Counselling in M3

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Photo of Fiona Mackenzie, Psychotherapist in M3, England
Fiona Mackenzie
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
I am an experienced Integrative Psychotherapist, Counsellor and Developmental Coach working with adults and young adults on a wide range of issues . I offer face-to-face and online/video call consultations in Manchester City Centre, Liverpool City Centre and Chester. For all of us there are times in our lives when we feel confused, distressed or unable to cope. Talking therapies and coaching offers the opportunity to achieve a greater understanding of ourselves, to discover what holds us back and potentially enabling us to change old patterns and find new ways of approaching and overcoming difficulties.
I am an experienced Integrative Psychotherapist, Counsellor and Developmental Coach working with adults and young adults on a wide range of issues . I offer face-to-face and online/video call consultations in Manchester City Centre, Liverpool City Centre and Chester. For all of us there are times in our lives when we feel confused, distressed or unable to cope. Talking therapies and coaching offers the opportunity to achieve a greater understanding of ourselves, to discover what holds us back and potentially enabling us to change old patterns and find new ways of approaching and overcoming difficulties.
0161 519 7326 View 0161 519 7326
Photo of Jed Bridge, Counsellor in M3, England
Jed Bridge
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Hello and welcome; I'm Jed. I am an experienced therapist dedicated to helping my clients develop their self-worth and establish a greater sense of personal effectiveness and agency in their lives. I offer confidential one-to-one counselling, supporting you to address a range of life issues and create a more connected and loving relationship with yourself - helping you deepen your understanding, bolster your well-being and resilience, and feel more empowered to find appropriate and self-respecting ways forward. Areas include: self-esteem and confidence; anxiety and stress; relationship issues; personal development; self-discovery.
Hello and welcome; I'm Jed. I am an experienced therapist dedicated to helping my clients develop their self-worth and establish a greater sense of personal effectiveness and agency in their lives. I offer confidential one-to-one counselling, supporting you to address a range of life issues and create a more connected and loving relationship with yourself - helping you deepen your understanding, bolster your well-being and resilience, and feel more empowered to find appropriate and self-respecting ways forward. Areas include: self-esteem and confidence; anxiety and stress; relationship issues; personal development; self-discovery.
01707 240930 View 01707 240930
Photo of Phoebe Beveridge, Psychologist in M3, England
Phoebe Beveridge
Psychologist, MA, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Manchester M3  (Online Only)
I'm a registered Clinical Psychologist working in the NHS & private practice, specialising in childhood trauma and early emotional wounding. Difficult childhood experiences shape us and often cause us to become stuck in self-defeating cognitive, behavioural, and interpersonal patterns as adults. I work with people to process their experiences and shift their repetitive unhelpful cycles, so they can finally getting into the driver's seat of their own life. + Feel free to have a look at my website, phoebebeveridge.com, for more information. +
I'm a registered Clinical Psychologist working in the NHS & private practice, specialising in childhood trauma and early emotional wounding. Difficult childhood experiences shape us and often cause us to become stuck in self-defeating cognitive, behavioural, and interpersonal patterns as adults. I work with people to process their experiences and shift their repetitive unhelpful cycles, so they can finally getting into the driver's seat of their own life. + Feel free to have a look at my website, phoebebeveridge.com, for more information. +
0161 524 5467 View 0161 524 5467
Photo of Richard Higgs Therapy, Psychotherapist in M3, England
Richard Higgs Therapy
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
My priority is to provide a safe, non-judgemental, and confidential space for you to just ‘be’ without any expectation, so you can explore any issues or struggles that are impacting your life. You may know what these struggles are, or you may not have the words or an understanding of what is going on for you. And that is okay. You may come to therapy with a set idea of what you want to explore, or you may come to therapy with just a hunch that something isn’t right. Therapy isn’t linear but I’ll be transparent in our work together and guide you in what can be difficult but ultimately enlightening work.
My priority is to provide a safe, non-judgemental, and confidential space for you to just ‘be’ without any expectation, so you can explore any issues or struggles that are impacting your life. You may know what these struggles are, or you may not have the words or an understanding of what is going on for you. And that is okay. You may come to therapy with a set idea of what you want to explore, or you may come to therapy with just a hunch that something isn’t right. Therapy isn’t linear but I’ll be transparent in our work together and guide you in what can be difficult but ultimately enlightening work.
