Counselling in Thorpe End

Photo of Lisa Walford, MA, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Lisa Walford
Counsellor, MA, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Thorpe End NR13
I am a BACP accredited & registered counsellor with over 10 yrs clinical experience. I work with adults (18yrs +) & my expertise is working with trauma, anxiety & High Sensitivity (HSP). I have also helped clients work through other issues such as; bereavement, low self-esteem, emotional dysregulation, attachment issues & depression. I have a Masters in counselling & a Post-Graduate Diploma in Person Centred Counselling. My Masters researched childhood trauma & the effects on attachment & the developing child's brain which is why my counselling approach is trauma informed & draws upon attachment theory & neuroscience.
I am a BACP accredited & registered counsellor with over 10 yrs clinical experience. I work with adults (18yrs +) & my expertise is working with trauma, anxiety & High Sensitivity (HSP). I have also helped clients work through other issues such as; bereavement, low self-esteem, emotional dysregulation, attachment issues & depression. I have a Masters in counselling & a Post-Graduate Diploma in Person Centred Counselling. My Masters researched childhood trauma & the effects on attachment & the developing child's brain which is why my counselling approach is trauma informed & draws upon attachment theory & neuroscience.
01603 361779 View 01603 361779

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Michelle Jermy, MSc, COSRT General, Psychotherapist
Michelle Jermy
Psychotherapist, MSc, COSRT General
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norwich NR2
Very often women accept ‘sex’ is something they used to do when I strongly believe we deserve to enjoy pleasure and to be pleasured. I help women want sex again! Do you have little interest in sex? Has pain on penetration caused a decline in your desire for sex? Is your pelvic floor not as strong as you like? Has the Menopause made your sex drive disappear? Do you question if you will ever feel aroused or reach an orgasm again? Has your body changed over the years, and you are lacking body confidence? Are you feeling overwhelmed, and sex is the last thing on your mind? Contact for a free 1.1 consultation.
Very often women accept ‘sex’ is something they used to do when I strongly believe we deserve to enjoy pleasure and to be pleasured. I help women want sex again! Do you have little interest in sex? Has pain on penetration caused a decline in your desire for sex? Is your pelvic floor not as strong as you like? Has the Menopause made your sex drive disappear? Do you question if you will ever feel aroused or reach an orgasm again? Has your body changed over the years, and you are lacking body confidence? Are you feeling overwhelmed, and sex is the last thing on your mind? Contact for a free 1.1 consultation.
0113 467 8324 View 0113 467 8324
Photo of Dr Isabelle Straw, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Isabelle Straw
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
I primarily work with adults experiencing anxiety disorders, depression and chronic health symptoms such as chronic pain, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia and IBS. Mainstream medicine is only beginning to recognise the powerful role of the brain in the development of chronic pain, anxiety, and depression, but decades of research and clinical experience have demonstrated its pivotal role in recovery. This gap between research and practice leaves patients cycling through traditional symptom-management treatments that often do not bring relief.
I primarily work with adults experiencing anxiety disorders, depression and chronic health symptoms such as chronic pain, chronic fatigue, fibromyalgia and IBS. Mainstream medicine is only beginning to recognise the powerful role of the brain in the development of chronic pain, anxiety, and depression, but decades of research and clinical experience have demonstrated its pivotal role in recovery. This gap between research and practice leaves patients cycling through traditional symptom-management treatments that often do not bring relief.
01508 505540 View 01508 505540
Photo of Philippa Katharine Pease, MSc, MUKCP, Counsellor
Philippa Katharine Pease
Counsellor, MSc, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
I believe that every person is unique, and I hope to empower you to develop resilience, navigate life’s transitions, and overcome issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship difficulties and self-esteem challenges. Central to my work lies a profound desire to understand you and to help you gain an understanding of yourself and enable you to seek the change you are looking for.
I believe that every person is unique, and I hope to empower you to develop resilience, navigate life’s transitions, and overcome issues such as anxiety, depression, trauma, relationship difficulties and self-esteem challenges. Central to my work lies a profound desire to understand you and to help you gain an understanding of yourself and enable you to seek the change you are looking for.
