Counselling in Stebbing

Photo of Rachel Clark, Psychotherapist in Stebbing, England
Rachel Clark
Psychotherapist, MBACP Accred
Verified
Stebbing CM6
Whatever brings you to therapy, we can work together to explore and make sense of your feelings, consider your choices, develop new perspectives on the past and build your resilience and resources. As an integrative therapist, my training and background allow me to draw on a diverse range of approaches to meet your needs. I am experienced working with anxiety, stress, bereavement, depression, OCD, relationship problems, insomnia, and anger management. Our work together can help find healthy coping mechanisms, develop self-awareness, improved problem solving, better communication, and identifying bad habits or a wrong direction.
Whatever brings you to therapy, we can work together to explore and make sense of your feelings, consider your choices, develop new perspectives on the past and build your resilience and resources. As an integrative therapist, my training and background allow me to draw on a diverse range of approaches to meet your needs. I am experienced working with anxiety, stress, bereavement, depression, OCD, relationship problems, insomnia, and anger management. Our work together can help find healthy coping mechanisms, develop self-awareness, improved problem solving, better communication, and identifying bad habits or a wrong direction.
01371 708944 View 01371 708944

More Therapists Nearby

Photo of Dawn Hosmer Mbacp, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Dawn Hosmer Mbacp
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Dunmow CM6
I am a qualified counsellor in Bishop's Stortford and Ongar, delivering counselling services face-to-face or online throughout the UK. Help starts with a conversation. People seek counselling to help them deal with the ups and downs of life. Maybe you've found yourself here because you feel stressed, anxious and overwhelmed - or due to an unexpected life event. Having experience working with complex issues and challenging situations, I understand how difficult life can be. I, too, have had many life challenges that brought me into this profession and gave me the passion to help others.
I am a qualified counsellor in Bishop's Stortford and Ongar, delivering counselling services face-to-face or online throughout the UK. Help starts with a conversation. People seek counselling to help them deal with the ups and downs of life. Maybe you've found yourself here because you feel stressed, anxious and overwhelmed - or due to an unexpected life event. Having experience working with complex issues and challenging situations, I understand how difficult life can be. I, too, have had many life challenges that brought me into this profession and gave me the passion to help others.
01279 594743 View 01279 594743
Photo of Ken Day, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Ken Day
Counsellor
Dunmow CM6
I have both experience and training in Grief and Bereavement (esp. loss of a child), PTSD, Anger Management, Relationships, Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Addiction, Coping With Change and Personal Development. In addition I work for the NHS Acute Psychiatric Team in adult and CAMHS, nursing inpatients with a wide variety of mental health challenges
I have both experience and training in Grief and Bereavement (esp. loss of a child), PTSD, Anger Management, Relationships, Anxiety, Stress, Depression, Addiction, Coping With Change and Personal Development. In addition I work for the NHS Acute Psychiatric Team in adult and CAMHS, nursing inpatients with a wide variety of mental health challenges
01371 708217 View 01371 708217
Photo of Phoebe Plant, Psychotherapist in Stebbing, England
Phoebe Plant
Psychotherapist, HCPC-Art Therap.
Verified
Dunmow CM6
My name is Phoebe, I am a HCPC-registered Art Psychotherapist based in Bishop’s Stortford, Herts, offering in-person, telephone and online appointments. I trained as an Art Psychotherapist and am innately passionate about my profession as a result of my own experiences in Psychotherapy. I personally understand the feelings that arise as a client, and this allows me to be the empathic and compassionate Psychotherapist that, you as a client, need and deserve. I believe that absolutely everyone has the right to have to someone talk to, to be heard and to have a place where they won't be judged. You will find this in my practice.
My name is Phoebe, I am a HCPC-registered Art Psychotherapist based in Bishop’s Stortford, Herts, offering in-person, telephone and online appointments. I trained as an Art Psychotherapist and am innately passionate about my profession as a result of my own experiences in Psychotherapy. I personally understand the feelings that arise as a client, and this allows me to be the empathic and compassionate Psychotherapist that, you as a client, need and deserve. I believe that absolutely everyone has the right to have to someone talk to, to be heard and to have a place where they won't be judged. You will find this in my practice.
01279 598945 View 01279 598945
Photo of Bethany Gribbon, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Bethany Gribbon
