Counselling in Tigley

Photo of Ingrid Koehler, MBACP, Counsellor
Ingrid Koehler
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Tigley TQ9
Hello, thank you for looking at my page and for the courage to seek support for what is troubling you. Talking to a counsellor can help us relieve a burden, anxiety and worry. It can help us to make sense of things and join the dots so that we can discover, see and understand what we could not before and know ourselves better. When we have made mistakes in life or there has been pain and suffering for different reasons, counselling can help to see what we need to do, can help us feel what we’ve been holding on to and can bring clarity and relief.
Hello, thank you for looking at my page and for the courage to seek support for what is troubling you. Talking to a counsellor can help us relieve a burden, anxiety and worry. It can help us to make sense of things and join the dots so that we can discover, see and understand what we could not before and know ourselves better. When we have made mistakes in life or there has been pain and suffering for different reasons, counselling can help to see what we need to do, can help us feel what we’ve been holding on to and can bring clarity and relief.
01803 222192 View 01803 222192
Photo of Tiziana Barton, DCounsPsych, MBACP, Counsellor
Tiziana Barton
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified Verified
Tigley TQ9  (Online Only)
I am an experienced therapist and a registered member of BACP (British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy). I understand that it might be a daunting task to look for a therapist if it is for yourself or for a loved one, but it takes courage and strength to ask for help, and all that is required is to simply make that first step. I am available to answer any questions & to discuss your concerns, issues & needs. Please don’t hesitate to get in touch, no strings attached after our free initial call/meeting.
I am an experienced therapist and a registered member of BACP (British Association for Counselling & Psychotherapy). I understand that it might be a daunting task to look for a therapist if it is for yourself or for a loved one, but it takes courage and strength to ask for help, and all that is required is to simply make that first step. I am available to answer any questions & to discuss your concerns, issues & needs. Please don’t hesitate to get in touch, no strings attached after our free initial call/meeting.
01364 701734 View 01364 701734

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Debbie Horton, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Debbie Horton
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
I’m a caring and experienced counsellor, who can support you wholeheartedly in helping you to move forwards. I work from a warm and comfortable room in Totnes.
I’m a caring and experienced counsellor, who can support you wholeheartedly in helping you to move forwards. I work from a warm and comfortable room in Totnes.
01803 221759 View 01803 221759
Josh Zatz
Counsellor, PNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
I do my best to meet with each person as the individual you are, and work together with you to find what helps you to explore, understand and transform whatever issues brought you to Counselling. I am an Integrative Counsellor, meaning I have studied a number of different approaches and tools. Listening to you and exploring your experience together, I seek to be creative, flexible and playful in finding what is helpful to you.
I do my best to meet with each person as the individual you are, and work together with you to find what helps you to explore, understand and transform whatever issues brought you to Counselling. I am an Integrative Counsellor, meaning I have studied a number of different approaches and tools. Listening to you and exploring your experience together, I seek to be creative, flexible and playful in finding what is helpful to you.
01803 223065 View 01803 223065
Photo of Ollie Frame, MA, MBACP, Counsellor
Ollie Frame
Counsellor, MA, MBACP
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
Waitlist for new clients
Hello. I am an experienced integrative therapist offering sessions in blocks of six to eight weeks, focussing on a specific issue in a targeted way. Perhaps you are reading this because you are feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or unsure of the way forward. Perhaps you are having difficulties relating to career, relationships or family life, or with emotions such as anger, anxiety or low mood. You might be struggling with addictions, with life changes or transitions, or you might be suffering with a sense of alienation or a crisis of meaning in your life. If so, I hope you will read on and get in touch if my approach resonates with you.
Hello. I am an experienced integrative therapist offering sessions in blocks of six to eight weeks, focussing on a specific issue in a targeted way. Perhaps you are reading this because you are feeling stuck, overwhelmed, or unsure of the way forward. Perhaps you are having difficulties relating to career, relationships or family life, or with emotions such as anger, anxiety or low mood. You might be struggling with addictions, with life changes or transitions, or you might be suffering with a sense of alienation or a crisis of meaning in your life. If so, I hope you will read on and get in touch if my approach resonates with you.