01603 937248 View 01603 937248
Photo of Lucy Harber, BACP, Counsellor
Lucy Harber
Counsellor, BACP
Verified Verified
3 Endorsed
Norwich NR2
A warm hello and thank you for taking a look at my profile. I'm a qualified integrative counsellor, who offers a safe, professional, and caring space where I sit with my clients to explore what hurts. Experiences such as anxiety, loneliness, depression, loss, injury, trauma, abuse, identity, life direction and meaning, family issues, low self-esteem are often painful. They can also be seen as our internal system telling us to take a closer look at what's going on inside. Experience has shown me that taking the time to gently explore life events and related thoughts, feelings and behaviours with curiosity can be life-changing.
A warm hello and thank you for taking a look at my profile. I'm a qualified integrative counsellor, who offers a safe, professional, and caring space where I sit with my clients to explore what hurts. Experiences such as anxiety, loneliness, depression, loss, injury, trauma, abuse, identity, life direction and meaning, family issues, low self-esteem are often painful. They can also be seen as our internal system telling us to take a closer look at what's going on inside. Experience has shown me that taking the time to gently explore life events and related thoughts, feelings and behaviours with curiosity can be life-changing.
01603 959720 View 01603 959720
Photo of Natalie Tayte
Natalie Tayte
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
Waitlist for new clients
I am an art therapist and EMDR practitioner and clinical supervisor. Throughout my career, I have worked with clients from a range of cultural and social backgrounds who have experienced a variety of issues. I aim to provide a safe, containing space for the you to feel secure and listened to; able to begin your personal journey of change. Please note I only offer art therapy and counselling online, EMDR is only face to face
I am an art therapist and EMDR practitioner and clinical supervisor. Throughout my career, I have worked with clients from a range of cultural and social backgrounds who have experienced a variety of issues. I aim to provide a safe, containing space for the you to feel secure and listened to; able to begin your personal journey of change. Please note I only offer art therapy and counselling online, EMDR is only face to face
01603 361998 View 01603 361998
Photo of Matt Wilkinson - Dr Matt Wilkinson, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Matt Wilkinson
Psychologist, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwich NR1  (Online Only)
I am a Clinical Psychologist and supervisor who works with a range of psychological difficulties including depression, anxiety, social anxiety, addictions, trauma, relationship difficulties, OCD, body dysmorphia, and personality disorders. Sometimes clients may need a limited number of sessions for a specific difficulty, at other times longer-term work may be more appropriate. My aim is to create a safe, non-judgemental environment in which difficulties may be constructively understood, and appropriate strategies can be applied to address them.
I am a Clinical Psychologist and supervisor who works with a range of psychological difficulties including depression, anxiety, social anxiety, addictions, trauma, relationship difficulties, OCD, body dysmorphia, and personality disorders. Sometimes clients may need a limited number of sessions for a specific difficulty, at other times longer-term work may be more appropriate. My aim is to create a safe, non-judgemental environment in which difficulties may be constructively understood, and appropriate strategies can be applied to address them.
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Photo of Dr Aishah Shadi, PhD, CPsychol, Psychologist
Dr Aishah Shadi
Psychologist, PhD, CPsychol
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
Services offered: Autism Screening. Autism Diagnosis (from the age of 12 months to adult age). ADHD Screening. ADHD Diagnosis (from the age of 7 Years old to adult age). Combined Autism and ADHD screening. Combined Autism and ADHD Diagnosis. Full Detailed Diagnostic Report. I accept health insurances from (AVIVA and Vitality), I also offer payment plans to help spread the cost.
Services offered: Autism Screening. Autism Diagnosis (from the age of 12 months to adult age). ADHD Screening. ADHD Diagnosis (from the age of 7 Years old to adult age). Combined Autism and ADHD screening. Combined Autism and ADHD Diagnosis. Full Detailed Diagnostic Report. I accept health insurances from (AVIVA and Vitality), I also offer payment plans to help spread the cost.
01603 361103 View 01603 361103
Photo of Mark Dawson - You+ Counselling, MBACP, Counsellor
You+ Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