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Great Dunmow CM6
I'm a qualified, full-time counsellor offering both face to face & remote sessions. I recognise that reaching out can be daunting & respect the importance that the relationship between yourself and your therapist holds. I therefore offer an initial, free, exploratory chat prior to choosing to start sessions. I offer a professional, yet empathetic & non-judgemental space, and come with both lived and professional experience. I have worked with people from diverse backgrounds and experiencing a breadth of reasons for wishing to attend. I am passionate about services being accessible and offer concessionary rates for certain groups.
I'm a qualified, full-time counsellor offering both face to face & remote sessions. I recognise that reaching out can be daunting & respect the importance that the relationship between yourself and your therapist holds. I therefore offer an initial, free, exploratory chat prior to choosing to start sessions. I offer a professional, yet empathetic & non-judgemental space, and come with both lived and professional experience. I have worked with people from diverse backgrounds and experiencing a breadth of reasons for wishing to attend. I am passionate about services being accessible and offer concessionary rates for certain groups.
01371 708275 View 01371 708275
Photo of Claire Wallace Counselling, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Claire Wallace Counselling
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Great Dunmow CM6
Hi, I'm an integrative counsellor/therapist, I'm an accredited MBACP Reg. and MNCS Reg. therapist. I offer 1:1 therapy, couples therapy and family therapy via zoom or face to face appointments in my private practice. It can feel quite daunting to see a counsellor, so I provide an initial free 50 minute in-take session for you to discuss your issues and any concerns you may have about your counselling journey. The in-take session will give the opportunity for me the counsellor and you the client, time to explore what you want from this process. Then together we can decide if you want to continue the proccess as me as your therapist.
Hi, I'm an integrative counsellor/therapist, I'm an accredited MBACP Reg. and MNCS Reg. therapist. I offer 1:1 therapy, couples therapy and family therapy via zoom or face to face appointments in my private practice. It can feel quite daunting to see a counsellor, so I provide an initial free 50 minute in-take session for you to discuss your issues and any concerns you may have about your counselling journey. The in-take session will give the opportunity for me the counsellor and you the client, time to explore what you want from this process. Then together we can decide if you want to continue the proccess as me as your therapist.
01799 619195 View 01799 619195
Photo of Louise Lancaster, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Louise Lancaster
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Dunmow CM6
You are struggling with difficult feelings which you may or may not understand or be able to explain. You may be feeling overwhelmed or out of control or unable to function as you always have before or you believe you 'should'. You are unhappy, depressed, anxious, having family or relationship issues, suffering from low self-esteem, body image or weight issues. You are addicted, abused, coping with loss, worried about getting old, lonely......
You are struggling with difficult feelings which you may or may not understand or be able to explain. You may be feeling overwhelmed or out of control or unable to function as you always have before or you believe you 'should'. You are unhappy, depressed, anxious, having family or relationship issues, suffering from low self-esteem, body image or weight issues. You are addicted, abused, coping with loss, worried about getting old, lonely......
01799 619827 View 01799 619827
Photo of Progressive Therapies, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Progressive Therapies
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, PNCPS Acc.
Verified
Dunmow CM6
Are you struggling with aspects of your life? You may have already tried to talk about it with friends and family but you still feel unresolved. You might have issues that you feel you can only talk about in a safe and confidential space. There may be times when you feel absolutely fine but there are times when you can't cope from within and you don't understand it. We push difficult issues deep into our unconscious but it still influences our conscious lives. Are there significant events from your childhood that you can't find peace with in your present day? This can leave you feeling despair like you have no control.
Are you struggling with aspects of your life? You may have already tried to talk about it with friends and family but you still feel unresolved. You might have issues that you feel you can only talk about in a safe and confidential space. There may be times when you feel absolutely fine but there are times when you can't cope from within and you don't understand it. We push difficult issues deep into our unconscious but it still influences our conscious lives. Are there significant events from your childhood that you can't find peace with in your present day? This can leave you feeling despair like you have no control.
