Counselling in Worcester Park

Photo of Dr Clare Napier, Psychologist in Worcester Park, England
Dr Clare Napier
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4  (Online Only)
It can be difficult to choose a therapist and to understand the various titles therapists go by, as well as the different types of therapies and counselling on offer. However, I personally think one of the most important factors in choosing a therapist is the fit between the client and therapist and whether the relationship feels warm and empathic. My therapeutic style is to identify and build on existing strengths and to offer a safe supportive space to explore current difficulties. Having had my own psychotherapy, I am familiar with what it feels like to be on the receiving end of therapy and I am sensitive to this during my work.
It can be difficult to choose a therapist and to understand the various titles therapists go by, as well as the different types of therapies and counselling on offer. However, I personally think one of the most important factors in choosing a therapist is the fit between the client and therapist and whether the relationship feels warm and empathic. My therapeutic style is to identify and build on existing strengths and to offer a safe supportive space to explore current difficulties. Having had my own psychotherapy, I am familiar with what it feels like to be on the receiving end of therapy and I am sensitive to this during my work.
020 4538 3559 View 020 4538 3559
Photo of Lucy Spencer-Harper, Psychotherapist in Worcester Park, England
Lucy Spencer-Harper
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
Highly skilled and experienced BABCP accredited CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) and EMDR Psychotherapist based in Worcester Park, Surrey. Passionate about working with trauma/PTSD, anxiety issues like; OCD, panic and social anxiety, in addition to low mood, low confidence, grief, anger management and stress.  I offer face to face, online and telephone sessions in a relaxed and confidential space. My mission is to help you to feel empowered about yourself and your future. Assessment fee is £80. Session fee £80-£90. Please email me any enquiries and I will respond in 48 hours.
Highly skilled and experienced BABCP accredited CBT (Cognitive Behavioural Therapy) and EMDR Psychotherapist based in Worcester Park, Surrey. Passionate about working with trauma/PTSD, anxiety issues like; OCD, panic and social anxiety, in addition to low mood, low confidence, grief, anger management and stress.  I offer face to face, online and telephone sessions in a relaxed and confidential space. My mission is to help you to feel empowered about yourself and your future. Assessment fee is £80. Session fee £80-£90. Please email me any enquiries and I will respond in 48 hours.
020 3962 1505 View 020 3962 1505
Photo of Lauretta Wilson, Psychologist in Worcester Park, England
Lauretta Wilson
Psychologist, MSc, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
I am a counselling psychologist with over 20 years experience working with children, adults, couples and families. I use solution focused, positive therapies that get you closer to your goals and values, teaching you tools and techniques to manage your life better and live life as you need to. I work with mental health conditions - anxieties, depression, phobias, confidence issues, relationship breakdowns, smoking cessation and weight loss, just to name a few!
I am a counselling psychologist with over 20 years experience working with children, adults, couples and families. I use solution focused, positive therapies that get you closer to your goals and values, teaching you tools and techniques to manage your life better and live life as you need to. I work with mental health conditions - anxieties, depression, phobias, confidence issues, relationship breakdowns, smoking cessation and weight loss, just to name a few!
01260 545133 View 01260 545133
Photo of Diane Bates, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Diane Bates
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4  (Online Only)
Welcome. There can be times in our lives when we feel low, sad, anxious or have feelings of being unable to cope. Maybe you are struggling with a relationship, work of family related issues or have feelings of low self-esteem. Making the first step in to therapy can sometimes feel daunting but you have done this by coming to this website. Our sessions are confidential,professional,calm and can be tailored to meet your needs. We can explore how you are feeling which may allow you to reflect on making a change to your life which can improve the way we feel about ourself and others.
Welcome. There can be times in our lives when we feel low, sad, anxious or have feelings of being unable to cope. Maybe you are struggling with a relationship, work of family related issues or have feelings of low self-esteem. Making the first step in to therapy can sometimes feel daunting but you have done this by coming to this website. Our sessions are confidential,professional,calm and can be tailored to meet your needs. We can explore how you are feeling which may allow you to reflect on making a change to your life which can improve the way we feel about ourself and others.
0808 164 1939 View 0808 164 1939