Hi, I'm Mark and I run You+ Counselling. My job is to make myself obsolete in as quick a timeframe as possible, leaving you in a more competent state and confident frame of mind than when we first met. I offer both face-to-face and online sessions, with an initial chat to allow you some time to see how we might work together before agreeing a way forward. I am a registered member of the BACP and I work with anyone who wants to be and feel more than who they currently are. I am bound to work to the highest ethical and professional standards that the industry offers, and which you deserve.
Hi, I'm Mark and I run You+ Counselling. My job is to make myself obsolete in as quick a timeframe as possible, leaving you in a more competent state and confident frame of mind than when we first met. I offer both face-to-face and online sessions, with an initial chat to allow you some time to see how we might work together before agreeing a way forward. I am a registered member of the BACP and I work with anyone who wants to be and feel more than who they currently are. I am bound to work to the highest ethical and professional standards that the industry offers, and which you deserve.
01236 914457 View 01236 914457
Photo of Russell Wharton, MBABCP, Psychotherapist
Russell Wharton
Psychotherapist, MBABCP
Verified Verified
2 Endorsed
Norwich NR3  (Online Only)
I work in collaboration with my clients, using a solution focussed approach. The aim is to identify the problem along with causal factors and to develop a unique, person centred treatment plan. I have many years experience and very good outcome rates - many of my clients come from personal recommendation. I have worked in both the NHS and private settings since 2000 and am also a registered mental health nurse. I have worked with people from all backgrounds. My approach is open, non-judgemental and and down-to-earth.
I work in collaboration with my clients, using a solution focussed approach. The aim is to identify the problem along with causal factors and to develop a unique, person centred treatment plan. I have many years experience and very good outcome rates - many of my clients come from personal recommendation. I have worked in both the NHS and private settings since 2000 and am also a registered mental health nurse. I have worked with people from all backgrounds. My approach is open, non-judgemental and and down-to-earth.
01603 980577 View 01603 980577
Photo of Emily Doy, MBACP, Counsellor
Emily Doy
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
Is your child going through a challenging time and needing some extra support? I am a qualified Psychotherapeutic Counsellor (MBACP) for children and adolescents specialising in using play and the arts within sessions. I am based in Norwich, Norfolk and offer in-person sessions. I work with clients 4-15 years experiencing challenges in their daily life for various reasons; these might include low self-esteem, trauma, anxiety, difficulty relaxing and feeling safe, relational difficulties, bereavement, loss, and behavioural concerns.
Is your child going through a challenging time and needing some extra support? I am a qualified Psychotherapeutic Counsellor (MBACP) for children and adolescents specialising in using play and the arts within sessions. I am based in Norwich, Norfolk and offer in-person sessions. I work with clients 4-15 years experiencing challenges in their daily life for various reasons; these might include low self-esteem, trauma, anxiety, difficulty relaxing and feeling safe, relational difficulties, bereavement, loss, and behavioural concerns.
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Photo of Dr Oliver Sharples-Yusta, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Oliver Sharples-Yusta
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR5  (Online Only)
If you’re here, you might be feeling overwhelmed, stuck, or seeking guidance through a challenging time. Whether you’re struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, or simply feeling lost, my goal is to offer you a safe space where healing, growth, and understanding can begin. As a Clinical Psychologist, I specialise in providing scientific and evidence-backed psychological guidance to individuals navigating various mental health concerns. My approach is collaborative and individually tailored to meet your unique needs and goals.
If you’re here, you might be feeling overwhelmed, stuck, or seeking guidance through a challenging time. Whether you’re struggling with anxiety, depression, trauma, or simply feeling lost, my goal is to offer you a safe space where healing, growth, and understanding can begin. As a Clinical Psychologist, I specialise in providing scientific and evidence-backed psychological guidance to individuals navigating various mental health concerns. My approach is collaborative and individually tailored to meet your unique needs and goals.
01603 980306 View 01603 980306
Photo of Jade Byford - Jades Counselling Service, MSc, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Jades Counselling Service