01245 945691 View 01245 945691
Photo of Christine Barton, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Christine Barton
Counsellor
Verified
Great Dunmow CM6
I understand that to make that first call or email for counselling can be extremely difficult, the fact you’re here means you’ve taken the first step towards making positive changes in your life. Are you stuck, feeling lost or alone, afraid or upset? I aim to help you to make sense of your fears, worries and anxieties. Many people find it easier to talk to someone who they see as being separate to their life rather than friends or family. I can help you make sense of experiences of the past and resolve complicated feelings linked to these. Therapy can be used to better yourself, allowing you to take complete control of your life.
I understand that to make that first call or email for counselling can be extremely difficult, the fact you’re here means you’ve taken the first step towards making positive changes in your life. Are you stuck, feeling lost or alone, afraid or upset? I aim to help you to make sense of your fears, worries and anxieties. Many people find it easier to talk to someone who they see as being separate to their life rather than friends or family. I can help you make sense of experiences of the past and resolve complicated feelings linked to these. Therapy can be used to better yourself, allowing you to take complete control of your life.
07723 440410 View 07723 440410
Photo of Dr Rebecca Moran, Psychologist in Stebbing, England
Dr Rebecca Moran
Psychologist, PsychD, HCPC - Clin. Psych.
Verified
Dunmow CM6  (Online Only)
Hi, I am a Clinical Psychologist and EMDR trained therapist presently offering services online. I provide a supportive and confidential space for clients to safely explore their concerns and presenting difficulties. For over 11 years, I have worked in public healthcare settings in the UK and Ireland; helping clients, across the lifespan, to cope with and recover from emotional and behavioural difficulties such as Attachment issues, Anxiety, Depression, PTSD and the impact of Trauma/Developmental Trauma.
Hi, I am a Clinical Psychologist and EMDR trained therapist presently offering services online. I provide a supportive and confidential space for clients to safely explore their concerns and presenting difficulties. For over 11 years, I have worked in public healthcare settings in the UK and Ireland; helping clients, across the lifespan, to cope with and recover from emotional and behavioural difficulties such as Attachment issues, Anxiety, Depression, PTSD and the impact of Trauma/Developmental Trauma.
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Photo of Think Feel Act (Carl Kim), Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Think Feel Act (Carl Kim)
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MBACP
Verified
Dunmow CM6
There are times in our lives when we're not OK, when we believe that no one understands our struggles, that we alone should fix them, or that things will never change. But it needn't be like this. I specialise in supporting people experiencing: various forms of anxiety (including social, health, stress, work-place) • low-mood and depression • effects of trauma • low self-esteem • addictions and substance dependency • relationship issues. I can help change your limiting thoughts, feelings and behaviours so that you can make sense of your past experiences, find new perspectives, cope with present struggles, and regain your confidence.
There are times in our lives when we're not OK, when we believe that no one understands our struggles, that we alone should fix them, or that things will never change. But it needn't be like this. I specialise in supporting people experiencing: various forms of anxiety (including social, health, stress, work-place) • low-mood and depression • effects of trauma • low self-esteem • addictions and substance dependency • relationship issues. I can help change your limiting thoughts, feelings and behaviours so that you can make sense of your past experiences, find new perspectives, cope with present struggles, and regain your confidence.
01245 945138 View 01245 945138
Photo of Richie Taylor, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Richie Taylor
Counsellor, MUKCP
Verified
Great Dunmow CM6
My belief is that getting better through positive change and understanding is the aim of good therapy. Being able to share and process your inner thinking and emotional problems with a non judgemental person is key to recovery. My job as your counsellor is to provide a safe and confidential space for you to explore, work through and understand your inner issues.
My belief is that getting better through positive change and understanding is the aim of good therapy. Being able to share and process your inner thinking and emotional problems with a non judgemental person is key to recovery. My job as your counsellor is to provide a safe and confidential space for you to explore, work through and understand your inner issues.