01707 240914 View 01707 240914
Photo of Dr Julija Jain, Psychologist in M3, England
Dr Julija Jain
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
Share your problems, Challenge them, Learn new ways of coping and experience Change with my psychological services. I have over 10 years of training and practice in the most effective therapies aimed at helping people with complex and less complex mental health needs. As a highly skilled Chartered Counselling Psychologist, I can help you feel empowered and gain control of yourself and your responses to challenging situations. Book yourself for an initial psychological assessment session which will help us to have a better understanding of your issues and what specific approach is needed to resolve these issues: www.drjulijajain.com
Share your problems, Challenge them, Learn new ways of coping and experience Change with my psychological services. I have over 10 years of training and practice in the most effective therapies aimed at helping people with complex and less complex mental health needs. As a highly skilled Chartered Counselling Psychologist, I can help you feel empowered and gain control of yourself and your responses to challenging situations. Book yourself for an initial psychological assessment session which will help us to have a better understanding of your issues and what specific approach is needed to resolve these issues: www.drjulijajain.com
01707 246828 View 01707 246828
Photo of Zara Whiteley, Counsellor in M3, England
Zara Whiteley
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
1 Endorsed
Everyone comes to therapy with a loss, whether that is a bereavement, a relationship break-up, changes in health, the loss of a friendship, a change of job, etc. There are many different endings that we go through in life. Therapy is a safe and supportive place to talk, it provides the opportunity to process what has happened and to explore who you are now and how you can move forward. Therapy is a place where you can say out loud all of those things you can't say elsewhere. You can talk about things you may not feel able to talk about with friends or family.
Everyone comes to therapy with a loss, whether that is a bereavement, a relationship break-up, changes in health, the loss of a friendship, a change of job, etc. There are many different endings that we go through in life. Therapy is a safe and supportive place to talk, it provides the opportunity to process what has happened and to explore who you are now and how you can move forward. Therapy is a place where you can say out loud all of those things you can't say elsewhere. You can talk about things you may not feel able to talk about with friends or family.
0161 524 2563 View 0161 524 2563
Photo of James Alastair King, Counsellor in M3, England
James Alastair King
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Although I regularly work with clients of all ages and genders, the majority of my clients tend to be young men, who have unresolved feelings or experiences which are impacting on their daily lives. I work as an integrative counsellor, from a person-centred perspective. This means that you can bring whatever you wish to the session, while we work at your pace and depth. I employ theory and techniques from CBT, psychodynamic and other therapeutic philosophies which I feel may be useful. Where we start is not the important thing as ultimately, you will naturally discover the things that matter the most to you.
Although I regularly work with clients of all ages and genders, the majority of my clients tend to be young men, who have unresolved feelings or experiences which are impacting on their daily lives. I work as an integrative counsellor, from a person-centred perspective. This means that you can bring whatever you wish to the session, while we work at your pace and depth. I employ theory and techniques from CBT, psychodynamic and other therapeutic philosophies which I feel may be useful. Where we start is not the important thing as ultimately, you will naturally discover the things that matter the most to you.
0161 509 6177 View 0161 509 6177
Photo of Ania Dopierala, Counsellor in M3, England
Ania Dopierala
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP Accred
Going round the circle, even though you do to get out? It can be frustrating and draining. Or maybe, you have been living a fulfilling, happy life up till now. But something happened and it changed the way you think and feel about yourself and the world around you. It can be confusing and scary. Maybe you feel, as if you were standing at the crossroads and were too afraid to choose your path. It can make you feel unable and hopeless.
Going round the circle, even though you do to get out? It can be frustrating and draining. Or maybe, you have been living a fulfilling, happy life up till now. But something happened and it changed the way you think and feel about yourself and the world around you. It can be confusing and scary. Maybe you feel, as if you were standing at the crossroads and were too afraid to choose your path. It can make you feel unable and hopeless.