01803 228071 View 01803 228071
Photo of Kim-Leng Hills, MBACP, Counsellor
Kim-Leng Hills
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Totnes TQ9
Waitlist for new clients
I am a fully insured and qualified Counsellor registered with the BACP, working with ages 13+ through to seniors, coming from different backgrounds and life experiences both face to face or online. Sessions are ran entirely at your individual pace and specific to your needs and ways of working. They are also open ended, meaning you are not bound to a set amount of sessions. I work with a whole multitude of areas, not just what is set out on this profile, and you’re always welcome to enquire if you are unsure.
I am a fully insured and qualified Counsellor registered with the BACP, working with ages 13+ through to seniors, coming from different backgrounds and life experiences both face to face or online. Sessions are ran entirely at your individual pace and specific to your needs and ways of working. They are also open ended, meaning you are not bound to a set amount of sessions. I work with a whole multitude of areas, not just what is set out on this profile, and you’re always welcome to enquire if you are unsure.
01364 701881 View 01364 701881
Photo of Thais Lloyd (Tess), MSc, MBACP, Counsellor
Thais Lloyd (Tess)
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
Hello, my name is Thais Lloyd, but people call me Tess. I have over 15 years' experience as a counsellor. I am experienced in working with clients with: depression and low mood; anxiety, panic and phobias; difficulties in relationships; loneliness; trauma and abuse; low self-esteem; health-related stress; grief and loss; addiction. Finding a counsellor that you can connect well with can make a real difference to how you feel and to how you deal with what is difficult for you. My aim is to support you to find the relief you seek, make the changes you wish to make, and move forward in your life in a more creative and fulfilling way.
Hello, my name is Thais Lloyd, but people call me Tess. I have over 15 years' experience as a counsellor. I am experienced in working with clients with: depression and low mood; anxiety, panic and phobias; difficulties in relationships; loneliness; trauma and abuse; low self-esteem; health-related stress; grief and loss; addiction. Finding a counsellor that you can connect well with can make a real difference to how you feel and to how you deal with what is difficult for you. My aim is to support you to find the relief you seek, make the changes you wish to make, and move forward in your life in a more creative and fulfilling way.
07493 591515 View 07493 591515
Photo of Steph Pickerill, MA, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Steph Pickerill
Psychotherapist, MA, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
I offer support and understanding to people struggling in all sorts of ways and I believe everyone has a unique healing journey. I work with people experiencing stress, loss, depression, anxiety, and the many ways mental health can impact day to day life. This can include relationship problems, destructive behaviour patterns, intrusive thoughts and feelings of being blocked, off balance or held back. I work deeply and gently with suffering and pain while allowing for the growth that suffering can bring us to. I believe that therapy should empower you to support your own healing.
I offer support and understanding to people struggling in all sorts of ways and I believe everyone has a unique healing journey. I work with people experiencing stress, loss, depression, anxiety, and the many ways mental health can impact day to day life. This can include relationship problems, destructive behaviour patterns, intrusive thoughts and feelings of being blocked, off balance or held back. I work deeply and gently with suffering and pain while allowing for the growth that suffering can bring us to. I believe that therapy should empower you to support your own healing.
01803 308945 View 01803 308945
Photo of Jamie Gould, MBACP, Counsellor
Jamie Gould
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Totnes TQ9  (Online Only)
I have a lot of respect for anyone who chooses to begin counselling. It takes courage to be open with someone, and I don't take that for granted. As an Integrative counsellor, I have a range of therapeutic tools to help towards a breakthrough, particularly for clients who live with anxiety, depression, or present difficulties relating to past traumas.​ As human beings, we are wired for survival, and continually adjust to protect ourselves from threats and challenges. As our circumstances change through life, we may notice that the patterns which once kept us safe are now holding us back.