01206 239976 View 01206 239976
Photo of Joanne Welsh, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Joanne Welsh
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Dunmow CM6  (Online Only)
Hi I'm Jo, a fully qualified passionate Counsellor MBACP. I'm a focused and driven individual and have been providing support to others while empowering them to build on their own strengths. Life can be challenging, and sometimes we all need a little help to navigate our way through difficult times. If you're feeling stuck, stressed, or overwhelmed, you're not alone - I'm here to support you. With over 12 yrs of experience as a working qualified practitioner, my approach is to offer a confidential, professional, and non-judgemental space where we can explore your current issues to make positive change. Telephone or Online only.
Hi I'm Jo, a fully qualified passionate Counsellor MBACP. I'm a focused and driven individual and have been providing support to others while empowering them to build on their own strengths. Life can be challenging, and sometimes we all need a little help to navigate our way through difficult times. If you're feeling stuck, stressed, or overwhelmed, you're not alone - I'm here to support you. With over 12 yrs of experience as a working qualified practitioner, my approach is to offer a confidential, professional, and non-judgemental space where we can explore your current issues to make positive change. Telephone or Online only.
01371 700371 View 01371 700371
Photo of Castle Counselling Service , Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Castle Counselling Service
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Dunmow CM6
I'm Michele a MBACP counsellor, working children and adults. People seek counselling for a variety of reasons, of which are all valid. Because my approach is predominately person centred, I will provide empathic in-depth assistance that will allow you to examine your experiences, beliefs, and emotions in a safe and confidential setting. In holding a qualification in integrative counselling(adults) I can drawn on this if required. Our therapy space is conveniently positioned, with its own discrete and designated parking, is within easy reach of Colchester,Braintree, Halstead and surrounding villages.
I'm Michele a MBACP counsellor, working children and adults. People seek counselling for a variety of reasons, of which are all valid. Because my approach is predominately person centred, I will provide empathic in-depth assistance that will allow you to examine your experiences, beliefs, and emotions in a safe and confidential setting. In holding a qualification in integrative counselling(adults) I can drawn on this if required. Our therapy space is conveniently positioned, with its own discrete and designated parking, is within easy reach of Colchester,Braintree, Halstead and surrounding villages.
01638 598305 View 01638 598305
Photo of Peter Finlay, Psychotherapist in Stebbing, England
Peter Finlay
Psychotherapist, PhD, MBACP Accred
Verified
Dunmow CM6
I am very mindful of how difficult finding a therapist that you feel comfortable with can be and I offer a calm and compassionate approach, while we gain an understanding of your concerns. My primary therapeutic method is ‘psychodynamic’ but I draw on a variety of ‘models’ to help in whichever way is appropriate: These may include CBT or EFT. Once we have revealed, talked-through and understood the root causes of your concerns we can examine ways of dealing with the issues and moving forward. This is a very much a joint effort where we work together to help you through the troublesome episode and out the other side.
I am very mindful of how difficult finding a therapist that you feel comfortable with can be and I offer a calm and compassionate approach, while we gain an understanding of your concerns. My primary therapeutic method is ‘psychodynamic’ but I draw on a variety of ‘models’ to help in whichever way is appropriate: These may include CBT or EFT. Once we have revealed, talked-through and understood the root causes of your concerns we can examine ways of dealing with the issues and moving forward. This is a very much a joint effort where we work together to help you through the troublesome episode and out the other side.
01376 313350 View 01376 313350
Photo of Denny Stranders, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Denny Stranders
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
Great Dunmow CM6
I can provide counselling with a difference a blend of counselling, coaching and psycho-education. Counselling – gaining an understanding of you, what drives you, what you do, why and how this affects you. Coaching – looking at ways to move forward, gaining solutions for a new way ahead and psycho-education – understanding you in terms of the psychology (as well as) within your relationships and gaining insight into why you find yourself feeling and acting as you do (and possibly how this may affect others). I believe effective therapy means gaining an understanding of you.