Counsellor, MSc, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
I am a fully trained and highly qualified Accredited Counsellor & Supervisor, registered with the BACP demonstrating a superior level of training and expertise. I have over 10 years experience & I am a successful author fully trained in bereavement, depression & anxiety, couples therapy, troubled relationships, childhood abuse, trauma, suicidal thoughts & self harm. I am a fully trained EMDR therapist. I use neuroscience to help you gain a full understanding of the workings of your brain gaining control over your emotions & behaviours & have more fulfilling relationships and experiences in your life that you so truly deserve.
I am a fully trained and highly qualified Accredited Counsellor & Supervisor, registered with the BACP demonstrating a superior level of training and expertise. I have over 10 years experience & I am a successful author fully trained in bereavement, depression & anxiety, couples therapy, troubled relationships, childhood abuse, trauma, suicidal thoughts & self harm. I am a fully trained EMDR therapist. I use neuroscience to help you gain a full understanding of the workings of your brain gaining control over your emotions & behaviours & have more fulfilling relationships and experiences in your life that you so truly deserve.
07492 882860 View 07492 882860
Photo of Jamie Carl Geary, MBACP Accred, Counsellor
Jamie Carl Geary
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
I am a Person Centred counselor who works with adults, children and young people, offering 1-1 or group therapy. My approach is non-judgmental and I offer a secure, confidential and nurturing therapeutic space to help you through your difficulties at your own pace. I got into counselling because of having counselling myself so am aware of the difficulties facing finding the right counselor and what it's like having therapy. Even with this knowledge your process will be different and you will have your own sense of the pain you are experiencing. What I offer is my ability to help you walk through this pain with empathy and safety.
I am a Person Centred counselor who works with adults, children and young people, offering 1-1 or group therapy. My approach is non-judgmental and I offer a secure, confidential and nurturing therapeutic space to help you through your difficulties at your own pace. I got into counselling because of having counselling myself so am aware of the difficulties facing finding the right counselor and what it's like having therapy. Even with this knowledge your process will be different and you will have your own sense of the pain you are experiencing. What I offer is my ability to help you walk through this pain with empathy and safety.
01493 804849 View 01493 804849
Photo of Sarah Ellan, MBACP, Counsellor
Sarah Ellan
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR3
My work is based on the belief that you know better than anyone else what is wrong and how to help yourself. I appreciate that at times it might not feel like this and we might need a little help to get back in touch with that internal sense of ourselves. By the end of our work together my hope is that you will feel better able to understand yourself and tune into what feels right for you. I have experience working with a wide range of issues and a particular interest in supporting clients wishing to explore issues in relation to gender, sexual and relationship diversity, self-esteem and neurodiversity.
My work is based on the belief that you know better than anyone else what is wrong and how to help yourself. I appreciate that at times it might not feel like this and we might need a little help to get back in touch with that internal sense of ourselves. By the end of our work together my hope is that you will feel better able to understand yourself and tune into what feels right for you. I have experience working with a wide range of issues and a particular interest in supporting clients wishing to explore issues in relation to gender, sexual and relationship diversity, self-esteem and neurodiversity.
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Photo of Dr Peter Cairns, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Peter Cairns
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
I have longstanding experience working with adults and older children over 13-years, who are experiencing mood problems, stress, low self-esteem, anger difficulties, relationship issues, or the impact of traumatic events.
I have longstanding experience working with adults and older children over 13-years, who are experiencing mood problems, stress, low self-esteem, anger difficulties, relationship issues, or the impact of traumatic events.
01493 807229 View 01493 807229
Photo of Tamara Scully - Dr Tamara Scully - Stress and Anxiety Specialist , PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Dr Tamara Scully - Stress and Anxiety Specialist
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
1 Endorsed
Norwich NR1
