Counselling in Auchtermuchty

Photo of Paula Benhaddad, MCOSCA, Counsellor
Paula Benhaddad
Counsellor, MCOSCA
Verified Verified
Auchtermuchty KY14
I am an experienced counsellor working with people of all ages, to help them towards finding a more fulfilling way of life. I know it is a big step to reach out and seek support. Sometimes even the strongest people need help to work through life’s more challenging problems. You may feel stuck. Like you are swimming through a sea of treacle, and not getting anywhere fast! Whether you struggle with, anxiety, depression, self-esteem or any other issues, therapy can help - it is an opportunity to learn more about yourself and get support in living a life that aligns more closely with what is important to you.
I am an experienced counsellor working with people of all ages, to help them towards finding a more fulfilling way of life. I know it is a big step to reach out and seek support. Sometimes even the strongest people need help to work through life’s more challenging problems. You may feel stuck. Like you are swimming through a sea of treacle, and not getting anywhere fast! Whether you struggle with, anxiety, depression, self-esteem or any other issues, therapy can help - it is an opportunity to learn more about yourself and get support in living a life that aligns more closely with what is important to you.
01337 320244 View 01337 320244

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Emma Rhodes, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Emma Rhodes
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Perth PH2
Are you struggling to know how to support your child? Are you concerned about your teenager's emotional wellbeing? Are you looking for your own support to allow you to be the parent you want to be? It is normal for your child to experience ups and downs as they grow, but sometimes they need some extra help to get them back on track. As a parent, it can sometimes be difficult to know how best to help. You may be seeking some advice or support for your own mental health. I provide a calm, nurturing and compassionate space to allow us together to explore, understand and manage the difficulties you or your child are facing.
Are you struggling to know how to support your child? Are you concerned about your teenager's emotional wellbeing? Are you looking for your own support to allow you to be the parent you want to be? It is normal for your child to experience ups and downs as they grow, but sometimes they need some extra help to get them back on track. As a parent, it can sometimes be difficult to know how best to help. You may be seeking some advice or support for your own mental health. I provide a calm, nurturing and compassionate space to allow us together to explore, understand and manage the difficulties you or your child are facing.
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Photo of Deborah K Cooper - Help To Heal Counselling and Supervision Services., MBABCP, Counsellor
Help To Heal Counselling and Supervision Services.
Counsellor, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Glenrothes KY6  (Online Only)
I am a BACP Accredited Humanistic Integrative Counsellor and have worked with young and adult clients for some time. Being an Integrative Counsellor means I draw upon several different theories, so I may offer a seamless and tailor made approach for each individual client. I have full Indemnity Insurance and take monthly supervision for both my Online and telephone services. Working with clients is my passion, I am able to offer a space where the client can be free to express themselves without judgement or pressure. I take great care to maintain my client's confidentiality at all times and adhere to the BACP's ethical framework.
I am a BACP Accredited Humanistic Integrative Counsellor and have worked with young and adult clients for some time. Being an Integrative Counsellor means I draw upon several different theories, so I may offer a seamless and tailor made approach for each individual client. I have full Indemnity Insurance and take monthly supervision for both my Online and telephone services. Working with clients is my passion, I am able to offer a space where the client can be free to express themselves without judgement or pressure. I take great care to maintain my client's confidentiality at all times and adhere to the BACP's ethical framework.
01592 809974 View 01592 809974
Photo of Dr Samantha Baradhi, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Samantha Baradhi
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Perth PH1
Dr Samantha Baradhi (CPsychol) is a Chartered and HCPC Registered Psychologist and COSRT Accredited Psychosexual Therapist offering psychological therapy and psychosexual therapy to adults, couples and young people above 14 years. As a counselling psychologist her approach is relational and attachment focused. A thorough psychological assessment, a humanistic stance and in-depth formulation underpin the therapy relationship, whilst an integration of therapeutic models allows Samantha to work with each individual's specific needs and goals. She has been established here at The Broughty Practice, Dundee since 2006.