Photo of Liz Martin, Psychotherapist in Worcester Park, England
Liz Martin
Psychotherapist, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
I am an accomplished and experienced therapist, having worked in the addiction and mental health field since 2004. I have worked with a wonderful variety of clients during this time, in both private and criminal justice settings. I have extensive knowledge of addiction, alcoholism, codependency, love addiction, trauma and eating disorders. I am a compassionate, understanding, and reflective therapist. I adopt a calm and positive outlook upon life, and create a non-judgmental connection with my clients. I will help you explore unhelpful patterns of thinking or behaviour, and support you as you make positive changes in your life.
I am an accomplished and experienced therapist, having worked in the addiction and mental health field since 2004. I have worked with a wonderful variety of clients during this time, in both private and criminal justice settings. I have extensive knowledge of addiction, alcoholism, codependency, love addiction, trauma and eating disorders. I am a compassionate, understanding, and reflective therapist. I adopt a calm and positive outlook upon life, and create a non-judgmental connection with my clients. I will help you explore unhelpful patterns of thinking or behaviour, and support you as you make positive changes in your life.
020 8016 2874 View 020 8016 2874
Photo of Lindsay Roadnight, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Lindsay Roadnight
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
Do you feel you are stuck, anxious or overwhelmed? Perhaps you're struggling with adapting to an empty nest, experiencing conflict at work or dealing with ageing parents. I understand how crippling these feelings and anxieties can be. Reaching out for help can be hard, but you're in the right place.
Do you feel you are stuck, anxious or overwhelmed? Perhaps you're struggling with adapting to an empty nest, experiencing conflict at work or dealing with ageing parents. I understand how crippling these feelings and anxieties can be. Reaching out for help can be hard, but you're in the right place.
07496 784532 View 07496 784532
Photo of Mary Theresa Pelham, Psychotherapist in Worcester Park, England
Mary Theresa Pelham
Psychotherapist, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
UKCP Accredited Psychotherapist and BACP Registered counsellor with 24 years experience. I use an integrative/relational approach, viewing each person as unique, and as such I use a coherent combination of therapeutic ideas and working relationship that will best suit you as an individual. This may involve looking at current difficulties, your past, clarifying and understanding your thoughts and behaviours and helping you to understand and express your emotions. In this way we will work together to find a way through problems that are troubling you to negotiate a more satisfying and less stressful way of living.
UKCP Accredited Psychotherapist and BACP Registered counsellor with 24 years experience. I use an integrative/relational approach, viewing each person as unique, and as such I use a coherent combination of therapeutic ideas and working relationship that will best suit you as an individual. This may involve looking at current difficulties, your past, clarifying and understanding your thoughts and behaviours and helping you to understand and express your emotions. In this way we will work together to find a way through problems that are troubling you to negotiate a more satisfying and less stressful way of living.
020 3389 8773 View 020 3389 8773
Photo of Sex Therapy London, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Sex Therapy London
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
Therapy works whatever the presentation when the connection with the client/patient is a positive one and it becomes a mutual endeavour to feel better and work in goals. The majority of clients present with wanting help with relationships and/or sex. Therapy helps deepen both physical and sexual intimacy and invariably better understanding of relationships. Many of my clients want to improve sex and their relationships. People want to be understood and not shamed for their thoughts, actions feelings
Therapy works whatever the presentation when the connection with the client/patient is a positive one and it becomes a mutual endeavour to feel better and work in goals. The majority of clients present with wanting help with relationships and/or sex. Therapy helps deepen both physical and sexual intimacy and invariably better understanding of relationships. Many of my clients want to improve sex and their relationships. People want to be understood and not shamed for their thoughts, actions feelings
01260 545160 View 01260 545160
Photo of Ruth Ann Harpur, Psychologist in Worcester Park, England
Ruth Ann Harpur
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4  (Online Only)
The focus in my private practice is on difficult relationships be that in the workplace, with friends or romantic relationships. I work with individuals and couples who are in or have been in relationships where there is control, excessive criticism, contempt or betrayal. I work with people who have tended to be more harmed by and those who have caused harm in their relationships. I help people develop a sense of compassion for themselves, building a sense of strength to advocate for their own needs in a constructive way so as to develop genuine, lasting intimacy with others.