I have a lot of respect for anyone who chooses to begin counselling. It takes courage to be open with someone, and I don't take that for granted. As an Integrative counsellor, I have a range of therapeutic tools to help towards a breakthrough, particularly for clients who live with anxiety, depression, or present difficulties relating to past traumas.​ As human beings, we are wired for survival, and continually adjust to protect ourselves from threats and challenges. As our circumstances change through life, we may notice that the patterns which once kept us safe are now holding us back.
01803 221466 View 01803 221466
Photo of undefined - Bundle MacLaren Psychotherapy, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Bundle MacLaren Psychotherapy
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
I believe everyone can benefit from psychotherapy and that talking to a professional is the best first step to take if you're struggling. As a UKCP psychotherapist in advanced clinical training and with over 800 hours of clinical experience, I can support you to make sense of your concerns, feelings and behaviours. Starting therapy can feel like a big step so please get in touch for a free consultation where we can talk things through and ensure you get the right support you need. If I don't think I'm the right person for you then I'll signpost you to someone who is.
I believe everyone can benefit from psychotherapy and that talking to a professional is the best first step to take if you're struggling. As a UKCP psychotherapist in advanced clinical training and with over 800 hours of clinical experience, I can support you to make sense of your concerns, feelings and behaviours. Starting therapy can feel like a big step so please get in touch for a free consultation where we can talk things through and ensure you get the right support you need. If I don't think I'm the right person for you then I'll signpost you to someone who is.
01803 308950 View 01803 308950
Photo of Beth Hicks, MBACP, Counsellor
Beth Hicks
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
The therapeutic relationship is a place where two human beings can connect on a deeper level to what we may experience in some aspects of day-to-day life, and to really begin to unpick the challenges that you may be experiencing. The chance to sit with another person, to talk, be free from judgments, in a safe and non-threatening environment can be truly life changing. It is an opportunity to feel seen, heard and understood, without the other person having an agenda for how they would like you to be. As well as my work online I am able to see clients face to face at Horizons Counselling service in Plymouth.
The therapeutic relationship is a place where two human beings can connect on a deeper level to what we may experience in some aspects of day-to-day life, and to really begin to unpick the challenges that you may be experiencing. The chance to sit with another person, to talk, be free from judgments, in a safe and non-threatening environment can be truly life changing. It is an opportunity to feel seen, heard and understood, without the other person having an agenda for how they would like you to be. As well as my work online I am able to see clients face to face at Horizons Counselling service in Plymouth.
01503 770679 View 01503 770679
Photo of Liz Lilley, MBACP, Psychotherapist
Liz Lilley
Psychotherapist, MBACP
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9  (Online Only)
Are you stuck in old stories or still impacted by challenges from your past? Maybe you are finding you are not living your life to the fullest or are going through a significant life event? I am passionate about supporting and empowering people to move through areas of restriction or suffering in their lives. I will witness and understand you as an individual, supporting you to embrace more of your full potential. The foundation is a safe, compassionate, honest and non-judgemental space and relationship, combined with effective practices.
Are you stuck in old stories or still impacted by challenges from your past? Maybe you are finding you are not living your life to the fullest or are going through a significant life event? I am passionate about supporting and empowering people to move through areas of restriction or suffering in their lives. I will witness and understand you as an individual, supporting you to embrace more of your full potential. The foundation is a safe, compassionate, honest and non-judgemental space and relationship, combined with effective practices.
01273 092530 View 01273 092530
Photo of Ben Giddey, MNCPS Acc., Counsellor
Ben Giddey
Counsellor, MNCPS Acc.
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
Authentic, empathic therapeutic relationship; Integrative, Person Centred, Somatic Focused, Internal Family Systems(IFS); for help with Adult ADHD, Relationship Issues, Developmental Trauma, Attachment Issues, Anxiety, Depression, OCD Behaviours, Intrusive or Obsessive Thoughts, Addictions, etc.. My approach is Integrative; Person Centred, Gestalt, CBT, IFS, Somatic Focused, influenced by ten years experience as a practitioner of Integrated Energy Healing (mind/body therapy). Focusing on what is happening in the here and now, we have agency to affect healing and change.
