Mbacp, BACP, Counsellor
Kate Simpson Mbacp
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
Arbroath DD11
My aim is to work along side you, to help you make the changes you want, in a calm holding and gentle way. We work together to look at how your past has affected your present. You can decide your future with caring compassionate support.
My aim is to work along side you, to help you make the changes you want, in a calm holding and gentle way. We work together to look at how your past has affected your present. You can decide your future with caring compassionate support.
07380 284307 View 07380 284307
Photo of Melissa Paton - Melissa Paton - Anxiety and Self Esteem Specialist, MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Melissa Paton - Anxiety and Self Esteem Specialist
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Dundee DD5  (Online Only)
Are you feeling stressed or anxious? Is this having an impact on your self esteem, confidence, relationships and functioning? If you've lost your way I can help you regain structure and routine in your life and find ways to cope with your situation. I will help get to the root of your problem so you can understand yourself and gain back some control in your life, breaking free from that vicious cycle. My mission is to help you reach your goals and find ways to make lasting change. I will work with you at your pace to formulate a unique plan to get you back on track, feel empowered and live a meaningful and fulfilled life.
Are you feeling stressed or anxious? Is this having an impact on your self esteem, confidence, relationships and functioning? If you've lost your way I can help you regain structure and routine in your life and find ways to cope with your situation. I will help get to the root of your problem so you can understand yourself and gain back some control in your life, breaking free from that vicious cycle. My mission is to help you reach your goals and find ways to make lasting change. I will work with you at your pace to formulate a unique plan to get you back on track, feel empowered and live a meaningful and fulfilled life.
01382 919496 View 01382 919496

See more therapy options for Carnoustie

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Carnoustie

< 10

Counsellors in Carnoustie who prioritize treating:

100% Self Esteem
80% Anxiety
80% Bereavement
80% Trauma and PTSD
80% Anger Management
80% Coping Skills
80% Self-Harming

Average years in practice

5 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Carnoustie see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Carnoustie?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.