0161 509 6423 View 0161 509 6423
Photo of Cherisse Amusa, Counsellor in M3, England
Cherisse Amusa
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
1 Endorsed
Manchester M3  (Online Only)
Welcome I am Cherisse. I provide a safe and compassionate space where healing and growth begin. I am a dynamic therapist and have a varied experiences of working with clients from different backgrounds and a wide range of presenting issues. I currently deliver a low cost therapy clinic for people aged 18-30 from Black, marginalised or minority groups who may be struggling to access or afford therapy. Whilst this is the group I tend to work with mostly, I also work with clients outside of this demographic. I have experience of working in private practice, employee assistance programmes and IAPT services.
Welcome I am Cherisse. I provide a safe and compassionate space where healing and growth begin. I am a dynamic therapist and have a varied experiences of working with clients from different backgrounds and a wide range of presenting issues. I currently deliver a low cost therapy clinic for people aged 18-30 from Black, marginalised or minority groups who may be struggling to access or afford therapy. Whilst this is the group I tend to work with mostly, I also work with clients outside of this demographic. I have experience of working in private practice, employee assistance programmes and IAPT services.
0161 524 1940 View 0161 524 1940
Photo of Dr Kelly Savery, Psychologist in M3, England
Dr Kelly Savery
Psychologist, DCounsPsych, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified
3 Endorsed
If you are a trauma survivor, I see you. I’m here for you. I provide a safe space to explore what happened to you. Together, we’ll find ways to manage the psychological and physiological distress that is a result of trauma. You are not alone. My collaborative process creates a safe space for you to work through your traumatic experience(s) and come out stronger on the other side. I will empower you to make choices to live your life in accordance with your values and beliefs. I am an inclusive therapist and work with everyone who has experienced trauma, including marginalized and under-represented groups of people.
If you are a trauma survivor, I see you. I’m here for you. I provide a safe space to explore what happened to you. Together, we’ll find ways to manage the psychological and physiological distress that is a result of trauma. You are not alone. My collaborative process creates a safe space for you to work through your traumatic experience(s) and come out stronger on the other side. I will empower you to make choices to live your life in accordance with your values and beliefs. I am an inclusive therapist and work with everyone who has experienced trauma, including marginalized and under-represented groups of people.
0161 524 4354 View 0161 524 4354
Photo of Sophie Goodman, Counsellor in M3, England
Sophie Goodman
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Hello, I'm Sophie. You may be considering therapy because you’re dealing with depression, relationship issues or a difficult life transition. Perhaps you no longer feel at home within yourself, and are looking to reconnect with who you are. It's thought that, when we're cut off from ourselves, we're cut off from life. Whatever it is you’re going through, I’m here to support you on your journey towards clarity, growth and healing.
Hello, I'm Sophie. You may be considering therapy because you’re dealing with depression, relationship issues or a difficult life transition. Perhaps you no longer feel at home within yourself, and are looking to reconnect with who you are. It's thought that, when we're cut off from ourselves, we're cut off from life. Whatever it is you’re going through, I’m here to support you on your journey towards clarity, growth and healing.
01707 954026 View 01707 954026
Photo of Christian Chalfont, Counsellor in M3, England
Christian Chalfont
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
As an Integrative Counsellor, I provide a service that combines several therapeutic practices, all aimed towards helping you feel whole again. In recent years, my work has focused strongly on addiction, trauma and issues around sex and sexuality. I also have a particular focus on identity, self-worth and boundaries. We are what we think and what we think governs how we feel - our beliefs shape our reality. My role is to help you process and integrate whatever it is you are struggling with, supporting you on your journey to improved mental and emotional wellbeing.
As an Integrative Counsellor, I provide a service that combines several therapeutic practices, all aimed towards helping you feel whole again. In recent years, my work has focused strongly on addiction, trauma and issues around sex and sexuality. I also have a particular focus on identity, self-worth and boundaries. We are what we think and what we think governs how we feel - our beliefs shape our reality. My role is to help you process and integrate whatever it is you are struggling with, supporting you on your journey to improved mental and emotional wellbeing.
01707 246855 View 01707 246855
Photo of Kingsley Ogun, Psychotherapist in M3, England
Kingsley Ogun
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified
Manchester M3  (Online Only)
Are you struggling with trauma, low self esteem, depression, self sabotaging behaviours, obsessions ,anxiety, or major life events? There comes a time when these issues get on top of us , we feel stuck and need to make a change!. I am a Registered and fully accredited BABCP Psychotherapist and Core Mental Health Professional (NMC Registered) and I’d love to help you on your journey towards change and self-discovery. My goals are to help you understand yourself, life experience and your trauma on a deeper level then to help brake unhelpful cycles/ patterns of thoughts and behaviours creating a positive change.
Are you struggling with trauma, low self esteem, depression, self sabotaging behaviours, obsessions ,anxiety, or major life events? There comes a time when these issues get on top of us , we feel stuck and need to make a change!. I am a Registered and fully accredited BABCP Psychotherapist and Core Mental Health Professional (NMC Registered) and I’d love to help you on your journey towards change and self-discovery. My goals are to help you understand yourself, life experience and your trauma on a deeper level then to help brake unhelpful cycles/ patterns of thoughts and behaviours creating a positive change.
01707 954052 View 01707 954052
Photo of Fox Psychological Services, Psychologist in M3, England
Fox Psychological Services
Psychologist, PhD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Not accepting new clients
It is very human to have psychological difficulties at various points in our lives. Difficult things can happen to us leaving us feeling scared and/ or low/ depressed. Society can also make us feel pressurised to look a certain way and we can feel pretty worthless if don't believe that we conform to these societal expectations. All of these can be both frightening and overwhelming, which makes it so important to have a calm, compassionate and skilful therapist to guide you towards recovery.
It is very human to have psychological difficulties at various points in our lives. Difficult things can happen to us leaving us feeling scared and/ or low/ depressed. Society can also make us feel pressurised to look a certain way and we can feel pretty worthless if don't believe that we conform to these societal expectations. All of these can be both frightening and overwhelming, which makes it so important to have a calm, compassionate and skilful therapist to guide you towards recovery.
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Photo of Rachael Ingram, Counsellor in M3, England
Rachael Ingram
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
I understand the daily frustration of living with depression and anxiety. Having had counselling myself, I know how it feels to sit in front of a stranger and talk about my inner most feelings. I'm here to accompany and encourage you on your own personal journey. I specialise in person-centred counselling which means that during a session, you'll work with me by talking through issues, key events, concerns, behaviours and how you’re feeling...anything that’s bothering you. I immerse myself into your world to understand your perspective. I offer a safe and encouraging environment, one where you aren’t judged, so that you feel accept
I understand the daily frustration of living with depression and anxiety. Having had counselling myself, I know how it feels to sit in front of a stranger and talk about my inner most feelings. I'm here to accompany and encourage you on your own personal journey. I specialise in person-centred counselling which means that during a session, you'll work with me by talking through issues, key events, concerns, behaviours and how you’re feeling...anything that’s bothering you. I immerse myself into your world to understand your perspective. I offer a safe and encouraging environment, one where you aren’t judged, so that you feel accept
0161 694 6450 View 0161 694 6450
Photo of Martina Roberta Witter, Psychotherapist in M3, England
Martina Roberta Witter
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified
Are you wanting to be happier? Are feeling stuck in life and constantly procrastinating ? Are you feeling down, fed up, worried or stressed? Are you struggling with the demands of life and feeling overwhelmed? I understand as I've been there and so have many of the young people and Adults that I work with. Remember that you're not alone in this journey of life and the season will change. . I can help YOU to be the best version of yourself whilst overcoming emotional difficulties which may prevent YOU from achieving your potential and being happy.
Are you wanting to be happier? Are feeling stuck in life and constantly procrastinating ? Are you feeling down, fed up, worried or stressed? Are you struggling with the demands of life and feeling overwhelmed? I understand as I've been there and so have many of the young people and Adults that I work with. Remember that you're not alone in this journey of life and the season will change. . I can help YOU to be the best version of yourself whilst overcoming emotional difficulties which may prevent YOU from achieving your potential and being happy.
0161 509 4136 View 0161 509 4136
Photo of Kit Leaver Counselling and Supervision, Counsellor in M3, England