Authentic, empathic therapeutic relationship; Integrative, Person Centred, Somatic Focused, Internal Family Systems(IFS); for help with Adult ADHD, Relationship Issues, Developmental Trauma, Attachment Issues, Anxiety, Depression, OCD Behaviours, Intrusive or Obsessive Thoughts, Addictions, etc.. My approach is Integrative; Person Centred, Gestalt, CBT, IFS, Somatic Focused, influenced by ten years experience as a practitioner of Integrated Energy Healing (mind/body therapy). Focusing on what is happening in the here and now, we have agency to affect healing and change.
01803 222622 View 01803 222622
Photo of Mark Shanagher, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Mark Shanagher
Psychotherapist, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
Hi, my name is Mark Shanagher with a private practice on Dartington Estate, Totnes.
 My approach is collaborative and relational. I am interested in working with you to explore how it is that you ‘do’ you, in what your experience is and in how you might begin to express and experience yourself differently. I have seen how transformation can take place in a setting of compassion, acceptance and non-judgemental listening, and value these qualities in our working relationship.
Hi, my name is Mark Shanagher with a private practice on Dartington Estate, Totnes.
 My approach is collaborative and relational. I am interested in working with you to explore how it is that you ‘do’ you, in what your experience is and in how you might begin to express and experience yourself differently. I have seen how transformation can take place in a setting of compassion, acceptance and non-judgemental listening, and value these qualities in our working relationship.
01548 800965 View 01548 800965
Photo of Daniel Paul Frederick Conway, MSc, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Daniel Paul Frederick Conway
Psychotherapist, MSc, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
I have a deep interest in working with a wide range of psychological issues including: • Freedom from limiting thoughts and behaviours • Relationship issues • Stress management • Experiences of trauma • Grief and loss • Depression and anxiety • Life transitions • Jealousy • Low self-esteem • Shame • Personal growth and development
I have a deep interest in working with a wide range of psychological issues including: • Freedom from limiting thoughts and behaviours • Relationship issues • Stress management • Experiences of trauma • Grief and loss • Depression and anxiety • Life transitions • Jealousy • Low self-esteem • Shame • Personal growth and development
01803 228259 View 01803 228259
Photo of Charlotte Elizabeth Duggan, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Charlotte Elizabeth Duggan
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
I work with individuals on an open-ended basis or for an agreed time period, with the aim of enabling you to enhance your life and to live it more fully. Psychotherapy and counselling is often called the 'talking cure'. People often value such help during a time of transition and change, crisis or loss when it is difficult to know 'what to do'? I believe it is always possible to improve the way in which people tackle their problems and to use times of difficulty to make changes for the better.
I work with individuals on an open-ended basis or for an agreed time period, with the aim of enabling you to enhance your life and to live it more fully. Psychotherapy and counselling is often called the 'talking cure'. People often value such help during a time of transition and change, crisis or loss when it is difficult to know 'what to do'? I believe it is always possible to improve the way in which people tackle their problems and to use times of difficulty to make changes for the better.
01548 808665 View 01548 808665
Photo of Naomi Nightingale, MBACP, Counsellor
Naomi Nightingale
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Totnes TQ9
I am an experienced counsellor offering sessions to individuals and couples as well as separated parent mediation. I offer you a welcoming, confidential and supportive space. To sessions I bring compassion, kindness and warmth. I am here to help you navigate life and support you through the challenges that come along. Our sessions are an opportunity for you to talk about things that have upset or unsettled you, to articulate feelings that you have. Sessions are a space for you to understand yourself, make sense of relationships and to reflect on why you experience the world as you do.