The focus in my private practice is on difficult relationships be that in the workplace, with friends or romantic relationships. I work with individuals and couples who are in or have been in relationships where there is control, excessive criticism, contempt or betrayal. I work with people who have tended to be more harmed by and those who have caused harm in their relationships. I help people develop a sense of compassion for themselves, building a sense of strength to advocate for their own needs in a constructive way so as to develop genuine, lasting intimacy with others.
01798 305150 View 01798 305150
Photo of India Sunderland, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
India Sunderland
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
I’m a strong believer that, in the words of Nelson Mandela “there is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living” – yet sometimes life is really quite tough and we find ourselves struggling and this ideal seems far from our reality. You may find yourself feeling emotionally overwhelmed, anxious or lonely. Or, you may have been struggling for some time and haven’t found the motivation to address it but now that struggle may be feeling a little bigger.
I’m a strong believer that, in the words of Nelson Mandela “there is no passion to be found playing small – in settling for a life that is less than the one you are capable of living” – yet sometimes life is really quite tough and we find ourselves struggling and this ideal seems far from our reality. You may find yourself feeling emotionally overwhelmed, anxious or lonely. Or, you may have been struggling for some time and haven’t found the motivation to address it but now that struggle may be feeling a little bigger.
01748 901571 View 01748 901571
Photo of Carlos Talbot, Psychotherapist in Worcester Park, England
Carlos Talbot
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4  (Online Only)
There are many issues that can impact our way of living. Whether the impact is great or small, sometimes we need support to help us through these times. I hope to be able to provide you with a space to explore some of the issues that you may be experiencing. I am a Registered Integrative Counsellor & Psychotherapist (MBACP) and Trainee CBT Therapist, which means that I can draw upon a range of psychotherapeutic approaches in supporting you. I am able to offer both telephone & remote video sessions.
There are many issues that can impact our way of living. Whether the impact is great or small, sometimes we need support to help us through these times. I hope to be able to provide you with a space to explore some of the issues that you may be experiencing. I am a Registered Integrative Counsellor & Psychotherapist (MBACP) and Trainee CBT Therapist, which means that I can draw upon a range of psychotherapeutic approaches in supporting you. I am able to offer both telephone & remote video sessions.
020 3667 9847 View 020 3667 9847
Photo of Mind Growth Mastery, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Mind Growth Mastery
Counsellor, MSc, MBABCP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
Mind-Growth Mastery is a non-profit organisation offering various therapies from qualified professionals and mature, trainee therapists. CBT aims to reduce distress by identifying and changing unhelpful thinking patterns and behaviours which affect how we feel. We work collaboratively together to overcome challenges and build a life that is in line with your personal values. Integrative counselling is a talking therapy, drawing on a range of person-centered therapeutic styles. We work uniquely with each individual, helping them share in a safe, accepting environment. We aim to match the therapy to your needs and goals.
Mind-Growth Mastery is a non-profit organisation offering various therapies from qualified professionals and mature, trainee therapists. CBT aims to reduce distress by identifying and changing unhelpful thinking patterns and behaviours which affect how we feel. We work collaboratively together to overcome challenges and build a life that is in line with your personal values. Integrative counselling is a talking therapy, drawing on a range of person-centered therapeutic styles. We work uniquely with each individual, helping them share in a safe, accepting environment. We aim to match the therapy to your needs and goals.
01372 233828 View 01372 233828
Photo of Sinthia Tijan, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Sinthia Tijan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
I work with genuine care, empathy and am non- judgemental. I am very passionate about helping and offer a warm and nurturing space for you to explore your presenting issues which you may be finding challenging and distressing.
I work with genuine care, empathy and am non- judgemental. I am very passionate about helping and offer a warm and nurturing space for you to explore your presenting issues which you may be finding challenging and distressing.
020 3958 4113 View 020 3958 4113