Dr Samantha Baradhi (CPsychol) is a Chartered and HCPC Registered Psychologist and COSRT Accredited Psychosexual Therapist offering psychological therapy and psychosexual therapy to adults, couples and young people above 14 years. As a counselling psychologist her approach is relational and attachment focused. A thorough psychological assessment, a humanistic stance and in-depth formulation underpin the therapy relationship, whilst an integration of therapeutic models allows Samantha to work with each individual's specific needs and goals. She has been established here at The Broughty Practice, Dundee since 2006.
01382 933250 View 01382 933250
Photo of Tansy Edgerton, MSc, BACP, Psychotherapist
Tansy Edgerton
Psychotherapist, MSc, BACP
Verified Verified
Falkland KY15
I qualified as a Psychotherapist in 2000 and have worked for the NHS and various charities. I now have a private psychotherapy practice in Fife, Scotland. I originally trained in Person - Centred Psychotherapy, but have recently added Cognitive Behavioural Therapy to my practice. As well as working as a Psychotherapist I am also an Environmental Scientist, and have been involved in the Transition Network and in Climate Activism for many years. I therefore have a special interest in Eco Anxiety.
I qualified as a Psychotherapist in 2000 and have worked for the NHS and various charities. I now have a private psychotherapy practice in Fife, Scotland. I originally trained in Person - Centred Psychotherapy, but have recently added Cognitive Behavioural Therapy to my practice. As well as working as a Psychotherapist I am also an Environmental Scientist, and have been involved in the Transition Network and in Climate Activism for many years. I therefore have a special interest in Eco Anxiety.
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Photo of Alison MacLeod, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Alison MacLeod
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cupar KY14
Life can be a challenge, especially now. As your therapist, I can offer you a secure and trusted space to bring your needs and concerns. I believe that therapy should lead to a “step change” where my clients become able to make an immediate difference to the way they think and their relationships with others. I work to build trust and empathy and strive to understand the world from your perspective. I can help you to understand that small changes to the way you see things can have a major impact on how you feel.
Life can be a challenge, especially now. As your therapist, I can offer you a secure and trusted space to bring your needs and concerns. I believe that therapy should lead to a “step change” where my clients become able to make an immediate difference to the way they think and their relationships with others. I work to build trust and empathy and strive to understand the world from your perspective. I can help you to understand that small changes to the way you see things can have a major impact on how you feel.
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Photo of Faz Parkar - Parkar Psychological Therapy (CBT and EMDR), MSc, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Parkar Psychological Therapy (CBT and EMDR)
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Cupar KY15  (Online Only)
Are you feeling depressed, or anxious, or even symptoms of PTSD or OCD? I offer therapy for low self esteem, perfectionism, stress management, return to work, worry and sleeping difficulties. I will work with you to help you understand why you are feeling like this, and what is keeping it going. so you can make meaningful life changes. If you are wanting to improve your quality of life, or your motivation, or manage negative thoughts or worries, then get in touch. I will help improve your confidence, manage intrusive or traumatic experiences, face your fears, or manage panic attacks so that you can focus on what is important in life
Are you feeling depressed, or anxious, or even symptoms of PTSD or OCD? I offer therapy for low self esteem, perfectionism, stress management, return to work, worry and sleeping difficulties. I will work with you to help you understand why you are feeling like this, and what is keeping it going. so you can make meaningful life changes. If you are wanting to improve your quality of life, or your motivation, or manage negative thoughts or worries, then get in touch. I will help improve your confidence, manage intrusive or traumatic experiences, face your fears, or manage panic attacks so that you can focus on what is important in life
01334 809186 View 01334 809186
Photo of Shauna Barrie, MBACP, Counsellor
Shauna Barrie
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Leven KY8
Hey, i am a qualified counsellor. I use a humanistic integrative approach to counselling, which means I draw from various theories using different tools and techniques to create a method of counselling that suits your needs. I believe we are all unique, and what works for one person won't necessarily work for the other. I believe this approach gives us an opportunity to respect you as an individual.