Kit Leaver Counselling and Supervision
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
As a counsellor, I will offer you a confidential space to explore the issues you are facing, the questions of meaning and possibilities of resolution; to work through difficult emotions and look for peace with the past. I work with people on issues around depression, anxiety, relationships, self-esteem, bereavement, past trauma and abuse, identity and diversity. Your sessions will be a place where you can have the freedom and safety to be; to develop your own identity, accept yourself and make positive decisions about your future.
As a counsellor, I will offer you a confidential space to explore the issues you are facing, the questions of meaning and possibilities of resolution; to work through difficult emotions and look for peace with the past. I work with people on issues around depression, anxiety, relationships, self-esteem, bereavement, past trauma and abuse, identity and diversity. Your sessions will be a place where you can have the freedom and safety to be; to develop your own identity, accept yourself and make positive decisions about your future.
01707 954043 View 01707 954043
Photo of Sarah Bruce, Psychologist in M3, England
Sarah Bruce
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Is anxiety or excessive worry getting in the way for your? Are you stuck in a pattern of negative thinking? Or are you finding it hard to live with a traumatic event? Difficult thoughts and emotions can be overwhelming. This suggests you would benefit from structured therapy to learn some new ways of coping.
Is anxiety or excessive worry getting in the way for your? Are you stuck in a pattern of negative thinking? Or are you finding it hard to live with a traumatic event? Difficult thoughts and emotions can be overwhelming. This suggests you would benefit from structured therapy to learn some new ways of coping.
01707 938825 View 01707 938825
Photo of You Therapies, Psychotherapist in M3, England
You Therapies
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified
Manchester M3  (Online Only)
Our mental health and wellbeing are paramount to us. It saddens me to sometimes to see what little care we take of it. We see our GP’s as soon as we have a physical ailment. However, tend to ignore how we feel emotionally, forgetting our emotional wellbeing is part of our whole-making. It has been my life long passion to encourage people to put themselves first and follow their dreams. I am a great believer in the power of our mind and what we can achieve if we dare to. We all experience some form of distress in our lives. We feel sad, angry, lonely, depressed, anxious, stressed, grief or even feeling that we cant always explain.
Our mental health and wellbeing are paramount to us. It saddens me to sometimes to see what little care we take of it. We see our GP’s as soon as we have a physical ailment. However, tend to ignore how we feel emotionally, forgetting our emotional wellbeing is part of our whole-making. It has been my life long passion to encourage people to put themselves first and follow their dreams. I am a great believer in the power of our mind and what we can achieve if we dare to. We all experience some form of distress in our lives. We feel sad, angry, lonely, depressed, anxious, stressed, grief or even feeling that we cant always explain.
0161 850 5916 View 0161 850 5916
Photo of Naomi Thomas, Psychotherapist in M3, England
Naomi Thomas
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified
I am a fully qualified BACP integrative psychotherapist and counsellor, trained to use a number of different therapeutic approaches within my practice to help you meet your therapeutic goals. I believe as humans, we are all unique, with different experiences and journeys, which is why I believe you are the expert of your life. My goal is to facilitate a space to help you help yourself by using my professional skills and building a supportive, genuine, therapeutic relationship. Nothing is too small or too big for my therapy room.
I am a fully qualified BACP integrative psychotherapist and counsellor, trained to use a number of different therapeutic approaches within my practice to help you meet your therapeutic goals. I believe as humans, we are all unique, with different experiences and journeys, which is why I believe you are the expert of your life. My goal is to facilitate a space to help you help yourself by using my professional skills and building a supportive, genuine, therapeutic relationship. Nothing is too small or too big for my therapy room.
01707 244797 View 01707 244797

See more therapy options for M3

Nearby Searches for M3

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in M3

90+

Average cost per session

£60

Counsellors in M3 who prioritize treating:

90% Self Esteem
89% Anxiety
86% Relationship Issues
86% Depression
84% Stress
79% Bereavement
69% Coping Skills

Average years in practice

10 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

49% Aviva
49% AXA PPP
46% WPA

How Counsellors in M3 see their clients

76% In Person and Online
24% Online Only

Gender breakdown

69% Female
30% Male
1% Non-Binary

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in M3?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.