I can provide counselling with a difference a blend of counselling, coaching and psycho-education. Counselling – gaining an understanding of you, what drives you, what you do, why and how this affects you. Coaching – looking at ways to move forward, gaining solutions for a new way ahead and psycho-education – understanding you in terms of the psychology (as well as) within your relationships and gaining insight into why you find yourself feeling and acting as you do (and possibly how this may affect others). I believe effective therapy means gaining an understanding of you.
01223 657658 View 01223 657658
Photo of The Therapy Shed - Jane Jiggens, FD(Open), Counsellor in Stebbing, England
The Therapy Shed - Jane Jiggens, FD(Open)
Counsellor, MBACP Accred
Verified
Dunmow CM6
I am a BACP Accredited and PNCPS Professional Accredited counsellor. I help people have better relationships with themselves and those around them. So, does life is feel overwhelming, your relationships feel strained or are breaking down, you feel anxious, depressed, angry, lost or stuck, you have an inner voice that is really mean. Therefore, because of this do your relationships keep ending the same way, or you keep feeling the same old feelings or engage in behaviours that are harmful? Do you need help to begin to make sense of your thoughts, feelings and behaviours, other people and even the world?
I am a BACP Accredited and PNCPS Professional Accredited counsellor. I help people have better relationships with themselves and those around them. So, does life is feel overwhelming, your relationships feel strained or are breaking down, you feel anxious, depressed, angry, lost or stuck, you have an inner voice that is really mean. Therefore, because of this do your relationships keep ending the same way, or you keep feeling the same old feelings or engage in behaviours that are harmful? Do you need help to begin to make sense of your thoughts, feelings and behaviours, other people and even the world?
01376 313348 View 01376 313348
Photo of Emma Catherine Coyle, Psychotherapist in Stebbing, England
Emma Catherine Coyle
Psychotherapist, MA, MBACP
Verified
Great Dunmow CM6
I aim to instil an overall sense of mental wellbeing and health; to help clients work through past traumas by showing them a different, more positive way of understanding them; and to free individuals from long held anxieties so they can maintain better relationships and live a happier life. Alongside Private Practice, I work for the NHS as the Health and Wellbeing Practitioner at the Royal Papworth Hospital in Cambridgeshire, offering onsite counselling to staff members. Prior to re-training as a Counsellor, I worked for 14 years in the Financial Sector and so have plenty of knowledge and understanding of the Corporate world.
I aim to instil an overall sense of mental wellbeing and health; to help clients work through past traumas by showing them a different, more positive way of understanding them; and to free individuals from long held anxieties so they can maintain better relationships and live a happier life. Alongside Private Practice, I work for the NHS as the Health and Wellbeing Practitioner at the Royal Papworth Hospital in Cambridgeshire, offering onsite counselling to staff members. Prior to re-training as a Counsellor, I worked for 14 years in the Financial Sector and so have plenty of knowledge and understanding of the Corporate world.
07588 727030 View 07588 727030
Photo of Tim Peal, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Tim Peal
Counsellor, DCounsPsych, MNCPS Acc.
Verified
Great Dunmow CM6
Hello, You will find Counselling with me to be a warm and comfortable environment in which you can talk about your life safely. I believe that developing an honest and trusting relationship between counsellor and client is essential. My therapy is based on building an understanding of how your life up to today, has influenced how you feel, think and behave now. We will also look at understanding how the mind and body connection is working for you now and how you can improve that connection.
Hello, You will find Counselling with me to be a warm and comfortable environment in which you can talk about your life safely. I believe that developing an honest and trusting relationship between counsellor and client is essential. My therapy is based on building an understanding of how your life up to today, has influenced how you feel, think and behave now. We will also look at understanding how the mind and body connection is working for you now and how you can improve that connection.
01371 708254 View 01371 708254
Photo of Michele Simpson, Counsellor in Stebbing, England
Michele Simpson
Counsellor, MBACP
Verified
Dunmow CM6
I aim to provide a safe and confidential environment for you to explore you thoughts, feelings and options available. My belief is that, given this, you have the resources within yourself to experience therapeutic change. It can feel good to be free of the burdens that you originally came to address.
I aim to provide a safe and confidential environment for you to explore you thoughts, feelings and options available. My belief is that, given this, you have the resources within yourself to experience therapeutic change. It can feel good to be free of the burdens that you originally came to address.
01279 598532 View 01279 598532