Hey, i am a qualified counsellor. I use a humanistic integrative approach to counselling, which means I draw from various theories using different tools and techniques to create a method of counselling that suits your needs. I believe we are all unique, and what works for one person won't necessarily work for the other. I believe this approach gives us an opportunity to respect you as an individual.
01592 809952 View 01592 809952
Photo of Dr Kathryn Quinn, PsychD, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr Kathryn Quinn
Psychologist, PsychD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Perth PH2
I am an experienced Clinical Psychologist with a proven track record of clinical effectiveness. I run an established and successful private practice, and offer a choice of both online or face-to-face appointments ensuring that my client's needs are at the forefront of all that I do. If you would like to discuss your situation further, or book an initial consultation, I would be delighted to hear from you.
I am an experienced Clinical Psychologist with a proven track record of clinical effectiveness. I run an established and successful private practice, and offer a choice of both online or face-to-face appointments ensuring that my client's needs are at the forefront of all that I do. If you would like to discuss your situation further, or book an initial consultation, I would be delighted to hear from you.
01383 665671 View 01383 665671
Photo of Louise Jane Woodward, DCounsPsych, MCOSCA, Counsellor
Louise Jane Woodward
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MCOSCA
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Cupar KY15
Do you find yourself feeling disconnected, lost, or struggling with your sense of identity after a traumatic experience? Trauma can often lead to a profound sense of disconnection from oneself. Together, we'll explore different techniques, empowering you to reconnect with your true identity, rediscover your strengths, and reclaim your sense of self. Not all emotions or experiences can be easily put into words. I incorporate creative methods to explore emotions, thoughts, and experiences in a non-verbal way, fostering a deeper understanding and facilitating healing.
Do you find yourself feeling disconnected, lost, or struggling with your sense of identity after a traumatic experience? Trauma can often lead to a profound sense of disconnection from oneself. Together, we'll explore different techniques, empowering you to reconnect with your true identity, rediscover your strengths, and reclaim your sense of self. Not all emotions or experiences can be easily put into words. I incorporate creative methods to explore emotions, thoughts, and experiences in a non-verbal way, fostering a deeper understanding and facilitating healing.
01337 327003 View 01337 327003
Photo of Susan Hollins - Susan Hollins Counselling, Counsellor
Susan Hollins Counselling
Counsellor
Verified Verified
Glenrothes KY6
How to describe the massive impact of loss and grief on our hearts, minds and daily life? The weight, chaos and turmoil of grief is a common experience which plays out uniquely in each of us. We lose interest in just about everything; nothing seems to matter. We're often frightened, wondering whether how we feel today we'll still be feeling in the distant future. We're often angry, intolerant of others. We seek so many reassurances... We don't want to let go of our grief because it's connected powerfully to the one we love and miss. How can we learn to let grief share our life? How can we understand it? How can we keep afloat?
How to describe the massive impact of loss and grief on our hearts, minds and daily life? The weight, chaos and turmoil of grief is a common experience which plays out uniquely in each of us. We lose interest in just about everything; nothing seems to matter. We're often frightened, wondering whether how we feel today we'll still be feeling in the distant future. We're often angry, intolerant of others. We seek so many reassurances... We don't want to let go of our grief because it's connected powerfully to the one we love and miss. How can we learn to let grief share our life? How can we understand it? How can we keep afloat?
01764 915871 View 01764 915871
Photo of Kim Malcolm - Integrative Mind Therapies, MA, PNCPS Acc., Psychotherapist
Integrative Mind Therapies
Psychotherapist, MA, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Kinglassie KY5
I am an integrative counsellor, I specialise in many mental health conditions and use wide range of tools along with my experience to support a person to understand and overcome their challenges in life. This support can help them to strive to reach their goals and true potential. I work with many modalities of therapy to help the client understand their presenting and past issues. This can be effective to overcome those challenges.
I am an integrative counsellor, I specialise in many mental health conditions and use wide range of tools along with my experience to support a person to understand and overcome their challenges in life. This support can help them to strive to reach their goals and true potential. I work with many modalities of therapy to help the client understand their presenting and past issues. This can be effective to overcome those challenges.