I am an experienced counsellor offering sessions to individuals and couples as well as separated parent mediation. I offer you a welcoming, confidential and supportive space. To sessions I bring compassion, kindness and warmth. I am here to help you navigate life and support you through the challenges that come along. Our sessions are an opportunity for you to talk about things that have upset or unsettled you, to articulate feelings that you have. Sessions are a space for you to understand yourself, make sense of relationships and to reflect on why you experience the world as you do.
01803 225573 View 01803 225573
Photo of Tan Murray-Clark, MA, MBACP Accred, Psychotherapist
Tan Murray-Clark
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
Hello. We all need someone to talk to when life is difficult. Counselling can help you understand more about who you are, to make better sense of past or current events, your feelings and how you relate. I seek to provide a heartfelt, safe and accompanied exploration of any issues you bring. I will seek to create a trusting alliance with you and provide a place you can find and be yourself. The therapy I practice -Core Process- works with feelings, emotions, thoughts and the felt senses towards supporting you to move through any fears and anxieties and generate a greater sense of health and wellbeing into your everyday life.
Hello. We all need someone to talk to when life is difficult. Counselling can help you understand more about who you are, to make better sense of past or current events, your feelings and how you relate. I seek to provide a heartfelt, safe and accompanied exploration of any issues you bring. I will seek to create a trusting alliance with you and provide a place you can find and be yourself. The therapy I practice -Core Process- works with feelings, emotions, thoughts and the felt senses towards supporting you to move through any fears and anxieties and generate a greater sense of health and wellbeing into your everyday life.
01364 701874 View 01364 701874
Photo of undefined - Therapy With Thea , MA, UKCP Trainee, Psychotherapist
Therapy With Thea
Psychotherapist, MA, UKCP Trainee
Verified Verified
Totnes TQ9
Do you feel your potential in life is thwarted by past or present difficulties or trauma? Has your equilibrium, confidence and self esteem been undermined by this? Do you feel disempowered and unable to move forward? Sometimes, life's difficulties can prevent us from forming healthy relationships with ourselves and others, and prevent us thriving in life and work, and block creativity. I am a UKCP Psychotherapist in training, working to support people suffering with mental and emotional distress find more ease, balance, meaning and health.
Do you feel your potential in life is thwarted by past or present difficulties or trauma? Has your equilibrium, confidence and self esteem been undermined by this? Do you feel disempowered and unable to move forward? Sometimes, life's difficulties can prevent us from forming healthy relationships with ourselves and others, and prevent us thriving in life and work, and block creativity. I am a UKCP Psychotherapist in training, working to support people suffering with mental and emotional distress find more ease, balance, meaning and health.
01803 926178 View 01803 926178
Photo of Dr Anthony Wharton, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Anthony Wharton
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Totnes TQ9
I provide a range of evidence based psychotherapies to alleviate psychological distress in Devon, my main approach being Intensive Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP). Intensive Short term Dynamic Psychotherapy is a highly effective form of psychodynamic psychotherapy designed to help you get to the heart of the matter quickly, and resolve issues fast. The approach is emotion focussed; a relational therapy that can address a wide range of ongoing problems or symptoms. ISTDP is particularly useful in attending to internal conflicts that can arise from interpersonal relationships.
I provide a range of evidence based psychotherapies to alleviate psychological distress in Devon, my main approach being Intensive Short Term Dynamic Psychotherapy (ISTDP). Intensive Short term Dynamic Psychotherapy is a highly effective form of psychodynamic psychotherapy designed to help you get to the heart of the matter quickly, and resolve issues fast. The approach is emotion focussed; a relational therapy that can address a wide range of ongoing problems or symptoms. ISTDP is particularly useful in attending to internal conflicts that can arise from interpersonal relationships.
01752 982153 View 01752 982153

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Tigley

< 10

Counsellors in Tigley who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Eating Disorders
100% Spirituality
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Cancer

Average years in practice

16 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Tigley see their clients

50% In Person and Online
50% Online Only
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Tigley?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.