Photo of Rosie Lisser, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Rosie Lisser
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
Whether you are exploring the option of Counselling and Psychotherapy for a specific reason or you want to further examine aspects of yourself and your life experiences. I provide a non-judgemental, safe, confidential space for you to explore your thoughts and feelings. It could be the first time you speak to someone about difficulties you are experiencing or you may have had therapy in the past. Either way we can work together to achieve your therapeutic goal.
Whether you are exploring the option of Counselling and Psychotherapy for a specific reason or you want to further examine aspects of yourself and your life experiences. I provide a non-judgemental, safe, confidential space for you to explore your thoughts and feelings. It could be the first time you speak to someone about difficulties you are experiencing or you may have had therapy in the past. Either way we can work together to achieve your therapeutic goal.
020 3835 2073 View 020 3835 2073
Photo of Leoni Lombaard Play Therapy, Psychotherapist in Worcester Park, England
Leoni Lombaard Play Therapy
Psychotherapist
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
I am a play therapist, working directly with children (aged between 4 to 11) whilst supporting the whole family. Utilising creative techniques and therapeutic play, play therapy helps children express themselves, work towards understanding their emotions and thoughts, and make sense of their life experiences. I provide an accepting and safe environment where children is helped to develop increased self-awareness and have the freedom to explore and process their emotions and any difficulties impacting on them. Materials used includes dolls, miniature animals, paint, sensory toys, sand and water beads to aid children's process.
I am a play therapist, working directly with children (aged between 4 to 11) whilst supporting the whole family. Utilising creative techniques and therapeutic play, play therapy helps children express themselves, work towards understanding their emotions and thoughts, and make sense of their life experiences. I provide an accepting and safe environment where children is helped to develop increased self-awareness and have the freedom to explore and process their emotions and any difficulties impacting on them. Materials used includes dolls, miniature animals, paint, sensory toys, sand and water beads to aid children's process.
020 3816 3765 View 020 3816 3765
Photo of Sharon Hartshorne, Psychotherapist in Worcester Park, England
Sharon Hartshorne
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
Sometimes are coping strategies and the ways we relate to others may become problematic. Relationships may have broken down, you may be suffering from anxiety, depression or low self esteem. You may have lost someone very close to you or something that was really important to you in your life, be it a loved one, a pet, a job, a way of life, youth, health, or culture. I support people during this painful period in their lives to work through these feelings. It is normal to experience a range of emotions but there’s no right or wrong way to grieve no matter who or what you are grieving for.
Sometimes are coping strategies and the ways we relate to others may become problematic. Relationships may have broken down, you may be suffering from anxiety, depression or low self esteem. You may have lost someone very close to you or something that was really important to you in your life, be it a loved one, a pet, a job, a way of life, youth, health, or culture. I support people during this painful period in their lives to work through these feelings. It is normal to experience a range of emotions but there’s no right or wrong way to grieve no matter who or what you are grieving for.
020 3848 2358 View 020 3848 2358
Photo of Frances Jane Nikolov, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Frances Jane Nikolov
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Worcester Park KT4
Are you struggling with difficult feelings, feeling low or fed up of feeling bad about yourself? I am an experienced counsellor working with issues including low self esteem and confidence, anxiety, panic attacks, depression, feeling sad, relationship problems, bereavement and loss, domestic abuse, separation and divorce, redundancy and stress at work. Counselling can give you the time to focus on you, in a warm and empathetic space, without judgement. This time can give much needed clarity and a place to talk honestly and openly, away from our lives. Counselling is an investment in your future well being.
Are you struggling with difficult feelings, feeling low or fed up of feeling bad about yourself? I am an experienced counsellor working with issues including low self esteem and confidence, anxiety, panic attacks, depression, feeling sad, relationship problems, bereavement and loss, domestic abuse, separation and divorce, redundancy and stress at work. Counselling can give you the time to focus on you, in a warm and empathetic space, without judgement. This time can give much needed clarity and a place to talk honestly and openly, away from our lives. Counselling is an investment in your future well being.
01798 305236 View 01798 305236