07481 338539 View 07481 338539
Photo of Sarah Reid Barnett, MBACP, Counsellor
Sarah Reid Barnett
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cupar KY15
There are many points in life when we feels cast adrift, unsure of how we feel or why we feel it. Unsure of how to move forward from our past or even from our present. Much of my work revolves around these moments, supporting my clients to find the right way forward. I work in an integrative, trauma informed way which allows me to tailor the way we work together and hold a compassionate safe space to collaborate within. I believe connection is a core human need and that no one should feel alone with their problems.
There are many points in life when we feels cast adrift, unsure of how we feel or why we feel it. Unsure of how to move forward from our past or even from our present. Much of my work revolves around these moments, supporting my clients to find the right way forward. I work in an integrative, trauma informed way which allows me to tailor the way we work together and hold a compassionate safe space to collaborate within. I believe connection is a core human need and that no one should feel alone with their problems.
01334 237287 View 01334 237287
Photo of New Beginings Counselling - New Beginnings Counselling , MBACP, Counsellor
New Beginnings Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Glenrothes KY6
Taking that first step looking for help is brave and daunting. I am here to provide a safe space to listen without judgment to your thoughts and feelings. Life is messy and difficult and can feel like you are trapped in a cycle that’s doesn’t stop. This can be so difficult and that’s ok, you are human. You will be heard and I am here to walk along side you.
Taking that first step looking for help is brave and daunting. I am here to provide a safe space to listen without judgment to your thoughts and feelings. Life is messy and difficult and can feel like you are trapped in a cycle that’s doesn’t stop. This can be so difficult and that’s ok, you are human. You will be heard and I am here to walk along side you.
01592 809994 View 01592 809994
Photo of Lisa Campbell, MSc, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Lisa Campbell
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Glenrothes KY7  (Online Only)
I’ll help you make connections to understand current and past experiences. I can bring different perspectives to your situation and help identify ways of coping. I will tailor therapy to your unique needs and preferences, acknowledging your individuality, strengths, and experiences. Most of my experience has been working with people who have experienced abuse, trauma, neglect, discrimination, or adversity. I’ve listened to and supported them in understanding their feelings, improving self-belief, feeling less anxious, improving their mood, finding ways to relax, asserting boundaries, and doing the things they’ve held back from.
I’ll help you make connections to understand current and past experiences. I can bring different perspectives to your situation and help identify ways of coping. I will tailor therapy to your unique needs and preferences, acknowledging your individuality, strengths, and experiences. Most of my experience has been working with people who have experienced abuse, trauma, neglect, discrimination, or adversity. I’ve listened to and supported them in understanding their feelings, improving self-belief, feeling less anxious, improving their mood, finding ways to relax, asserting boundaries, and doing the things they’ve held back from.
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Photo of Pauline Fielmar - RamLeaf Counselling and Psychotherapy, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
RamLeaf Counselling and Psychotherapy
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Glenrothes KY6
Life often presents us with unexpected problems, often leaving us feeling distressed and overwhelmed. Whether you're dealing with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, the impact of trauma, the weight of sorrow or loss, or want to build a deeper self-understanding and purpose, my approach is personalised to your specific needs. My values hold a strong focus on the therapeutic relationship, believing that a genuine, caring, safe, trusting, and compassionate connection is the foundation for effective growth in therapy. The goal is to help you develop a greater self-understanding and empower you to make decisions.
Life often presents us with unexpected problems, often leaving us feeling distressed and overwhelmed. Whether you're dealing with depression, anxiety, relationship issues, the impact of trauma, the weight of sorrow or loss, or want to build a deeper self-understanding and purpose, my approach is personalised to your specific needs. My values hold a strong focus on the therapeutic relationship, believing that a genuine, caring, safe, trusting, and compassionate connection is the foundation for effective growth in therapy. The goal is to help you develop a greater self-understanding and empower you to make decisions.