Everyone faces challenges from time to time. This is important and helps us to grow and develop our resilience and wellbeing. However, sometimes life can feel tricky for prolonged periods of time and can leave us feeling overwhelmed and worried that things may never get any better. A clinical psychologist can support us to better understand the social, emotional and/or behavioural difficulties we are experiencing. They can help us to develop our own resilience by introducing new ways of thinking about and managing situations that leaves us feeling less troubled and more content.
Everyone faces challenges from time to time. This is important and helps us to grow and develop our resilience and wellbeing. However, sometimes life can feel tricky for prolonged periods of time and can leave us feeling overwhelmed and worried that things may never get any better. A clinical psychologist can support us to better understand the social, emotional and/or behavioural difficulties we are experiencing. They can help us to develop our own resilience by introducing new ways of thinking about and managing situations that leaves us feeling less troubled and more content.
07480 801064 View 07480 801064
Photo of Jess Bezance, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych., Psychologist
Jess Bezance
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified Verified
Norwich NR1
I can imagine deciding whether you want to have therapy or need therapy is a big question. Perhaps you have suffered a loss, a trauma or are going through a transition of some kind and you want the space and time to work through it. Perhaps this emotional distress whether it be anxiety, low mood, is impacting on your relationships, work and your home life. It could be that you’ve tried many things and for some reason those old ways of coping that have done you well in the past just aren’t working anymore and you feel like you’re struggling. I provide evidence based psychological treatment that might help.
I can imagine deciding whether you want to have therapy or need therapy is a big question. Perhaps you have suffered a loss, a trauma or are going through a transition of some kind and you want the space and time to work through it. Perhaps this emotional distress whether it be anxiety, low mood, is impacting on your relationships, work and your home life. It could be that you’ve tried many things and for some reason those old ways of coping that have done you well in the past just aren’t working anymore and you feel like you’re struggling. I provide evidence based psychological treatment that might help.
01454 809569 View 01454 809569
Photo of Kim Liversidge, MA, MUKCP, Psychotherapist
Kim Liversidge
Psychotherapist, MA, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
Counselling and Psychotherapy can help with a range of difficulties for example feelings of anxiety and depression, feelings of stuckness, helplessness and low self esteem, unhelpful patterns you notice you're repeating, a sense of lostness in your life. Psychotherapy can help you to cope with and make sense of relationship difficulties and many other issues. Please see my website for more information or email me if you would like to arrange a brief discussion to see if you'd like to go ahead and book an initial session.
Counselling and Psychotherapy can help with a range of difficulties for example feelings of anxiety and depression, feelings of stuckness, helplessness and low self esteem, unhelpful patterns you notice you're repeating, a sense of lostness in your life. Psychotherapy can help you to cope with and make sense of relationship difficulties and many other issues. Please see my website for more information or email me if you would like to arrange a brief discussion to see if you'd like to go ahead and book an initial session.
01225 985066 View 01225 985066
Photo of Annmarie Pearson, MUKCP, Counsellor
Annmarie Pearson
Counsellor, MUKCP
Verified Verified
Norwich NR2
In our therapeutic relationship, you can expect honesty, confidentiality, and a safe environment to explore your feelings, thoughts, and beliefs. I will listen to how you experience the world and work with you to explore your relationship with yourself, and others past and present.
In our therapeutic relationship, you can expect honesty, confidentiality, and a safe environment to explore your feelings, thoughts, and beliefs. I will listen to how you experience the world and work with you to explore your relationship with yourself, and others past and present.
01603 361818 View 01603 361818

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Thorpe End

< 10

Counsellors in Thorpe End who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% Bereavement
100% Trauma and PTSD
100% Transgender
100% Family Conflict

Average years in practice

11 Years

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Thorpe End see their clients

100% In Person and Online
FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Thorpe End?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.