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Jo Pembroke, Counsellor in Worcester Park, England
Jo Pembroke
Counsellor, MA, BACP
Verified Verified
Sutton SM2
I offer time and space for you, these times in life can be rare, to focus on yourself, talk and explore to feel your emotions, your self-care, and your wellbeing, the impact the past or the present situation is having on you. To help to heal wounds, learn to manage, and explore your emotions and behaviors. To learn to recognise how why and how you respond to situations and help in identifying ways to empower you and be more in control by understanding yourself more with kindness and empathy. It may involve a loss of relationship. hurt. abuse, changes, anxiety depression, low self-esteem, and family issues. a time to heal.
I offer time and space for you, these times in life can be rare, to focus on yourself, talk and explore to feel your emotions, your self-care, and your wellbeing, the impact the past or the present situation is having on you. To help to heal wounds, learn to manage, and explore your emotions and behaviors. To learn to recognise how why and how you respond to situations and help in identifying ways to empower you and be more in control by understanding yourself more with kindness and empathy. It may involve a loss of relationship. hurt. abuse, changes, anxiety depression, low self-esteem, and family issues. a time to heal.
01798 300466 View 01798 300466
Photo of Dr Sharron Jane Smith, Psychologist in Worcester Park, England
Dr Sharron Jane Smith
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Couns. Psych.
Verified Verified
Ewell KT17
For over 13 years I have been helping people to make wanted changes in their lives, and to develop deeper understandings of themselves and the way they relate to others. The difficulties I have helped people with are wide-ranging, and include anxiety and depression, relationship and parenting difficulties, low self-esteem, work related difficulties including bullying, OCD, BDD and childhood trauma. I have worked in a number of different contexts including four NHS trusts, a specialist rehab facility for alcohol addiction, and a charitable organisation supporting children affected by domestic violence.
For over 13 years I have been helping people to make wanted changes in their lives, and to develop deeper understandings of themselves and the way they relate to others. The difficulties I have helped people with are wide-ranging, and include anxiety and depression, relationship and parenting difficulties, low self-esteem, work related difficulties including bullying, OCD, BDD and childhood trauma. I have worked in a number of different contexts including four NHS trusts, a specialist rehab facility for alcohol addiction, and a charitable organisation supporting children affected by domestic violence.
01737 301683 View 01737 301683
Photo of Katharine Carpenter, Psychotherapist in Worcester Park, England
Katharine Carpenter
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Surbiton KT5
Life can feel overwhelming at times, particularly in the world we are living in today. I am a qualified, fully accredited and experienced therapist, here to work with you to achieve a more positive future. I aim to offer professional yet approachable support, taking the stigma out of therapy.
Life can feel overwhelming at times, particularly in the world we are living in today. I am a qualified, fully accredited and experienced therapist, here to work with you to achieve a more positive future. I aim to offer professional yet approachable support, taking the stigma out of therapy.
01372 677112 View 01372 677112

See more therapy options for Worcester Park

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Worcester Park

10+

Average cost per session

£65

Counsellors in Worcester Park who prioritize treating:

100% Anxiety
94% Relationship Issues
94% Depression
88% Self Esteem
82% Bereavement
82% Trauma and PTSD
82% Stress

Average years in practice

15 Years

Top 3 insurances accepted

63% Aviva
63% AXA PPP
63% Vitality

How Counsellors in Worcester Park see their clients

77% In Person and Online
23% Online Only

Gender breakdown

88% Female
12% Male

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Worcester Park?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.