01592 858467 View 01592 858467
Photo of Daryl Anthony van Blerk - Mind Room Consultants, CPsychol, Psychologist
Mind Room Consultants
Psychologist, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Cupar KY15
Your point of view will be our starting point. Your insights will be our steppingstones. I will listen to understand; build a relationship with you and discover how to best serve you. I will invest my passion, energy, enthusiasm, and creativity to ensure your success. I will encourage you to connect with your authentic self. I want to work with you to engineer your emotional health and wellbeing state, so it aligns with your core purpose. I am then able to hold you accountable to your own expectations.
Your point of view will be our starting point. Your insights will be our steppingstones. I will listen to understand; build a relationship with you and discover how to best serve you. I will invest my passion, energy, enthusiasm, and creativity to ensure your success. I will encourage you to connect with your authentic self. I want to work with you to engineer your emotional health and wellbeing state, so it aligns with your core purpose. I am then able to hold you accountable to your own expectations.
07403 935628 View 07403 935628
Photo of Katy Mitchell, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Katy Mitchell
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Cupar KY14
Every person is different, which means every treatment will be different too. I provide a range of psychological therapies that will be tailored to meet your needs. I work with adults of all ages and backgrounds. Difficulties I work with include (but are not limited to): depression, anxiety, stress (including work, academic, or general life stress), loss and bereavement, panic, OCD, anger, trauma, life changes (e.g. birth, retirement, relationship ending), sexual difficulties, eating disorders, health anxiety, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, and desire for personal development.
Every person is different, which means every treatment will be different too. I provide a range of psychological therapies that will be tailored to meet your needs. I work with adults of all ages and backgrounds. Difficulties I work with include (but are not limited to): depression, anxiety, stress (including work, academic, or general life stress), loss and bereavement, panic, OCD, anger, trauma, life changes (e.g. birth, retirement, relationship ending), sexual difficulties, eating disorders, health anxiety, low self-esteem, relationship difficulties, and desire for personal development.
01333 408717 View 01333 408717
Photo of Marc Johnson, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Marc Johnson
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Cupar KY14
My background in supporting people from all walks of life with varying concerns, and my experience working with trauma has given me a strong foundation to support individuals who come to therapy with a range of issues and concerns to include depression, stress, anxiety, relationship issues and difficult life changes. I specialise in supporting individuals who have been affected by trauma; particularly those who have experienced sexual abuse and/or rape. I support individuals in understanding their traumatic experiences and the impact of trauma on various aspects of their lives.
My background in supporting people from all walks of life with varying concerns, and my experience working with trauma has given me a strong foundation to support individuals who come to therapy with a range of issues and concerns to include depression, stress, anxiety, relationship issues and difficult life changes. I specialise in supporting individuals who have been affected by trauma; particularly those who have experienced sexual abuse and/or rape. I support individuals in understanding their traumatic experiences and the impact of trauma on various aspects of their lives.
01337 327005 View 01337 327005
Photo of Isabella Burns Msc, MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Isabella Burns Msc
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Perth PH2
I am an experienced counsellor with over 10 years experience of working with adult individuals and couples. I work with clients who are experiencing difficulties in their lives, such as: anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, panic, relationship issues, gender identity, life changes. I provide a safe and confidential environment for clients online. Each person is unique and experiences life in different ways. If your particular problem isn't listed here, don't let this put you off contacting me. I can offer short or long term counselling.
I am an experienced counsellor with over 10 years experience of working with adult individuals and couples. I work with clients who are experiencing difficulties in their lives, such as: anxiety, depression, low self-esteem, panic, relationship issues, gender identity, life changes. I provide a safe and confidential environment for clients online. Each person is unique and experiences life in different ways. If your particular problem isn't listed here, don't let this put you off contacting me. I can offer short or long term counselling.
07998 073623 View 07998 073623

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Auchtermuchty

< 10

Counsellors in Auchtermuchty who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Eating Disorders
100% Bereavement
100% Parenting
100% Spirituality
100% Trauma and PTSD

Average years in practice

5 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Auchtermuchty see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Auchtermuchty?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.