How does your Counsellor compare?

Number of Counsellors in Stebbing

< 10

Counsellors in Stebbing who prioritize treating:

100% Relationship Issues
100% Depression
100% Anxiety
100% ADHD
100% Bereavement
100% Obsessive-Compulsive (OCD)
100% Bipolar Disorder

Gender breakdown

100% Female

How Counsellors in Stebbing see their clients

100% In Person and Online

FAQs - About Therapy and Counselling

How can I find a therapist in Stebbing?

Search for nearby therapists or counsellors by inputting your city, postcode, or a provider’s name into the search bar. From there, you can filter providers by the issues they treat, cost, insurance, gender, and other factors to find providers who are well-suited to your needs. To navigate between locations within the same country, enter a new city or postcode into the search bar.

Learn more about how to find a therapist

Is everyone in the Psychology Today Therapy Directory a licensed therapist?

Counsellors and Psychotherapists listed in the directory are members of the main professional associations, mainly the British Association for Counselling and Psychotherapy (BACP) and the UK Council for Psychotherapy (UKCP). Most Psychologists in the directory are accredited members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and/or are registered in the Health and Care Professions Council (HPCP).

Providers whose professional membership or primary credential has been verified by Psychology Today are signified by a “Verified” symbol. Given that professional memberships are not a statutory requirement for psychotherapists and counsellors in the UK, certain qualified professionals or organisations may choose not to maintain such memberships despite possessing the necessary qualifications. They may be selectively included without the “Verified” seal.

What’s the difference between a psychologist, a therapist, and a counsellor?

Counsellors, psychotherapists and psychologists can all provide counselling or talking therapy and have credentials and experience that enable them to do so in the UK. Psychologists have earned a degree in psychology and many are members of the British Psychological Society (BPS) and have completed a postgraduate qualification in a specialism. Counsellors and Psychotherapists are not required to have a psychology degree, but to belong to a professional organisation such as the BACP or UKCP, they are required to have completed a training course as well as clinical and supervision hours.

What type of therapy is right for me?

The type of therapy best suited to a particular individual depends on several factors, including their primary reason for seeking therapy, their preferred timeline (some therapy types last for a set number of sessions, while others are open-ended), and their personality and preferences—some may prefer a more structured approach. For many individuals, multiple types of therapy could provide a good fit.

How much does therapy cost?

The cost of therapy depends on a number of variables, including location and the therapist’s experience and training. On average, a therapy session in the UK could be between £30 - £60 when seeing a counsellor and £60 - £150 and up when seeing a clinical psychologist. If you have private insurance, your plan may cover some if not all of your sessions. You should contact your insurance provider to determine if they provide coverage for therapy sessions and to determine what, if any, requirements they might have in order for your sessions to be covered, such as a referral from your GP or medical specialist.

What are more affordable or low cost therapy solutions?

Many therapists offer sliding scale payments, usually on a limited number of slots, which consists in an agreement between the therapist and a client to pay a reduced rate. Therapists who provide such arrangements often consider the client's income or ability to pay, but the extent of the discount is ultimately at the therapist's discretion. Furthermore, while group therapy may have different goals and benefits compared to individual therapy, it can be a more affordable solution to address certain types of issues.

If you are struggling to access therapy due to budget constraints, you could also consider public funded mental health services. The NHS Talking therapies programme offers free of charge counselling for common mental health problems like anxiety and depression. The service is available to anyone registered with a GP, though you do not necessarily need to be referred by your GP and can refer yourself directly to a Talking therapies service. The service will provide different solutions, including group and individual therapy, for a limited number of sessions which are generally up to six.

Is online therapy cheaper than in-person therapy?

Many therapists charge the same amount for online therapy as they do for in-person therapy—though clients may still find this cost-effective if it cuts down on their transportation costs. Health insurance plans often offer equivalent coverage for online and in-person therapy; indeed, in many places, they are legally required to do so. Text-based or on-demand therapy apps may be cheaper than traditional one-on-one psychotherapy; however, the practice may be less effective and is not likely to be covered by insurance.

Is online therapy a good option?

Therapy conducted online can be just as effective as in-person therapy, as long as there is a strong alliance between the client and the therapist. To find a therapist who provides telehealth services to clients in your area, click “Online Therapy” on the directory homepage and search by your city or town or your postcode.

Are therapy sessions confidential?

Therapists who are part of a professional organisation such as the BACP, the UKCP, or BPS are bound by an ethical framework that requires them to uphold a confidentiality agreement. Confidentiality is a crucial part of the therapeutic relationship and only under specific circumstances, such as when there has been participation in a criminal act or act of terror, or if there is potential or known harm to the client or others, will a therapist be obligated to break the agreement. These exceptions to the confidentiality agreement are usually discussed during the initial consultation.